Throwley

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Throwley
Throwley is located in Kent
Throwley
Throwley
Location within Kent
Population300 (2011 Census)[1]
District
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townFaversham
Postcode districtME13
Dialling code01795
PoliceKent
FireKent
AmbulanceSouth East Coast
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Kent
51°15′55″N 0°51′15″E / 51.2654°N 0.8543°E / 51.2654; 0.8543Coordinates: 51°15′55″N 0°51′15″E / 51.2654°N 0.8543°E / 51.2654; 0.8543

Throwley is an English village south of Faversham in the Borough of Swale in Kent.The name is recorded in the Doomsday Book as Trevelai, which corresponds with a Brittonic origin, where "Trev" means a settlement or farm house and "Elai" typically relates to a fast moving river or stream (CF. Trelai (showing the loss of terminal "f") in Cardiff).

History[edit]

At the end of the civil wars of 1139-53, King Stephen's chief lieutenant William of Ypres gave the churches of Throwley and Chilham to the Abbey of Saint Bertin in Saint-Omer, France.[2] Throwley Priory was built as a cell of that Benedictine house. It was dissolved as part of Henry IV's general suppression of alien priories in 1414[3] and granted to Thomas Beaufort, the half-brother of the king's father. Beaufort gave Throwley to Syon Abbey on 13 July 1424, a gift confirmed by Henry VI in 1443.[4]

A Royal Flying Corps airfield was established in the Parish during the First World War to provide a landing ground for fighter biplanes defending London, the Thames Estuary and Kent. It was located near Bells Forstal.

Geography[edit]

Throwley lies on top of the Kent North Downs in an Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The landscape is mainly arable fields and woodland copses covering just over 5 square miles.

Demography[edit]

The population of around 130 households is scattered across a number of hamlets the largest of which is Throwley Forstal.

Landmarks[edit]

Within the parish is Belmont House and Gardens, an 18th-century house with a fine collection of clocks and beautiful gardens. The estate was owned by successive generations of the Harris family, it is now held in trust.

Religion[edit]

The Parish church is St Michaels and All Angels which is built of flint, inside are monuments to the Harris and Sondes families. The church tower has a ring of eight bells.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 22 September 2016.
  2. ^ Edward Hasted (1798). Parishes: Throwley. The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent: Volume 6. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 445–461. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Throwley Priory". English Heritage. 2007. Retrieved 18 March 2014.
  4. ^ Page (editor), Willam (1926). Alien houses: The priory of Throwley. A History of the County of Kent: Volume 2. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 239–240. Retrieved 18 March 2014.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)

External links[edit]

Media related to Throwley at Wikimedia Commons