Thunder River Rapids Ride

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Thunder River Rapids Ride
Thunder River Rapids Ride.jpg
The main rapids section of the Thunder River Rapids Ride.
Dreamworld
AreaTown of Gold Rush
Coordinates27°51′44.44″S 153°18′54.85″E / 27.8623444°S 153.3152361°E / -27.8623444; 153.3152361Coordinates: 27°51′44.44″S 153°18′54.85″E / 27.8623444°S 153.3152361°E / -27.8623444; 153.3152361
StatusRemoved
Opening date11 December 1986 (1986-12-11)
Closing date25 October 2016 (2016-10-25)[a]
Replaced bySteel Taipan
General statistics
TypeRiver rafting ride
ModelCustom
Length410 m (1,350 ft)
Speed45 km/h (28 mph)
Duration4:10
Height restriction120 cm (3 ft 11 in)
WebsiteThunder River Rapids
Ride Express available

The Thunder River Rapids Ride was a river rapid type water ride located in the Town of Gold Rush section of the Dreamworld theme park on the Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.[3]

After four riders were killed on it in late October 2016, the ride was closed. On 9 November 2016, Ardent Leisures' CEO announced that the ride would not reopen, and was to be demolished. In October 2017, police recommended that no criminal charges be laid against any person in relation to the deaths.

History[edit]

Gold Rush Country (now known as the Town of Gold Rush) opened on 11 December 1986. The area featured the Eureka Mountain Mine Ride and the Thunder River Rapids Ride. Although resembling an Intamin River rapids ride, Thunder River Rapids was neither built nor supplied by Intamin. A Sydney-based company was commissioned to supply the vessels in 1983.[4] The Thunder River Rapids Ride was among the most popular rides at Dreamworld until its closure.[5]

Characteristics[edit]

At the time of closure, Thunder River Rapids Ride was one of Dreamworld’s nine family rides alongside Dreamworld Express, Escape from Madagascar, Gingy’s Glider, MAD Jungle Jam, Rocky Hollow Log Ride, Shockwave, Skadoosh Bumper Cars, Vintage Car Adventure.[6] The ride consisted of several circular rafts which can carry up to 6 riders each.

The ride is 410 metres (1,350 ft) long and has a maximum speed of 45 kilometres per hour (28 mph). An entire cycle on the Thunder River Rapids Ride last approximately 4 minutes.[citation needed]

Ride experience[edit]

The rapids were achieved by logs attached to the base of a river channel.

Queue[edit]

Riders entered a long indoor queue with several switchbacks. The queue then bridged across part of the ride's water storage area before reaching the circular station. This station originally featured a rotating platform which allowed riders to mount and dismount the boats without the need for the boats to stop.

Ride[edit]

Riders would board one of several six-person circular rafts.[7] The raft was dispatched and the riders travelled back past the ride's queue and into a cave. Upon exiting the cave, riders experienced the main rapids section of the ride. This section ran alongside a large water catchment which contained the water storage for the Thunder River Rapids Ride. The raft then went under the Eureka Mountain Mine Ride's station and headed back towards its own station. Before departing the ride, guests were brought back up to the level of the station by a conveyor belt.[8]

2016 incident[edit]

2016 Thunder River Rapids Ride accident
Steel Taipan Construction Site Oct 2020.jpg
The site of the river rapids ride in October 2020, now the site of Steel Taipan.
DateOctober 25, 2016
LocationDreamworld, Gold Coast, Australia
TypeAmusement ride accident
CauseImproper maintenance and lack of staff training
Deaths4
Non-fatal injuries2
Property damageA$3,600,000
CoronerJames McDougall
ArrestsNone
Charges3

On 25 October 2016, a malfunction of the Thunder River Rapids Ride resulted in the deaths of four people.[9] This is regarded as the worst accident at an Australian theme park since the 1979 Sydney Ghost Train fire at Luna Park Sydney.[4] Due to the failure of one of the two large water pumps essential for the ride's operation, the water level in the ride dropped quickly causing a raft, which was occupied by six guests, to become stranded on support rails near the end of the raft conveyor and unable to reach the unloading area. Approximately one minute later, another raft carrying six passengers moved down the conveyor and collided with the first stranded raft. Both rafts pivoted upwards driven by movement of the conveyor before the first raft fell back to a level position resting on support rails. The second raft was further moved by the conveyor into a vertical position and subsequently caused passengers to either fall out of the raft or become trapped in close proximity to the conveyor mechanism leading to fatal injuries for four passengers. The other two passengers, both children, were able to climb out of the raft, still in its vertical orientation, to nearby platforms once the conveyor had been shut down by ride staff.[10] Park operators stopped the ride and started draining the river, over 7 paramedic crews responded to the 000 call along with firefighters and police.[9] The bodies were badly disfigured from crush and compression injuries.[11] The recovery of the bodies went on into the early hours of the next morning with some paramedics requiring counselling due to the trauma of the scene.[citation needed]

Dreamworld released a statement on their website and Facebook page stating:

Dreamworld is currently closed until further notice due to an incident at the park. We are deeply shocked and saddened by the tragic incident; our hearts and thoughts go out to the families involved and their loved ones.[12]

Dreamworld announced that the park would reopen on 28 October for a special memorial service for the victims.[13] However, the reopening to the public was subject to discussions with Queensland police as the ride was being treated as a crime scene.[14] The 28 October reopening was cancelled on 27 October.[15]

Gold Coast Mayor Tom Tate offered his condolences to the families of those affected and extended any support financially and emotionally to all those involved.[16] The then Australian Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull offered his condolences and support, releasing a statement via Twitter; "I'm very saddened by the tragedy at Dreamworld today. Our thoughts and prayers are with the families."[17]

On 29 October, the Queensland Government announced a 'blitz' of safety inspections, and an audit of state workplace health and safety laws.[18]

The Busch Gardens Tampa theme park in Florida, United States shut its Congo River Rapids ride in response to the incident, until the cause was determined.[19][20] However, it was later reopened on 26 October after a review and safety check was completed.[21][22]

Permanent closure[edit]

On 9 November, Ardent Leisure chief executive Deborah Thomas announced that the ride would be permanently closed, out of respect to the victims and their families, and that they would be invited to help create a memorial in its place.[1][2] The ride was later dismantled and the location fenced off.[23][24]

In a report to the Queensland Coroner in October 2017, Police recommended that no criminal charges be laid against any person.[25]

Coroner's report[edit]

The Queensland Coroner, James McDougall, released a report on 24 February 2020 detailing "irresponsible", "dangerous" and "inadequate" safety practices at theme park that contributed to the four deaths, while recommending the Queensland office of industrial relations consider a prosecution. The ride had endured frequent breakdowns in the days leading up to the accident, and had several design and construction issues which contributed.[26]

Mr McDougall told a Brisbane court Dreamworld had a reputation as a "modern, world-class theme park" yet its safety and maintenance systems were "rudimentary at best".[27]

and that:

... he would refer Dreamworld's parent company, Ardent Leisure, to the Queensland Office of Industrial Relations. He said Ardent Leisure "may have committed an offence under workplace laws".[27]

Charges[edit]

On 21 July 2020, it was announced that three charges had been laid against Ardent Leisure, Dreamworld's parent company. The charges were filed by the Work Health and Safety prosecutor, under the Work Health and Safety Act, at the Brisbane Magistrates Court. The matter was first heard on July 29 in Southport Magistrates Court.[28] On the day before the scheduled trial, on 28 July 2020, Ardent Leisure pleaded guilty in the action.[29] Subsequently, in September 2020, they were fined $3.6m (US$2.8m) for the breach of the Work Health and Safety Act.[30]

Aftermath[edit]

Thunder River's remaining structures were demolished in 2018.[31] On 23 August 2019, the park announced that a new roller coaster, Steel Taipan, would take its place in 2021 and also consume a portion of the area in use by Eureka Mountain Mine Ride.[32]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Although the ride was temporarily closed after the incident on 25 October 2016, it was later deemed to be closed indefinitely. On 9 November 2016 it was shut permanently and later demolished, in a mark of respect for the families involved.[1][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dreamworld's Thunder River Rapids Ride to be demolished after theme park deaths". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 9 November 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Dreamworld's Thunder River Rapids ride that killed four people to be demolished". The Guardian. Australian Associated Press. 8 November 2016. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 8 November 2016.
  3. ^ "Park Map" (PDF). Dreamworld. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2010. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
  4. ^ a b Ludlow, Mark; Marin-Guzman, David (2 November 2016). "Dreamworld's rapids ride different from others around the world". Financial Review. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  5. ^ "Dreamworld History" (PDF). Dreamworld. Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 August 2014. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
  6. ^ "All Rides". Dreamworld. Archived from the original on 23 January 2016. Retrieved 23 August 2021.
  7. ^ "Thunder River Rapids (Dreamworld)". Database Entry. Parkz. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
  8. ^ lollydove (9 September 2010). "Thunder River Rapids POV - Dreamworld, Australia". Video. YouTube. Archived from the original on 2 July 2016. Retrieved 20 November 2010.
  9. ^ a b "Dreamworld: Four people killed on Thunder River Rapids ride at Gold Coast theme park". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 25 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  10. ^ "Inquest into the deaths of Kate Goodchild, Luke Dorsett, Cindy Low & Roozbeh Araghi at Dreamworld, October 2016" (PDF). Queensland Courts. 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  11. ^ "The horrific images Dreamworld first responders saw on that disastrous Thunder River Rapids ride".
  12. ^ "Gold Coast's BIGGEST Theme Park | Dreamworld". www.dreamworld.com.au. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  13. ^ "Dreamworld to reopen on Friday for memorial service after ride tragedy". 9news.com.au. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  14. ^ "Dreamworld accident: Qld Police to meet with theme park over reopening". Brisbane Times. 27 October 2016.
  15. ^ "Dreamworld's grim reopening cancelled at last minute". news.com.au. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  16. ^ Gold Coast Mayor Tom Tate says "it's a very sad day for our city". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 26 October 2016. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  17. ^ "Malcolm Turnbull (@TurnbullMalcolm) | Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 26 October 2016.
  18. ^ "Australian theme parks to undergo 'safety blitz'". NewsComAu. News Limited. AAP. 29 October 2016. Retrieved 29 October 2016. "This is about protecting visitors to our theme parks and restoring public confidence in Queensland’s prime tourism assets" – Grace Grace (Queensland Industrial Relations Minister)
  19. ^ McMah, Lauren (27 October 2016). "US theme park ride shuts down over Dreamworld tragedy". NewsComAu. News Limited. Retrieved 30 October 2016.
  20. ^ Branco, Jorge (27 October 2016). "US theme park temporarily shuts rapids ride". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  21. ^ Staff (26 October 2016). "Busch Gardens reopens Congo River Rapids ride". FOX13 News. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  22. ^ Web Staff (26 October 2016). "Busch Gardens closes 'Congo River Rapids' ride after deadly accident on similar ride in Australia". WFTS. Retrieved 6 November 2016.
  23. ^ Brook, Benedict (10 December 2016). "The one thing you won't see at Dreamworld now it's open". new.com.au. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  24. ^ Kishore, Divya (10 December 2016). "Australia's Dreamworld theme park reopens after fatal accident but witnesses low attendance". International Business Times UK. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  25. ^ Stolz, Greg (21 October 2017). "Dreamworld tragedy: Police recommend Coronial hearing ahead of first anniversary of Thunder River Rapids incident". couriermail.com.au. News Corp. Retrieved 22 October 2017.
  26. ^ Smee, Ben (24 February 2020). "Dreamworld inquest findings: coroner details 'dangerous' safety practices after examining four deaths on ride". theguardian.com. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  27. ^ a b McKenna, Kate (24 February 2020). "Dreamworld Thunder River Rapids accident inquest findings handed down by coroner". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 24 February 2020. The Coroner (Queensland south-eastern coroner James McDougall) said: " ...there had been a "systemic failure by Dreamworld in relation to all aspects of safety" and that he was referring parent company Ardent Leisure for possible prosecution.
  28. ^ McKenna, Kate; Siganto, Talissa; and, Staff (21 July 2020). "Dreamworld parent company Ardent Leisure faces three charges over deadly ride accident". www.abc.net.au. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 21 July 2020.
  29. ^ Jose, Renju (28 July 2020). "Ardent Leisure pleads guilty in Australian court over Dreamworld fatal accident". www.reuters.com. Reuters. Retrieved 4 August 2020.
  30. ^ Press, Australian Associated (28 September 2020). "Dreamworld owner fined $3.6m over deaths of four people on Thunder River Rapids ride". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 6 November 2020.
  31. ^ "Thunder River Rapids Ride: Dreamworld ride torn down almost 18 months after four lives were lost at Gold Coast theme park".
  32. ^ Parkz (13 April 2021). "It's Mack Time - Dreamworld's Steel Taipan roller coaster goes vertical". Parkz. Retrieved 23 August 2021.

External links[edit]