Thunderbird Lodge (Rose Valley, Pennsylvania)
The circa-1790 barn was converted into artist studios.
|Location||45 Rose Valley Road
Rose Valley, Pennsylvania
|Area||1.6 acres (0.65 ha)|
|Architect||William Lightfoot Price|
|Architectural style||Arts and Crafts Movement|
|NRHP Reference #||89001053|
|Added to NRHP||August 18, 1989|
In 1904, architect Will Price converted an existing circa-1790 stone barn into studios for the artists Charles H. and Alice Barber Stephens. Appended to this, he designed a rambling fieldstone-and-stucco house, including a 3-story octagonal stair tower that joined the wings and served all five levels.
Price, a founder of Rose Valley, attempted to create a community of artists and artisans working side by side under the principles of the Arts and Crafts Movement. These included truth in the use of materials, traditional craftsmanship using simple forms, and often medieval, romantic or folk styles of decoration.
Price described the house:
"The old barn standing near the road was converted into first and second floor studios, the old timber roof being rebuilt for the upper studio, and large windows and fireplaces being built into the old walls. The house rambles off from the fireplace and off the studios and is connected to them by an octagonal stair hall. It is built in part of fieldstone so like that in the old barn that it is almost impossible to tell old work from new. The upper part is of warm gray plaster, and the roof of red tile. All of the detail is as simple and direct as possible, and the interior is finished in cypress stained to soft browns and grays and guilty of no finish other than wax or oil."
Artists and activists
Charles H. Stephens (1855?–1931) was an instructor at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and a painter of Native American subjects. He had lived among the Blackfeet, and amassed an extensive collection of artifacts. The fireplace that Price designed for his studio is in the silhouette of a Thunderbird, a symbol that also appears on the building's exterior in Henry Mercer’s Moravian tiles. Alice Barber Stephens (1858–1932) was a highly successful illustrator for magazines and children's books. They raised their son, D. Owen Stephens (1894–1937) in Rose Valley, and painted there until their deaths.
Thunderbird Lodge then became the home of a leading social activist couple, Allen Seymour Olmsted and Mildred Scott Olmsted. He was a lawyer, a member of the Men's Commission for Women's Suffrage, and helped in the founding of the American Civil Liberties Union. She worked with the American Birth Control League and was the longtime director of the U.S. section of the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom. Together they worked with the American Friends Service Committee, the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, and many other liberal organizations. The house was used as a safe meeting place for other activists, including Jane Addams, James Farmer, George Washington Carver, and Martin Luther King, Jr.
Thunderbird Lodge was donated to the Rose Valley Centennial Foundation by the Olmsted family in 2015.
Great Minquas Path
At the edge of the property, along Rose Valley Road, is a 1926 Pennsylvania State historic marker, commemorating an important Native American trading route, the Great Minquas Path, that ran nearby. Charles Stephens designed the bas-relief on the marker, and Albert Laessle created the beaver sculpture below the plaque.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- North facade of Thunderbird Lodge pre-1911 from Rose Valley Museum and Historical Society.
- Will Price quote from Rose Valley Museum and Historical Society.
- Charles H. Stephens in his studio from Rose Valley Museum and Historical Society.
- Architecture and The Crafts, Rose Valley Museum & Historical Society
- "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes Nancy V. Webster (1989). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Thunderbird Lodge" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- Chmielewski, Wendy. "Historic Marker Placed in Memory of Mldred Scott Olmsted". Peace and Conflict Studies at Swarthmore College. Retrieved May 10, 2016.
- "Current Projects". Rose Valley Centennial Foundation. Retrieved September 15, 2016.
- "National Historic Landmarks & National Register of Historic Places in Pennsylvania" (Searchable database). CRGIS: Cultural Resources Geographic Information System. Note: This includes George E. Thomas (2010). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination Form: Rose Valley Historic District" (PDF). Retrieved 2012-01-06.
- "The Home of Two Artists," Town and Country (20 November 1909), pp. 17–19.
- "Some Buildings of Our Time: The Work of William L. Price, An Architect Who Stands by His Beliefs," The Craftsman (May 1910), pp. 194–205.
- Charles De Kay, "A Studio Home in Rose Valley," Arts and Decoration (March 1911), pp. 198–201. Includes 8 photographs.
- George E. Thomas, William L. Price: Arts and Crafts to Modern Design (New York: Princeton Architectural Press, 2000), pp. 99–100, 284–87.