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A view from Thuraiyur Perumal malai (hill)
A view from Thuraiyur Perumal malai (hill)
Thuraiyur is located in Tamil Nadu
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°10′7″N 78°37′16″E / 11.16861°N 78.62111°E / 11.16861; 78.62111Coordinates: 11°10′7″N 78°37′16″E / 11.16861°N 78.62111°E / 11.16861; 78.62111
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
RegionChola Nadu
 • TypeUrban
 • BodySelected Grade Municipality
 • Total15 km2 (6 sq mi)
Area rankA grade
 • Total32,439
 • Density2,200/km2 (5,600/sq mi)
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
Telephone code04327(XXXXXX)
Vehicle registrationTN-48
WebsiteThuraiyur Muncipality

Thuraiyur is a city and a municipality in the Tiruchirappalli district in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It was upgraded to a III Grade Municipality from Town Panchayat on 17 January 1970, and to a II Grade Municipality in May 1998. It was upgraded to Selection Grade Municipality in the year 2008. It is also a taluka (administrative centre). Thuraiyur(Sub district)is the main town of Tiruchirappalli district. Thuraiyur town is expected to become Thuraiyur district with the addition of a new railway track. Thuraiyur is at the center of Tamilnadu, connected to many main cities. It is located 310 km away from Chennai.In Trichy district biggest municipality is Thuraiyur and nowadays here 1lakh peoples are living but here water issues, ward rearrangement, city development plans not yet done by Thuraiyur Municipality Corporation.[2]


Religious census
Religion Percent(%)
No religion

According to the 2011 census, Thuraiyur had a population of 32,439 with a sex-ratio of 1,032 females for every 1,000 males which is far above the national average of 929.[3] A total of 2,936 individuals were under the age of six, consisting of 1,493 males and 1,443 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 18.18% and .59% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 78.96%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[3] The town had a total of 8,674 households. There was a total of 11,935 workers, comprising 230 cultivators, 1,188 agricultural labourers, 303 in household industries, 9,880 other workers, 334 marginal workers, 9 marginal cultivators, 80 marginal agricultural labourers, 18 marginal workers in household industries and 227 other marginal workers.[4] As per the religious census of 2011, Thuraiyur (M) had 95.36% Hindus, 3.27% Muslims, 1.3% Christians, 0.05% following other religions and 0.01% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.[5]


Most people in Thuraiyur are employed in the agriculture sector. Paddy and corn are the predominant crops grown in the area. Currently, the economy of this town is based on agricultural products and jewelry. Thuraiyur's economy has witnessed a significant change brought about by handloom manufacturers. With the advancement of powerlooms, traditional handlooms have begun to lose their significance. However, handloom is one of the main occupations among the people of Thuraiyur.

Thuraiyur is one of the very few towns in Tamil Nadu to have a high grade water management system. During the Monsoon, rain water from the nearby hills fill the lakes used to irrigate the surrounding agricultural lands. When the lake reaches its maximum level, safety valves are opened to drain the excess water into the neighbouring temple tank through an underground canal. Another underground canal also runs through the heart of town from Periya Eri to Chinna Eri, to irrigate the fields located south of Thuraiyur.

There are many stores, showrooms & small vendors available inside and near Thuraiyur.


Thuraiyur is well connected by road to cities like: Trichy, Namakkal, Musiri, Perambalur, Coimbatore, Ooty, Chennai, Bangalore, Karur, Attur, Thammampatti and Salem and& Madurai. In addition to the main bus routes, mini buses play an important role in connecting villages within the hinterland. The nearest railway station is located in Trichy and Ariyalur. The nearest airport is Tiruchirappalli International Airport which offers international and domestic flights, and Madurai International Airport. It has a separate Regional Transport Unit Office Numbered as TN-48-Z-****. It has an Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation (TNSTC) depot under the Thiruchirappali Division.

Nearby places[edit]


Puliyancholai is a scenic spot in the foothills of Kolli Hills located 30 km (19 mi) from Thuraiyur. It is well known for greenish trees and tamarind groves. This forest region is cool and green with the added attraction of the stream. The stream is a natural bathing area for tourists throughout the year. There is a waterfall in the higher hills called Akaya Gangai. The water here supposedly has medicinal value. The 18th day of the Tamil month 'Adi' is the time for worshiping the river here and more people visit Puliyancholai on that day. Accommodation at two resorts and one dormitory building is available here. Puliyancholai to Agaya Gangai Falls (Hill top) is a five hour hard trek. Visitors can view million year old curved rocks, dolmens, Pithukkuli Cave, different shaped big stones. There are forests along the way and on the top plain honey, guava, oranges, mustard, fenugreek, garlic, paddy (rice), maze, millets, jack fruits (more than 12 varieties) etc... are grown.

Other than Puliyancholai, Pachamalai is also located near to Thuraiyur. Frequent Transportation Services are available to the hills from Thuraiyur.

Perumal Malai Temple

Prasanna Venkatachalapathi Temple[edit]

Prasanna Venkatachalapathi Temple, situated on the Thuraiyur-Perambalur road, is the most prominent temple in the town. It temple is located at the top of Perumalmalai, which lies 960 ft (290 m) above ground level in the Pachamalai hills, 3 km (1.9 mi) from Thuraiyur in Tiruchirappalli district. The site is accessible via a mountain road. The temple is believed to have been constructed by the grandson of Karikala Chozhan. The kings were later named Karuppannar and Veeraswamy and they are worshiped at the temple. Thousands of devotees take part in the Girivalam (circumambulation around a mountain or hill) procession around the Perumalmalai hillock on all full-moon days. In the Tamil month of Puratassi, Saturday is very popular. Many devotees from different places come to worship. The buildings are up to 1800 years old and include one of the remaining examples of Chola temple construction. The temple contains the "Sabthasvara thoongal", the seven musical pillars that produce musical sounds when banged. It is also called South Tripathi because where this temple is located on mountain also contains seven hills like Thirumazha Tripathy.


  1. ^
  2. ^ Tiruchirappalli District – Thuraiyur Taluk Archived 23 July 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)
  4. ^ "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Thuraiyur". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  5. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Archived from the original on 13 September 2015. Retrieved 13 September 2015. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)

External links[edit]