James Thurber House
Front of the house
|Location||77 Jefferson Ave., Columbus, Ohio|
|NRHP Reference #||79001840|
|Added to NRHP||November 8, 1979|
Thurber House is a literary center for readers and writers located in Columbus, Ohio, in the historic former home of author, humorist, and New Yorker cartoonist James Thurber. Thurber House is dedicated to promoting the literary arts by presenting quality literary programming; increasing the awareness of literature as a significant art form; promoting excellence in writing; providing support for literary artists; and commemorating Thurber's literary and artistic achievements. The house is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as James Thurber House.
James Thurber was born in Columbus at a different home. Thurber's family rented this home on Jefferson Avenue while he was a student at Ohio State University. He and his family lived there until 1917. Thurber later wrote of his experience here in My Life and Hard Times. Thurber claimed to have experienced a ghost in the house on November 17, 1915, and the incident inspired his short story "The Night the Ghost Got In". Writer William O'Rourke, who lived at the house in 1984, wrote his own version titled "The Night the Ghost Didn't Get In", published in Poets & Writers Magazine in 1988.
Thurber's time in the house was challenging, particularly because of his experience at the university. Due to his physical limitations, including bad eyesight, he performed poorly at required gym classes and military drills. He was not invited to join a fraternity and, as such, found few social connections. Though he registered for classes in his sophomore year, 1914–1915, he mostly stopped going to classes and failed them all. Eventually, he befriended former child star Elliott Nugent, who helped Thurber become more outgoing. He eventually became co-editor of the campus newspaper and contributed to the humor magazine before becoming its editor.
Thurber left school in 1918 amidst World War I. For a few years he worked for the Columbus Dispatch before moving to New York. In 1927, he began his association with The New Yorker and contributed to that magazine for the rest of his career. Though he ultimately spent relatively little time in Columbus, Thurber's experience there influenced his writings. As he once noted, "Many of my books prove that I am never far away from Ohio in my thoughts, and that the clocks that strike in my dreams are often the clocks of Columbus."
Thurber House today
Thurber House opened its doors to the public in 1984 after extensive renovation to the historic house. Since then, it has become a gathering place for readers, writers, and Thurber enthusiasts of all ages. Its programs for both children and adults include author readings, writing classes, and celebrations of Thurber's life.
Through its 'Evenings with Authors', a series of readings and receptions with nationally-known authors, Thurber House has attracted well-known writers such as John Updike, T.C. Boyle, Tracy Chevalier, and Scott Turow. The Thurber House also hosts two writers in residence each year through the John E. Nance Writer-in-Residence Program and the Children's Writer in Residence Program.  The Writer in Residence lives on the top floor of the Thurber House for four weeks. The Children's Writer-in-Residence also teaches ten hours a week for the Thurber House Summer Writing Camp. 
The annual Thurber Prize for American Humor has become the nation's highest designation of the art of humor writing. Its children's programs, including the popular Thurber Summer Writing Camp, and the winter program Writing Wizards have nurtured thousands of young writers.
Thurber House is part of The Jefferson Center for Learning and the Arts, a one-block stretch of Queen Anne Style Victorian homes that house cultural and social service nonprofit organizations. Its programs include author readings, writing classes for children, and celebrations of Thurber's life.
Thurber House is also a historic house museum that has been restored for the period when the Thurber family lived there from 1913 to 1917. Visitors can view the first two floors, which contain a formal parlor, living room, dining room, five bedrooms, and a bathroom. Guests are also allowed to interact with many museum materials, such as sitting on chairs or playing the piano. The parents' bedroom features rotating displays of Thurber memorabilia, including a display of Thurber's drawings that became New Yorker covers.
- National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Kern, Kevin F. and Gregory S. Wilson. Ohio: A History of the Buckeye State. Wiley Blackwell, 2014: 374. ISBN 978-1-118-54829-5
- Crawford, Brad. Ohio. New York: Compass American Guides, 2005: 159. ISBN 1-4000-1394-1
- Grauer, Neil A. Remember Laughter: A Life of James Thurber. University of Nebraska Press, 1995: 10. ISBN 0803270569
- Riccio, Dolores. Haunted Houses U.S.A. Pocket Books, 1989: 131. ISBN 0-671-66258-9
- O'Rourke, William. Signs of the Literary Times: Essays, Reviews, Profiles 1970-1992. State University of New York, 1993: 39. ISBN 0-7914-1682-8
- Grauer, Neil A. Remember Laughter: A Life of James Thurber. University of Nebraska Press, 1995: 11–12. ISBN 0803270569
- Kinney, Harrison (editor) with Rosemary A. Thurber. The Thurber Letters: The Wit, Wisdom and Surprising Life of James Thurber. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002: 5. ISBN 0-74322343-8
- Crawford, Brad. Ohio. New York: Compass American Guides, 2005: 160. ISBN 1-4000-1394-1
- Thurber House http://www.thurberhouse.org/nanceresidency/. Retrieved 2/25/17. Check date values in:
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- Thurber House http://www.thurberhouse.org/childrens-a/. Retrieved 2/25/17. Check date values in:
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Media related to Thurber House at Wikimedia Commons