This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (May 2016) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Studio album by Brian Eno|
|Brian Eno chronology|
Thursday Afternoon is the eleventh solo studio album by British ambient musician Brian Eno consisting of one 60-minute eponymous composition. It is the rearranged soundtrack to an 80-minute video production of the same title made in 1984.
Since recording Discreet Music in 1975, Eno had shown a strong interest in creating music that can influence the atmosphere of the space in which it is played, rather than be focused on directly. The Thursday Afternoon video was conceived as a series of seven "video paintings" which can be looked at in passing without demanding full attention from the viewer. Each of the segments depicts simple imagery that has been treated with visual effects, much in the same way as Eno's music is often made up of simple instrumental performances that have been treated with audio effects.
The music on this album consists of multiple tracks of processed piano and electronic textures. The layers of the composition are phased so that their relationships to each other are constantly changing in a way similar to his previous Discreet Music piece. The album was also one of the first to take advantage of the (then new) extended running time of the compact disc format, containing only one 60-min track.
At just one track lasting 60 minutes, the music is ambient: beatless, flowing and ethereal. Remixing and rearranging from the soundtrack to suit the CD media, Eno stated: "...the music wasn't recorded digitally. It was recorded on a 24-track analogue machine, and then digitally mastered."
An acoustic piano plays a series of notes and simple chords against a background of synths, which eventually dominate the entire soundscape. Though the composition sounds "static", in the sense that its length makes it seem like a solid "lump" of sound, it features many unstable elements that change in both timbre and volume over its entirety.
The original video, made at the request of and released by the Sony Corporation of America, was filmed in San Francisco in April 1984 and treated and assembled at Sony in Tokyo. Produced by Brian Eno and Daniel Lanois, it features seven "video paintings" of actress and photographer Christine Alicino, a friend of Eno's, and has a running time of 82 minutes. It was filmed in "vertical format," which necessitated the viewer either lie on their side or turn the television on its side, which often proved impractical for many viewers, and in most affected the picture tube's color purity adjustments. The DVD reissue presents it in both portrait and landscape formats so that this is no longer necessary.
The content is a series of images that stay static for some time and then slowly move forward, often to pause again. Various video techniques were implemented, such as image feedback, to create a very different interpretation of video and the nude.
Eno himself was aware of the newness of what he was doing. "I was delighted to find this other way of using video because at last here's video which draws from another source, which is painting ... I call them "video paintings" because if you say to people "I make videos", they think of Sting's new rock video or some really boring, grimy "Video Art". It's just a way of saying "I make videos that don't move very fast"." 
The soundtrack was recorded at Dan Lanois's studio in Canada and is a longer, different mix.
Music track listing
- "Thursday Afternoon" (60:56)
- Brian Eno - performance, mixing, assembly, production
- Michael Brook - mixing, assembly
- Andrew Day - redesign
- Roger Eno - performance, production
- Nigel Gayler - engineering
- Simon Heyworth - mastering
- Tim Hunt - engineering
- Daniel Lanois - mixing, engineering, production
- Russell Mills - artwork, art direction, design
- Carlos Olms - digital consultant
- Tom Phillips - cover art
- Alex Roggero - photography
- Released on VHS; Beta (NTSC, cat# 2929); Laser disc; Videodisc (probably bootleg)
- Japan: Sony, OOZM 70 (VHS) / OOQM 70 (Beta)
- UK: Hendring, Hen 2 133 (VHS)
- Germany: Video Edition Markgraph, VEM 101 (VHS)
The video has been repackaged with Eno's 47-minute ambient video "Mistaken Memories of Mediaeval Manhattan" (1981) as 14 Video Paintings (Hannibal Records, 2005/2006, HNDVD 1508) (Region 1 NTSC, Region 2 PAL).
|Country||Label||Cat. no.||Media||Release date|
|UK||E.G. Records||EGCD 64||CD||1985|
|Germany||E.G. Records||827,494 2||CD||1985|
- Thursday Afternoon at AllMusic
- Mojo [issue #/date?]: 5 stars out of 5 – "[A] seamless 61 minutes of random [!] piano notes falling, like raindrops from a leaf, onto a shimmering synthesizer puddle." (p. 114).
- pitchfork - Brian Eno Music for Films - Apollo - Thursday Afternoon - More Music for Films
- Uncut [issue #/date?]: 4 stars out of 5 – "Magnificently evocative..." (p. 117).
- "MOJO: To Infinity and Beyond". Music.hyperreal.org. 1 June 1974. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "E&MM: The Sound of Silence". Music.hyperreal.org. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "The Observer: Over and Over". Music.hyperreal.org. 23 February 1986. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "NME: Proxy Music". Music.hyperreal.org. 9 November 1985. Retrieved 2012-11-14.
- "14 Video Paintings by BRIAN ENO – DVD – Boomkat – Your independent music specialist". Boomkat. Archived from the original on 13 August 2012. Retrieved 14 November 2012.
- Thursday Afternoon at Discogs (list of releases)
- Liner notes from Thursday Afternoon
- Inlay notes from Thursday Afternoon
- Hyperreal article on Eno's video artworks
- 2 of Eno's sketchbooks. On the left is a 1982 "repetition schema" for T.A., and on the right is a sketch of the mix for U2's Unforgettable Fire
- Interview; Electronics & Music Maker, December 1985
- Observer article; Feb.23 1986
- Disquiet transcript of an online discussion, 2005
- Thursday Afternoon on IMDb
- PopMatters review of 14 Video Paintings
- Prefix mag review of 14 Video Paintings
- Creem mag review of 14 Video Paintings
- Christine Alicino's homepage