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For the species Thylacoleo carnifex, see Marsupial lion.
Temporal range: Late Oligocene–Pleistocene
Thylacoleo BW.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Infraclass: Marsupialia
Order: Diprotodontia
Family: Thylacoleonidae
Gill, 1872

The Thylacoleonidae are a family of extinct meat-eating marsupials from Australia, referred to as marsupial lions.[1] The best known is Thylacoleo carnifex, also called the marsupial lion.[2] The clade ranged from the Late Oligocene to the Pleistocene, with some species the size of a possum and others as large as a leopard.


Three genera are currently accepted as belonging to this family:[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Werdelin, L (1988). "Circumventing a Constraint - the Case of Thylacoleo (Marsupialia, Thylacoleonidae)". Australian Journal of Zoology 36 (5): 565. doi:10.1071/ZO9880565. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  2. ^ Wroe, Stephen. "Move Over Sabre-Tooth Tiger". Australian Museum. Retrieved 2008-06-03. 
  3. ^ Haaramo, Mikko. "Diprotodontia - diprotodonts". Mikko's Phylogeny Archive. Retrieved 2007-12-29.