Thymolphthalein

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Thymolphthalein
Thymolphthalein.svg
Names
IUPAC name
3,3-bis(4-hydroxy-2-methyl-5-propan-2-ylphenyl)-2-benzofuran-1-one
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
ECHA InfoCard 100.004.300
EC Number 204-729-7
Properties
C28H30O4
Molar mass 430.54 g·mol−1
Appearance White powder
Melting point 248 to 252 °C (478 to 486 °F; 521 to 525 K) (decomposes)
Hazards
R-phrases (outdated) 4, 10
S-phrases (outdated) S22 S24/25
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., waterHealth code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentineReactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogenSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
0
1
0
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Thymolphthalein is an acidbase (pH) indicator. Its transition range is around pH 9.3–10.5. Below this pH, it is colorless; above, it is blue. The molar extinction coefficient for the blue thymolphthalein dianion is 38,000 M−1 cm−1 at 595 nm.[1]

Thymolphthalein (pH indicator)
below pH 9.3 above pH 10.5
9.3 10.5
Thymolphthalein (pH indicator)
below pH <0 above pH 9.3
<0 9.3

Thymolphthalein is also known to have use as a laxative [2] and for disappearing ink.[3]

Preparation[edit]

Thymolphthalein can be synthesized from thymol and phthalic anhydride by Friedel–Crafts alkylation:

ThymolphthaleinSynthesis.png

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hahn HH; Cheuk SF; Elfenbein S; Wood WB (April 1970). "Studies on the Pathogenesis of Fever: Xix. Localization of Pyrogen in Granulocytes" (PDF). J. Exp. Med. 131 (4): 701–9. doi:10.1084/jem.131.4.701. PMC 2138774Freely accessible. PMID 5430784. 
  2. ^ Hubacher MH, Doernberg S, Horner A. Laxatives: chemical structure and potency of phthaleins and hydroxyanthraquinones. J Am Pharm Assoc Am Pharm Assoc. 1953;42(1):23-30. PMID 13034620.
  3. ^ Katz, David A. (1982). "Disappearing Ink" (PDF). www.chymist.com. Retrieved August 14, 2017.