|Queen consort of Egypt|
Great Royal Wife
Valley of the Kings KV32, Thebes
|Spouse||Pharaoh Amenhotep II|
|Dynasty||Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt|
|Religion||ancient Egyptian religion|
Tiaa or Tia'a (Ancient Egyptian: 𓍘𓉼𓁗 tjꜥꜣ) was an ancient Egyptian queen consort during the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt. She was the Great Royal Wife of Pharaoh Amenhotep II and the mother of Thutmose IV.
She is never called "King's Daughter" and thus her parentage is unknown. It has been speculated that she was Amenhotep's sister or half-sister, but it is not certain. During the reign of her husband the women of the royal family were much less represented than earlier during the 18h dynasty; this was probably because the pharaoh did not want any of them to usurp power as Hatshepsut had only a few decades earlier. Tiaa is the only known wife of Amenhotep, and her name is known to us only because she was the mother of the next pharaoh, Thutmose IV. She received the title of Great Royal Wife during her son's reign; in her husband's lifetime it was borne only by Amenhotep's mother Merytre-Hatshepsut.
Tiaa is not depicted on any monuments built by her husband, only on those which were completed by her son. During the reign of Thutmose IV she rose to more prominence; along with the title of Great Royal Wife she also received the titles King's Mother and God's Wife. On many statues she and Thutmose's first chief wife Nefertari accompany the pharaoh. Several depictions of Merytre-Hatshepsut were altered to show Tiaa. One of Thutmose's daughters, Tiaa, is likely to have been named after her.
Death and burial
Tiaa was buried in the tomb KV32 in the Valley of the Kings, where fragments of her funerary equipment – including a canopic chest – were found. Floodwater washed some of these into KV47, the adjacent 19th dynasty tomb of Pharaoh Siptah, causing Egyptologists to believe they belong to a like-named mother of Siptah, but since then Siptah's mother has been identified as a Syrian concubine named Sutailja.
In popular culture
In season six of Downton Abbey, Lord Grantham names a new dog after her.
- Aidan Dodson & Dyan Hilton, The Complete Royal Families of Ancient Egypt, Thames & Hudson (2004) ISBN 0-500-05128-3, p.140
- Peter Der Manuelian, Studies in the Reign of Amenophis II, 1987. p.171
- The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Edited by Ian Shaw
- Shaw, p.275
- Dodson & Hilton, p.139
- KV32 from the Theban Mapping Project
- Dodson & Hilton, p.181