Tian Shan wapiti

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Tian Shan wapiti
(maral or elk)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
C. c. songaricus
Trinomial name
Cervus canadensis songaricus
(Erxleben, 1777)[1]

The Tian Shan wapiti or Tian Shan maral (Cervus canadensis songaricus), is a subspecies of Cervus canadensis. It is often called the Tian Shan elk in North American English.


It is native to the Tian Shan Mountains ranges, found in eastern Kyrgyzstan, southeastern Kazakhstan, and North Central Xinjiang of western China.

It is the largest subspecies of Asian elk, both in body size and antlers.


There are around 50,000 individual Tian Shan elk left in the wild, and they are declining at a rapid rate. There are 4000 or 5000 individuals in deer farms in China.


  1. ^ Erxleben, J. C. P. (1777). Anfangsgründe der Naturlehre and Systema regni animalis.

See also[edit]