Tian Xu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the general in the Three Kingdoms period. For the Tang dynasty general, see Tian Xu (Tang dynasty).
Tian Xu
General of Cao Wei
Born (Unknown)
Died (Unknown)
Traditional Chinese 田續
Simplified Chinese 田续
Pinyin Tián Xù
Wade–Giles Tien Hsu
This is a Chinese name; the family name is Tian.

Tian Xu (birth and death dates unknown) was a military general of the state of Cao Wei in the Three Kingdoms period.


Tian Xu was from Wuzhong county (無終縣), Youbeiping commandery (右北平郡), which is in present-day Ji County, Tianjin. He was a grand-nephew of Tian Chou, an official who served under the warlord Cao Cao in the late Eastern Han dynasty.

In 220, after Cao Pi (Cao Cao's son and successor) ended the Eastern Han dynasty and established the state of Cao Wei with himself as its first emperor, he wanted to honour Tian Chou for his good moral character. However, as both Tian Chou and his son were already deceased, Cao Pi decided to make Tian Xu the successor to Tian Chou, and he awarded Tian Xu the title of a "Secondary Marquis" (關內侯).

In 263, Tian Xu participated in the campaign against Wei's rival state, Shu Han, as an officer under the Wei general Deng Ai. When Deng Ai and the Shu general Jiang Wei were locked in a stalemate at Jiange (劍閣), Deng decided to take a shortcut from Yinping (陰平) to Jiangyou (江油) to bypass Jiang's defences. Tian Xu disobeyed Deng Ai's orders when he refused to advance, and Deng harboured the intention of executing him. Later, after Deng Ai had defeated the Shu general Zhuge Zhan at Mianzhu (緜竹), Jiang Wei retreated from Jiange to Ba commandery (巴郡). Another Wei army led by Zhong Hui advanced towards Fu (涪), where Zhong ordered Tian Xu, Hu Lie, Pang Hui and others to lead troops to pursue Jiang Wei's retreating army.

Later that year, after the Shu emperor Liu Shan had surrendered and Shu had been vanquished by Wei, Zhong Hui planned to rebel against his own state and seize power. He accused Deng Ai of plotting a rebellion and had Deng arrested and sent back to the Wei capital Luoyang. Zhong Hui staged his revolt in 264 but it was crushed and he lost his life. Deng Ai's subordinates wanted to bring their superior back from Luoyang. Wei Guan, another Wei officer who plotted with Zhong Hui against Deng Ai, feared that Deng would take revenge on him if he returned, so he instigated Tian Xu to kill Deng by reminding him of how Deng wanted to execute him at Yinping in the previous year. Tian Xu led his men to intercept Deng Ai at Sanzao Village (三造亭), Mianzhu, and kill Deng and his son Deng Zhong.

See also[edit]