Heavenly Lake of Tianshan

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天山天池2 - panoramio.jpg
Bogda Peak in the distance
Tianchi is located in Dzungaria
LocationBogda Shan (Tian Shan), in Fukang City, Xinjiang
Coordinates43°53′9.7″N 88°7′56.6″E / 43.886028°N 88.132389°E / 43.886028; 88.132389Coordinates: 43°53′9.7″N 88°7′56.6″E / 43.886028°N 88.132389°E / 43.886028; 88.132389
Basin countriesChina
Surface area4.9 km2 (1.9 sq mi)
Max. depth105 m (344 ft)
Surface elevation1,907 m (6,257 ft)

Tianchi (Chinese: 天池; pinyin: Tiānchí, Uighur: بوغدا كۆلى) is an alpine lake in Xinjiang, Northwest China, situated at 43°53′9.7″N 88°7′56.6″E / 43.886028°N 88.132389°E / 43.886028; 88.132389. The name (天池) literally means Heavenly Lake and can refer to several lakes in mainland China and Taiwan. This Tianchi lies on the north side of the Bogda Shan ("Mountain of God", Bogda is a Mongolian word meaning "God") range of the Tian Shan ("Mountain of Heaven"), about 30 kilometres (19 mi) south of Fukang and 45 kilometres (28 mi) east (straight-line distance) of Ürümqi. It is an alpine drift lake shaped in the Quaternary Glacier period.

Formerly known as Yaochi ("Jade Lake"), it was named Tianchi in 1783 by Mingliang, the Qing Commander of Urumqi Command.

The lake is 1,907 metres (6,257 ft) above sea level, covering 4.9 square kilometres (1.9 sq mi), 105 metres (344 ft) deep at the deepest point.

In 2006, it was designated for four years of restoration work at a cost of 800 million yuan (US$100 million). The plan calls for the tourism area around the lake to be increased from the present 158 km² to 548 km². The lake is classified as a highest level scenic area by the China National Tourism Administration.[1]

The lake is accessible by Provincial Highway 111 from Fukang.

External links[edit]

Media related to Tianchi Lake of Tian Shan at Wikimedia Commons


  1. ^ "AAAAA Scenic Areas". China National Tourism Administration. 16 November 2008. Archived from the original on 4 April 2014. Retrieved 9 April 2011.