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Not to be confused with Tiananmen Square.
Sub-prefecture-level city
Location of Tianmen within Hubei and the PRC
Location of Tianmen within Hubei and the PRC
Tianmen is located in Hubei
Location of the city centre in Hubei
Coordinates: 30°40′N 113°10′E / 30.667°N 113.167°E / 30.667; 113.167Coordinates: 30°40′N 113°10′E / 30.667°N 113.167°E / 30.667; 113.167
country People's Republic of China
Province Hubei
 • Total 2,622 km2 (1,012 sq mi)
Elevation 32 m (104 ft)
Population (2014)
 • Total 1,731,482
 • Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Website www.tianmen.gov.cn

Tianmen (simplified Chinese: 天门; traditional Chinese: 天門; pinyin: Tiānmén; literally: "sky gate") is a sub-prefecture-level city(or:county-level city in some ways) in central Hubei Province, People's Republic of China.

It is on the Jianghan Plain,on the west side of Wuhan (the biggest city of Central China,as well as the capital of Hubei)and the east of Jingzhou(a famous city in Chinese history). Formerly known as Jingling (竟陵), it was renamed to Tianmen in 1726 during the Qing dynasty. The name comes from the Sky Gate Mountains(mean to “tianmen”in Chinese) which lie northwest of the city.[1]

It is the hometown of Lu Yu, the writer of The Classic of Tea,who is respected as "the Sage of Tea" for his contribution to the tea culture.Tianmen has the largest population among the same level cities in Central China.It was honoured "National Civilized City"by Chinese government in 2014.

Ancient history[edit]

Prehistoric ancient settlements in the Tianmen area existed at least 7,000 to 8,000 years ago as evidenced by Shijiahe neolithic tribal ruins which include recent discoveries of stone (jade) devices, pottery, bone, mussels, as well as bronze articles and other artifacts, such as those in the original Tao Zu patrilineal cultural heritage period.[1]