Tibasosa

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Tibasosa
Municipality and town
Church of Tibasosa with Christmas
Church of Tibasosa with Christmas
Flag of Tibasosa
Flag
Location of the municipality and town of Tibasosa in the Boyacá department of Colombia
Location of the municipality and town of Tibasosa in the Boyacá department of Colombia
Country  Colombia
Department Boyacá Department
Province Sugamuxi Province
Founded 19 December 1778
Founded by Manuel Antonio Florez
Area
 • Municipality and town 94.3 km2 (36.4 sq mi)
Elevation 2,538 m (8,327 ft)
Population (2015)
 • Municipality and town 14,063
 • Density 150/km2 (390/sq mi)
 • Urban 4,766
Time zone Colombia Standard Time (UTC-5)
Website Official website

Tibasosa (Spanish pronunciation: [tiβaˈsosa]) is a town and municipality in the Sugamuxi Province, part of the Colombian department of Boyacá. Tibasosa border Duitama and Nobsa in the north, Nobsa and Sogamoso in the east, Firavitoba in the south and Paipa in the west.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name Tibasosa comes from Chibcha and means "Chief of the domain".[2]

History[edit]

In the time before the Spanish conquest, Tibasosa was part of the Muisca Confederation, ruled by a cacique who was loyal to Tundama and the high priest iraca of Sugamuxi. The discovery and conquest of the lands of this municipality took place in 1539 when Gonzalo Jiménez de Quesada en route to the Sun Temple entered the Iraca Valley.

On December 19, 1778 the Viceroy Manuel Antonio Flores issued a decree founding the town of Tibasosa, he named a mayor to govern the town. In those days, people from distant lands settled in this village for its climate, also several families of distinguished Spanish origin arrived. Witness to this are the still existing colonial two-story houses with elegant balconies.

Tibasosa acceded in 1781 to the Movement Comunero of Socorro and San Gil, the first uprising in the independence of Colombia. The army left the village to join the troops of general Juan Francisco Berbeo of Zipaquirá.

The population of Tibasosa helped also with the pro-independence cause on the day of the Vargas Swamp Battle. In Tibasosa Inocencio Chincá died, after being wounded in the battle. On March 30, 1820 Simón Bolívar visited Tibasosa, heading towards Santa Rosa de Viterbo.

Economy[edit]

Main economical activities of Tibasosa are dairy farming, agriculture and on a lesser scale mining. Agricultural products are wheat, potatoes, maize, barley, arracacha, ruba, ibia, turnips, peas, beans, onions, apples, pears, prunes, oranges, peaches, cherries, figs and Colombian fruits as feijoa, chirimoya, guama, cañahuate and mortiño. The daily milk production of Tibasosa was 22,000 liters in February 2016.[1]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b (Spanish) Official website Tibasosa
  2. ^ (Spanish) Etymology Tibasosa - Excelsio.net

Coordinates: 5°50′N 72°58′W / 5.833°N 72.967°W / 5.833; -72.967