Tiberianus (poet)

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Tiberianus (poet) was a late Latin writer and poet, surviving only in fragments, who experimented with various metrical schemes.

He is a possible candidate for the authorship of the Pervigilium Veneris.[1]

Identity[edit]

Tiberianus has traditionally been identified with Annius Tiberianus, the "eloquent" [disertus] governor of Gaul in 336 AD mentioned by Jerome.[2]

An earlier candidate is however the prefect of Rome 303-4, Iunius Tiberianus.[3]

Known poems[edit]

Four poems (and a fragmentary fifth on a sunset) are known to have been written by Tiberianus:[4] Spring Day [Amnis ibat]; an attack on the power of gold; a hymn; and a description of a dying bird.[5]

Other writings[edit]

  • E. Baehrens in the 19thC suggested Tiberianus as the author of the Pervigilium Veneris,[7] something metrical parallels with Amnis ibat would seem to support.[8]

Alan Cameron in the 20thC strengthened the case for his authorship through thematic and vocabulary parallels.[9]

Influences[edit]

Tiberianus was influenced by Silver Age poets such as Ovid and Statius, and also by Titus Calpurnius Siculus, as well as by the prose of Apuleius.[10]

Read and quoted by Fulgentius and Augustine,[11], his metrical experiments may also have influenced such Christian poets as Hilary of Poitiers and Prudentius.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ H J Rose, A Handbook of Latin Literature (London 1967) p.527
  2. ^ H J Rose, A Handbook of Latin Literature (London 1967) p.527
  3. ^ A Cameron, Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Bari 2016) p. 16
  4. ^ A Cameron, Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Bari 2016) p. 14
  5. ^ E Kenney ed., The Cambridge History of Classical Literature (Cambridge 1983) p. 14
  6. ^ A Cameron, Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Bari 2016) p. 15
  7. ^ H J Rose, A Handbook of Latin Literature (London 1967) p.527
  8. ^ Helen Waddell, The Wandering Scholars (Fontana 1968) p. 42
  9. ^ A Cameron, Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Bari 2016) p. 14-18
  10. ^ A Cameron, Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Bari 2016) p. 14
  11. ^ A Cameron, Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Bari 2016) p. 15-6
  12. ^ A Cameron, Studies in Late Roman Literature and History (Bari 2016) p. 21

Further reading[edit]

  • E Courtney, The Fragmentary Roman Poets (1993)

External links[edit]