Tiberius Julius Sauromates II
|King of the Bosporan Kingdom|
Marble bust of Sauromates II
|Reign||174 - 210 AD|
|Born||prior to 170 AD
Tiberius Julius Sauromates II Philocaesar Philoromaios Eusebes, also known as Sauromates II (Greek: Τιβέριος Ἰούλιος Σαυρομάτης Β΄ Φιλόκαισαρ Φιλορώμαιος Eὐσεβής, Philocaesar Philoromaios Eusebes, means lover of Caesar, lover of Rome who is the Pius one, flourished in the second half of the 2nd and the first half of the 3rd century AD, died 210/211) was a Sarmatian prince and Roman Client King of the Bosporan Kingdom.
When Eupator died in 174, Sauromates II succeeded his father. Sauromates II reigned as Bosporan King from 174 until his death in 210/211. He expressed his royal title in Greek on his coinage: ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΣΑΥΡΟΜΑΤΟΥ or of King Sauromates. He was a contemporary of the Roman Emperors Marcus Aurelius, Commodus, Pertinax, Didius Julianus, Septimius Severus and Caracalla.
In 193, Sauromates II engaged in military campaigns against the Scythians and Sirachi tribes, and successfully defeated them. These victories are known from an inscription found in Tanais, dedicating and celebrating the King’s military victories. Little is known of the life and reign of Sauromates II. According to surviving coinage, he appeared to be a religious person who was involved in the worship of the Goddess Aphrodite and her cult.