Tibetan mythology

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Tibetan mythology comprises the traditional and religious stories of Tibet both pre-Buddhist and Buddhist.[1]

National mythology[edit]

National mythology and legendary history includes stories include Pha Trelgen Changchup Sempa mythical monkey-ancestor of the Tibetan people, the Epic of King Gesar and legendary kings such as the sixteenth Tsenpo, Zanam Zindé.


The mythology of Bön, Vajrayana Buddhism, the oldest remaining spiritual tradition of Tibet, also includes religious concepts such as the Rainbow body level of realization.


Tibetan ghosts and monsters include Ro-langs zombies and creatures from Tibetan Buddhism, including Ekajati, one of the most powerful and fierce goddesses of Indo-Tibetan mythology,It also includes the Yeti[2] the wish-fulfilling jewel Cintamani, the Garuda, Gyalpo spirits, one of the eight classes of haughty gods and spirits in Tibetan mythology, the Hindu fever-demon Jvarasura, Snow Lion, Wind Horse and the Ashtamangala.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Yves Bonnefoy Asian Mythologies - 1993 Page 302 "These remarks indicate in barest outline the perspective in which the study of Tibetan mythology is approached here. We will not describe Tibetan religion in its entirety, whether in the Buddhist or the pre-Buddhist periods, but only certain mythological elements that appear in it, which one can assume to be indigenous, that is, not introduced by Buddhism."
  2. ^ China Tibetology - China Tibetology Research Center - 2004 - Issues 2-3 - Page 86 "The goddess motif of Tibetan mythology is very unique (sic) and reflects the tradition and worship of the goddess age. It also shows that the Tibetan culture is integrated with the Chinese matrimonial culture."
  3. ^ Jan Westerhoff - Twelve Examples of Illusion -2010 Page 184 "A description of the place of the dragon in Tibetan mythology is on pages 63–65 of Robert Beer's Encyclopedia of Tibetan Symbols and Motifs (Boston: Shambhak, 1999). . "