Tibetan serin

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Tibetan serin
Tibetan Siskin Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary 11.03.2013.jpg
Female Tibetan serin from Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Sikkim, India.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Genus: Spinus
Species: S. thibetanus
Binomial name
Spinus thibetanus
(Hume, 1872)

The Tibetan serin (Spinus thibetanus) or Tibetan siskin, is a true finch species (family Fringillidae).

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The Tibetan serin was formerly placed in the genus Serinus but was assigned to the genus Spinus based on a phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences.[2][3]

The first description of the species was by the British ornithologist Allan Octavian Hume in 1872 under the binomial name Chrysomitris thibetanus.[4] In the 19th century, it was also referred to as the Sikkim Siskin.[5] At that time, the Lepcha of Sikkim referred to it as tŭk nyil nyón ('fierce wormwood').[6]

Description[edit]

Length (including tail) of this species is around 12 cm (4.7 in). Tibetan siskin lacks yellow panels on wing in all plumages. Adult male has olive-greenish upperparts, yellow underparts, yellowish-green rump, yellow supercilium and border behind ear-coverts. Wing and tail feather of this bird species are broadly differentiated by yellowish-green color. While females of this species has black streaking on darker greyish-green upperparts, more clearly defined wing-bars than their male counterparts, paler yellowish throat and black flanked breast with streaking. Juveniles are duller green, tinged brownish-buff on upperparts, with duller rump, buff fringes to greater coverts and paler or heavily streaked underparts.

Distribution[edit]

Country wise it is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, and Nepal. Its natural habitat is temperate forests. In winters this species spent in central and eastern Himalaya. A group of birders from West Bengal found its presence in Hee Village near Varsey Rhododendron Sanctuary, Sikkim, India in the month of March 2013.

Habitat[edit]

Tibetan serin generally breed in mixed forest and spend their winter in alder.

Voice[edit]

Their soft chattering sound is much like twang twang.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Serinus thibetanus". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 8 October 2016.
  2. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  3. ^ Zuccon, Dario; Prŷs-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581–596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002. PMID 22023825.
  4. ^ Hume, Allan Octavian (1872). "Description of six new species of Indian birds". Ibis. 3rd series. 2: 107–111. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919x.1872.tb06136.x.
  5. ^ Blanford, W.T (1890). The Fauna Of British India. 2. p. 244.
  6. ^ Mainwaring, G.B. (1898). Dictionary of the Lepcha-Language. pp. 129–130.