Tibiscum

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Tibiscum
Castrum Tibiscum - 08.jpg
Porta principalis sinistra
Tibiscum is located in Romania
Tibiscum
Location within Romania
Alternative name(s) Tibisco, Tivisco, Tibiscus, Tibiskon, Tiriskon [1]
Known also as Castra of Jupa
Founded during the reign of Trajan
Founded c. 101 AD
Abandoned c. 6th-7th century AD
Attested by Tabula Peutingeriana
Previous fortification Dacian
Place in the Roman world
Province Dacia
Administrative unit Dacia Apulensis
Administrative unit Dacia Superior
Structure
— Stone structure —
Size and area 307 m x 170 m (5.4 ha)
Stationed military units
Cohorts
Numeri
Location
Coordinates 45°27′59″N 22°11′22″E / 45.4663°N 22.1895°E / 45.4663; 22.1895Coordinates: 45°27′59″N 22°11′22″E / 45.4663°N 22.1895°E / 45.4663; 22.1895
Altitude c. 180 m
Town Jupa
County Caraș-Severin
Country  Romania
Reference
RO-LMI CS-I-s-A-10805 [2]
RO-RAN 51038.01 [2]
Site notes
Recognition Monument istoric.svg National Historical Monument
Condition Ruined
Excavation dates
  • 1924 - 1925 [2]
  • 1980 - 1990 [2]
Archaeologists
Media related to Tibiscum at Wikimedia Commons

Tibiscum (Tibisco, Tibiscus, Tibiskon) was a Dacian town mentioned by Ptolemy, later a Roman castra and municipium.[5][6] The ruins of the ancient settlement are located in Jupa, Caraş-Severin County, Romania.

Ancient sources[edit]

Ptolemy's Geographia[edit]

Tabula Peutingeriana[edit]

Etymology[edit]

History[edit]

Dacian town[edit]

Roman times[edit]


Archaeology[edit]


See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Schütte, Gudmund (1917). "Ptolemy's maps of northern Europe, a reconstruction of the prototypes". The Royal Danish Geographical Society. Retrieved 2013-05-04. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Castrul şi vicus-ul roman (municipiul Tibiscum) de la Jupa - "Cetate"". National Archaeological Record of Romania (RAN). ran.cimec.ro. 2012-10-16. Retrieved 2014-03-03. 
  3. ^ Tactica, strategie si specific de lupta la cohortele equitate din Dacia Romana, de Petru Ureche
  4. ^ a b Tibiscum
  5. ^ Ptolemy 140 AD, III 8,4.
  6. ^ Olteanu, Ptolemy's Dacia.

References[edit]

Ancient[edit]

Modern[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]