February 9, 1947|
|Awards||Latin American Art Critic of the Year (1984), Guggenheim Foundation (1998), Prince Claus Award (1998), International Association of Art Critics Prize (2011)|
Ticio Escobar is a Paraguayan lawyer, academic, author, museum director, and former Minister of Culture of Paraguay. He has championed the rights of Indigenous peoples of Paraguay, writing about and curating shows on the topic.
Early life and education
Escobar was born on February 9, 1947, in Asunción. His father was jurist Jorge H. Escobar, and his mother is María Rosalba Argaña Ferraro. He graduated in Law at the Universidad Católica Nuestra Señora de la Asunción in 1970. Five years later, in 1974, he obtained his Master's degree (licencia) here in Philosophy. During his study, he was a member of the Comisión de Defensa de los Derechos Humanos en el Paraguay, a human rights group.
Until 1980, he was an art reviewer for the Museo Paraguayo de Arte Contemporáneo. In 1979 he founded the Museo del Barro (museum of pottery) in Asunción, with the objective to preserve Paraguayan culture. The same year he also founded the Museo de Arte Indígena, Centro de Artes Visuales (museum for indigenous art, center of visual art). To this museum, of which he was also the director until 2008, he donated his own art collection.
Arts and activism
Between 1978 and 1988, Escobar was the curator for Paraguay at the Biennale of São Paulo. Furthermore, he was curator for several versions of the Venice Biennale and the biennales of Cuenca, Trujillo, San Juan, Buenos Aires, Lima and Porto Alegre, and for a number of expositions in Latin America and Europe. At the beginning of the 1990s, he joined two movements for Indigenous peoples' rights: the Asociación Indigenista del Paraguay and the Asociación Apoyo a las Comunidades Indígenas del Paraguay (ACIP).
From 1991-1996 he was Director of Culture of the city of Asunción. In 1996 he won a national contest to edit a bill on culture, which was later adopted by parliament as Ley Escobar 3051/06. From 2008-2013 he was the Minister of Culture of the government of Fernando Lugo.
- 1984: Latin American Art Critic of the Year, from the Argentinean department of the International Association of Art Critics
- 1991: Premio Sudamérica of the Centro de Estudios Históricos, Antropológicos y Sociales of Buenos Aires
- 1997: Commander in the Order of Rio Branco
- 1998: Scholarship of the Guggenheim Foundation
- 1998: Key to the city of Havana
- 1998: Prince Claus Award, Netherlands
- 2000: Basilio Uribe Prize of the Argentinean Association of Art Critics
- 2003: Honorary Professor of the Instituto Universitario Nacional de Arte (IUNA), Buenos Aires
- 2004: Bartolomé de las Casas Prize of the Casa de América, Madrid
- 2005: Order of May, Argentina
- 2009: Knight in the Ordre des Arts et des Lettres, France
- 2011: Prize for Distinguished Contribution to Art Criticism, International Association of Art Critics (AICA)
- 2013: Beloved Son of Asuncion Distinction, Asuncion, Paraguay
- 2015: Master of Art, Asuncion, Paraguay
- "Ticio Escobar." Portal Guaraní. (in Spanish) Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- Prince Claus Fund, biography (in Spanish)
- Prince Claus Fund, Urban Heroes
- A Quienes Elegimos, Curriculum Vitae (in Spanish)
- Prince Claus Fund, profile
- Circulo de Bellas Artes, biography (in Spanish)
- Habana Radio (11 February 2011) Ticio Escobar, el crítico devenido Ministro (in Spanish)