|Regions with significant populations|
|Tidong languages (Nonukan Tidong language, Sesayap Tidong language), also Indonesian/Malaysian|
|Related ethnic groups|
The Tidung or Tidong (Dutch: Tidoeng) are a group of Dayak people who lived in northeastern part of Borneo and surrounding small islands. They lived on both sides of the border of Malaysia and Indonesia. They are closely related to other native people in northeastern Borneo, such as Murut people.
Tidung speak Tidong language, a Bornean language. The Tidong are mostly farmers practising slash-and-burn agriculture. Some are ocean fishermen. They grow sweet potatoes, cassava, lentils, fruits, and vegetables. Their farming methods are often accused of being the main cause of forest fires in Kalimantan. Generally, the Tidong are Muslims, but a few remain animist.
The term tidung in Tarakan language of the Tidung people literally means "hill" or "hill people". As with many other tribes of the Malay Archipelago, the term tidung is a collective term used to describe many closely related indigenous groups. The different groups of Tidung people describe themselves in all cases as Tidung people, however, they are summarized by modern ethnology as a common people group due to similarities in cultural and religious traditions.
The traditional territories of the Tidung people are at the Sembakung River, East Kalimantan and Sibuku River of their headwaters to the estuary north of Tarakan Island, Indonesia thence along the coast; south to the river-mouth of Bolongan River and northward up to Tawau, Sabah, Malaysia including Cowie Harbour. An enclave of Tidung people located at Labuk River, opposite the city of Klagan.
The Tidung language spoken by the Tidung people is also part of other indigenous languages of Sabah such as the Ida'an language, which in turn belongs to the Western Malayo-Polynesian languages. The Tidung language is spoken in different dialects, namely:-
- Nonukan, Penchangan, Sedalir, Tikal, Tarakan, Sesayap and Sibuku dialect in Indonesia
- Tarakan and Sesayap dialect in Sabah, Malaysia
The advocacy of Tidung people is by the cultural community known as KDCA (Kadazan-Dusun Cultural Association).
- "Tidong". Joshua Project.
- M. Paul Lewis (2009). "Summer Institute of Linguistics". Ethnologue: Languages of the World. SIL International. ISBN 15-567-1216-2.
- 2010 Population and Housing Census. Communication from the Statistical Office. 2010.
- Lewis,, M. Paul (2009). "Tidong. A language of Indonesia (Kalimantan)". Ethnologue: Languages of the World, Sixteenth edition. Dallas, Tex.: SIL International. Online version.
- Frank M. LeBar & George N. Appell (1972). Ethnic Groups of Insular Southeast Asia: Indonesia, Andaman Islands, and Madagascar. Human Relations Area Files Press. p. 169. ISBN 08-753-6403-9.
- D.J. Prentice (1970). S.A. Wurm & D.C. Laycock, ed. The linguistic situation in northern Borneo in: Pacific Linguistic Studies in Honour of Arthur Capell. Pacific Linguistics, Series C.
- "Tidung". ethnologue. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
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