Tiffany Aching

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Tiffany Aching
Discworld character
Tiffany Aching in The Wee Free Men.png
Tiffany in The Wee Free Men, as drawn by Paul Kidby
First appearance The Wee Free Men
Created by Terry Pratchett
Information
Description A young witch in training
Associations
Location The Chalk, Lancre
Also in
Notes Granddaughter of Granny Aching

Tiffany Aching is a fictional character in Terry Pratchett's satirical Discworld series of fantasy novels. Her name in Nac Mac Feegle is Tir-far-thóinn or "Land Under Wave".

Tiffany is a trainee witch whose growth into her job forms one of the many arcs in the Discworld series. She is the main character in The Wee Free Men, A Hat Full of Sky, Wintersmith, I Shall Wear Midnight and The Shepherd's Crown.[1] Tiffany grows up over the course of the series, from nine years old in The Wee Free Men to being in her late teens in The Shepherd's Crown.

Works[edit]

Beginning with The Wee Free Men in 2003, the main Discworld books featuring Tiffany Aching are:

Creation[edit]

It sounds amateurish to say that characters invent themselves, and in truth they don't. That's just a short-hand phrase. Of course the author invents them. But while the creative channel is being held open, all sorts of memories and thoughts creep out, somewhat to the owner's surprise.

— Terry Pratchett on Tiffany's creation[2]

Pratchett has said Tiffany Aching "...started with a girl lying down by a river, on the first page of The Wee Free Men". In his youth, Pratchett was "fascinated" by nearby chalk pit, and like Tiffany knew how to read words before being able to pronounce them. The Wee Free Men features "a lot of [his] past" in its descriptions.[2] A lot of Tiffany's understanding of the world is based on Pratchett's own experiences.[3]

With Tiffany, Pratchett wanted to "restate" the purpose of magic on the Discworld and the relationship between wizards, witches and others.[2] He included ideas of responsibility and "guarding your society" as he felt it drew closer to the reality of a witch – that is, "the village herbalist, the midwife, the person who knew things".[3] Pratchett found a young protagonist useful, because when you're young "you have to learn".[4] The name "Tiffany" was chosen for deliberately being poorly evocative of a witch.[5]

Character history[edit]

A young witch (9 during The Wee Free Men,[6] 11 in A Hat Full of Sky,[7] 12 and 13 in Wintersmith,[8] almost 16 in I Shall Wear Midnight,[9] and in her late teens in The Shepherd's Crown[10]), Tiffany hails from the Chalk, a Barony and a region of Downland Rimward of the Ramtops. Her family, the Achings are the tenants of the Home Farm of the local Barony, the de Chumsfanleigh (pronounced "de Chuffley"). Her late grandmother, Sarah Aching (who died 2 years prior to the events in The Wee Free Men), was a shepherd, and by Ramtop standards she was also a witch, although witchcraft was frowned upon on the Chalk until Tiffany openly practised it. Granny Aching was a friend of the Chalk's Clan of Nac Mac Feegles (an army of tiny, blue, rowdy, drunken and vaguely Scottish 'pictsies'), and they have befriended Tiffany as the new "hag o' the hills". As Tiffany was their Kelda (Queen) for a short time, the Nac Mac Feegle see her as their responsibility, and there is no time in Tiffany's life since then when they have not (in)discreetly watched her.

Tiffany begins her witching career at nine, upon being scouted out by the "witch finder" Miss Tick. She leads the Feegles on a journey into Fairyland to rescue Wentworth, her sticky toddler brother, as well as Roland, the young son of the local Baron, from the Queen of the Elves. For this she earns the respect of Granny Weatherwax, a not insignificant achievement in itself. Although at the time she is too young to be a witch, Granny gives her an imaginary invisible hat to boost her confidence. Such is the power of belief on the Disc that it actually keeps off the rain. Two years later she travels to Lancre to be formally apprenticed to the witch Miss Level. During her time with Miss Level, Tiffany uses a charm "see me" to exit her body and see herself, believing it to be a harmless charm.[11] Her body becomes vulnerable to infestation by a "hiver," (a gestalt entity of minds from the dawn of time) which uses her power to harm and cause chaos. She eventually manages to overcome the hiver by giving it what it truly wants: the ability to die.

Tiffany Aching in The Shepherd's Crown, as drawn by Paul Kidby. Tiffany ages as the series goes on.

At the age of thirteen, while studying under Miss Treason, Tiffany accidentally attracts the romantic interests of the Wintersmith while playing the role of the Summer Lady at the Autumn Morris Dance (the so-called Dark Morris). She is at first ambivalent towards the Wintersmith, unnerved by the attention, but also somewhat flattered that she has caught the eye of a godlike being. The wintersmith continues its advances, even attempting to create a human body out of snow and miscellaneous elements by using a recipe from a children's song.

Tiffany, after some advice from Nanny Ogg about the power a young woman has over a suitor, manages to control the Wintersmith for a time, however, eventually he gains the upper hand and brings a record-breaking snow and cold to the Chalk in what should be early spring, threatening the new lambs. She later melts him using a trick taught by Granny Weatherwax, fulfilling her temporary role as the Summer Lady and allowing the real one, brought from the Underworld by Roland, to resume her role. After Miss Treason's death, she is briefly apprenticed to Nanny Ogg before returning to the Chalk and taking up the job of witch to the Chalk.

When Tiffany is in her late teens, Granny Weatherwax dies, leaving a note recommending that Tiffany take over her steading. Though at first she splits her time between there and the chalk, she eventually leaves the steading to the care of Geoffrey, a man she had been training to become a witch. She builds herself a hut up on the chalk out of the materials of Granny Aching's hut.

Powers and abilities[edit]

As a witch, Tiffany possesses First Sight, the ability to see 'what is really there' (as opposed to second sight, which shows people what they think ought to be there). She also possesses Second Thoughts, which are defined as 'the thoughts you think about the way you think'. Whilst other witches are said to have this trait as well, Tiffany also recognizes some of her thoughts as Third Thoughts (the thoughts you think about the way you think about the way you think), and Fourth Thoughts (the thoughts you think about the way you think about the way you think about the way you think). All these thoughts sometimes cause Tiffany to walk into door frames.

Like her grandmother, she appears to have a symbiotic, spiritual link with the hill lands on which she lives, and as such has shown herself to be strongly protective of the region and all its inhabitants. On several occasions, Tiffany has induced in herself a state of total mental clarity, becoming completely aware of every sensation, life-form and object around her, including the land itself. It is also hinted at that the Chalk itself can 'Borrow' the witch it 'Chose', having once temporarily spoken through Tiffany, telling her childhood friend, Roland, that she would marry him (and later performing an ancient marriage ceremony on Roland and his fiancée, Letitia).

Tiffany has shown skill in many of the same areas of magic as Granny Weatherwax (though generally to a lesser degree): she has precociously mastered the art of Borrowing (the art of stepping outside one's own self), though Tiffany didn't recognise it at the time, and merely used it as a means of viewing herself when without a mirror. The resulting vacancy of her body was what attracted the hiver to possess her in A Hat Full of Sky. In Wintersmith she demonstrates a high level of skill in the art of magical self-concealment, and also learns how to absorb heat from any available source (including the sun) and channel it out into the world, without being touched by it herself. She generally precedes the use of the latter art with a sort of mantra, in which she states that she willingly chooses to undertake the dangerous action, and is prepared to accept full responsibility for all its consequences. Also like Granny, she has great difficulty in constructing the magical devices known as 'shambles', though unlike Granny, she later overcomes this obstacle. Tiffany has also demonstrated an affinity for using fire, which she considers a friend (most Witches do not consider fire to have good associations for them in view of its history).

In I Shall Wear Midnight it is revealed that in the future, Tiffany is able to exert a limited influences over events throughout the timeline with the help of Eskarina Smith, the main character of Equal Rites.

Tiffany is very skilled at making cheese; and owns one particular Blue Lancre, named Horace, which habitually eats mice. She has read the entire dictionary, although she sometimes has difficulty with pronunciation. Tiffany also has a talent with languages, a side effect of the encounter with the Hiver. The occupation of her mind by the creature that collected minds has left her with shadows of those memories, including a deceased, didactic wizard named Sensibility Bustle, who translates any foreign word inside her head upon hearing or seeing it.

At the climax of events in I Shall Wear Midnight, it is revealed that Tiffany, as the Witch of the Chalk, also has powers and authority not unlike a Justice of the peace; she is able to perform binding marriage ceremonies, and judge and deal out punishment(s) onto the deserving.

Relationships[edit]

Tiffany is the sixth of the Aching children, and the second youngest, the youngest child being her only brother, Wentworth. Both her parents are alive, but she attracts little attention around the house, because she does her job well, which means nobody ever has to come and fuss over her, which in turn means nobody ever pays a lot of attention to her. While she doesn't particularly like her brother, she sets out to rescue him because he is her brother.

She is friends with several of the Nac Mac Feegle, including Rob Anybody (originally, but accidentally, her betrothed), Daft Wullie (somewhat clueless), William the Gonnagle, Hamish, and Not-as-big-as-Medium-sized-Jock-but-bigger-than-Wee-Jock Jock.

While training in Lancre, she attended a coven of young witches 'led' by Annagramma Hawkin. Tiffany and fellow coven members Lucy Warbeck and Petulia Gristle eventually acquit themselves well as witches; Annagramma, however, finds that her training, under the tutelage of Letice Earwig, had not been enough to prepare her for the reality of witching life, and her onetime coven subordinates agree to help her get on her feet.

Roland comes to have great affection for Tiffany and takes the role of the mythic hero, attempting to rescue her from the Underworld[11] and from the romantic attentions of the Wintersmith. Tiffany herself denies having any affection for Roland, but there are many signs that she does have feelings for him, even though she does not admit it until pressured to by Nanny Ogg. However, both eventually recognise that their both being different from everybody else did not mean they had anything in common, and Roland eventually married a local noblewoman (and latent witch) Letitia Keepsake.

During the fourth book, I Shall Wear Midnight, it is revealed near the end that she has entered into a romantic relationship with an intelligent young guard, named Preston, who aspires to study medicine at the Lady Sybil Free Hospital down in the city of Ankh-Morpork, under Dr. John Lawn, and further wishes to start a medical practice of his own up in the Chalk.

In The Shepherd's Crown, Tiffany is still romantically attached to Preston, who has become a surgeon, though, given their devotion to their jobs, they rarely have time to see each other. She visits him in Ankh-Morpork, and they write letters.

Tiffany is mentored by Granny Weatherwax, and is named her successor. Granny Weatherwax, who is notoriously difficult to please, has several times been impressed by her.

Eskarina Smith, the protagonist of Equal Rites, tells Tiffany in I Shall Wear Midnight that they become close friends. Eskarina uses her time travelling abilities to facilitate a meeting between Tiffany and her older self.

Reception[edit]

Tim Martin of The Telegraph called Tiffany one of Pratchett's ten best Discworld characters, criticising I Shall Wear Midnight but calling the first three Aching novels "some of the best Discworld stuff in years".[12] The Southern Daily Echo listed Tiffany as Pratchett's seventh most greatest character, highlighting her relationship with the Nac Mac Feegle.[13] According to Pratchett, his portrayal of Tiffany led to him being made an honorary Brownie.[2][14] Pratchett has called the Tiffany Aching books "very close to my heart",[15] and has said they are the books he would like to be "remembered for".[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amazon Listing - "I Shall Wear Midnight"
  2. ^ a b c d Pratchett, Terry (2005) [First published 2004]. The Art of Discworld. Illustrated by Paul Kidby. London: Victor Gollancz Ltd. ISBN 0-575-07712-3. 
  3. ^ a b Pratchett, Terry. "Talking with Terry Pratchett". Interview with Interview. Archived from the original on 19 November 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  4. ^ "Terry Pratchett interview". SFX Magazine. 17 October 2006. Archived from the original on 13 February 2009. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  5. ^ Pratchett, Terry (January 2002). "Terry Pratchett". January Magazine (Interview). Interview with Linda Richards. Retrieved 23 April 2016. 
  6. ^ The Wee Free Men. She was nine years old and felt that Tiffany was going to be a hard name to live up to.  
  7. ^ A Hat Full of Sky. Anyway, she was eleven now, and had a feeling that after a certain age you shouldn’t slide down holes in the ground to talk to little men. 
  8. ^ Wintersmith. Tiffany gave up and sighed. 'I’m almost thirteen,' she said. 'I can look after myself.'" and "It was her birthday....Thirteen years old. But she’d been thinking of herself as 'nearly thirteen' for months now. 
  9. ^ I Shall Wear Midnight. You’re not sixteen yet and I see you running around nursing people and bandaging people and who knows what chores.  
  10. ^ The Shepherd's Crown. Tiffany gave You the cat, which was a kitten in Wintersmith, "to Granny Weatherwax herself only a few years ago." 
  11. ^ a b A Hat Full of Sky, by Terry Pratchett
  12. ^ Martin, Tim (27 August 2015). "Terry Pratchett: his 10 best Discworld characters". The Telegraph. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  13. ^ "The top 10 greatest characters Sir Terry Pratchett ever penned for his Discworld novels". Southern Daily Echo. 13 March 2015. Retrieved 24 May 2016. 
  14. ^ Pratchett, Terry (n.d.). ""Sweet Fantasy - 25 years of Terry Pratchett's Discworld"" (Interview). Interview with Neil Gaiman. Waterstones. Archived from the original on 30 April 2013. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  15. ^ "Terry Pratchett: I started writing my new book when I was 17-years-old". The Guardian. 10 July 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2016. 
  16. ^ Pratchett, Terry (5 November 2013). ""A conversation with Terry Pratchett, author of The Carpet People"" (Interview). Interview with Cory Doctorow. Boing Boing. Retrieved 22 April 2016.