|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||393.477 g/mol|
|3D model (JSmol)|
|NY (what is this?)|
Tifluadom is a benzodiazepine derivative with an unusual activity profile. Unlike most benzodiazepines, tifluadom has no activity at the GABAA receptor, but instead is a selective agonist for the κ-opioid receptor. In accordance, it has potent analgesic and diuretic effects in animals, and also has sedative effects and stimulates appetite.
While tifluadom has several effects which might have potential uses in medicine such as analgesia and appetite stimulation, κ-opioid agonists tend to produce undesirable effects in humans such as dysphoria and hallucinations, and so these drugs tend to only be used in scientific research. Dysphoric effects are similar to those seen when using other κ-opioid receptor agonists like pentazocine and salvinorin A, and can be considered the opposite of morphine-induced euphoria. As such, kappa agonists are believed to have very limited abuse potential.
- GYKI-52895, structural benzodiazepine which is a dopamine reuptake inhibitor without GABAergic function
- GYKI-52,466, structural benzodiazepine which is an AMPAkine and glutamate antagonist without GABAergic function
- US Patent 4325957
- Romer D, Buscher HH, Hill RC, Maurer R, Petcher TJ, Zeugner H, Benson W, Finner E, Milkowski W, Thies PW. Unexpected opioid activity in a known class of drug. Life Sciences. 1982 Sep 20-27;31(12-13):1217-20.
- Genovese RF, Dykstra LA. Tifluadom's effects under electric shock titration and tail-immersion procedures in squirrel monkeys. Life Sciences. 1986 Nov 10;39(19):1713-9.
- Leander JD. Kappa opioid agonists and antagonists: effects on drinking and urinary output. Appetite. 1984 Mar;5(1):7-14.
- Jackson HC, Sewell RD. The role of opioid receptor sub-types in tifluadom-induced feeding. Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology. 1984 Oct;36(10):683-6.
- Dykstra LA, Gmerek DE, Winger G, Woods JH. Kappa opioids in rhesus monkeys. I. Diuresis, sedation, analgesia and discriminative stimulus effects. Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics. 1987 Aug;242(2):413-20.
* atypical activity profile (not GABAA receptor ligands)