Tiger Airways Holdings

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Tiger Airways Holdings Limited
Industry Airline
Headquarters Singapore, Singapore
Key people
Hsieh Fu Hua (Chairman)
Lee Lik Hsin (CEO)
Revenue Decrease SGD$734.0 million
Decrease SGD$-231.6 million
Parent Singapore Airlines (over 90%)[1]
Subsidiaries Tigerair (100%)
Website www.tigerair.com

Tiger Airways Holdings Limited (SGX: J7X) is a Singapore-based holding company for a group of low-cost carriers operating in the Asia-Pacific region, consisting of its flagship airline and wholly owned subsidiary, Tigerair (Tiger Airways Singapore), and a 10% stake in Tigerair Taiwan, an associate company. The holding company was formed in 2007 to allow for easier management of the airline subsidiaries, as well as any future expansion, without having to focus on operational issues, leaving those to the airlines themselves.

On February 5, 2016, parent company Singapore Airlines (SIA) announced it held over 90 percent of shares in Tiger and its plan to delist the budget airline.[1]

Group companies[edit]

Tigerair (Tiger Airways Singapore)[edit]

Tigerair was incorporated on 12 December 2003 and began ticket sales on 31 August 2004. Services commenced on 15 September 2004 to Bangkok. It operates scheduled international services from Singapore Changi Airport and is a wholly owned subsidiary of Tiger Airways Holdings.

In 2006, the airline flew 1.2 million passengers, a growth of 75% from the previous year. The airline was the first to operate from the Budget Terminal in Changi Airport in order to achieve operating-cost savings and its cost structure is modeled after Ryanair. Despite regional competition, the airline has reiterated its current intention to remain focused on flying within a five-hour radius from its Singaporean base.

Channel News Asia, on 4 November 2016, reported that Tigerair brand will cease to exist, and will come under Scoot, its sister budget airline, also under its parent, Budget Aviation Holdings. The integration is expected to happen between mid and end of 2017, with the two carriers will also operate under a single license by the end of next year. [2]


Tigerair has been publicly listed on the Singapore Exchange since February 2010. As at 18 June 2014, Singapore Airlines, holding 40% of the issued shares, is the only substantial shareholder (i.e. holding at least 5% of the issued shares) of Tiger Airways Holdings.[3]

Financial performance[edit]

The following table shows the financial performance of Tiger Airways Holdings.

Tiger Airways Holdings Financial Highlights[4][5][6][7][8]
Year ended Revenue
Operating profit
Profit before
taxation (S$m)
Profit attributable to
equity holders (S$m)
EPS after tax
– diluted (cents)
31 March 2006 75 NA −37.4 NA NA NA
31 March 2007 171.2 NA −14.3 NA NA NA
31 March 2008 231 NA 37.8 NA NA NA
31 March 2009 378.0 425.5 −47.5 −47.6 −50.8 −14
31 March 2010 486.2 460.2 26.0 19.9 28.2 6.6
31 March 2011 622.3 575.0 47.2 57.0 39.9 6.9
31 March 2012 618.2 701.6 −83.4 −100.7 −104.3 −14.9
31 March 2013 866.0 859.0 7.0 −35.0 −45.4 −5.5
31 March 2014 734.0 786.1 −52.0 −231.6 −223.0 −22.6

Note: Tiger Aviation Holdings Limited was listed on 22 January 2010. Full financial information may not be publicised prior to that date.

Operating performance[edit]

Tiger Airways Holdings Operating Highlights[4][5][6][7][8]
Year ended Passengers
Load factor
Seat capacity
31 March 2009 3,167 5,245 6,459 79.4 3,989
31 March 2010 4,872 6,768 7,847 85.1 5,723
31 March 2011 5,968 8,209 9,583 85.8 6,958
31 March 2012 5,465 8,494 10,447 81.3 NA
31 March 2013 6,848 10,827 12,907 83.9 NA
31 March 2014 7,127 12,239 15,779 77.6 NA

Regional Partners[edit]

Due to the reorganization of Tiger Air into Budget Aviation Holdings, the following partners have either taken full ownership of the Tiger Air branding or cancelled operations.

Tiger Airways Australia/Tigerair Australia[edit]

Tiger Airways Australia was formed as the Australian affiliate of Tiger Airways. On 9 February 2007, Tiger formally announced that it hoped to become Australia's third full-scale domestic airline, competing directly with Virgin Blue (now Virgin Australia) and Qantas/Jetstar.[9] Tigerair Australia planned to use its Australian domestic network to support an expanded international presence through the gateway of Perth, expanded to include Melbourne. On 16 March 2007 the airline received approval from Australian authorities to establish the new subsidiary,[10] and established Tiger Airways Australia Pty Ltd on the same day.[11]

Tiger Airways Australia began operations on 23 November 2007. On 31 July 2008 Tiger announced that it would suspend its flights from Darwin on 25 October, citing Darwin International Airport operating and fuel costs, making it the most expensive airport on the Tigerair Australia network but did not rule out returning in the future if costs were to decrease.[12] Tigerair Australia resumed services to Darwin on Friday 18 June 2010.[13] On 5 August 2008 the airline announced Adelaide as its second operational base[14] and began services on 10 January 2010.

Tiger resumed flights on 2 August 2011, after it was grounded for safety issues, on a restricted schedule maintaining its hub in Melbourne. Tiger Airways Australia re-opened its second base at Sydney with three aircraft in July 2012.

In October 2012, Virgin Australia Holdings (parent company of competitor Virgin Australia) announced its intention to purchase 60% of Tiger Airways Australia. The deal was completed in July 2013, after the airline had changed it name to Tigerair Australia.[15]

In October 2014, Virgin Australia Holdings announced plans to acquire the 40% stake in Tigerair Australia still held by Tiger Airways Holdings for $1. Virgin would retain the Tigerair name and acquire the brand rights for Tigerair to operate to some international destinations from Australia.[16][17][18]

Tigerair Taiwan[edit]

Tigerair Taiwan is a Taiwanese affiliate and was set up as a joint venture between China Airlines and Tiger Airways Holdings. China Airlines holds a 90% stake in the new carrier, while Tiger Airways holds the remaining 10%.[19] The carrier is based at Taiwan Taoyuan International Airport and currently has 6 aircraft.[20][21] It was the first Taiwan-based LCC to start operations and the only LCC in the country that are still flying (The other being V Air of Transasia Airways, which folded in 2016). In 2017, as Tigerair Singapore merged into Scoot, CAPA reports that China Airlines will buy another 10% from Budget Aviation Holdings, leaving China Airlines Group (China Airlines and Mandarin Airlines) the owner of the airline, despite allowed to retain the brand.[22]

Tigerair Mandala[edit]

Tigerair Mandala was the Indonesian affiliate of Tigerair. The airline was a joint venture between Tiger Airways Holdings & Saratoga Investama Sedaya.

Tigerair ventured into the Indonesian market by buying the troubled Mandala Airlines, with the Saratoga Group holding a majority 51.3% and the remaining 15.7% by previous shareholders and creditors of Mandala.[23] Tigerair Mandala sported a hybrid livery with the name 'mandala' on the fuselage accompanied by Tigerair's stripes on the tail and wingtips.

Tigerair Mandala started operations on Thursday 5 April 2012, with one domestic route between its home base Jakarta and Medan, the capital of North Sumatra. This was followed by its first international destination when it launched the Medan-Singapore route on 20 April 2012,[24] adding a second Indonesian destination to Tigerair Singapore network after Jakarta. In May 2012, Tigerair Mandala flew to Malaysia's capital Kuala Lumpur from Jakarta.[25] Before it ceased its operation Tigerair had 35.8% Shares.

Tigerair Mandala ceased all operations on 1 July 2014 as it was not able to sustain its operations and the airline’s key shareholders decided to cease funding the carrier.[26]

Tigerair Philippines[edit]

Tigerair Philippines was the Philippines affiliate of Tigerair. The joint venture was announced in November 2010 between Tiger Airways Holdings & SEAir Inc., which saw Tigerair leasing its two Airbus A319 aircraft to SEAir to open up new international routes out of SEAir's base at Clark International Airport. The DG-coded flights were operated by SEAir's pilots and cabin crew using the leased aircraft which were repainted into SEAir's livery. Seats on these flights were marketed by Tiger in addition to SEAir's own website.[27]

In February 2011, Tiger Airways Holdings Ltd, parent of Tigerair increased its share in the venture to 40%,[28] however in March 2014, Tigerair disposed of its 40% stake in the airline to Cebu Pacific, though flights were still temporarily branded as Tigerair Philippines.[29]

Incheon Tiger[edit]

On 5 November 2007, Tiger Airways announced that it would be starting a Korean-based budget airline. Incheon Tiger was to have been a joint venture between Tiger Aviation and Incheon Metropolitan City, flying to destinations in Japan, China, Mongolia and the Russian Far East. The airline was to be based in South Korea's Incheon Airport and planned to begin services by 2009; however, the project was abandoned in December 2008.[30]

Thai Tiger[edit]

Tiger Airways and Thai Airways International proposed forming an airline based in Thailand, where Thai Airways International and Tiger Airways would own 51% and 39% respectively of the newly formed airline, while RyanThai would hold the remaining 10%.[31][32] Operations were expected to begin in the 1st quarter of 2011.[33] Tiger Airways subsequently dropped its plan to form a Bangkok-based low-cost joint venture with Thai Airways after failing to get the necessary investment approvals from the Thai government. As a result, in December 2011 Thai Airways International, Tiger Airways and RyanThai decided not to proceed with the incorporation of Thai Tiger.[34]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "SIA gets over 90% stake in Tigerair; to suspend trading in shares". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ "annual report 2014" of Tiger Airways Holdings, page 104 ("shareholders’ information") of the pdf file
  4. ^ a b "Financial Year 10-11" (PDF). Tiger Airways Holdings Limited. Tiger Airways. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Financial Year 11-12 Results" (PDF). Tiger Airways Holdings Limited. Tiger Airways. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Financial Year 12-13" (PDF). Tiger Airways Holdings Limited. Tiger Airways. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  7. ^ a b "Financial Year 13-14" (PDF). Tiger Airways Holdings Limited. Tiger Airways. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  8. ^ a b "Operating Statistics Year 13-14" (PDF). Tiger Airways Holdings Limited. Tiger Airways. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Singapore's Tiger Airways to pounce on Australian domestic market". Channel NewsAsia. 9 February 2007. 
  10. ^ Creedy, Steve (16 March 2007). "Growing Tiger gets its stripes". The Australian. 
  11. ^ "Tiger Airways sets up Aussie subsidiary". The Sydney Morning Herald. 19 March 2007. 
  12. ^ "Tiger suspends all Darwin flights". Northern Territory News. 2008-08-01. Retrieved 2008-08-01. 
  13. ^ "Tiger Airways Roars Back To Darwin" (PDF). Tiger Airways Australia Pty Ltd. 2010-06-18. Retrieved 2010-06-18. 
  14. ^ "Tiger sets up second home in Adelaide". The Age. Melbourne. 5 August 2008. 
  15. ^ "Virgin completes purchase of Tigerair stake, names Borghetti chair". The Australian. 8 July 2013. 
  16. ^ "Virgin Australia pays $1 for Tigerair stake". The Australian. 17 October 2014. 
  17. ^ "Virgin Australia plans full ownership of Tigerair Australia". Australian Aviation. 17 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Virgin Australia buys all of TigerAir Australia – for $1!". AUSBT. AUSBT. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "China Airlines to set up budget Tigerair Taiwan" (Press release). Taipei Times. 2013-12-26. Retrieved 2013-12-16. 
  20. ^ "Tigerair Taiwan Fleet Details and History". Planespotters.net. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  21. ^ Shih, Kai-Chin. "LCC War Kicks Off In Taiwan: Tigerair Taiwan and V Air Ready To Take To The Skies". talkairlines.wordpress.com. >talkairlines. Retrieved 25 September 2014. 
  22. ^ "Tigerair Singapore 2017 outlook: fleet expansion resumes as brand disappears, transit traffic grows". https://centreforaviation.com/analysis/tigerair-singapore-2017-outlook-fleet-expansion-resumes-as-brand-disappears-transit-traffic-grows-321256. >Centre for Aviation. Retrieved 17 January 2017.  External link in |website= (help)
  23. ^ http://www.tigerairways.com/news/20120221.pdf
  24. ^ Indonesian Airline Mandala Hopes Time is Right for Return | The Jakarta Globe
  25. ^ http://www.tigerairways.com/news/20120327.pdf
  26. ^ "Tigerair Mandala to Cease". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 20 June 2014. 
  27. ^ "Tiger Airways Press Release" (PDF) (Press release). Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
  28. ^ Lectura, Lenie (2012-04-18). "Singapore's Tiger Airways eyes bigger pie of Seair". ABS-CBN News. Retrieved 2012-10-01. 
  29. ^ "Tigerair Makes Progress In Its Recent Alliance With Cebu Pacific" (PDF). Singapore: Tigerair. 20 March 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  30. ^ AFP: Singapore, Incheon scrap plans for new budget airline
  31. ^ Thai Airways to decide on new plane order in weeks - MarketWatch
  32. ^ [2] Archived 3 August 2010 at the Wayback Machine.
  33. ^ New Thai Tiger to fight Jetstar | Herald Sun
  34. ^ Tiger Airways drops joint venture with Thai Airways