Tiger reserves of India
There are 48 tiger reserves in India which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world. In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2011 and 2,226 in 2014.
The goal 53,547.5 km2 (20,674.8 sq mi) of declared reserves are operated by state forestry departments "to ensure maintenance of viable populations of the conservation dependent Bengal tigers in India. The tigers are maintained for their scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values and to preserve for all time areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people."
The landmark 2008 report, Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India, published by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, estimated only 1,411 adult tigers in existence in India. The 2010 National Tiger Assessment estimated the total population of tigers in India as 1,706. As per Ministry of Environment and Forests, the tiger population in India stood at 2,226 in 2014, with an increase of 30.5% since the 2010 estimate. This exhaustive study indicated that better protected tiger source sites, especially tiger reserves, have maintained viable populations. However, the area occupied by tigers outside protected areas has decreased considerably. This demonstrates the need for corridors for tigers to move between source sites. The existing tiger reserves represent around one-third of India's high density forest area.
In 2010-11, National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in partnership with the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) undertook an independent management effectiveness evaluation (MEE) of the 44 tiger reserves in the country. The reserves were categorized into four major categories. Karnataka has the highest number of tigers in the age group of 1.5 years with more 408 big cats. Uttarakhand has 340, Madhya Pradesh 308, Tamil Nadu 229, Maharashtra 190, Assam 167, Kerala 136 and Uttar Pradesh 117.
List of Tiger reserves in India
|S.No.||Tiger Reserve||State||CoreArea(km2)||BufferArea(km2)||Total Area (km2)|
|1||Bandipur Tiger Reserve||Karnataka||872.24||584.06||1456.3|
|2||Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve||Uttarakhand||821.99||466.32||1288.31|
|3||Kanha Tiger Reserve||Madhya Pradesh||917.43||1134.361||2051.791|
|4||Manas Tiger Reserve||Assam||840.04||2310.88||3150.92|
|5||Melghat Tiger Reserve||Maharashtra||1500.49||1268.03||2768.52|
|6||Palamau Tiger Reserve||Jharkhand||414.08||715.85||1129.93|
|7||Ranthambore Tiger Reserve||Rajasthan||1113.364||297.9265||1411.291|
|8||Similipal Tiger Reserve||Odisha||1194.75||1555.25||2750|
|9||Sunderbans Tiger Reserve||West Bengal||1699.62||885.27||2584.89|
|10||Periyar Tiger Reserve||Kerala||881||44||925|
|11||Sariska Tiger Reserve||Rajasthan||881.1124||332.23||1213.342|
|12||Buxa Tiger Reserve||West Bengal||390.5813||367.3225||757.9038|
|13||Indravati Tiger Reserve||Chhattisgarh||1258.37||1540.7||2799.07|
|14||Namdapha Tiger Reserve||Arunachal Pradesh||1807.82||245||2052.82|
|15||Dudhwa Tiger Reserve||Uttar Pradesh||1093.79||1107.9848||2201.7748|
|16||Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve||Tamil Nadu||895||706.542||1601.542|
|17||Valmiki Tiger Reserve||Bihar||598.45||300.93||899.38|
|18||Pench Tiger Reserve||Madhya Pradesh||411.33||768.30225||1179.63225|
|19||Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve||Maharashtra||625.82||1101.7711||1727.5911|
|20||Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve||Madhya Pradesh||716.903||820.03509||1598.1|
|21||Panna Tiger Reserve||Madhya Pradesh||576.13||1021.97||1578.55|
|22||Dampa Tiger Reserve||Mizoram||500||488||988|
|23||Bhadra Tiger Reserve||Karnataka||492.46||571.83||1064.29|
|24||Pench Tiger Reserve||Maharashtra||257.26||483.96||741.22|
|25||Pakhui Tiger Reserve||Arunachal Pradesh||683.45||515||1198.45|
|26||Nameri Tiger Reserve||Assam||200||144||344|
|27||Satpura Tiger Reserve||Madhya Pradesh||1339.264||794.04397||2133.30797|
|28||Anamalai Tiger Reserve||Tamil Nadu||958.59||521.28||1479.87|
|30||Satkosia Tiger Reserve||Odisha||523.61||440.26||963.87|
|31||Kaziranga Tiger Reserve||Assam||625.58||548||1173.58|
|32||Achanakmar Tiger Reserve||Chattisgarh||626.195||287.822||914.017|
|33||Dandeli-Anshi National Park||Karnataka||814.884||282.63||1097.514|
|34||Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve||Madhya Pradesh||812.571||861.931||1674.502|
|35||Mudumalai Tiger Reserve||Tamil Nadu||321||367.59||688.59|
|36||Nagarahole Tiger Reserve||Karnataka||643.35||562.41||1205.76|
|37||Parambikulam Tiger Reserve||Kerala||390.89||252.772||643.662|
|39||Biligiriranga Swamy Temple Tiger Reserve||Karnataka||359.1||215.72||574.82|
|40||Kawal Tiger Reserve||Telangana||893.23||1125.89||2019.12|
|41||Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve||Tamil Nadu||793.49||614.91||1408.4|
|43||Nawegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve||Maharashtra||653.674||-||653.674|
|44||Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve||Telangana||2595.72*||700.59*||3296.31*|
|45||Amrabad Tiger reserve||Telangana||2166.37*||445.02*||2611.39*|
|46||Pilibhit Tiger Reserve||Uttar Pradesh||602.798||127.4518||730.2498|
|47||Bor Tiger Reserve||Maharashtra||138.12||-||138.12|
|48||Rajaji Tiger Reserve||Uttarakhand||819.54||255.63||1075.17 |
In addition to existing reserves, The in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for creation of three new tiger reserves, and the sites are: Ratapani Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh), Sunabeda Tiger Reserve (Odisha) and Guru Ghasidas (Chhattisgarh). Final approval has been accorded to Kudremukh National Park (Karnataka) and Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand for declaring as tiger reserves by States. The State Governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring the following areas as tiger reserves: (i) Suhelwa (Uttar Pradesh), (ii) Mhadei Sanctuary (Goa), (iii) Srivilliputhur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary / Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary / Varushanadu Valley (Tamil Nadu), (iv) Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary (Arunachal Pradesh) and (v) Cauvery-MM Hills (Karnataka).
- "India's tiger population sees 30% increase". January 20, 2015.
- "CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME, PROJECT TIGER, XTH FIVE YEAR PLAN, GUIDELINES" (PDF). COMPENDIUM OF GUIDELINES & CIRCULARS ISSUED BY DIRECTOR (PROJECT TIGER). Delhi: PROJECT TIGER DIVISION MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FRORESTS GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. pp. A. PROJECT TIGER 1.1 Description of the Scheme and its objectives. Retrieved 2009-10-31.
- Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun (2008). Y.V. Jhala, R. Gopal, Q. Qureshi (eds.), ed. Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India (PDF). TR 08/001. New Delhi: National Tiger Conservation Authority, Govt. of India. pp. –151.
- Tour My India: Population Of Big Cats
- "INDIA TIGER ESTIMATE 2010" (PDF), Public Information Brochure (New Delhi: Ministry of Environment and Forests, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA), 2011-03-28: 9, retrieved 2011-06-21
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