Tiger reserves of India

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There are 48[1] tiger reserves in India[2] which are governed by Project Tiger which is administered by the National Tiger Conservation Authority. India is home to 70 percent of tigers in the world. In 2006, there were 1,411 tigers which increased to 1,706 in 2011 and 2,226 in 2014.[3]

Goals[edit]

The goal 53,547.5 km2 (20,674.8 sq mi) of declared reserves are operated by state forestry departments "to ensure maintenance of viable populations of the conservation dependent Bengal tigers in India. The tigers are maintained for their scientific, economic, aesthetic, cultural and ecological values and to preserve for all time areas of biological importance as a national heritage for the benefit, education and enjoyment of the people."[4]

Population assessment[edit]

The landmark 2008 report, Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India, published by the National Tiger Conservation Authority, estimated only 1,411 adult tigers in existence in India.[5] The 2010 National Tiger Assessment estimated the total population of tigers in India as 1,706. As per Ministry of Environment and Forests, the tiger population in India stood at 2,226 in 2014,[6] with an increase of 30.5% since the 2010 estimate. This exhaustive study indicated that better protected tiger source sites, especially tiger reserves, have maintained viable populations. However, the area occupied by tigers outside protected areas has decreased considerably. This demonstrates the need for corridors for tigers to move between source sites. The existing tiger reserves represent around one-third of India's high density forest area.[7]

In 2010-11, National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) in partnership with the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) undertook an independent management effectiveness evaluation (MEE) of the 44 tiger reserves in the country. The reserves were categorized into four major categories. Karnataka has the highest number of tigers in the age group of 1.5 years with more 408 big cats. Uttarakhand has 340, Madhya Pradesh 308, Tamil Nadu 229, Maharashtra 190, Assam 167, Kerala 136 and Uttar Pradesh 117.

List of Tiger reserves in India[edit]

S.No. Tiger Reserve State CoreArea(km2) BufferArea(km2) Total Area (km2)
1[2] Bandipur Tiger Reserve Karnataka 872.24 584.06 1456.3
2 Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve Uttarakhand 821.99 466.32 1288.31
3 Kanha Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh 917.43 1134.361 2051.791
4 Manas Tiger Reserve Assam 840.04 2310.88 3150.92
5 Melghat Tiger Reserve Maharashtra 1500.49 1268.03 2768.52
6 Palamau Tiger Reserve Jharkhand 414.08 715.85 1129.93
7 Ranthambore Tiger Reserve Rajasthan 1113.364 297.9265 1411.291
8 Similipal Tiger Reserve Odisha 1194.75 1555.25 2750
9 Sunderbans Tiger Reserve West Bengal 1699.62 885.27 2584.89
10 Periyar Tiger Reserve Kerala 881 44 925
11 Sariska Tiger Reserve Rajasthan 881.1124 332.23 1213.342
12 Buxa Tiger Reserve West Bengal 390.5813 367.3225 757.9038
13 Indravati Tiger Reserve Chhattisgarh 1258.37 1540.7 2799.07
14 Namdapha Tiger Reserve Arunachal Pradesh 1807.82 245 2052.82
15 Dudhwa Tiger Reserve Uttar Pradesh 1093.79 1107.9848 2201.7748
16 Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve Tamil Nadu 895 706.542 1601.542
17 Valmiki Tiger Reserve Bihar 598.45 300.93 899.38
18 Pench Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh 411.33 768.30225 1179.63225
19 Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve Maharashtra 625.82 1101.7711 1727.5911
20 Bandhavgarh Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh 716.903 820.03509 1598.1
21 Panna Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh 576.13 1021.97 1578.55
22 Dampa Tiger Reserve Mizoram 500 488 988
23 Bhadra Tiger Reserve Karnataka 492.46 571.83 1064.29
24 Pench Tiger Reserve Maharashtra 257.26 483.96 741.22
25 Pakke Tiger Reserve Arunachal Pradesh 683.45 515 1198.45
26 Nameri Tiger Reserve Assam 200 144 344
27 Satpura Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh 1339.264 794.04397 2133.30797
28 Anamalai Tiger Reserve Tamil Nadu 958.59 521.28 1479.87
29 Udanti-Sitanadi Chattisgarh 851.09 991.45 1842.54
30 Satkosia Tiger Reserve Odisha 523.61 440.26 963.87
31 Kaziranga Tiger Reserve Assam 625.58 548 1173.58
32 Achanakmar Tiger Reserve Chattisgarh 626.195 287.822 914.017
33 Dandeli-Anshi National Park Karnataka 814.884 282.63 1097.514
34 Sanjay-Dubri Tiger Reserve Madhya Pradesh 812.571 861.931 1674.502
35 Mudumalai Tiger Reserve Tamil Nadu 321 367.59 688.59
36 Nagarahole Tiger Reserve Karnataka 643.35 562.41 1205.76
37 Perambiculam Tiger Reserve Kerala 390.89 252.772 643.662
38 Sahyadri Maharashtra 600.12 565.45 1165.57
39 Biligiriranga Swamy Temple Tiger Reserve Karnataka 359.1 215.72 574.82
40 Kawal Tiger Reserve Telangana 893.23 1125.89 2019.12
41 Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve Tamil Nadu 793.49 614.91 1408.4
42 Mukandra Hills Rajasthan 417.17 342.82 759.99
43 Nawegaon-Nagzira Tiger Reserve Maharashtra 653.674 - 653.674
44 Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam Tiger Reserve Andhra Pradesh 2595.72* 700.59* 3296.31*
45 Amrabad Tiger reserve Telangana 2166.37* 445.02* 2611.39*
46 Pilibhit Tiger Reserve Uttar Pradesh 602.798 127.4518 730.2498
47 Bor Tiger Reserve Maharashtra 138.12 - 138.12
48 Rajaji Tiger Reserve Uttarakhand 819.54 255.63 1075.17 [8]
TOTAL 39589.84 30161.80 69751.64

Future[edit]

In addition to existing reserves, The in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger Conservation Authority for creation of three new tiger reserves, and the sites are: Ratapani Tiger Reserve (Madhya Pradesh), Sunabeda Tiger Reserve (Odisha) and Guru Ghasidas (Chhattisgarh). Final approval has been accorded to Kudremukh National Park (Karnataka) and Rajaji National Park in Uttarakhand for declaring as tiger reserves by States. The State Governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring the following areas as tiger reserves: (i) Suhelwa[9] (Uttar Pradesh), (ii) Mhadei Sanctuary (Goa), (iii) Srivilliputhur Grizzled Squirrel Wildlife Sanctuary / Megamalai Wildlife Sanctuary / Varushanadu Valley (Tamil Nadu), (iv) Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary (Arunachal Pradesh) and (v) Cauvery-MM Hills (Karnataka).[10]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.thehindu.com/news/national/other-states/rajaji-park-notified-as-tiger-reserve/article7120327.ece
  2. ^ a b http://projecttiger.nic.in/content/109_1_ListofTigerReservesCoreBufferAreas.aspx
  3. ^ "India's tiger population sees 30% increase". January 20, 2015. 
  4. ^ "CENTRALLY SPONSORED SCHEME, PROJECT TIGER, XTH FIVE YEAR PLAN, GUIDELINES" (PDF). COMPENDIUM OF GUIDELINES & CIRCULARS ISSUED BY DIRECTOR (PROJECT TIGER). Delhi: PROJECT TIGER DIVISION MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT & FRORESTS GOVERNMENT OF INDIA. pp. A. PROJECT TIGER 1.1 Description of the Scheme and its objectives. Retrieved 2009-10-31. 
  5. ^ Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun (2008). Y.V. Jhala, R. Gopal, Q. Qureshi (eds.), ed. Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India (PDF). TR 08/001. New Delhi: National Tiger Conservation Authority, Govt. of India. pp. –151. 
  6. ^ Tour My India: Population Of Big Cats
  7. ^ "INDIA TIGER ESTIMATE 2010" (PDF), Public Information Brochure (New Delhi: Ministry of Environment and Forests, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA), 2011-03-28: 9, retrieved 2011-06-21 
  8. ^ http://www.wii.gov.in/nwdc_tigerreserves
  9. ^ http://upecotourism.in/SohelwaWildlifeSanctuary.html
  10. ^ http://rajeev.in/pages/..%5CNews%5CQuestions_Parliament%5CSteps_Taken_Preservation_Tigers_Karnataka_Mar192015.html