Tiger reserves of Maharashtra

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A tiger, laying among trees and plants, in the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve
Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve, Maharashtra

Maharashtra provides legal protection to its tiger population through six dedicated tiger reserves under the precincts of the National Tiger Conservation Authority [1] under the initiative Project Tiger. These reserves cumulatively cover an estimated area of 9,113km2 which is about 3% of the total state area.

Citing the presence of tigers in two wild-life sanctuaries, environmentalists[who?] had put forth a proposal to declare Umred Karhandla Wildlife Sanctuary and Tipeshwar Wildlife Sanctuary as tiger reserves. This would result in creation of a tiger corridor for migration of tigers between different reserves to encourage genetic dispersion. As of October 2016, this proposal has been rejected.[2]

History[edit]

Tiger reserves came to be created under the former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's flagship program Project Tiger. It envisioned to create a safe haven for tigers to flourish and receive legal protection against poachers. Melghat is the among the first nine tiger reserves to be declared in 1973-74 with Gugamal National Park as its core zone along with adjoining Melghat Wildlife Sanctuary and deciduous rich forest zones. Subsequently, over the years, five additional reserves were created. Tadoba National Park, formed in 1955, is one of the oldest national parks. In 1993 its merge with Andhari Wildlife Sanctuary led to the creation of Tadobo Andhari Tiger Reserve.

Tiger census[edit]

As of 2015, among all the Indian states, Maharashtra has the fifth largest tiger population. The tiger population in the state shows a consistent rise from 103 in 2006 to 169 in 2010. The recent census in 2015 shows a rise to 190 which is a 12% increase between 2010-15.[3]

List of tiger reserves[edit]

Source:[1]
Tiger Reserve Year declared Core Area(km2) Buffer Area(km2) Total Area (km2)
Melghat 1974 1,500 1,268 2,768
Tadoba 1993 626 1,102 1,728
Pench 1999 257 484 741
Sahyadri 2007 600 565 1,166
Nawegaon-Nagzira 2013 654 1241 1895
Bor 2014 138 678 816
Total 3775 5338 9113

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of Tiger Reserves Core & Buffer Areas". National Tiger Conservation Authority. Archived from the original on 2014-08-23.
  2. ^ "Karhandla and Tipeshwar can't be tiger reserves? - Times of India". Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Tiger census: Maharashtra records a mere 12% rise". 21 January 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2017.