Tighten Up (Archie Bell & the Drells song)
|Single by Archie Bell & the Drells|
|from the album Tighten Up|
|Length||3:15 (Part 1)|
|Label||Atlantic 2478 (U.S.)|
|Songwriter(s)||Archie Bell, Billy Buttier|
|Archie Bell & the Drells singles chronology|
"Tighten Up" is a 1968 song by Houston, Texas–based R&B vocal group Archie Bell & the Drells. It reached #1 on both the Billboard R&B and pop charts in the spring of 1968. It is ranked #265 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time and is one of the earliest funk hits in music history.
"Tighten Up" was written by Archie Bell and Billy Buttier. It was one of the first songs that Archie Bell & the Drells recorded, in a session in October 1967 at the Jones Town Studio in Houston, Texas, along with a number of songs including "She's My Woman". The instrumental backing for "Tighten Up" was provided by the T.S.U. Toronadoes, the group which had developed it in their own live shows before they brought it to Archie Bell & the Drells at the suggestion of Skipper Lee Frazer, a Houston disk jockey who worked with both groups. At the recording session, the Drells worked late into the night with the Toronadoes as Archie Bell perfected the vocals.
Soon afterwards, Bell was drafted into the U.S. Army and began serving in Vietnam. Meanwhile, the song became a hit in Houston, and was picked up by Atlantic Records for distribution in April 1968. By the summer it topped both the Billboard R&B and pop charts. It also sold a million copies by May 1968, gaining an RIAA gold disc.
In the beginning of the song, Bell introduces himself and the Drells as being from Houston, Texas. According to the Billboard Book of Number One Hits by Fred Bronson, Bell had heard a comment after the Kennedy assassination in Dallas that "nothing good ever came out of Texas." Bell wanted his listeners to know "we were from Texas and we were good."
Bell continues in the song by stating, "We don't only sing, but we dance just as good as we want." This line is often misheard, and mis-transcribed, as "dance just as good as we walk". Asked to clarify by writer Michael Corcoran, Archie Bell responded, "We dance just as good as we want. Hell, we dance a lot better than we walk."
Although their leader was unavailable, the phenomenal success of the single prompted the band to rush out their first album, which included the songs they had recorded in late 1967 and early 1968 with The Toronadoes.
In 1969 the group recorded their first full album with Gamble and Huff, I Can't Stop Dancing, which reached number 28 on the R&B chart.
At the 1968 Olympics, American Olympian Wyomia Tyus was doing a dance waiting at the start line of the 100 meter race in which she became the first person to repeat as Olympic Gold medalist in the event. When interviewed later by Olympic documentarian Bud Greenspan about what she was doing, she credited dancing to this song, a current hit at the time that was being sung and played on bongos by American fans near the start line.
|U.S. Billboard Hot 100||1|
|U.S. Billboard Hot Rhythm & Blues||1|
- The Japanese electropop band Yellow Magic Orchestra covered the song on their 1980 EP X∞Multiplies, adding the subtitle "Japanese Gentlemen Stand Up Please!"
- R.E.M. covered the song during the Reckoning sessions in 1984, and their version was included on the 1992 "The IRS Years" reissue of the album.
- Taylor Hicks covered the song on his 1997 album In Your Time.
- Melbourne, Australia–based The Bamboos covered the song on their 2006 album, Step It Up.
- Yo La Tengo included a cover of "Tighten Up" on their 2006 album Yo La Tengo Is Murdering the Classics.
- Beau Jocque included a smooth zydeco-influenced cover of this song on his 1998 album Check It Out, Lock It In, Crank It Up!
- Booker T and the MGs also covered this song.
- James Brown covered the song, a live version of which appears on the compilation album Soul Pride: The Instrumentals 1960-69. The live version contains a drum break which was sampled by dancehall group Major Lazer in the track "Jah No Partial"
- Benny Gordon & The Soul Brothers covered on their 1968 album, Tighten Up Hot Biscuit Disc ST 9100 (S) 
- Arthur Baker, under the name of Wally Jump Junior & The Criminal Element, recorded the song "Tighten Up/I Just Can't Stop Dancin'" in 1987, which combines "Tighten Up" and Archie Bell and the Drells' follow-on single "I Can't Stop Dancing", released in 1969. "Tighten Up/I Just Can't Stop Dancin'" also heavily samples the music piano riff and bassline from Janet Jackson's 1986 hit single, When I Think Of You. The song reached number 24 on the UK singles chart.
- Some believe the melody of the song was performed live many times by the Grateful Dead, because some tapes have it listed as "The Tighten Up Jam". For example, some have cited jam segments in the performances of "Dark Star" and "Dancing in the Street" in late 1969 and 1970, as well as a single performance on October 31, 1971. Despite the similarities, no formal connections have been established.
- Jamiroquai covered the song on their 1993 "Emergency on Planet Earth" tour several times.
- A sample of "Tighten Up" was used in Janet Jackson's song "Free Xone" from her The Velvet Rope album.
- The song was sampled by Digable Planets for the track "Where I'm From" from Reachin' (A New Refutation of Time and Space).
Answer records and parodies
- The Philadelphia-based rock group Nazz recorded a parody-of-sorts called "Loosen Up", which appeared on Nazz III.
- The Indianapolis-based group Billy Ball and the Upsetters recorded "Tighten Up Tighter", with vocalist Roosevelt Matthews mimicking Bell's vocal throughout the song. The original single was released on King Records and would later be reissued on the 2001 compilation The Funky 16 Corners.
- The 1990 song "Do The Brown Nose" by The Dead Milkmen, from their album Metaphysical Graffiti, is a parody of "Tighten Up", with a similar riff and spoken-word element, where "the brown nose" is not a dance but a synonym for being obsequious.
References in popular culture
- "The Pirate and The Penpal" by Lifter Puller contains the line "He told her all about the 'Tighten Up'/ The way they used to dance down in Houston, Texas."
- In The Simpsons episode "Bart Gets Famous", Homer recounts his experience of being "in a band", followed by a flashback of himself as a teen, playing the song at a streetcorner as a one-man band with a guitar, bass drum, leg cymbals, and a harmonica. He introduces the song as, "Hi everybody, I'm Archie Bell and I'm also the Drells!"
- In the 2001 Spike Lee film A Huey P. Newton Story, the song is referenced by the title character, played by Roger Guenveur Smith, and even includes a sing-along with the audience.
- In the 2011 film Hall Pass, a cover band makes an appearance at Jason's Hideaway in a club scene playing the song.
- In the December, 15, 2015 episode "This is your brain on drugs" of the TV show Limitless the song makes an appearance at the 4 minute mark.
- The Drells' album with the same name
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 236. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Boone, Mike. "Historical ANalysis - Archie Bell & The Drells". Soul-Patrol Newsletter. Retrieved 30 April 2006.
- "Atlantic Records Discography: 1967". Jazz Discography Project. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
- Gray, Chris; Koshkin, Brett (12 December 2007), "The TSU Toronadoes: The twisted history of "Tighten Up"", Houston Press, retrieved 30 October 2011
- "Atlantic Records Discography: 1968". Jazz Discography Project. Retrieved 30 October 2011.
- "Wyomia Tyus: The Famous Pre-Race Dance to Out-Psych Everyone". Speedendurance.com. 2010-06-16. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
- "Major Lazer feat. Flux Pavilion's 'Jah No Partial' sample of James Brown's 'Tighten Up'". WhoSampled.com. Retrieved 2016-10-02.
- Billboard June 8, 1968 Album Reviews page 42
- "Clint Jones Interview/Billy Ball Interview with Jason Yoder". Stones Throw Records. Los Angeles. Retrieved November 20, 2011.