Tigranakert of Artsakh
Fragment of Tigranakert's city wall
|Location||Martakert Province, Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (de facto)
Agdam Rayon, Azerbaijan (de jure)
|Builder||Tigranes the Great|
|Founded||2nd-1st century B.C.|
|Ownership||Government of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic|
Tigranakert (Armenian: Արցախի Տիգրանակերտ, Arts'akhi Tigranakert) is a ruined Armenian city dating back to the Hellenistic period. It is one of several former cities in the Armenian plateau with the same name, named in honor of the Armenian king Tigranes the Great (r. 95–55 B.C.), although some scholars, such as Robert Hewsen and Babken Harutyunyan, have posited that this particular Tigranakert may have been founded by Tigranes the Great's father, Tigranes I (r. ca. 123–95 B.C.). It occupies an area of about 50 hectares and is located in the province of Martakert in the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR), de jure Aghdara in Azerbaijan, approximately four kilometers south of the Khachenaget River.
Primary sources first make mention of Tigranakert in the seventh century, stating that there were actually two such cities with the same name in the Armenian province of Utik. Archaeologists and historians have managed to date the founding of the first one to the 120s-80s B.C., during the reign of either King Tigranes I, or his son and successor King Tigranes the Great. Robert Hewsen has questioned the attribution to Tigranes II, as no coins or inscriptions bearing his have yet to be uncovered and the identification of the remains has rested on the local name for the site. The ruins of the second Tigranakert have yet to be uncovered, although it is believed to have been located in the district of Gardman.
After the demise of the first Tigranakert in the early Middle Ages, the name of the city was preserved and used continuously in local geographic lore as Tngrnakert, Tarnakert, Taraniurt, Tarnagiurt, and Tetrakerte.
Excavations at Tigranakert began in March 2005, when it was first discovered, and are currently ongoing under the directorship of Dr. Hamlet L. Petrosyan of the Armenian Academy of Sciences' Institute of Archaeology and Ethnography. Archaeologists have uncovered two of the main walls of the city, as well as Hellenistic-style towers and an Armenian basilica dating to fifth to seventh centuries. In 2008, the excavation team began to face funding issues, although the authorities of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic have promised to allocate 30 million drams to continue further research.
Ornamented capital from a column
Professor Giusto Traina, an Italian historian who was a member of the international team exploring Tigranakert
- Petrosyan, Hamlet L (2010). "Tigranakert in Artsakh," in Tigranes the Great. Yerevan, pp. 380-87.
- Harutyunyan, Arpi. "Research in Ruins: Tigranakert project threatened by lack of finances." ArmeniaNow. April 11, 2008. Retrieved March 25, 2010.
- Hewsen, Robert H. (2001). Armenia: A Historical Atlas. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 58, 73, map 62. ISBN 0-226-33228-4.
- Hewsen, Armenia, p. 58.
- Hakobyan, Tatul. "A city built by King Tigran the Great is unearthed." Armenian Reporter. September 26, 2009. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
- "Museum at Ancient Ruins of Tigranakert Opens in Nagorno-Karabakh." Asbarez. June 8, 2010. Retrieved July 1, 2010.
- Hewsen, Robert H., "Three New Books about Arts'akh," Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies 22 (2013), p. 295.
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