|Regions with significant populations|
|Predominantly Islam (Sunni); minority Christianity (Eritrean Orthodox)|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Afar • Agaw • Amhara • Beja • Bilen • Jeberti • Saho • Somali • Tigrinya people|
The Tigre people are an ethnic group residing in Eritrea. They are a nomadic and pastoralist community related to the Biher-Tigrinya of Eritrea, as well as the Beja people. The Tigre speak the Tigre language, which belongs to the Semitic branch of the Afroasiatic family.
The Tigre are a predominantly Muslim nomadic people who inhabit the northern, western, and coastal lowlands of Eritrea (Gash-Barka, Anseba, Northern Red Sea regions of Eritrea and other regions too), as well as areas in eastern Sudan. 99.5% of the Tigre people adhere to the Islamic religion Sunni Islam, but there are a small number of Christians (who are very likely members of Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo Church) among them as well (often referred to as the Mensaï in Eritrea).
The Tigre language is an Afroasiatic language of the Semitic branch. Like Tigrinya, it is a member of the Ethiosemitic group, and is similar to ancient Ge'ez. There is no known historically written form of the language. The Eritrean government uses the Ge'ez writing system (an abugida) to publish documents in the Tigre language.
Tigre is the lingua franca of the multi-ethnic lowlands of western and northern Eritrea, including the northern coast. As such approximately 75% of the Western Lowlands Eritrean population speaks Tigre.
The Tigre people, language and their area of inhabitation should not be confused with the Tigray-Tigrinya people who live in Eritrea and northern Ethiopia and who speak Tigrinya, a closely related Semitic language.
Notable Tigre people
- "Eritrea". CIA. Retrieved 12 May 2017. : 30% of total Eritrea population of 5,869,869.
- Joireman, Sandra F. (1997). Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa: The Allocation of Property Rights and Implications for Development. Universal-Publishers. p. 1. ISBN 1581120001.
The Horn of Africa encompasses the countries of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. These countries share similar peoples, languages, and geographical endowments.
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