Tijeras, New Mexico

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Tijeras, New Mexico
East Mountain Library in Tijeras
East Mountain Library in Tijeras
Location of Tijeras, New Mexico
Location of Tijeras, New Mexico
Tijeras, New Mexico is located in the United States
Tijeras, New Mexico
Tijeras, New Mexico
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 35°5′15″N 106°22′38″W / 35.08750°N 106.37722°W / 35.08750; -106.37722Coordinates: 35°5′15″N 106°22′38″W / 35.08750°N 106.37722°W / 35.08750; -106.37722
CountryUnited States
StateNew Mexico
CountyBernalillo
Area
 • Total1.15 sq mi (2.99 km2)
 • Land1.15 sq mi (2.97 km2)
 • Water0.008 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
6,322 ft (1,927 m)
Population
 • Total541
 • Estimate 
(2016)[1]
543
 • Density470/sq mi (180/km2)
Time zoneUTC-7 (Mountain (MST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-6 (MDT)
ZIP code
87059
Area code(s)505
FIPS code35-77880
GNIS feature ID0911709
Websitewww.tijerasnm.org

Tijeras is a village in Bernalillo County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 541 at the 2010 census.[2] It is part of the Albuquerque Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Pre-Columbian[edit]

Tijeras Pueblo archeological site

The Tijeras Pueblo Archaeological Site is located in Tijeras at 35° 04′ 30″ N, 106° 23′ 01.″ The site was occupied by Ancestral Pueblo people from about 1313 CE to 1425 CE. In the first phase of its occupation the Tijeras Pueblo had about 200 rooms in terraced buildings arranged in a "U" shape with a large ceremonial Kiva at the center. The pueblo was partially abandoned after about 1360 but rebuilding began about 1390, although the pueblo never regained its previous size. It was abandoned about 1425. The reasons for the abandonment of the pueblo are unknown, although it may have been because of drought and water shortages.[3]

The Tijeras Pueblo Archaeological Site is open to visitors. A museum on the site is open weekends and a self-guiding trail winds through the ruins.[4]

History[edit]

Tijeras was part of the Carnuel land grant, created in 1763 to defend Albuquerque from the raids of Comanche, Kiowa, and Plains Apache American Indians. The village is located in Tijeras Canyon, a strategic and natural corridor between the nomadic Indians of the Great Plains and the Spanish settlements in the Rio Grande valley. Nineteen men[5] some with families, comprised the first settlers at Carnuel. They were mostly from the lower castas of Spanish society, "coyotes" and genizaros (Indians who lived among the Spanish and had adopted some elements of Hispanic culture). For the coyotes and genizaros the attraction to settle in the Tijeras area was the opportunity to own land through the land grant from the New Mexican government.[6]

Apache raiders killed several people in the area and the survivors abandoned the land grant area in 1771. The Tijeras area was resettled in 1819 by descendants of the original settlers plus additional landless mestizos. By that time New Mexico had made peace with the Comanche and the threat to the eastern frontiers of the colony had decreased, making the settlement feasible. The genizaro heritage continued to influence land and water usage rights in the Carnuel land grant into the 21st century.[7][8]

Geography[edit]

Travel geography[edit]

Tijeras is located at 35°5′15″N 106°22′38″W / 35.08750°N 106.37722°W / 35.08750; -106.37722 (35.087550, -106.377354),[9] in central New Mexico, a few miles east of Albuquerque, on Interstate 40 (Exit 175) and U.S. Highway 66 (Route 66)/ New Mexico state highway 333. New Mexico State Road 14 leads north from the village, toward Cedar Crest, Sandia Crest, Madrid and Santa Fe. New Mexico State Road 337 leads south from Tijeras.(See Google map).[10]

Physical geography[edit]

Tijeras is at the junction of Tijeras Canyon, leading to the west, toward Albuquerque, and Cedro Canyon, leading to the south, toward the Manzano Mountains.

Land area[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 1.2 square miles (3.0 km2), of which 0.008 square miles (0.02 km2), or 0.56%, is water.[2]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1980311
19903409.3%
200047439.4%
201054114.1%
Est. 2016543[1]0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 474 people, 191 households, and 131 families residing in the village. The population density was 559.5 people per square mile (215.3/km²). There were 210 housing units at an average density of 247.9 per square mile (95.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 65.82% White, 1.05% Native American, 0.21% Asian, 28.06% from other races, and 4.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 56.33% of the population.

There were 191 households out of which 33.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.9% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.4% were non-families. 24.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.48 and the average family size was 3.02.

In the village, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 28.5% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 10.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 107.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 111.6 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $34,167, and the median income for a family was $46,250. Males had a median income of $31,750 versus $25,179 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,836. About 9.6% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 5.4% of those under age 18 and 20.0% of those age 65 or over.

As of the census[12] of 2011, there were 548 people living in Tijeras. By 2009, the estimated mean household income had risen to $49,441, slightly above that of the state as a whole ($43,028). The mean price of a housing unit in 2009 was $229,479, which was significantly higher than the mean home price in the state as a whole ($160,900).

Features[edit]

Musical Highway[edit]

In October 2014, Tijeras gained national attention for a nearby "musical road", a two-lane stretch of former U.S. Highway 66 (Route 66) with grooves in the roadway (rumble strips) arranged to cause the sounds of a famous song ("America the Beautiful") to be heard when vehicles drive on it at 45 mph.[13][14][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Tijeras village, New Mexico". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved January 28, 2014.
  3. ^ "Tijeras Pueblo Archaological Site," http://www.friendsoftijeraspueblo.org/pueblohistory.html, accessed 9 Mar 2019
  4. ^ http://www.friendsoftijeraspueblo.org/interpretationandmuseum/museum.html, accessed 9 Mar 2019
  5. ^ Akins, Nancy J. (2004), "Excavations at San Antonio de Padul (LA 24, NM 14, Bernalillo County, New Mexico, Museum of New Mexico: Office of Archaeological Studies, Archaeology Notes 293, p. 135
  6. ^ Gonzales, Moises (Winter 2014), "The Genizaro Land Grant Settlements of New Mexico," Journal of the Southwest, Vol. 56, No. 4., pp 591-592. Downloaded from JSTOR.
  7. ^ Gonzales, p. 592
  8. ^ Akins, p. 135
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  10. ^ Tijeras, NM on Google Maps
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ "New Mexico hopes 'singing road' curbs speeding", Associated Press via Yahoo News (online), October 1, 2014.
  14. ^ "Route 66 Adds Singing Road as Speeding Deterrent", ABC News (TV), October 2, 2014.
  15. ^ "Route 66 ‘singing road’ debuts in New Mexico", KRQE News 13 (TV), October 1, 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to Tijeras, New Mexico at Wikimedia Commons