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|Named for||Krishna as Tikam|
|• Total||21 km2 (8 sq mi)|
|Elevation||349.170 m (1,145.571 ft)|
|• Density||3,800/km2 (9,800/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Distance from New Delhi||500 kilometres (310 mi) N (land)|
Tikamgarh is a town and a tehsil in Tikamgarh district in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh. The city serves as a district headquarters. The earlier name of Tikamgarh was Tehri (i.e., a triangle) consisting of three hamlets, forming a rough triangle. In Tikamgarh town there is locality still known as 'Purani Tehri' (Old Tehri). Until Indian independence in 1947, Tikamgarh, formerly called Tehri, was part of the kingdom of Orchha, which was founded in the 16th century by the Bundeli chief Rudra Pratap Singh, who became the first King of Orchha. In 1783 the capital of the state was moved to Tehri, about 40 miles (64 km) south of Orchha, which was home to the fort of Tikamgarh, and the town eventually took the name of the fort. The district is famous for the old fort of Kundar known as Garh Kundar, which was built by Khangars and remained the capital of Khangar rulers from 1180 to 1347.
Origin of the name
The district is named after its headquarter, Tikamgarh. The original name of the town was Tehri. In 1780, the ruler of Orchha Vikramajit (1776–1817) shifted his capital from Orchha to Tehri and renamed it Tikamgarh (Tikam is one of the names of Krishna).
The area covered by this district was part of the Princely State of Orchha till its merger with the Indian Union. The Orchha state was founded by Rudra Pratap in 1501. After merger, it became one of the eight districts of Vindhya Pradesh state in 1948. Following the reorganisation of states on 1 November 1956 it became a district of the newly carved Madhya Pradesh
Orchha was founded in the 1501 AD, by the Bundela chief, Rudra Pratap Singh, who became the first King of Orchha, (r. 1501-1531) and also built the Fort of Orchha. He died in an attempt to save a cow from a lion. The Chaturbhuj Temple was built, during the time of Akbar, by the Queen of Orchha, while Raj Mandir was built by 'Madhukar Shah ju Dev' during his reign, 1554 to 1591.
During the rule of Mughal Emperor, Jahangir, his ally, Vir Singh Deo (r. 1605-1627) reigned here, and it was during this period that Orchha reaches its height, and many extant palaces are a reminder of its architectural glory, including Jahangir Mahal (b. ca 1605) and Sawan Bhadon.
In the early 17th century, Jhujhar Singh rebelled the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, whose armies devastated the state and occupied Orchha from 1635 to 1641. Orchha and Datia were the only Bundela states not subjugated by the Marathas in the 18th century. The town of Tehri, now Tikamgarh, about 52 miles (84 km) south of Orchha, became the capital of Orchha state in 1783, and is now the district town; Tehri was the site of the fort of Tikamgarh, and the town eventually took the name of the fort.
Hamir Singh, who ruled from 1848 to 1874, was elevated to the style of Maharaja in 1865. Maharaja Pratap Singh ju Dev (born 1854, died 1930), who succeeded to the throne in 1874, devoted himself entirely to the development of his state, himself designing most of the engineering and irrigation works that were executed during his reign. In 1901, the state had an area of 2,000 sq mi (5,200 km2), and population of 52,634. It was the oldest and highest in rank of all the Bundela states, with a 17-gun salute, and its Maharajas bore the hereditary title of First of the Prince of Bundelkhand. Vir Singh, Pratap Singh's successor, merged his state with India on 1 January 1950. The district became part of Vindhya Pradesh state, which was merged into Madhya Pradesh state in 1956.
Today Orchha is almost a nondescript town with a small population, and its importance is maintained only due to its rich architectural heritage and tourism. However the name of the Orchha State continued to be in use, as can be seen in the inscriptions of Jain tirth Paporaji, now on the outskirts of Tikamgarh.
Janaki temple popularly known as the Nau Lakha Mandir (meaning "nine lakhs") in Nepal. The cost for the construction of the temple was about the same amount of money: rupees nine lakhs or nine hundred thousand, hence the name. Queen Vrisha Bhanu of Tikamgarh, India built the temple in 1910 AD.
In the reign of Jehangir, in 1618, Raja Veer Singh Deva Bundela of Orchha had built Keshavdeva temple at the cost of thirty-three lakhs in Mathura. A French traveller Tavernier visited Mathura in 1650 and had described the octagonal temple built in red sandstone. Italian traveller Niccolao Manucci who worked in Mughal court has also described the temple. Mughal prince Dara Shikoh had patronised the temple and donated a railing to the temple. The railing was removed by Mathura governor Abdun Nabi Khan on the order of Mughal emperor Aurangzeb and he built Jama mosque on the ruins of the Hindu temples. During the Jat rebellion in Mathura, Abdul Nabi Khan was killed in 1669. Aurangzeb attacked Mathura and destroyed that Keshavdeva temple in 1670 and built Shahi Eidgah in its place.
|Climate data for Tikamgarh (1981–2010, extremes 1968–2011)|
|Record high °C (°F)||36.2
|Average high °C (°F)||24.8
|Average low °C (°F)||7.6
|Record low °C (°F)||0.2
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||11.5
|Average rainy days||0.6||1.0||0.8||0.2||0.9||3.8||10.8||10.3||6.5||0.9||0.4||0.4||36.5|
|Average relative humidity (%) (at 17:30 IST)||65||60||55||41||41||51||72||77||75||65||62||62||60|
|Source: India Meteorological Department|
As per 2011 Indian Census, Tikamgarh has a population of 79,106, of which 41,399 are males and 37,707 are females. Population in the age range of 0 to 6 years is 9,376. It has an average literacy rate of 74.9%, with male literacy of 79.2% and 70.3% female literacy. The effective literacy rate of 7+ population of Tikamgarh was 85.0%, of which male literacy rate was 90.0% and female literacy rate was 79.6%. The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes population was 11,779 and 1,424 respectively. Tikamgarh had 14587 household in 2011.
Tikamgarh has 27 wards.
Tikamgarh has emerged as a major center for brass statues. While the metalcrafting tradition in small towns has decline with the emergence of major trade centers. the tradition of casting bronze statues was established by Bhainalal Soni in 1950s, who traditionally made silver ornaments in the local style. The President of Indian has awarded Harish Soni and Dhaniran Soni for their craftsmanship.
- About 20,000 of vehicles are running on Tikamgarh city roads including light and heavy vehicles.
- There are daily service of buses for every part of state.
- Highways Passing from Tikamgarh Are, NH-12A, SH-37, SH-10.
- Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee Bus Stand Daily service of Buses for New Delhi, Lalitpur, Nagpur, Kanpur, Indore, Bhopal, Jhansi, Gwalior, Jabalpur are also there.
The construction of railway line to Tikamgarh has been completed in 2012. On 26 April 2013 was connected with railway services. The rail services begun from Lalitpur (Uttar Pradesh) to Tikamgarh and was started under the Lalitpur-Singrauli Rail Project. The first train to travel between the two stations was Tikamgarh-Jhansi (Uttar Pradesh) passenger train. The train was sanctioned between the two stations in the Rail Budget of 2012–13. The railway line between Tikamgarh and Lalitpur rail route is 52 kilometre long. Union Minister Pradeep Jain flagged off the train at Lalitpur station.
Places of interest
Places of interest within 10 km include:
Tikamgarh has many schools and colleges.
- Bhagwan Mahaveer Baal Sanskar School
- Maharshi Vidhya Mandir
- Hope Academy
- Angles Academy
- Saroj convent higher secondary school
Radio and television station
- Asgari Bai
- Uma Bharati
- Mrinal Pande
- Rahul Singh Lodhi - MLA of Khargapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
- Rajendra Nath, Noted Bollywood Hindi film Actor
- Dr. Virendra Kumar, Cabinet Minister, Government of India
- "Census of India: Tikamgarh". www.censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 23 November 2019.
- "52nd Report of the Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities in India" (PDF). nclm.nic.in. Ministry of Minority Affairs. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 17 June 2019.
- "Tikamgarh - General Information". Retrieved on 7 May 2015.
- Orchha Tikamgarh district Official website.
- [.co.uk/personalisation/PHO000430S21U00011000 Mausoleum of Raja Rudra Pratap Singh ju Dev] British Library.
- Orchha Archived 7 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine British Library.
- Genealogy of Orchha
- Raj Mandir British Library.
- Swan Bhadon Palace, Orcha British Library.
- Orchha state The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1909, v. 19, p. 241.
- Papaura Darshan, Pt. Vimal Kumar Shastri, Shri Digambar jain Atishya Kshetra Papaura ji, Tikamgarh, 2014.
- "Station: Tikamgarh Climatological Table 1981–2010" (PDF). Climatological Normals 1981–2010. India Meteorological Department. January 2015. pp. 741–742. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- "Extremes of Temperature & Rainfall for Indian Stations (Up to 2012)" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. December 2016. p. M133. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2020. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- Tikamgarh ki Pital ki Anuthi Shailendra Dvivedi, Bhaskar Sagar, 20 November 2017
- चमकेगी पीतल की अनूठी कारीगरी, Patrika, 5 July 2017
- राष्ट्रीय क्राफ्ट बाजार में होती है टीकमगढ़ में बनी पीतल की मूर्तियाें की डिमांड Bhaskar News Network, 7 August 2017
- Tikamgarh travel guide from Wikivoyage