Tiki mugs

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A typical Tiki mug

Tiki mugs are large ceramic cocktail drinking vessels that originated in tiki bars and tropical-themed restaurants.[1] The term tiki "mug" is a blanket term for the sculptural drinkware even though they vary in size and most do not contain handles. They typically depict Polynesian, mock-Polynesian, tropical, nautical, or retro themes, and as the term is used generically do not always emulate a tiki.[2] When used to serve drinks they are frequently garnished with fruit or decorative drink umbrellas and swizzle sticks.

Outside of tiki enthusiasts, the mugs are not commonly seen in use beyond tiki bars and restaurants, but some collect them as examples of kitsch.[3]

History[edit]

Moai statues, used as basis for a common tiki mug design
A Fu Manchu mug

What many would consider to be the earliest "tiki mugs" were ceramics in the shape of a skull or an ordinary ceramic vessel with a hula-girl related motif. Mugs meant to emulate a tiki carving, what some would consider to be a "true" tiki mug, did not come until the late 1950s.[4]

Donn Beach, the father of Tiki, did not originally serve his drinks in ceramic vessels. An undated menu from his restaurant is labeled as "Don the Beachcomber's Delectable Thirty", which states "this souveneir menu is available at fifty cents".[5] The thirty drinks on the menu are shown in elaborate shapes and sizes, but the vast majority are in glassware and none depict a tiki. Discounting their shapes, the most unusual aspects of the vessels were for those serving the Pi Yi and Coconut Rum cocktails, which were hollowed out baby pineapples and green coconuts respectively. An expanded drink menu from 1941 that listed 60 drinks used similar illustrations, none depicting a tiki but still displaying hollowed out fruit.[6]

Trader Vic's 1947 Bartender's Guide contains two pages of illustrations for the barware to be used with specific drinks.[7] It displays 30 different vessels, and as with Beach's menu the vast majority are glassware. Four of them are ceramic however: a ceramic skull mug (for Hot buttered rum and Coffee Grog), and a Scorpion Bowl, Kava Bowl, and a tall Fog Cutter mug all depicting islands scenes with native wahine. As the use of ceramic mugs started to expand many remained fairly basic, such as plain ceramic coconut shells or minature rum barrels, but mugs became more stylized and some began to bear the name of the tiki bar that served them.[8]

Those in the shape of Easter Island statues (moai) are among the most common, fueled in large part by the popularity of Thor Heyerdahl's 1947 Kon-Tiki expedition and 1957 Aku-Aku novel.[9] Steven Crane is largely credited with making "real tiki" carvings a major design theme in south seas inspired restaurants.[10][11] The origin of who created and what was the first true tiki shaped mug is frequently debated and has not been decided.[12][13]

While some tiki mugs were meant to be close to accurate renditions of actual tiki carvings, regardless of whether such tikis were Polynesian, many also were simply aesthetic estimations meant to evoke a tiki image to mainland American consumers who would not know the difference. Asian themed mugs grew in popularity as well, depicting monikers for drinks such as the Karate Punch or Sumo Flip. Some mugs also became eponymous with the drinks they were served with and vice-versa (examples including the Suffering Bastard, Scorpion Bowl, and Fu Manchu).[14][7]

The 1960s saw the ceramic craft market, such as Holland Mold Inc., release tiki mug molds for the hobbyist to make and customize at home.[15] Vintage mugs, whether made by a professional manufacturer or by hobbyists, were once found in abundance on the shelves of junk shops in the 1980s and 90s but became a sought after item for those who were responsible for the revival of interest from Tiki's heyday.[16] Such historical mugs were first systemically catologued in 2003 by Duke Carter in a self-published book that was considered important to the renaissance of tiki culture.[17][18][19][20] Some tiki mugs have become quite valuable, with one estimation of a single mug's worth in 2019 for the Parksmith Fertility Goddess Decanter coming in at over $5000.[21]

Sizes[edit]

A volcano bowl

Although some mugs can be quite big, larger vessels are required for drinks meant to be shared. A Scorpion Bowl (also known as a Kava Bowl or Tarantula Bowl[22]) is an oversized ceramic bowl meant for communal drinking through straws.[23] A variation is the Flaming Volcano Bowl, which has a raised crater reservoir. This reservoir is typically filled with a small amount of overproof rum (151 or 160) and carefully lit on fire.

Large shells or their ceramic counterparts are also sometimes used for communal drinks, such as in the Chin Tiki Special. The Mr. Bali Hai mug comes with a lid that has two holes in it for multiple straws and sharing.

Manufacturers[edit]

Tiki Bar TV mugs

Though hobbyists and ceramic artists, in a small capacity, have continued to make these mugs at home, larger manufacturers have mass-produced restaurant and bar promotional souvenirs. The two largest mass producers were Orchids of Hawaii and the Otagriri Mercantile Company (OMC).[24][25][26][27] Other smaller manufactuers included Daga and Westwood, with most made in either Japan or Taiwan. While some were marked with manufacturers' stickers or etched with mold numbers, many were blank and were designs stolen from competitors. Some vintage knock-off mugs were of poor quality, while others were as crisp as the originals. There is speculation that in some cases the same manufacturer may have sold the same mug under two different company names.[28]

The "tiki revival" of the 1990s[29] and then 2008 onwards[30] saw both the new production of historical styled mugs as well as variations that would have in the past seemed potentially out of place in traditional tiki bars due to advancements in glazing and other ceramic technologies. Custom tiki mugs started to be made as an advertising tool for use outside of establishments that would be considered stictly as Tiki bars. Examples included a mug for the solely online podcast Tiki Bar TV, as well as a complete set of Star Wars themed "tiki" mugs.[31]

Modern manufacturers include Bosko, Tiki Farm and Munktiki, among others.[32][33][34] Mug artists such as Crazy Al, Shag, Tiki Diabolo and Van Tiki produced limited edition mugs. The rarest are hand made and one-of-a-kind.[35]

21st century variations[edit]

While the main Polynesian and nautical themes for traditional tiki mugs still remain, newer tiki mugs continue to stray much further from the standard formula that was used by Orchids of Hawaii and OMC.

Mugs depicting actual people or characters such as Don Ho, [36] Jeff "Beachbum" Berry [37], Margaret Thatcher,[38] Sven Kirsten,[39] Donn the Beachcomber,[40] and Magnum P.I.[41] started to be produced.

Tiki's historical basis with drinks such as the Zombie and Corpse Reviver, along with the use of early skull shaped and shrunken head mugs, became a catalyst for more overt "monster" themed mugs.[42][43][44]

In a similar fashion, Tiki's link to Atomic cocktails and drinks such as the Test Pilot, Astronaut and Space Needle eventually led to mugs in the shape of rocket ships and early science fiction robots with names such as "Tron the Beachcomber".[45][46][47]

As aspects of Tiki culture became more mainstream, virtually any uniquely styled ceramic mug began being labeled as a "tiki" mug, which saw some pushback among purists.[48]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Sharp; Nicole Weston (1 June 2015). Tiki Drinks: Tropical Cocktails for the Modern Bar. Countryman Press. ISBN 978-1-58157-596-5.
  2. ^ Carter, Duke (2003). Tiki Quest. Chicago: Pegboard Press.
  3. ^ Martin Cate; Rebecca Cate (7 June 2016). Smuggler's Cove: Exotic Cocktails, Rum, and the Cult of Tiki. Potter/TenSpeed/Harmony. ISBN 978-1-60774-733-8.
  4. ^ "Where did the tiki mug come from". laweekly.com. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  5. ^ Bitner, Arnold (2001). Hawai'i Tropical Rum Drinks by Don the Beachcomber. Honolulu: Mutual Publishing. p. 46.
  6. ^ "1941 Beachcomber Menu". scholarsarchive.com. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  7. ^ a b Bergeron, Victor (1948). Bartender's Guide ("Reprint Edition" ed.). Garden City Books. p. 18. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Bergeron" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  8. ^ Kirsten, Sven (2000). The Book of Tiki. Taschen. p. 55.
  9. ^ Kirsten, Sven (2000). The Book of Tiki. Taschen. p. 119.
  10. ^ "LA public library data base". dbase1.lapl.org. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  11. ^ Kirsten, Sven (2000). The Book of Tiki. Taschen.
  12. ^ Carter, Duke (2003). Tiki Quest. Chicago: Pegboard Press.
  13. ^ "What was the first tiki mug?". tikiroom.com. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  14. ^ Carter, Duke (2003). Tiki Quest. Chicago: Pegboard Press.
  15. ^ "Items Manufactured by Holland Molds". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  16. ^ Carter, Duke (2003). Tiki Quest. Chicago: Pegboard Press.
  17. ^ "A chat with Duke Carter". maitaionline.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  18. ^ "Tiki quest collecting the past". news.critiki.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  19. ^ "Tiki Mugs, with Duke Carter". tradertiki.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  20. ^ "Tiki quest mug". www.ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  21. ^ "Statistics". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  22. ^ "Tarantula Bowl". cryptotikimugs.net. Retrieved 26 February 2019.
  23. ^ Duggan McDonnell (2015). Drinking the Devil's Acre: A Love Letter from San Francisco and her Cocktails. Chronicle Books. pp. 94–97. ISBN 9781452140629. Retrieved 11 December 2015.
  24. ^ Carter, Duke (2003). Tiki Quest. Chicago: Pegboard Press.
  25. ^ "Orchids of Hawaii Mugs". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  26. ^ "Made in Japan". francinesfigurines.com. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  27. ^ "15 Terrific Tiki Mugs". weburbanist.com. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  28. ^ Carter, Duke (2003). Tiki Quest. Chicago: Pegboard Press.
  29. ^ Humuhumu. "Early Modern Tiki: What the Tiki Re-emergence Looked Like". critiki.com. Retrieved 3 September 2017.
  30. ^ Lewis, Mark (1 July 2008). "Tiki Time".
  31. ^ "The 25 craziest tiki mugs you need". supercall.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  32. ^ "Ceramics". tikibosko.com. Retrieved 4 March 2019.
  33. ^ "Tiki Farm Tiki Mugs". liquor.com. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  34. ^ "Oregon company makes amazing tiki mugs". pdxmonthly.com. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  35. ^ Strongman, Jay & Westland, Holden (2008). Tiki Mugs: Cult Artifacts of Polynesian Pop. Korero Books. ISBN 0-9553398-1-2.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
  36. ^ "Don Ho". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  37. ^ "Beachbum Berry". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  38. ^ "Peak inside London's most whimsical drikware factory". punchdrink.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  39. ^ "Sven Kirsten Mug". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  40. ^ "Donn the Beachcomber Mug". tikiroom.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  41. ^ "Magnum PI Mug". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  42. ^ "New Universal Halloween Tiki Mugs". bloody-disgusting.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  43. ^ "Horror in Clay". shop.horrorinclay.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  44. ^ "Merch Hut". frankiestikiroom.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  45. ^ "Tron the Beachcomber". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  46. ^ "Mixxit Rocket Mug". ooga-mooga.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  47. ^ "Robot tiki mug". danefield.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  48. ^ "Where did the tiki mug come from". laweekly.com. Retrieved 24 February 2019.

Further reading[edit]