Born in Bakersfield, California, Peck started her studies at her mother's ballet studio in Bakersfield, at the age of two. She started her formal training in classical ballet at the age of seven when she received private lessons in Hollywood from Alla Khaniashvili, a former dancer with the Bolshoi Ballet. Later, she began to study with New York City Ballet dancers Colleen and Patricia Neary in California. During this time she enrolled at the Westside School of Ballet in Santa Monica where she studied with the former New York City Ballet principal Yvonne Mousey and learned the Balanchine technique.
While performing on Broadway in Susan Stroman's revival of the Meredith Wilson musical The Music Man, Peck entered the School of American Ballet for the winter term of 2000-2001. The following year she enrolled as a full-time student starting with the summer session of 2002. In September 2004, she joined New York City Ballet as an apprentice. She was promoted to the corps de ballet in February 2005, to soloist in December 2006, and to principal dancer in October 2009.
Peck danced at the Kennedy Honors ceremony twice in 2012 and 2014, performing in front of President Barack Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama. In 2014, she started "Tiler Peck Designs", her own dance wear collection carried by Body Wrappers. That same year, she performed at the Laguna Dance Festival, with her colleague Joaquín De Luz. In October of the same year, Peck reunited with Susan Stroman in Washington DC to work with her on her new musical, Little Dancer.
Peck's repertoire at NYCB includes choreography by George Balanchine, Jerome Robbins, Susan Stroman, Christopher Wheeldon, Peter Martins and Justin Peck. She has performed leading roles in Jewels, The Nutcracker, Raymonda Variations, La Sylphide, Romeo and Juliet, The Sleeping Beauty, and Swan Lake.
Peck has explored other activities besides ballet, such as musical theater and acting. In 2019, she returned to her role in the musical Little Dancer which had been reworked and re-titled to Marie, Dancing Still. She has also performed as Clara in the Radio City Christmas Spectacular.
She has had small parts in movies. Her appearances include A Time for Dancing (2000), Geppetto (2000), Donnie Darko (2001), Catfish (2010), Enemy Within (2014) and the documentary about choreographer Justin Peck's choreographic process, Ballet 422 (2014). She has appeared on TV performing as a guest on Dancing with the Stars. In 2011 she performed as Dewdrop in Live from Lincoln Center’s transmission of "The Nutcracker". In 2013, she appeared again at Lincoln Center as Louise Bigelow in the PBS telecast of Rodgers & Hammerstein´s Carousel.
Tiler Peck married New York City principal ballet dancer Robert Fairchild, on June 22, 2014 in New York. The couple separated in 2017. She has been dating the model Tommy Dunn since 2018.
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