Tilhar

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Tilhar
city
Tilhar is located in Uttar Pradesh
Tilhar
Tilhar
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°59′N 79°44′E / 27.98°N 79.73°E / 27.98; 79.73Coordinates: 27°59′N 79°44′E / 27.98°N 79.73°E / 27.98; 79.73
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Shahjahanpur
Elevation 157 m (515 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 61,444
Languages
 • Official Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Tilhar is a city, tehsil and municipal board of Shahjahanpur district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is also a constituency of Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha.

Tilhar is the oldest town of present district Shahjahanpur. Due to the supply of bows to the armies of Moghuls, this town was called as "Kamaan Nagar" in ancient India.

History[edit]

As per Shahjahanpur gazeteer the name Tilhar was given after a bachhil Rajput Trilok Chandra.[2] in the regime of Moghul Emperor Akbar whereas present city Shahjahanpur was established by Diler Khan and Bahadur Khan, (sons of Shri Dariya Khan) who were the commanders in the army of Mugal Emperor Jahangeer. Both of them were the dignitaries in the regime of Shahjahan. Pleased with the sincerity and services of Diler Khan, Emperor Shahjahan gave him 14 villages with the permission to construct a fort. Diler khan developed a fort in Naina Khera village, which was situated between the rivers Garra and Khannaut.

Earlier Trilok Chandra had also built a fort in Tilhar. The ruins of this fort can be seen in Dataganj mohalla of Tilhar. There were three big gates in the fort, two of them still exist. A village Tilokpur was also named after Trilok Chandra. It is situated in the south of Tilhar at a distance of about 7 kilometers.

Kamaan nagar[edit]

Ancient type of bow

Tilhar is the oldest town of present district Shahjahanpur. Due to the supply of bows to the armies of Moghuls, this town was called as "Kamaan Nagar".[3] Mohammad Umar Khan was a Nazim of Hafiz Rehmat Ali Khan, his son Mangal Khan, established a fort in the village Mansurpur near Tilhar. He and his family members possessed it up to the first Indian Rebellion of 1857. Later, British Government occupied it and converted it into Tehsil and a Police Station was also established here to control the revolt.

Now the traditional makers of bamboo canes in Tilhar use the technique of making bent bamboo straight by simultaneously dipping it into thick molasses and heating on burning fire. It is obvious to believe that their ancestors might be using the same traditional technique in bending the bamboo sticks and giving it a shape of bow weapons.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2001 India census,[4] Tilhar had a population of 52,909. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Tilhar has an average literacy rate of 41%, lower than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 47%, and female literacy is 35%. In Tilhar, 17% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Religions in Tilhar
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
58%
Muslims
  
41%
Jains
  
0.5%
Others†
  
0.5%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Educational institutions[edit]

The following istitutions[5] are running in Tilhar to promote the education of this area:

  • R.V.M. Inter College, Tilhar
  • L.V.J.P. Inter College, Tilhar.
  • L.V.D.Girls Inter College, Tilhar.
  • Government Girls Inter College, Tilhar.
  • Sarla Devi Kanya Uchchtar Madhyamik Vidyalay, Tilhar.
  • Shaheed Brahmdatt Uchchtar Madhyamik Vidyalay, Tilhar.
  • Rani Awanti Bai Uchchtar Madhyamik Vidyalay, Tilhar.
  • Deendayal Upadhyaya Government Degree College, Tilhar.
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir Inter College.

Trains stop at Tilhar[edit]

Train name (no.) Arrives Departs Stop time Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun

  • Ganga Sutlej Exp (13307) 18:03 18:04 1 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Doon Express (13009) 21:44 21:45 1 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Jammu Tawi Exp (13151) 14:25 14:26 1 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Kashi V. Express (14258) 17:42 17:44 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Be Lko Ald Pass (14308) 18:08 18:10 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Prg Be Express (14307) 09:50 09:52 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Be Bsb Express (14236) 16:42 16:44 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Bsb Be Express (14235) 12:29 12:31 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Sealdah Express (13152) 13:19 13:21 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • K V Exp (14257) 23:55 23:57 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Asr Hwh Express (13050) 07:50 07:52 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Amritsar Exp (13049) 19:26 19:27 1 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Doon Express (13010) 04:50 04:52 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Spc Delhi Pass (54075) 17:49 17:51 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Ganga Satluj Exp (13308) 08:42 08:44 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Lko Sre Pas (54251) 04:49 04:51 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Doon Exxpress (23010) 04:50 04:52 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y
  • Sitapur City Pas (54076) 10:31 10:33 2 min Y Y Y Y Y Y Y

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.censusindia.gov.in/pca/SearchDetails.aspx?Id=142517
  2. ^ Dr. Mehrotra N.C. page 114
  3. ^ Dr. Mehrotra N.C. page 114
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ http://shahjahanpur.nic.in/school1.asp
  • Dr. Mehrotra N.C. Shahjahanpur Etihasik Evam Sanskritik Dharohar 1999 Pratiman Prakashan 30 Kucha Ray Ganga Prasad Allahabad 211003 India.