Tiljala

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Tiljala
Neighbourhood in Kolkata (Calcutta)
Tiljala is located in Kolkata
Tiljala
Tiljala
Location in Kolkata
Coordinates: 22°31′40″N 88°23′08″E / 22.527861°N 88.385564°E / 22.527861; 88.385564Coordinates: 22°31′40″N 88°23′08″E / 22.527861°N 88.385564°E / 22.527861; 88.385564
Country India
StateWest Bengal
CityKolkata
DistirctKolkata
Municipal CorporationKolkata Municipal Corporation
KMC wards66, 67, 108
Population
 • TotalFor population see linked KMC ward pages
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
700039
Area code(s)+91 33 2343-2344
Lok Sabha constituencyKolkata Dakshin
Vidhan Sabha constituencyBallygunge

Tiljala is a neighbourhood of East Kolkata, in Kolkata district, West Bengal, India.

History[edit]

The East India Company obtained from the Mughal emperor Farrukhsiyar, in 1717, the right to rent from 38 villages surrounding their settlement. Of these 5 lay across the Hooghly in what is now Howrah district. The remaining 33 villages were on the Calcutta side. After the fall of Siraj-ud-daulah, the last independent Nawab of Bengal, it purchased these villages in 1758 from Mir Jafar, and reorganised them. These villages were known en-bloc as Dihi Panchannagram and Tiljala was one of them. It was considered to be a suburb beyond the limits of the Maratha Ditch.[1][2][3]

In the eastern fringes of Kolkata, the neighbourhoods such as Tangra, Tiljala, Topsia and Dhapa, were populated largely with people who migrated from poverty-ridden and caste-ridden villages, in Bihar and Uttar Pradesh. They came with dreams of a better life but landed in the slums with open drains, pigsties, factory chimneys and pungent chemicals. They found work in the tanneries and factories, and also engaged in menial work. A big proportion of them were Chamars, but there also were Doms, Dosads, Mehtars and Kahars. They were all Harijans and they formed a majority. They escaped from the petty persecution they faced in their villages but were far removed from the main stream of urban life and culture. They have been here, living in depressing conditions, for more than a century.[4]

Originally a slum area, Tiljala was once known for abject living conditions and high crime rates.[5] It has seen a recent real estate boom but urbanization hasn't kept pace with settlements. Scattered pockets of slums exist, illegal constructions are on the rise and the arterial roads still lack pavements.

The construction of the Bondel Gate flyover, bridging the Kolkata Suburban Railway (Sealdah South Section) between Picnic Garden Road and Bondel Road was completed in 2006 after a long legal wrangle over land dispute. The proposed widening of Picnic Garden Road and G. S. Bose Road is yet to take place.[6]

Geography[edit]

Police district[edit]

Tiljala police station is one of the nine police stations in the South-east division of Kolkata Police. It is located at C.N.Roy Road, Kolkata-39.[7]

Karaya Women police station, has jurisdiction over all police districts under the jurisdiction of the South-east division, i.e. Topsia, Beniapukur, Ballygunge, Gariahat, Lake, Karaya, Rabindra Sarobar and Tiljala.[7]

Jadavpur, Thakurpukur, Behala, Purba Jadavpur, Tiljala, Regent Park, Metiabruz, Nadial and Kasba police stations were transferred from South 24 Parganas to Kolkata in 2011. Except Metiabruz, all the police stations were split into two. The new police stations are Parnasree, Haridevpur, Garfa, Patuli, Survey Park, Pragati Maidan, Bansdroni and Rajabagan.[8]

Location[edit]

It is bordered by E.M. Bypass in the east, Ballygunge Place in the west, Kasba in the south and Topsia in the north.

Sub areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

[5] It housed one of the largest slums, mainly Muslim, in the city. In 1971, Hindu refugees from Bangladesh settled in colonies. At present, Tiljala is a melting pot with great ethnic diversity - there are Bengalis, Marwaris, Punjabis, Anglo-Indians, Nepalis, a number of communities from Bihar and the North-East and a few African nationals.

Education[edit]

There are several pre-schools and government aided higher secondary schools.

  • Tiljala Boys High School
  • Bijoynagar High School
  • Brojonath Girls High School
  • Tiljala Girls High School

Culture[edit]

The Ras Purnima is celebrated with an elaborate fair and a circus show.

Sunil Nagar club won the prestigious Asian Paints Sharad Shamman "Best Durga Puja" award three times in 1992, 1995 and 1999.

External links[edit]

Kolkata/East travel guide from Wikivoyage

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Census Handbook Kolkata, Census of India 2011, Series 20, Part XII A" (PDF). Pages 6-10: The History. Directorate of Census Operations, West Bengal. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  2. ^ Cotton, H.E.A., Calcutta Old and New, first published 1909/reprint 1980, pages 103-4 and 221, General Printers and Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  3. ^ Nair, P.Thankappan, The Growth and Development of Old Calcutta, in Calcutta, the Living City, Vol. I, pp. 14-15, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Oxford University Press, 1995 edition.
  4. ^ Bandyopadhyay, Raghab, "The Inheritors: Slum and Pavement Life in Calcutta", in Calcutta, The Living City Vol II, Edited by Sukanta Chaudhuri, Pages 78-82, First published 1990, 2005 edition, Oxford University Press, ISBN 019 563697 Parameter error in {{ISBN}}: Invalid ISBN.
  5. ^ a b http://www.livemint.com/Leisure/FlCUvY5TxP5WGDychMzZ6I/Local-Geography--The-taming-of-Tiljala.html
  6. ^ http://www.telegraphindia.com/1060222/asp/calcutta/story_5876443.asp
  7. ^ a b "Kolkata Police, South-east Division". Tiljala police station. KP. Retrieved 28 February 2018.
  8. ^ "Midnight change of guard – 17 more police stations come under Lalbazar". The Telegraph, 1 September 2011. Retrieved 2 April 2018.