Baba Tilka Manjhi (or Jabra paharia) was the first Adivasi leader who took up arms against the British in the 1784, around 100 years before Mangal Pandey. He organized the Adivasis to form an armed group to fight against the resource grabbing and exploitation of British.
The year 1784 is considered as the first armed rebellion against the British and was the beginning of Paharia. It was due to great famine in 1770 and the consequences of Court of Directors orders influenced by William Pitt the Younger -- Court of Director issued ten year of the settlement of Zamindari and later in 1800 - this resulted in minim chance to negotiate between local Zamdindars and Santhal villagers. Baba Tilka Majhi attacked Augustus Cleveland, British commissioner [lieutenant], and Rajmahal with a Gulel (a weapon similar to slingshot) who died later. The British surrounded the Tilapore forest from which he operated but he and his men held them at bay for several weeks. When he was finally caught in 1784, he was tied to the tail of a horse and dragged all the way to the collector's residence at Bhagalpur, Bihar, India. There, his lacerated body was hung from a Banyan tree.
A statue to him was erected at the spot where he was hanged, after Indian independence, which is nearby residence of S.P. Bhagalpur and named after him. Also the Bhagalpur University was renamed after him - Tilka Manjhi Bhagalpur University. Another statue was established in dumka town, Jharkhand.
- "Baba Tilka Majhi - Santal hero". wesanthals.tripod.com. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
Baba Tilka Majhi was first Santal leader who took up the arms against the British in the 1789's.
- "Baba Tilka Majhi". santals.hpage.co.in. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
The British surrounded the Tilapore forest from which he operated but he and his men held the enemy at bay for several weeks.
- "Santhal Adivasi". jharkhandi.com/. Retrieved 16 April 2012.
It is also recorded that “Baba Tilka Majhi” was the first Santhal’s leather who raise weapons against the British in 1789. It was due to great famine in 1770 and the consequences of “Court of Directors” orders influenced by British Prime Minister Pitt the Younger.
- "The Santals and Garo's". fdhaidar55.wordpress.com/. Retrieved 17 April 2012.
It was due to great famine in 1770 and the consequences of “Court of Directors” orders influenced by British Prime Minister Pitt the Younger. Court of Director issued ten year of the settlement of Zamindari and later in 1800, it was permanent. This resulted in minimal chance to negotiate between local Zamindars and Santhal villagers.
- Goutam Sarkar (August 15, 2007). "Identity crisis for freedom fighter". telegraphindia.com. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
- Tilka Manjhi Aka Jabra Paharia
- Tilka Manjhi - The Freedon Fighter
- Santhals Tribe - History of Santhals
- The Brave Santhal Tribe of Bangladesh
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