Till the Clouds Roll By

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Till The Clouds Roll By
Till The Clouds Roll By.jpg
theatrical release poster
Directed by Richard Whorf
Uncredited
Produced by Arthur Freed
Screenplay by Myles Connolly
Jean Holloway
George Wells
Uncredited:[2]
Fred Finklehoffe
John Lee Mahin
Lemuel Ayers
Hans Willheim
Story by Guy Bolton
Starring
Music by Music:
Jerome Kern
Lyrics:[3]
Cinematography George J. Folsey
Edited by Harry Stradling Sr.
Production
company
Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release dates
  • December 5, 1946 (1946-12-05) (US)
Running time
132 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $3,316,000[4]
Box office $6,724,000[4]

Till The Clouds Roll By is a 1946 Technicolor American musical film made by MGM. The film is a fictionalized biography of composer Jerome Kern, portrayed by Robert Walker. Kern was originally involved with the production of the film, but died before it was completed. Till the Clouds Roll By has a large cast of well-known musical stars of the day who appear performing Kern's songs. It was the first in a series of MGM biopics about Broadway's composers; it was followed by Words and Music (Rodgers and Hart, 1948), Three Little Words (Kalmar and Ruby, 1950), and Deep in My Heart (Sigmund Romberg, 1954).[1]

Till the Clouds Roll By is in the public domain due to MGM failing to renew its copyright.

Cast[edit]

Cast notes

Production[edit]

Lena Horne sings "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man".

The working title for the film was "As the Clouds Roll By".[2] Gene Kelly was originally intended to play Kern, with Gloria deHaven, Jacqueline White, Imogene Carpenter, a stage actress, and Jeanette MacDonald in major parts. None appeared in the film.[2]

The first 15 minutes of the film consist of a condensed adaptation of Act I of Show Boat, with the order of some of the songs shifted - "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" is sung after "Life upon the Wicked Stage", and "Ol' Man River" was used as an Act I Finale, dissimilar to the show.[citation needed] "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" as sung by Lena Horne was filmed, like many of her other musical numbers in MGM films, so that it could be easily eliminated by sensitive Southern distributors.[citation needed]

When the film started production in the fall of 1945, Judy Garland was signed as Broadway singer-dancer Marilyn Miller, having just returned to California after a long New York honeymoon with her new husband, director Vincente Minnelli.[1] Soon after, Kern returned to New York towards the end of October and died in November 1945.

During the six months that it took to shoot the film, producer Arthur Freed had to come up with one director after another. Lemuel Ayers, a set designer, was originally scheduled to make his directorial debut on the film, but was replaced by Busby Berkeley late in August 1945. Meanwhile, Minnelli – who, it was rumored at the time, would be taking over the direction of the film – was shooting Garland's sequences even before the beginning of principal photography, as Garland was pregnant and expected to give birth in March 1946; her shooting was completed on November 8, 1945. By the time full shooting began in the middle of December, Berkeley had been replaced by Henry Koster, who was also replaced after a short period by Richard Whorf. Whorf ended up receiving the onscreen directorial credit.[1][2] There was a break in production from some time in January 1946 to the middle of March of that year.[2]

The film includes two versions of "Ol' Man River" - the first sung by Caleb Peterson and an African-American chorus as part of the "Show Boat" medley, and the second, a "crooner version" by Frank Sinatra, featured as the grand finale.

Barbette consulted on the creation of the film's circus sequence.[5]

Songs[edit]

  • "Cotton Blossom" - MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus
  • "Where's the Mate for Me" - Tony Martin
  • "Make Believe" - Kathryn Grayson / Tony Martin
  • "Life Upon the Wicked Stage" - Virginia O'Brien / MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus Girls
  • "Can't Help Lovin' Dat Man" - Lena Horne
  • "Ol' Man River" - Caleb Peterson / MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus
  • "Ka-Lu-a" - MGM Studio Orchestra
  • "How'd You Like to Spoon with Me" - Angela Lansbury / MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus
  • "They Didn't Believe Me" - Dinah Shore
  • "Till the Clouds Roll By" - June Allyson / Ray McDonald / MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus
  • "Leave It to Jane" - MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus / June Allyson / Ray McDonald
  • "Cleopatterer" - June Allyson / Ray McDonald / MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus
  • "Leave It to Jane" (Reprise) - MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus / June Allyson / Ray McDonald
  • "Look for the Silver Lining" - Judy Garland
  • "Sunny" - Judy Garland / MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus
  • "Who?" - Judy Garland / MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus
  • "One More Dance" - Lucille Bremer (Dubbed by Trudy Erwin)
  • "I Won't Dance" - Van Johnson / Lucille Bremer (dubbed by Trudy Erwin)
  • "She Didn't Say Yes" - Lyn Wilde / Lee Wilde
  • "Smoke Gets in Your Eyes" - Cyd Charisse / Gower Champion
  • "The Last Time I Saw Paris" - Dinah Shore
  • "The Land Where the Good Songs Go" - Lucille Bremer (dubbed by Trudy Erwin)
  • "Yesterdays" - MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus
  • "Long Ago (and Far Away)" - Kathryn Grayson
  • "A Fine Romance" - Virginia O'Brien
  • "All the Things You Are" - Tony Martin
  • "Why Was I Born?" - Lena Horne
  • "Ol' Man River" (Reprise/Finale) - Frank Sinatra / MGM Studio Orchestra and Chorus

Surviving Judy Garland song outtake[edit]

Video of an excised musical number survives from this film, although part of the soundtrack has been lost. Judy Garland, as Marilyn Miller, sings "D'Ya Love Me?" to two clowns in a circus setting, representing a scene from the Broadway musical Sunny.[6]

Soundtrack album[edit]

Till the Clouds Roll By was one of the first motion pictures to have a soundtrack album released concurrent with the film arriving in theaters. The soundtrack was produced by MGM Records. The album originally contained four 78-rpm records featuring various artists and songs from the movie and front-cover artwork by Lennie Hayton. Later the album was released on LP.[7]

No official authorized version has yet been released on CD, but several unauthorized versions have (Rhino Entertainment currently owns the rights to issue an authorized CD of the soundtrack, under license from Turner Entertainment; in the past, MCA Records and Sony Music Entertainment held such rights). This is due to MGM allowing the film to fall into public domain.

Reception[edit]

Critical response[edit]

Bosley Crowther, reviewing the film for The New York Times, wrote:[8]

"Why did Metro...have to cook up a thoroughly phoney yarn about the struggles of a chirpy young composer to carry the lovely songs of Jerry Kern? And why did it have to do it in such a hackneyed and sentimental way as to grate on the sensibilities of even the most affectionately disposed?"

Variety began its review with a similar sentiment: "Why quibble about the story?"[9]

Box office[edit]

The film earned $4,748,000 in the US and Canada box office and $1,976,000 elsewhere, but because of its high cost the profit was only $732,000.[4][10]

Accolades[edit]

The film is recognized by American Film Institute in these lists:

Home video[edit]

Till the Clouds Roll By is one of several MGM musicals – another being Royal Wedding – that lapsed into public domain on their 28th anniversary due to failure to renew the copyright registration.[12] As such, it is one of the most widely circulated MGM musicals on home video. Warner Home Video gave the film its first fully restored DVD release on April 25, 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Levy, Emanuel (2007). "Till the Clouds Roll By". EmanuelLevy.com. Retrieved 2015-03-22. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Till the Clouds Roll By at the American Film Institute Catalog
  3. ^ "Music" TCM.com
  4. ^ a b c The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study .
  5. ^ Thompson, Karen R (2007-04-07). ""Barbette": He started in the circus". Community Impact newspaper. Retrieved 2012-08-09. 
  6. ^ Judy Garland in outtake from Till the Clouds Roll By (1946); soundtrack partially missing on YouTube
  7. ^ "Trivia" TCM.com
  8. ^ Crowther, Bosley (December 6, 1946). "'Till Clouds Roll By,' Musical Biography of Life of Jerome Kern With Robert Walker in Title Role, at the Music Hall". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-03-22. 
  9. ^ Staff (December 31, 1945). "Review: 'Till the Clouds Roll by'". Variety. Retrieved 2015-03-22. 
  10. ^ "Top Grossers of 1947", Variety, 7 January 1948 p 63
  11. ^ "AFI's Greatest Movie Musicals Nominees" (PDF). Retrieved 2016-08-13. 
  12. ^ Pierce, David (June 2007). "Forgotten Faces: Why Some of Our Cinema Heritage Is Part of the Public Domain". Film History: An International Journal. 19 (2): 125–43. doi:10.2979/FIL.2007.19.2.125. ISSN 0892-2160. JSTOR 25165419. OCLC 15122313. 

External links[edit]