Tillamook County Creamery Association
|Type||Agricultural marketing cooperative|
The Tillamook County Creamery Association (TCCA) is a dairy cooperative headquartered in Tillamook County, Oregon, United States. The association manufactures and sells dairy products under the "Tillamook" brand name. Its main facility is the Tillamook Creamery located two miles north of the city of Tillamook on U.S. Route 101.
The 48th largest dairy processor in North America, Tillamook posted $654 million in sales in 2015, the trade magazine Dairy Foods reports. TCCA employs nearly 900 people in Oregon and is the largest employer in Tillamook County. The brand is strongest in the West but sells in all 50 states. It routinely wins awards from the American Cheese Society and other groups.
The co-operative includes nearly 100 dairy farms, mostly within Tillamook County. The cooperative markets a number of processed dairy products including cheese, ice cream, butter, sour cream, and yogurt, some of which is manufactured by the cooperative itself, and other products which are produced under licensing agreements with various partner companies. Their most famous product is Tillamook cheese, including the famous Tillamook Cheddar. In March 2010, Tillamook's Medium Cheddar cheese won the gold medal in the 2010 World Cheese Championship Cheese Contest hosted by the Wisconsin Cheese Makers Association in Madison, Wisconsin. The cheese scored 99.6 out of 100 points possible, beating 59 other entries.
The Tillamook Valley was ideal for dairy cattle in the mid-19th century, but transporting the milk and butter over the mountains surrounding the valley was a problem. In 1854, several farmers from the county built a schooner named the Morning Star to transport butter to Portland, Oregon; the schooner is now featured as part of the co-op's logo, and a replica (constructed in 1992 by master shipwright Richard Miles of Aberdeen, WA) is on display at The Tillamook Cheese Factory. Peter McIntosh and T. S. Townsend established the county's first cheese factory in 1894. The association was founded by ten independent dairy farmers in 1909. TCCA hired an ad agency and began campaigning in 1917 in Los Angeles, San Francisco and Portland.
Under secretary-manager George R. Lawson (CEO- 1944-1950), the cooperative began producing rindless cheese in 1946 and bottled milk the following year. In 1949, partnering with four independent plants and with financing arranged through First National Bank, the Tillamook Cheese Factory north of Tillamook was built. The enlarged facility included a storage plant and traffic department.
In 2009, Tillamook County Creamery Association celebrated 100 years in business.
The Tillamook Cheese Factory, located at 4165 U.S. 101 North in Tillamook, Oregon, is the Tillamook County Creamery Association's original cheese production facility. The Tillamook Cheese Factory also has a visitor center, the Tillamook Creamery, and hosts over 1.3 million tourists each year. Visitors can learn about the cheesemaking process, cheese packaging process, and the ice cream-making process from a viewing gallery over the main production floor. Tours are self-guided and self-paced, and are augmented by video presentations and interactive kiosks. Tours inside the actual cheese processing area of the plant were discontinued in 1967 due to health and safety regulations.
The Tillamook Cheese Factory produces more than 170,000 pounds of cheese each day, and packages approximately one million pounds of cheese on-site each week. The factory warehouse has the capacity to age 50 million pounds of cheese at once. The cooperative also operates the aforementioned cheesemaking facilities in Boardman, Oregon, and contracts some of its packaging and distribution to Marathon Cheese in Mountain Home, Idaho, and Great Lakes Cheese in Salt Lake City.
Tillamook had a "Loaf Love Tour" featuring customized Volkswagen "Baby Loaf" buses that sample cheese at grocery stores and community events. Tillamook commercials on television include its "Food Loves Tillamook" campaign, "Dairy Done Right" campaign, and "Goodbye Big Food, Hello Real Food" campaign. Tillamook sponsored the Grilled Cheese Invitational in 2010 and 2011.
TCCA bought the cheese cooperative in Bandon, Oregon, in 2000. After buying the Bandon Cheese factory and its brand name, Tillamook's lawyers warned several South Coast businesses with "Bandon" in their names that they might need to make a "content change" to avoid confusion with the cheese. This controversy made international news, particularly in 400-year-old Bandon, Ireland, where residents have milked cows for generations.
The cooperative ran into additional controversy in 2004 with its attempted enforcement of the Tillamook Cheese and Bandon Cheese trademarks against local businesses such as Tillamook Country Smoker, a purveyor of jerky and smoked meats for over 30 years. The creamery tried to stop the meat company from using the name "Tillamook". In that 2004 case, a federal judge ruled that Tillamook Country Smoker could register its name as a trademark, but that Tillamook Country Smoker could not use or register the Tillamook Jerky mark.
The move that garnered Tillamook the most nationwide attention, though, came in 2005 after a slew of consumer inquiries about dairies' use of a genetically engineered bovine growth hormone designed to boost milk production. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration had said milk products derived from cows injected with the hormone were safe, but consumer worries about potential cancer risks persisted. Over objections from some member farmers and from biotechnology giant Monsanto, which manufactured the hormone, Tillamook County Creamery Association voted to require all of its dairy suppliers to phase out its use. Tillamook was one of the first big national dairy brands to make such a decision.
In early 2018, a large "mega-dairy" near Boardman, Oregon, producing milk for Tillamook was fined and ultimately sued by the state of Oregon for repeated violations of its wastewater permit. The mega-dairy, Oregon's second largest, was approved by state regulators for 30,000 cows in early 2017 despite opposition from local and national environmental and animal welfare groups, as well as small-farm advocates. Shortly after state regulators sued the facility, Tillamook stated that it had terminated its contract, but continued to purchase milk from the operation.
- Katy Muldoon (July 25, 2009). "Tillamook: the town that cheese built". The Oregonian. Retrieved 2009-09-08. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Swindler, Samantha. "50 jobs lost". Tillamook Headlight Herald. Retrieved 2015-03-29. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Crombie, Noelle. Tillamook cheddar takes top honors. The Oregonian. March 2010.
- Todd, Anne. Traditions run 100-years deep at Tillamook County Creamery. Archived 2010-01-23 at the Wayback Machine Rural Cooperatives Magazine. July/August 2009.
- "Tillamook Cheese to Double Capacity at Boardman." Dairy Foods Magazine. January 1, 2005
- Catherine Crawford. "Savoring Tillamook's Cheese and Coastal Beauty". 52perfectdays.com.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-01-18. Retrieved 2012-04-25. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-07. Retrieved 2012-02-05. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link) CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Tobias, Lori (February 4, 2012). "Much of the Tillamook Cheese Factory's packaging operations shut down". The Oregonian. Retrieved February 4, 2012. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Elliott, Stuart (May 2, 2011). "Love That Cheese, Burger Declares". The New York Times.
- Jordan, Miriam (May 3, 2011). "For These Sandwich Lovers, the Cheese Stands Alone". The Wall Street Journal.
- "Tillamook in court over name". BNet.com. February 2004. Archived from the original on 2005-01-21. Retrieved 2009-09-08. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Winston Ross (Jan 13, 2004). "Relationship sours between creamery, meat producer". The Register-Guard. Archived from the original on September 27, 2007. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Molly Harbarger (March 8, 2018). "Oregon mega-dairy sued by state for release of wastewater, by contractors for unpaid bills". The Oregonian.
- Molly Harbarger (March 22, 2018). "Cheesemaker Tillamook still buys embattled mega-dairy's milk, despite 'terminated contract'". The Oregonian.