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Karnal bunt spore.jpg
Karnal bunt spore
Scientific classification

Kreisel ex R.Bauer & Oberw. (1997)[1]

J.Schröt. (1887)
Type genus
Tul. & C.Tul. (1847)


The Tilletiales are an order of smut fungi in the class Exobasidiomycetes.[2][3][4] It is a monotypic order, consisting of a single family, the Tilletiaceae, which contains seven genera. The roughly 150 species in the Tilletiales all infect hosts of the grass family, except for species of Erratomyces, which occur on legumes.[5]


  1. ^ Bauer R, Oberwinkler F, Vánky K. (1997). "Ultrastructural markers and systematics in smut fungi and allied taxa". Canadian Journal of Botany. 75 (8): 1273–1314. doi:10.1139/b97-842.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  2. ^ Begerow D, Stoll M, Bauer R. (2007). "A phylogenetic hypothesis of Ustilaginomycotina based upon multiple gene analyses and morphological data". Mycologia. 98 (6): 906–916. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.906. PMID 17486967.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  3. ^ Matheny PB, Curtis JM, Hofstetter V, Aime MC, Moncalvo JM, Ge ZW, Slot JC, Ammirati JF, Baroni TJ, Bougher NL, Hughes KW, Lodge DJ, Kerrigan RW, Seidl MT, Aanen DK, DeNitis M, Daniele GM, Desjardin DE, Kropp BR, Norvell LL, Parker A, Vellinga EC, Vilgalys R, Hibbett DS. (2006). "Major clades of Agaricales: A multilocus phylogenetic overview" (PDF). Mycologia. 98 (6): 982–995. doi:10.3852/mycologia.98.6.982. PMID 17486974. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2016-03-03.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  4. ^ Hibbett DS, Binder M, Bischoff JF, Blackwell M, Cannon PF, Eriksson OE, Huhndorf S, James T, Kirk PM, Lücking R, Thorsten Lumbsch H, Lutzoni F, Matheny PB, McLaughlin DJ, Powell MJ, Redhead S, Schoch CL, Spatafora JW, Stalpers JA, Vilgalys R, Aime MC, Aptroot A, Bauer R, Begerow D, Benny GL, Castlebury LA, Crous PW, Dai YC, Gams W, Geiser DM, Griffith GW, Gueidan C, Hawksworth DL, Hestmark G, Hosaka K, Humber RA, Hyde KD, Ironside JE, Kõljalg U, Kurtzman CP, Larsson KH, Lichtwardt R, Longcore J, Miadlikowska J, Miller A, Moncalvo JM, Mozley-Standridge S, Oberwinkler F, Parmasto E, Reeb V, Rogers JD, Roux C, Ryvarden L, Sampaio JP, Schüssler A, Sugiyama J, Thorn RG, Tibell L, Untereiner WA, Walker C, Wang Z, Weir A, Weiss M, White MM, Winka K, Yao YJ, Zhang N. (2007). "A higher-level phylogenetic classification of the Fungi" (PDF). Mycological Research. 111 (5): 509–547. doi:10.1016/j.mycres.2007.03.004. PMID 17572334. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-03-26.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ Castlebury LA, Carris LM, Vanky K. (2005). "Phylogenetic analysis of Tilletia and allied genera in order Tilletiales (Ustilaginomycetes; Exobasidiomycetidae) based on large subunit nuclear rDNA sequences" (PDF). Mycologia. 97 (4): 888–900. doi:10.3852/mycologia.97.4.888. PMID 16457358.CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)