Tilly Fleischer after winning the javelin event at the 1936 Games
|Full name||Ottilie Fleischer|
2 October 1911|
Frankfurt am Main, Germany
|Died||14 July 2005
|Sport||Field athletics and handball|
|Event(s)||Shot, discus and javelin|
|Club||Eintracht Frankfurt (handball)|
Ottilie ("Tilly") Fleischer (2 October 1911 – 14 July 2005) was a German athlete who competed in a variety of track and field athletic events. She competed for Germany in the 1932 Summer Olympics held in Los Angeles, United States in three different events, taking the bronze medal in the javelin. Four years later in her home country at the 1936 Games she won the gold medal in the javelin in front of the Berlin crowds.
The reaction of Olympic officials to the congratulations given to her by Nazi leader Adolf Hitler was put forward as the reason why Hitler never congratulated American athlete Jesse Owens after his first gold medal victory. Rumours appeared in 1966 as to who was the father of one of her daughters, after her daughter Giselle claimed in a book to be the daughter of Adolf Hitler.
Ottilie Fleischer was born on 2 October 1911; her father was a butcher. Even at an early age she was interested in sports, initially gymnastics, but when she was a teenager she became involved in athletics. She trained in a variety of events including pentathlon, javelin, discus and shot put.
Fleischer travelled across the Atlantic Ocean on board the SS Europa with the other members of the German team and then across the United States by train to Los Angeles in order to compete at the 1932 Summer Olympics. At the 1932 Games, she went in as one of the favourites for the gold medal in the women's javelin along with Ellen Braumüller. In the competition, she finished third, while Braumüller took the silver medal. American Babe Zaharias won the gold medal. She also competed in the Women's 4 x 100 metres relay with teammates Grete Heublein, Marie Dollinger and Braumüller. The team came in the sixth and final position out of the teams that entered the race. She also finished fourth in the women's discus throw, just outside the medal positions.
Whilst competing at the 1936 Summer Olympics, she broke the Olympic record for the women's javelin throw twice during the rounds of the competition. She threw a javelin 148 feet, 2 25/32 inches, beating the previous record holder by over five inches. In so doing, she became the first German woman to win a gold medal at an Olympics event. As opposed to the 1932 Games, the javelin event was the only competition she entered at the 1936 Games.
After Fleischer won the javelin event, she was taken, along with the other two medallists, to meet Adolf Hitler. She was congratulated by the German leader and Hermann Göring and posed for photographs. Hitler was later warned by Olympic officials that heads of states were not permitted to conduct such congratulations, which was what Willi Daume said in 1984 said prevented Hitler from congratulating gold medallist Jesse Owens, causing the story that the Nazi leader refused to shake his hand.
Fleischer was married twice, having two daughters in her first marriage. In 1948 she opened a leather goods shop in Lahr, near the Black Forest. One of her daughters was named Gisela, who in 1966 was reported by the newspaper Tribune de Genève to be the illegitimate daughter of Adolf Hitler and was subsequently reported elsewhere in the press. This was due to the publishing of a book by Gisela, in which she claimed to be Hitler's daughter. Gisela later took over the two leather goods shops owned by her mother following Tilly's death on 14 July 2005.
- "Zum 100. Geburtstag von Tilly Fleischer: "Königinmutter" und herzensguter Mensch" (in German). Eintracht Frankfurt Museum. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- Belval, Brian (2007). Olympic Track and Field. New York: Rosen Pub. Group. p. 15. ISBN 9781404209718.
- "Tilly Fleischer". Sports-Reference.com. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "Jesse Owens Set World Mark In Meet". Lodi News-Sentinel. 3 August 1936. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "Champion". Lodi News-Sentinel. 21 August 1936. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- Mandell, Richard D. (1971). The Nazi Olympics. New York: Macmillan. p. 200.
- Lowitt, Bruce (28 December 1999). "Owens spoils Hitler's party". St Petersburg Times. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- Williams, Joe (3 August 1936). "Hitler Walks Out On Yankee Negroes". The Pittsburg Press. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "Berlin Street Renamed In Honor of Jesse Owens". The Press-Courier. 11 March 1984. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- Beck, Wolfgang (6 November 2010). "Nach 28 Jahren ist Schluss". Badische Zeitung (in German). Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "A Geneva Paper". Daytona Beach Morning Journal. 25 March 1966. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "Gisela, das Hitlerkind". Zeit (in German). 8 July 1966. Retrieved 27 June 2012.
- "Tilly Fleischer". Der Spiegel (in German). 18 July 2005. Retrieved 27 June 2012.