Tim Ingold

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Tim Ingold
Born (1948-11-01) 1 November 1948 (age 75)
Kent, England
Academic background
Alma materUniversity of Cambridge (BA, PhD)
Academic work
DisciplineSocial anthropology

Timothy Ingold CBE FBA FRSE (born 1 November 1948[1]) is a British anthropologist, and Chair of Social Anthropology at the University of Aberdeen.


Ingold was educated at Leighton Park School in Reading, and his father was the mycologist Cecil Terence Ingold.[2] He attended Churchill College, Cambridge, initially studying natural sciences but shifting to anthropology (BA in Social Anthropology 1970, PhD 1976).[1] His doctoral work was conducted with the Skolt Sámi of northeastern Finland, studying their ecological adaptations, social organisation and ethnic politics. His field work was primarily in the village of Sevettijärvi and in 2024 he donated his field diaries documenting Skolt life in the area in the early 1970s to the community.[3] Ingold taught at the University of Helsinki (1973–74) and then the University of Manchester, becoming Professor in 1990 and Max Gluckman Professor in 1995. In 1999, he moved to the University of Aberdeen. In 2015, he received an honorary doctorate from Leuphana University of Lüneburg (Germany).[4] He has four children.


His interests are wide-ranging and his scholarly approach is individualistic.[5] They include environmental perception, language, technology and skilled practice, art and architecture, creativity, theories of evolution in anthropology, human-animal relations, and ecological approaches in anthropology.

Early concern was with northern circumpolar peoples, looking comparatively at hunting, pastoralism and ranching as alternative ways in which such peoples have based a livelihood on reindeer or caribou.

In his recent work, he links the themes of environmental perception and skilled practice, replacing traditional models of genetic and cultural transmission, founded upon the alliance of neo-Darwinian biology and cognitive science, with a relational approach focusing on the growth of embodied skills of perception and action within social and environmental contexts of human development. This has taken him to examining the use of lines in culture, and the relationship between anthropology, architecture, art and design. He discusses his entire career in From science to art and back again: The pendulum of an anthropologist (2016).[6]

Writing within the anthropological realm of phenomenology, Ingold explores the human as an organism which 'feels' its way through the world that "is itself in motion";[7] constantly creating and being changed by spaces and places as they are encountered.

Honours and awards[edit]

Ingold was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in the 2022 Birthday Honours for services to anthropology.[8]


  • Ingold, T. (2021). Correspondences. Polity, London, UK.
  • Ingold, T. (2018). Anthropology: Why it matters. Polity, London, UK.
  • Ingold, T. (2017). Anthropology and/as education. Routledge, London, UK.
  • Ingold, T. (2015). The Life of Lines. Routledge, London, UK.
  • Ingold, T. (2013). Making: Anthropology, Archaeology, Art and Architecture. Routledge, London, UK.
  • Ingold, T. & Palsson, G. (eds.) (2013). Biosocial Becomings: Integrating Social and Biological Anthropology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, MS.
  • Janowski, M. & Ingold, T. (eds.) (2012). Imagining Landscapes: Past, Present and Future. Ashgate, Abingdon, UK.
  • Ingold, T. (2011). Being Alive: Essays on Movement, Knowledge and Description. Routledge, London, UK.
  • Ingold, T. (2011). Redrawing Anthropology: Materials, movements, lines. Ashgate, Aldershot.
  • Ingold, T. & Vergunst, J. (eds.) (2008). Ways of Walking: Ethnography and Practice on Foot. Ashgate, Aldershot.
  • Ingold, T. (2007). Lines: A Brief History. Routledge, Oxon, UK.
  • Hallam, E. & Ingold, T. (2007). Creativity and Cultural Improvisation. A.S.A. Monographs, vol. 44, Berg Publishers, Oxford.
  • Ingold, T. (2000). The perception of the environment: essays on livelihood, dwelling and skill. London: Routledge.
  • Ingold, T. (1996). Key Debates In Anthropology[9]
  • Ingold, T. (1986). Evolution and social life. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ingold, T. (1986). The appropriation of nature: essays on human ecology and social relations. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
  • Ingold T. (1980). Hunters, pastoralists and ranchers: reindeer economies and their transformations . Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Ingold T. (1976). The Skolt Lapps today. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Tim Ingold. In the Gathering of Shadows of Material Things. Exploring Materiality and Connectivity in Anthropology and Beyond. Schorch,P., Saxer, M., Elders, M., (eds.), UCL Press. 2020
  • Tim Ingold. On the Distinction between Evolution and History. Social Evolution & History. Vol. 1, num.1, 2002, pp. 5–24[10]
  • Tim Ingold. Towards an Ecology of Materials. Audio recording of lecture given in University College Dublin, February 2012.[11]
  • Tim Ingold. Interview with Tim Ingold on October 05, 2011. In Ponto Urbe, Revista do Núcleo de Antropologia Urbana da USP, Num.11, Dec. 2012.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b INGOLD, Prof. Timothy, Who's Who 2014, A & C Black, 2014; online edn, Oxford University Press, 2014
  2. ^ a b "Pontourbe.net". Pontourbe.net. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  3. ^ Siivikko, Jarmo (14 May 2024). "Maailmankuulu tutkija tarkkaili kolttasaamelaisia 50 vuotta sitten ja jätti nyt ainutlaatuisen perinnön" [A world-renowned researcher observed the Skolt Sámi 50 years ago and now left a unique legacy]. Yle (in Finnish). Retrieved 14 May 2024.
  4. ^ "Leuphana Universität Lüneburg: Timothy Ingold". Archived from the original on 27 April 2016. Retrieved 27 April 2016.
  5. ^ "Interview with Tim Ingold". Pontourbe.net. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016. in Britain, I feel that I've gone in one direction and, by and large, anthropology has gone in another direction. I often wonder whether I am an anthropologist any more. I think I'm forging a field that doesn't seem to be the field that other people who call themselves anthropologists are in. I don't worry about it too much, because I just do what I do and let other people decide whether I'm an anthropologist or not.
  6. ^ Ingold, Tim (6 August 2016). "From science to art and back again: the pendulum of an anthropologist". Anuac. 5 (1): 5–23. doi:10.7340/anuac2239-625X-2237 – via ojs.unica.it.
  7. ^ Ingold, Tim (2000). The Perception Of The Environment: Essays in Livelihood, Dwelling and Skill. London: Routledge. p. 155.
  8. ^ "No. 63714". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 June 2022. p. B10.
  9. ^ Tim Ingold (ed.). "Key Debates in Anthropology" (PDF). Etnohistoria.fflch.usp.br. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  10. ^ "On the Distinction between Evolution and History". Socionauki.ru. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  11. ^ "Podcasts | Tim Ingold: Towards an Ecology of Materials". Ucd.ie. Retrieved 7 January 2016.