|Timothy Ashmead Vigors|
22 March 1921|
|Died||14 November 2003
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force|
|Years of service||1939-1946|
|Unit||No. 222 Squadron RAF
No. 243 Squadron RAF
|Commands held||No. 453 Squadron RAAF|
|Awards||Distinguished Flying Cross|
|Other work||Thoroughbred racehorse breeding|
Wing Commander Timothy Ashmead Vigors DFC (22 March 1921 – 14 November 2003) was a Royal Air Force fighter pilot and flying ace during the Second World War, serving in the Battle of Britain and in the Far East. In civilian life, Vigors began the development of the Coolmore Stud that went on to transform the breeding of thoroughbred racehorses.
Vigors's account of his wartime experiences was published posthumously in 2006 as Life's Too Short to Cry: The Inspirational Memoir of an Ace Battle of Britain Fighter Pilot.
Early life and education
Vigors was born at Hatfield, Hertfordshire, on 22 March 1921. Although Vigors's father worked as a stockbroker, the family were landowners in County Carlow in Ireland and owned Tullamaine Castle stud in County Tipperary.
During the Battle of Britain, Vigors flew with the Irish tricolour painted onto his Spitfire's fuselage.[dead link] He grew up near Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire and hunted with the Mendip from an early age.
Battle of Britain
In January 1939 Vigors enrolled as a cadet at RAF Cranwell. He joined No. 222 Squadron RAF flying Spitfires at RAF Duxford in February 1940. He saw action over Dunkirk in May, shooting down his first Me 109 on 30 May, at which he felt the same satisfaction, his obituary in The Daily Telegraph recorded him saying, as if he had "pulled down a high-flying pigeon flashing across the evening sky with the wind up his tail". On 1 June he shot down his first Heinkel 111. He attended the Fourth of June at Eton having fought over Dunkirk that morning.
Through the summer of 1940, 222 Squadron flew from RAF Hornchurch in Essex. The squadron suffered heavy casualties and Vigors was himself twice forced to crash land. He once responded to a call for volunteers to intercept enemy bombers when still wearing his scarlet pajamas under a green silk dressing gown, shooting down a Heinkel, and during night-time scrambles was in charge of attaching Douglas Bader's wooden left leg. By the end of September he had destroyed at least six enemy aircraft, with a further six probable successes. In October 1940 he was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
Sinking of HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse
Vigors was posted to Singapore in December 1940, joining, as a flight commander, No. 243 Squadron RAF flying American-built Brewster Buffalo fighters. In December 1941 he took temporary command of No. 453 Squadron RAAF, in which role he was involved in the action that resulted in the Japanese sinking of HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse.
453 Squadron, based at RAF Sembawang, was designated Fleet Defence Squadron to the Royal Navy's Force Z under Admiral Sir Tom Phillips. As the Japanese invaded British Malaya, Force Z moved north from Singapore to intercept Japanese landings at Singora. Although Vigors had established radio procedures with Prince of Wales, Phillips opted to maintain radio silence and did not keep 453 Squadron informed of his ships' position. A plan proposed by Vigors to keep six aircraft above the ships in daylight hours was rejected.
Returning to Singapore having failed to locate the targeted Japanese convoy, Philips altered course in response to reports of Japanese landings at Kuantan. At that point, Force Z came under attack from land-based Japanese bombers and torpedo bombers. 453 Squadron were not dispatched in support until a radio request for air cover was sent by the commander of Repulse an hour after the Japanese attack began. They arrived over the battlefield just as HMS Prince of Wales sank; Repulse had been sunk 50 minutes earlier. Vigors later commented, "I reckon this must have been the last battle in which the Navy reckoned they could get along without the RAF. A pretty damned costly way of learning."
Malaya and India
In December 1941, Vigors was deployed to northern Malaya. He had just landed at RAF Butterworth when the airfield came under attack from Japanese aircraft. Vigors ordered his pilots into the air. He attacked a large formation of bombers but was hit in the petrol tank and forced to bale out. He landed, severely burned and shot through the left thigh, in mountains near Penang. Two Malays found the injured Vigors and carried him to safety.
Vigors was evacuated to India, where he held a number of training appointments and then assumed command of RAF Yelahanka, with responsibility for converting Hurricane pilots to the Thunderbolt ground-attack fighter.
Vigors's account of his experiences in the war was published posthumously in 2006, 56 years after it was written, as Life's Too Short to Cry: The Inspirational Memoir of an Ace Battle of Britain Fighter Pilot.
After retiring from the RAF, Vigors first set up a photographic agency in Ireland. He then joined the bloodstock auctioneers Goffs, leaving in 1951 to start his own bloodstock agency. Vigors was one of the first bloodstock agents to internationalise the racehorse breeding industry. In 1950 he was instrumental in the Irish horse Nasrullah, standing at stud in America at Claiborne Farm in Paris, Kentucky.
In the 1950s he also set up his own aviation company, based at Kidlington, near Oxford. The company specialised in providing private and executive planes and held the agency for Piper aircraft. The firm was taken over by CSE Aviation and Vigors returned to work in the bloodstock business.
Tim Vigors Bloodstock was one of the leading bloodstock operations of the 1960s. In 1964 Vigors paid 37,000 guineas for Chandelier, breaking a 10-year record at Newmarket's December sales. Two years later, again at Newmarket, he paid a record 31,000 guineas on behalf of an international partnership for a yearling colt by Charlottesville. He also bought the fillies Glad Rags and Fleet, who won the 1,000 Guineas in 1966 and 1967 respectively. He was friends with Arthur B. Hancock, Jr., of Claiborne Farm, and Ogden Phipps.
When Vigors sold the firm it became The British Bloodstock Agency (Ireland).
In 1945 Vigors's father had bought the 400-acre Coolmore farm in County Tipperary, where he trained racehorses. Vigors inherited Coolmore in 1968 and began the development of the farm into one of principal stud operations in thoroughbred horse breeding. In 1973 Vigors sold a 50 per cent share in Coolmore to the legendary Irish trainer Vincent O'Brien, whose Ballydoyle stables were nearby. The young John Magnier was brought in to run the farm.
In 1973 Vigors paid more than £1 million for the stallion Rheingold, winner of the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. The Coolmore Stud also stood the American-bred milers, Thatch and Home Guard, both trained by O'Brien, while Magnier brought with him the sprinters Green God and Deep Diver.
In January 1975, the Vigors and O'Brien partnership announced the amalgamation of the Coolmore Stud with the money of Robert Sangster and Magnier's Castle Hyde and Grange studs, creating Coolmore, Castle Hyde and Associated Studs. Coolmore became central to the transformation of thoroughbred horseracing, as Sangster, O'Brien and Magnier set out to capture the leading bloodstock lines, particularly of the stallion Northern Dancer, at increasingly dramatic auctions at the Keeneland Sales in Kentucky. Initially many of their most famous acquisitions, including The Minstrel and Alleged, trained to success on the track by O'Brien, were sold to American syndicates, but Coolmore soon began to increase the quality and size of its breeding operation. In 1982 their Be My Guest was named champion sire. Later horses, including Sadler's Wells and Danehill, have made Coolmore perhaps the most successful, and financially remunerative, stud operation in the world.
Vigors sold his share in the Coolmore operation and moved to Spain. He continued to work as a bloodstock agent and in 1983 returned to Newmarket, Suffolk, handling the syndication of the successful sire Indian Ridge and helping to secure High Chaparral's dam, Kasora, at auction for Sean Coughlan.
Tim Vigors was married four times. In 1942, in the North West Frontier Province of India, he married Jan, with whom he had three daughters. They divorced in 1968 and that year Vigors married Atalanta Fairey, with whom he had a son. Atalanta Fairey was the widow of the aircraft pioneer Charles Richard Fairey. In 1972 Vigors married Heidi Bohlen, that marriage resulting in two daughters, and in 1982 he married Diana Bryan in Las Vegas.
- Obituary: Tim Vigors, The Daily Telegraph, 19 November 2003. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- Lees, John. "Death of Tim Vigors, visionary bloodstock agent, at 82",The Racing Post, 19 November 2003. Link to the article on The Free Library. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- Bradbury, David. "This magnificent man in his flying machine", The Daily Mail, 11 May 2007. Link to the article on InfoTrac National Newspapers Database (requires login). Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- "Obituary: Timothy Vigors",The Times, 27 November 2003. Link to the article on Infotrac National Newspapers Database (requires login). Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- Armytage, Marcus. "Story Time Diary", The Daily Telegraph, 19 December 2006. Link to the article on InfoTrac National Newspapers Database (requires login). Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- Stephen, Martin. Sea Battles in Close-up: World War 2, Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan (1988), Volume One, p. 108.
- Shores, Christopher & Cull, Brian with Izawa, Yasuho, ‘’Bloody Shambles’’, London: Grub Street (1992), ISBN 0-948817-50-X, Volume One, p.125.
- Stephen, Martin. Sea Battles in Close-up: World War 2, Shepperton, Surrey: Ian Allan (1988), Volume One, p. 114.
- Matthews, Alan. "The sinking of HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse", Force Z Survivors Association, 2006. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- Mudditt, Jessica. "Steve Darlow on Pilots of the Second World War", The Browser. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
- Griffiths, Richard. "Obituary: Tim Vigors; Bloodstock agent with vision",The Independent, 21 November 2003. Link to the article on Infotrac National Newspapers Database (requires login). Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- Robinson, Patrick and Robinson, Nick. Horsetrader: Robert Sangster and the Rise and Fall of the Sport of Kings, London: Harper Collins (1993), pp.57-8.
- Morris, Tony. "The Rise and Rise of Coolmore: How the foundations were laid for a breeding empire",The Racing Post, 29 August 2001. Link to the article on The Free Library. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- "Coolmore Part one: the early years", the-racehorse.com, 20 March 2006. Retrieved 2012-10-30.
- Reid, Jamie. Emperors Of The Turf, London: Macmillan (1989), p.157.
Vigors, Tim. Life's Too Short to Cry: The Inspirational Memoir of an Ace Battle of Britain Fighter Pilot. London: Grub Street Publishers (2006). ISBN 1-904943-61-6