Timaru (New Zealand electorate)
In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Timaru was one of the single-member electorates. The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly. The Timaru electorate had 121 registered electors for the 1861 election.
Francis Jollie was the first representative. In the 1866 election, he successfully stood for Gladstone. Alfred Cox was the next representative, and he resigned in 1868 partway through the term. Edward Stafford won the resulting 1868 by-election. He represented the electorate for a decade and resigned in 1878.
Richard Turnbull won the 1878 by-election and represented Timaru until 1890, when he died on 17 July. He had contested the 1887 election against Edward George Kerr, the proprietor of the The Timaru Herald, and had won with a comfortable majority.
From 1928 to 1985, the seat was held by two Labour MPs: Rev Clyde Carr a Christian minister who was a supporter of John A. Lee and remained a backbencher; and then Sir Basil Arthur a hereditary baronet and later Speaker of the House.
David Lange recalled in My Life (2005) the death of Sir Basil, and also that Labour lost the subsequent 1985 by-election when "the Labour Party organisation insisted on the selection of a candidate who could hardly be less suited to the place" and "was a good lawyer but she did not live in Timaru, and her opinions, and even her appearance, were at odds with the conservative character of the electorate." Jim Sutton won the seat back for Labour in 1993.
Members of Parliament
|NZ Party||Bill Greenslade||2,998||13.65|
|Social Credit||Lynley Simmons||1,628||7.41|
|Values||J S B Luck||54||0.25|
|NewLabour||A S Falloon||31||0.14|
|National gain from Labour||Swing|
|Social Credit||M J Hayes||572||3.97|
|Reform||Herbert N. Armstrong||4,587||41.11|
- The Reform and United parties could not agree on an official coalition candidate for the Timaru electorate, so neither Armstrong nor Hall were official candidates, and many sources show them as Independents
|Independent Liberal||James Stephen Keith[nb 1]||816||20.51|
|Independent Labour||Joseph Mahoney[nb 2]||72||1.81|
- Note that in many newspapers, Keith is labelled as standing for the opposition
- Labour candidates at the time were counted as part of the Liberal Party
|Independent Liberal||William Hall-Jones||472||31.78||-22.31|
|Independent||Edward George Kerr||420||28.28||-16.62|
|Conservative||Samuel Frederick Smithson||218||14.68|
|Liberal||Philip E Thoreau||9||0.61|
|Independent Liberal||William Hall-Jones||422||49.41|
|Independent||Edward George Kerr||344||40.28|
|Independent Labour||W F Alpin||88||10.30|
- McRobie 1989, p. 35.
- McRobie 1989, p. 33.
- Wilson 1985, p. 273.
- Wilson 1985, p. 241.
- "The Nominations". Ashburton Guardian. VII (1667). 20 September 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- "History of The Timaru Herald". The Timaru Herald. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "General Election". Poverty Bay Herald. XIV (4977). 27 September 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 19 May 2012.
- Rolleston 1971, p. 131.
- Norton 1988, p. 363.
- Norton 1988, p. 362.
- The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 5. Retrieved 2 November 2014.
- Kerr, Stephen (2003). "Good Old Clyde": Clyde Carr M.P., Timaru and the Art of Incumbency, 1928–1962 (PDF) (Thesis). University of Canterbury. p. 66. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014.
- "The General Election". Daily Telegraph (9729). 30 November 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 25 February 2014.
- "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. p. 2. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- "Timaru election". Waikato Times. XXXV (2825). 21 August 1890. p. 2. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- "The Timaru Seat". The Star (6929). 12 August 1890. p. 3. Retrieved 14 April 2017.
- Hall-Jones, Frederick G. (1969), Sir William Hall-Jones, the Last of the Old Liberals, Invercargill: Hall-Jones and Sons
- McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8.
- Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand parliamentary election results, 1946–1987. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington Department of Political Science. ISBN 0-475-11200-8.
- Rolleston, Rosamund (1971). William & Mary Rolleston : An informal biography. Reed Publishing. ISBN 0-589-00621-5.
- Scholefield, Guy (1950) . New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer.
- Wilson, James Oakley (1985) . New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.