Timaru (New Zealand electorate)

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Timaru is a former New Zealand Parliamentary electorate, in the South Island. It existed continuously from 1861 to 1996 and was represented by eleven Members of Parliament.

Population centres[edit]

In the 1860 electoral redistribution, the House of Representatives increased the number of representatives by 12, reflecting the immense population growth since the original electorates were established in 1853. The redistribution created 15 additional electorates with between one and three members, and Timaru was one of the single-member electorates.[1] The electorates were distributed to provinces so that every province had at least two members. Within each province, the number of registered electors by electorate varied greatly.[1] The Timaru electorate had 121 registered electors for the 1861 election.[2]

The electorate is partly urban, and is based on the South Canterbury city of Timaru.

History[edit]

The electorate was formed in 1861 for the 3rd Parliament and existed continuously until the 1996 election.[3]

Francis Jollie was the first representative. In the 1866 election, he successfully stood for Gladstone. Alfred Cox was the next representative, and he resigned in 1868 partway through the term. Edward Stafford won the resulting 1868 by-election. He represented the electorate for a decade and resigned in 1878.

Richard Turnbull won the 1878 by-election and represented Timaru until 1890, when he died on 17 July.[4] He had contested the 1887 election against Edward George Kerr,[5] the proprietor of the The Timaru Herald,[6] and had won with a comfortable majority.[7]

William Hall-Jones won the 1890 by-election. He became Prime Minister during his term, and retired in 1908.

James Craigie was the next representative, from the 1908 election. He retired in 1922. Craigie was succeeded by Frank Rolleston, who was defeated at the 1928 election.[8]

From 1928 to 1985, the seat was held by two Labour MPs: Rev Clyde Carr a Christian minister who was a supporter of John A. Lee and remained a backbencher; and then Sir Basil Arthur a hereditary baronet and later Speaker of the House.

David Lange recalled in My Life (2005) the death of Sir Basil, and also that Labour lost the subsequent 1985 by-election when "the Labour Party organisation insisted on the selection of a candidate who could hardly be less suited to the place" and "was a good lawyer but she did not live in Timaru, and her opinions, and even her appearance, were at odds with the conservative character of the electorate." Jim Sutton won the seat back for Labour in 1993.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Key

 Independent    Independent Liberal    Liberal    Reform    Labour    National  

Election Winner
1861 election Francis Jollie
1866 election Alfred Cox
1868 by-election Edward Stafford
1871 election
1875 election
1878 by-election Richard Turnbull
1879 election
1881 election
1884 election
1887 election
1890 by-election William Hall-Jones
1890 election
1893 election
1896 election
1899 election
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election James Craigie
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election Frank Rolleston
1925 election
1928 election Clyde Carr
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election
1954 election
1957 election
1960 election
1962 by-election Basil Arthur
1963 election
1966 election
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election
1984 election
1985 by-election Maurice McTigue
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election Jim Sutton
(Electorate abolished 1996)

Election results[edit]

1985 by-election[edit]

Timaru by-election, 1985[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Maurice McTigue 9,371 42.67
Labour Jan Walker 7,879 35.88
NZ Party Bill Greenslade 2,998 13.65
Social Credit Lynley Simmons 1,628 7.41
Values J S B Luck 54 0.25
NewLabour A S Falloon 31 0.14
Majority 1,492 6.79
Informal votes 66
Turnout 22,027
Registered electors
National gain from Labour Swing

1962 by-election[edit]

Timaru by-election, 1962[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Basil Arthur 7,578 52.55
National Derek Quigley 6,271 43.49
Social Credit M J Hayes 572 3.97
Majority 1,307 9.06
Informal votes 34 0.24
Turnout 14,455 83.79
Registered electors 17,252
Labour hold Swing

1931 election[edit]

General election, 1931: Timaru[11][mb 1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Clyde Carr 5,407 48.45 -3.74
Reform Herbert N. Armstrong[12] 4,587 41.11
United Herbert Hall[12] 1,165 10.44
Majority 820 7.35 +2.95
Informal votes 35 0.31 -1.68
Turnout 11,194 90.31 -1.45
Registered electors 12,395

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ The Reform and United parties could not agree on an official coalition candidate for the Timaru electorate, so neither Armstrong nor Hall were official candidates, and many sources show them as Independents

1899 election[edit]

General election, 1899: Timaru[13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Hall-Jones 3,091 77.68
Independent Liberal James Stephen Keith[nb 1] 816 20.51
Independent Labour Joseph Mahoney[nb 2] 72 1.81
Majority 2,275 57.18
Turnout 3,979 79.29
Registered electors 5,018

Table footnotes:

  1. ^ Note that in many newspapers, Keith is labelled as standing for the opposition
  2. ^ Labour candidates at the time were counted as part of the Liberal Party

1890 election[edit]

General election, 1890: Timaru[15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal William Hall-Jones 472 31.78 -22.31
Independent Edward George Kerr[6] 420 28.28 -16.62
Liberal Jeremiah Twomey 366 24.65
Conservative Samuel Frederick Smithson 218 14.68
Liberal Philip E Thoreau 9 0.61
Majority 52 3.50 -6.68
Turnout 1,485 60.44
Registered electors 2,457

1890 by-election[edit]

Timaru by-election, 1890[16][17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Independent Liberal William Hall-Jones 422 49.41
Independent Edward George Kerr 344 40.28
Independent Labour W F Alpin 88 10.30
Majority 78 9.13
Turnout 854

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b McRobie 1989, p. 35.
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 33.
  3. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 273.
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 241.
  5. ^ "The Nominations". Ashburton Guardian. VII (1667). 20 September 1887. p. 3. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  6. ^ a b "History of The Timaru Herald". The Timaru Herald. 9 October 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "General Election". Poverty Bay Herald. XIV (4977). 27 September 1887. p. 2. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
  8. ^ Rolleston 1971, p. 131.
  9. ^ Norton 1988, p. 363.
  10. ^ Norton 1988, p. 362.
  11. ^ The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 5. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  12. ^ a b Kerr, Stephen (2003). "Good Old Clyde": Clyde Carr M.P., Timaru and the Art of Incumbency, 1928–1962 (PDF) (Thesis). University of Canterbury. p. 66. Retrieved 16 December 2014. 
  13. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  14. ^ "The General Election". Daily Telegraph (9729). 30 November 1899. p. 4. Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  15. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. p. 2. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  16. ^ "Timaru election". Waikato Times. XXXV (2825). 21 August 1890. p. 2. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  17. ^ "The Timaru Seat". The Star (6929). 12 August 1890. p. 3. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 

References[edit]

  • Hall-Jones, Frederick G. (1969), Sir William Hall-Jones, the Last of the Old Liberals, Invercargill: Hall-Jones and Sons 
  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Norton, Clifford (1988). New Zealand parliamentary election results, 1946–1987. Wellington: Victoria University of Wellington Department of Political Science. ISBN 0-475-11200-8. 
  • Rolleston, Rosamund (1971). William & Mary Rolleston : An informal biography. Reed Publishing. ISBN 0-589-00621-5. 
  • Scholefield, Guy (1950) [1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1949 (3rd ed.). Wellington: Govt. Printer. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103.