Time (David Bowie song)

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"Time"
Bowie timesingle.jpg
Single by David Bowie
from the album Aladdin Sane
B-side"The Prettiest Star"
Released13 April 1973 (1973-04-13)[1] (US)
RecordedJanuary 1973
StudioTrident, London
GenreGlam rock
Length3:38 (7" single edit)
5:31 (album version)
LabelRCA
Songwriter(s)David Bowie
Producer(s)
David Bowie singles chronology
"Drive-In Saturday"
(1973)
"Time"
(1973)
"Let's Spend the Night Together"
(1973)

"Time" is a song by English singer-songwriter David Bowie. Written in New Orleans in November 1972 during the American leg of the Ziggy Stardust Tour, it was recorded in London in January 1973 and released as the opening track on side two of the album Aladdin Sane that April. An edited version of the song supplanted the release of the single "Drive-In Saturday" in the United States, Canada and Japan.[2] It was also released in France and South Africa, while early Spanish copies of David Live included a free copy of the single.[3]

Production and style[edit]

The piece has been described as "burlesque vamp",[4] and compared to the cabaret music of Jacques Brel and Bertolt Brecht/Kurt Weill.[5] Keyboardist Mike Garson said that he employed "the old stride piano style from the 20s and I mixed it up with avant-garde jazz styles plus it had the element of show music, plus it was very European."[6] Co-producer Ken Scott took credit for the idea of mixing the sound of Bowie's breathing right up front when the music paused, just before guitarist Mick Ronson launched into his cacophonous solo.[6]

The song's best-known couplet is "Time – he flexes like a whore / Falls wanking to the floor"; RCA allowed it to remain in the US single edit, being unfamiliar with the British term "wanking".[7] However, when Bowie came to perform the song on the U.S. television special The 1980 Floor Show in August 1973, he slurred the line in such a way as to render it "Falls swanking to the floor."[8] Conversely, RCA cut the line "In quaaludes and red wine" from the single, while Bowie retained it for The 1980 Floor Show. The phrase "Billy Dolls" refers to Billy Murcia, late drummer for the New York Dolls.[5][9]

Artist Tanja Stark suggests the infamous lyric may be a cryptic allusion to ‘Chronos’, the ancient Greek personification of 'Time' who was associated with 'magical semen', due to Bowie's well known fascination with mythology and esoterica.[10]

Reception[edit]

Like its parent album, "Time" has divided critical opinion. Biographer David Buckley calls the full-length version "five minutes of wired perfection" and the lyrics "poetic and succinct",[6] while NME critics Roy Carr and Charles Shaar Murray have described the words as sounding "strained and incomplete", concluding that "with such a weak lyric, the overly melodramatic music sounds faintly absurd".[9]

Track listing[edit]

All tracks written by David Bowie.[11]

  1. "Time" – 3:38
  2. "The Prettiest Star" – 3:27

The Japanese release featured "Panic in Detroit" on the B-side.[12]

Personnel[edit]

According to Chris O'Leary:[13][a]

Live versions[edit]

  • It was recorded at the farewell concert at the Hammersmith Odeon, London, on 3 July 1973 (1973-07-03), later released on Ziggy Stardust: The Motion Picture.
  • The live version recorded for The 1980 Floor Show on 20 October 1973 (1973-10-20) was released on the semi-legal album Rarestonebowie in 1994.
  • A live version from the first leg of the Diamond Dogs Tour was released as a bonus track on the Rykodisc release of David Live in 1990. The 2005 reissue of David Live inserted "Time" into its correct position in the concert track listing.
  • A live recording from the second leg of the same tour was released in 2017 on Cracked Actor (Live Los Angeles '74).
  • The song was performed live during the Glass Spider Tour, released on the Glass Spider (1988) concert video, and appeared again on the 2007 Special Edition (recorded at the Montreal Olympic Stadium on 30 August 1987).

Other releases[edit]

  • It appeared on the Japanese compilation The Best of David Bowie.
  • The single edit of the song was released on the bonus disc of the Aladdin Sane – 30th Anniversary Edition, in 2003, and on Re:Call 1, part of the Five Years (1969–1973) boxed set, in 2015.

Cover versions[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ O'Leary is unsure whether Bowie or Ken Fordham played tenor saxophone.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Aladdin Sane (1973)". The Ziggy Stardust Companion. Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2008.
  2. ^ "Aladdin Sane at The Ziggy Stardust Companion". www.5years.com. 28 October 2002. Archived from the original on 24 July 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2007.
  3. ^ "Time".
  4. ^ Kris Needs (1983). Bowie: A Celebration: p.29
  5. ^ a b Gerson, Ben (19 July 1973). "Aladdin Sane". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 25 October 2012. Retrieved 21 March 2011.
  6. ^ a b c Buckley 1999, pp. 185–187.
  7. ^ Pegg 2016, pp. 282–283.
  8. ^ "Time" at The Ziggy Stardust Companion
  9. ^ a b Carr & Murray 1981, pp. 54–55.
  10. ^ Stark, Tanja (2015). "Confronting Bowie's Mysterious Corpses" in Enchanting David Bowie, edited by Toija Cinque, Christopher Moore and Sean Redmond. Bloomsbury Academic. pp. 61–78.
  11. ^ "Time" (Single liner notes). David Bowie. US: RCA Victor. 1973. APBO-0001.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  12. ^ "Time" (Single liner notes). David Bowie. Japan: RCA Records. 1973. SS-2299.{{cite AV media notes}}: CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  13. ^ O'Leary 2015, chap. 6.

Sources[edit]