Time Lord

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Time Lords)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the civilisation from Doctor Who. For other uses, see Time Lord (disambiguation).
Doctor Who alien
Prydonian.jpg
The Fourth Doctor (Tom Baker) in Time Lord regalia.
Time Lord
Type Time Lord
Home planet Gallifrey
First appearance An Unearthly Child

The Time Lords are a fictional, ancient extraterrestrial civilisation of a humanoid species known as Gallifreyans in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, of which the series' protagonist, the Doctor, is a member. Time Lords receive their name for their non-linear perception of time, which allows them to see everything that was, is, or could be at the same time, as shown in the 1996 movie Doctor Who.[1][2] They developed a culture of custodianship and time-related technologies based on this perception which includes strictly controlled space/time travel machines (known as "TARDISes") and monitoring devices to travel through time and to prevent time from being subverted or abused—although actual action was described as rare in practice due to their traditional policy of strict non-interference and neutrality. They can act to manipulate timelines of a wide range of events and individuals, so long as they do not cross back into their own timeline.

Originally they were described as a powerful and wise race from the planet Gallifrey, from which the Doctor was a renegade; details beyond this were very limited for the first decade of the series. They later became integral to many episodes and stories as their role in the fictional universe developed. Over subsequent episodes their history, their development of time manipulation, and their internal politics were touched upon, with Time Lord society portrayed as a stagnated ceremony-bound oligarchy and their past having descended into myth and legend. The Doctor became at times an ally, being appointed their president during his fourth incarnation and assisting them on many occasions. After the series resumed in 2005, the Time Lords were presented for a time as no longer existing, having been destroyed by the Doctor off screen at some intervening point between the original series' cancellation in 1989 and the show's revival during the fictional Last Great Time War,[3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16] but, after 2013, the Time Lords were described as having survived the War when Gallifrey was frozen in another universe on the Time War's last day[17][18][19][20][21] and it turned out the Doctor from the beginning of the show's revival didn't remember these events as they happened,[22][23][24] while from the outside it appeared as if both sides of the War destroyed each other.[25]

Overview[edit]

At the start of the series, the Doctor was identified only as an alien; his home planet and race were not identified. After six years, in The War Games, other aliens from his world appeared and were known as the Time Lords,[26] and it was a further four years before the name of his home planet (Gallifrey) was revealed in The Time Warrior.[27] The nature and history of the Time Lords were gradually revealed as the television programme progressed.

The Time Lords are considered one of the oldest and most technologically powerful races in the Doctor Who universe. The small number of beings that are more powerful than the Time Lords include the (now extinct) Osirians[28] and higher powers of the universe such as the Black and White Guardians, and possibly the Eternals.[29] Additionally, The People from the spin-off novels (which are of uncertain canonicity) had a non-aggression treaty with the Time Lords.[30] In the very distant past, the Time Lords fought a genocidal war against the Great Vampires, which led to such a catastrophic loss of life that the Time Lords renounced violence.[citation needed] In some spinoff media, the Time Lords are also allied with less developed "Temporal Powers".[citation needed] The power of the Time Lords appears limited by their policy of non-interference with the universe and sometimes by intense internecine division. However, the view that they are self-appointed custodians of time developed in the spin-off media,[citation needed] but carried over into the television series; in The War Games, the Time Lords return time-displaced humans abducted by the War Lord to their proper time zones on Earth.[26]

At the start of the 2005 television series, Gallifrey was thought to have been destroyed and the Time Lords functionally extinct as a result of a mutually destructive Time War with the Daleks; the Ninth Doctor describes his planet as "just rocks and dust" in "The End of the World" (2005),[31] and mentions in "Dalek" (2005) that the Time Lords "burnt" with the Daleks at the end of the "Last Great Time War",[32] and the Tenth Doctor tells the Master in "The Sound of Drums" (2007) that the Time Lords are "[d]ead" and "[a]ll [they've] got is each other."[33] The Doctor describes himself as the last of his kind and his planet burnt on numerous other occasions,[3][5][6][9][10][11][12][13] as do other individuals, such as the Krillitane Mr Finch in "School Reunion" (2006).[7]

In "Father's Day" (2005), the Ninth Doctor remarks that before Time Lords were "all gone", they would have prevented or repaired paradoxes such as that which attracted the Reapers to 1987 Earth.[34]

In "Rise of the Cybermen" (2006), the Tenth Doctor mentions, "When the Time Lords kept their eye on everything, you could pop between realities, home in time for tea. Then they died, and took it all with them. Walls of reality closed, the worlds were sealed. Everything became that bit less kind."[35] In "The Satan Pit" (2006), the Tenth Doctor states that his people "practically invented black holes. Well, in fact, they did."[36] Both the Beast (in "The Satan Pit")[8] and the Doctor (in "The Sound of Drums" and "The Doctor's Wife", 2011)[10][14] believe the Doctor ended the War by killing all of the Time Lords and many of the Daleks.

The Tenth Doctor's artificially created "daughter" Jenny is speculated by Donna Noble in "The Doctor's Daughter" (2008) to be a surviving Time Lord, though the Doctor initially rejects the suggestion.[37]

Two other Time Lord-like beings appeared in "Journey's End" (2008): Donna, briefly empowered with the mind and knowledge of a Time Lord, and a half-human clone of the Tenth Doctor. Donna's memories related to the Doctor, as well as her Time Lord knowledge, are buried in order to save her life, while the clone lives out his existence in a parallel universe with Rose Tyler.[38]

Seal of The High Council of the Time Lords.

The End of Time (2009–10) shows the High Council of Time Lords, led by Lord President Rassilon, attempting to escape the Time War by materialising Gallifrey in the place of Earth at Christmas. However, the Tenth Doctor destroys the device which allows their passage into the present, sending them back into the events of the Time War.[39]

During the episode "The Doctor's Wife" (2011) it is revealed that several Time Lords and their TARDISes had been trapped and destroyed by an entity called House who lived in a separate bubble universe.[40]

In "A Good Man Goes to War" (2011), it is revealed that the daughter of Amy Pond and Rory Williams, Melody Pond, who later goes by her transliterated name "River Song", has been born with Time Lord-like genetic traits. An old acquaintance of the Doctor's, Vastra, reminds the Doctor that the Time Lord race developed due to their billions of years' exposure to the time vortex. The Doctor then recalls that Rory and Amy had spent their wedding night in the TARDIS; therefore it is theorised by Vastra that River's conception mirrored that of the Time Lords' genesis and therefore she herself developed Time Lord genetic characteristics.[41]

In "The Night of the Doctor" (2013), it is shown that the Eighth Doctor regenerates into the War Doctor to fight in the Time War.[42] Many years later, as shown during "The Day of the Doctor" (2013) and also described by the Partisan in The End of Time, the War Doctor originally planned to use a Time Lord weapon known as the Moment to destroy the Time Lords and Daleks.[39][43] However, after being shown the Tenth and Eleventh Doctors during "The Day of the Doctor", he works together with them to change the assumed outcome of the Time War: thirteen incarnations of the Doctor team up together to freeze Gallifrey in time and place it outside of their universe, protecting it and the remaining Time Lords while the Daleks destroy themselves in their own crossfire once Gallifrey was gone. The War Doctor does not retain the memory of these events and spends centuries believing he burnt Gallifrey until the Eleventh Doctor's time because of the time streams being out of sync after meeting his future selves. Indeed, earlier on in the episode, both the Tenth and the Eleventh Doctors mistakenly believe that the War Doctor killed all of the Time Lords on the last day of the Time War. After being informed that the plan to save Gallifrey is successful, the Eleventh Doctor has now set out to find Gallifrey and restore the Time Lords.[43]

Physical characteristics[edit]

The Binary vascular system of a Time Lord (from "Dalek", 2005).[32]

Time Lords look human[44] (or, as the Eleventh Doctor tells Amy Pond in "The Beast Below", humans "look Time Lord", as Time Lords evolved first[45]), but differ from them in many respects. Physiological differences from humans include two hearts which normally beat at 170 beats per minute,[46] an internal body temperature of 15 degrees Celsius (59 degrees Fahrenheit)[citation needed] and a "respiratory bypass system" that allows them to survive strangulation.[citation needed] Time Lords can also survive full exposure to the vacuum of space with no ill effects, though when in a vacuum for an extended period, a Time Lord must take a supply of air along or suffocate.[citation needed] Time Lords also seem to have an increased resilience to higher frequencies of sound, as seen in "The Christmas Invasion" [47] and "Partners in Crime".[48] If severely injured, Time Lords can go into a healing coma which lowers their body temperature to below freezing.[citation needed] In the serial Destiny of the Daleks,[49] Romana was able to voluntarily stop both of her hearts beating, to fool the Daleks into believing that she was dead. The Doctor also shows a greater tolerance to cold compared to humans in The Seeds of Doom [50] and "Planet of the Ood" [51] and even Romana in The Ribos Operation,[52] and in "42",[53] the Tenth Doctor states he is able to survive at absolute zero for a short period of time. In "World War Three",[54] the Doctor is able to shake off an electrocution attempt which is fatal to a number of humans, and appears unaffected by the energy whip wielded by the Sycorax in "The Christmas Invasion".[47] In "Smith and Jones" the Tenth Doctor says that the radiation given off by X-rays pose no real threat to Time Lords, and proceeds to absorb an amount that would be lethal to a human, which he subsequently expels through his foot.[55] The End of Time [39] shows the Tenth Doctor as being capable of surviving (for a short period) a massive burst of radiation that would have killed anything else instantly. However, the radiation burst caused enough damage to start a regeneration cycle.

Time Lords are extremely long-lived, routinely counting their ages in terms of centuries; the Second Doctor claimed in The War Games[26] that Time Lords could live "practically forever, barring accidents." The series has suggested that Time Lords have a different concept of ageing from humans. In Pyramids of Mars,[28] the Fourth Doctor considers an age of 750 years to be "middle-aged". In "The Stolen Earth",[56] the Tenth Doctor refers to when his original incarnation was a "kid" at 90 years old. However, within a specific incarnation, a Time Lord is able to age, albeit much more slowly than a human. The War Doctor [42][43] and Eleventh Doctor,[57] over the course of the Last Great Time War and the Battle of Trenzalore, respectively, are seen to age within their respective incarnations to what would appear to a human to be old age; both conflicts are suggested within the series to last hundreds if not thousands of Earth years. [note 1]

In The Daleks' Master Plan,[59] the First Doctor is able to resist the effects of the Time Destructor better than his companions, who are visibly aged by it; one of them, Sara Kingdom, ages to dust before the Destructor device can be reversed. The Fourth Doctor is briefly aged 500 years in The Leisure Hive, leaving him an old man but still active.[60] A similar situation occurred in "The Sound of Drums", where the Master uses specially made technology to age the Tenth Doctor by a century, leaving him in a frail and helpless state.[33] A further application of this technology in the following episode, "Last of the Time Lords", suspends the Doctor's capacity to regenerate, showing the effects of 900 years of life without regeneration.[61]

In The Two Doctors,[62] the Second Doctor states that the "Rassilon Imprimatur" allows Time Lords to safely travel through time, becoming symbionts with their TARDISes, and that the reason other species are incapable of developing time travel are that they lack the imprimatur. However, he implies later that he was lying about at least some of this information to mislead the Sontarans. At the beginning of The Trial of a Time Lord,[63] the Sixth Doctor suggests that a number of elder Time Lords were able to use their combined mental energy to summon his TARDIS against his will.

Time Lords can survive, but not function properly, without two hearts.[44][64][65] In "The Shakespeare Code",[64] the Tenth Doctor has only one heart working. He knows this and tries and fails to stand up, until both of them start working again. Also, in "The Power of Three",[65] after a massive electric current is passed through the Eleventh Doctor, he is left with only one heart in working condition and is unable to carry on for a long period of time.

In "The Unicorn and the Wasp", the Tenth Doctor is able to overcome the effects of cyanide by "stimulating the inhibited enzymes into reversal", a process he referred to as going through "detox".[66]

In the episode "Cold Blood",[67] the Eleventh Doctor experiences excruciating pain when the Silurian attempts to decontaminate him of surface bacteria. The Doctor states this would kill him, most likely due to the scanners being programmed to 'detox' humans and therefore being unaware of what elements the Doctor requires.

A Time Lord is able to conceal their Time Lord nature, and become a human, by using the Chameleon Arch - a device that stores their "essence" and memories in an innocuous device such as a fob watch, and replaces them with false counterparts until the object is later re-opened. The process allows them to disguise themselves as humans physiologically and psychologically, meaning they only have one heart and are stripped of non-human powers, and of any memory of having been a Time Lord. This story element was notably featured in Series 3; the Doctor uses it to hide himself from the Family of Blood and becomes a schoolteacher in Edwardian England.[68][69] His nemesis the Master used it to disguise himself as a human to escape the Time War.[70]

Mental powers[edit]

Time Lords can communicate by telepathy,[44][71] and can link their minds to share information and enhance their powers.[72] In Castrovalva,[73] the Doctor activates the TARDIS' Zero Room mentally. Additionally, both the Doctor and the Master demonstrate significant hypnotic abilities which may be supplemented by their telepathic abilities.[citation needed]

These powers were elaborated upon from 2005. The Eleventh Doctor is seen using this method to query a cat about the goings-on of the flat in "The Lodger".[74] In "A Good Man Goes to War" [41] and "Closing Time" [75] he is apparently able to even understand babies, as well as horses in "A Town Called Mercy".[76] In "The Girl in the Fireplace",[77] the Tenth Doctor reads the mind of Madame de Pompadour—and in the process, to his surprise, she is able to read his mind as well. In Paul Cornell's Virgin New Adventures novel Love and War,[78] the Doctor uses a similar method to read the mind of his companion Bernice Summerfield. In The End of Time,[79] the Master uses the same technique, allowing the Tenth Doctor to hear the drumming sound the Master constantly hears. The Doctor later displays his telepathic communion powers in "Fear Her" [80] and in "The Shakespeare Code",[64] where by using his mind melding technique he is partially able to relieve a man of his mental illness as he traces back through his memories. In "Planet of the Ood",[51] the Tenth Doctor seems able to temporarily confer some degree of telepathy on his companion Donna Noble, so that she can hear the telepathic song of the Ood. When she is unable to bear the song, the Doctor removes the ability. This telepathic ability is also extended to other alien species to some extent. In the same episode, he is able to "hear" the Ood's telepathic song where the humans could not.

In "The Lodger",[74] the Eleventh Doctor (pressed for time and needing to convey a great deal of information to someone) smashed his forehead into another person's forehead, causing a massive instantaneous transfer of information. He then commented that was just the general background, then repeats the action to transfer further information pertinent to the episode.

The Doctor also contacts the Time Lords by going into a trance and creating an assembling box in The War Games.[26] In The Two Doctors,[62] the Doctor engages in astral projection, but warns that if he is disturbed while doing so, his mind could become severed from his body and he could die. In "Last of the Time Lords", the Doctor telepathically interfaces with a network tapped into the human population who collectively chant his name. The focus of psychic energy granted the Doctor the ability to de-age himself, float through the air, deflect shots from the Master's laser screwdriver, and telekinetically disarm the Master.[61]

In addition, Time Lords may be clairvoyant, or have additional time-related senses. In The Time Monster,[81] and Invasion of the Dinosaurs,[82] the Third Doctor is able to resist fields of slow time, being able to move through them even though others are paralysed. In City of Death,[83] both the Fourth Doctor and Romana notice distortions and jumps in time that no one else does. In the 2010 episode "The Lodger",[74] the Eleventh Doctor is the only one to notice (and remain free of) the time loops caused by the activation of the Time Engine.

In the 2005 series, the Ninth Doctor claims that he can sense the movement of the Earth through space[84] as well as being able to perceive the past and all possible futures.[85] He is also able to concentrate and time his motions well enough to step safely through the blades of a rapidly spinning fan [31] and later claims that if any Time Lords still existed, he would be able to sense them.[33] As the Tenth Doctor he repeats this assertion, adding also that he is somehow innately able to sense which events in time are 'fixed' and which are in 'flux'.[86] The Eleventh Doctor slightly amends what was said earlier in "The Doctor's Wife",[40] saying that he could only sense if there were other Time Lords in this universe. In the original series episode Warriors' Gate, Romana is called a 'time-sensitive' by a marauding slaver and, though she seems to deny this, is able to interface with his spaceship in ways that only a 'time-sensitive' is supposed to be able to.[87] In "Utopia",[70] the Tenth Doctor states that he finds it difficult to look at Captain Jack Harkness because Jack's existence has become fixed in time and space.

In the Series 4 episode "Journey's End",[38][88] the Tenth Doctor was shown to use his telepathic abilities to wipe Donna Noble's mind of certain memories, specifically the memories of her travels in the TARDIS and to 'implant' a defence mechanism which is activated in The End of Time.[39] The War Games [26] showed that other Time Lords are also able to erase people's memories, as in that story, Jamie and Zoe's travels with the Doctor were erased from their memory, and the council of Time Lords also put a memory block on the Doctor so he could not pilot the TARDIS. In the Series 5 episode "The Big Bang" [89] the Doctor telepathically left a message in Amy Pond's head before sealing her into the Pandorica so that she would know what was happening when she woke up.

Time Lords, or at least the Doctor, can read extremely quickly.[90]

Regeneration[edit]

The Fourth Doctor regenerates into the Fifth Doctor (from Logopolis,[91] 1981).

Time Lords also have the ability to regenerate their bodies when their current body is mortally wounded. This process results in their body undergoing a transformation, gaining a new physical form and a new personality; a Time Lord who was pleasant and polite in his previous regeneration might express surprise when his new form turns out to be prone to saying rude things.[citation needed]

Regenerations can be traumatic events. In Castrovalva,[73] the Fifth Doctor requires the use of a Zero Room, a chamber shielded from the outside universe that provides an area of calm for him to recuperate. He comments that there is an excellent polygonal zero room beneath the junior senate block on Gallifrey. The Time Lord's personality also sometimes goes through a period of instability following a regeneration.[47]

It was first stated in The Deadly Assassin[71] that a Time Lord can regenerate twelve times before dying (thirteen incarnations in all). There were exceptions to this rule, however: when the Master reached the end of his regenerative cycle, he took possession of the body of another person to continue living.[92] In The Five Doctors,[93] the Master was offered a new cycle of regenerations by the High Council to save the Doctor from the Death Zone, which may indicate that there are methods to circumvent the twelve regeneration limit. The Master says in "The Sound of Drums" [33] that the Time Lords "resurrected" him to fight in the Time War. It was revealed in The Brain of Morbius [94] that the Time Lords also use the Elixir of Life in extreme cases, where regeneration is not possible. It is confirmed in "The Time of the Doctor" [57] that a Time Lord can only normally regenerate twelve times but that the Time Lords have the ability to grant more regenerations: at the behest of Clara Oswald they granted the Doctor himself a new cycle when he was at the point of death from old age having used up his entire cycle.

Also in The Deadly Assassin,[71] several Time Lords including the President are stated to have been "murdered" and are not stated to have regenerated.

Regeneration, regardless of how many regenerations the individual Time Lord has already undergone, is a conditional and non-inevitable phenomenon. This is stated in The End of Time when the Tenth Doctor explains to Wilfred Mott that a Time Lord can die before they have a chance to regenerate, in which case they die outright.[79] In The Deadly Assassin at least one of the murders was carried out with a 'staser', possibly a weapon designed to both kill and prevent regeneration (stasers are also stated to have little effect on non-living tissue).[71] In the Series 4 episode "Turn Left",[95] the Tenth Doctor's body is shown on a stretcher following the parallel events of "The Runaway Bride". A UNIT officer states that the Doctor's death must have been too quick to allow for regeneration.

In Destiny of the Daleks,[49] Romana showed the ability to rapidly change form several times in a row during her first regeneration, and apparently had the ability to change into whatever appearance she desired. When the Doctor remarks upon her ability, she comments that he should have stayed in university. However, despite showing several appearances, Romana regenerated only once on that occasion.

In "Utopia",[70] the Master, just before regeneration, claimed that he would become "young and strong", implying that he could choose the form of his new body. The human-time lord hybrid River Song in "Let's Kill Hitler" claimed she was "focusing on a dress size", but subsequently weighed herself, seeming unsure of how her new body had truly developed.[96] The Doctor said on several occasions he wished he was "ginger", which he has seemed unable to control in previous regenerations.[39][47] In "Last of the Time Lords",[61] when the Master is fatally wounded, he chooses not to regenerate, essentially committing suicide rather than regenerate and be kept prisoner by the Doctor forever. This again implies that regeneration is not inevitable and can indeed be refused.

Upon encountering the remains of fellow Time Lord the Corsair in "The Doctor's Wife", the Doctor refers to the Corsair as both male and female, hinting that Time Lords can switch genders upon their regenerations;[40] this is confirmed in "Dark Water", in which the Master, previously seen in various male incarnations for over forty years,[1][70][71][92][97] returned as a female.[98]

Whether or not Time Lords can recognise each other across regenerations is not made entirely clear:

  • In The War Games,[26] the War Chief recognises the Second Doctor despite his regeneration and it is implied that the Doctor knows him when they first meet.
  • In The Three Doctors,[72] the Second Doctor recognises the Third Doctor immediately, despite the fact that the Third Doctor is, obviously, a future incarnation of himself.
  • In Planet of the Spiders,[99] the Third Doctor has trouble recognising his former mentor.
  • In The Deadly Assassin,[71] Announcer Runcible, an old classmate, recognises the Fourth Doctor despite his changes in appearance and mentions that the Doctor appears to have had a "face lift" since they last met.
  • In The Armageddon Factor,[100] Drax, another alumnus immediately recognises the Fourth Doctor, though the Doctor does not recognise him.
  • In The Five Doctors,[93] the Third Doctor is unable to initially recognise the Master in his non-Gallifreyan body.
  • In The Twin Dilemma,[101] the Doctor's old friend Azmael fails to recognise him, as the Doctor has regenerated twice since their last encounter.
  • In "The Two Doctors",[102] when the Sixth Doctor and Second Doctor first meet, they are initially quiet until they face each other and simultaneously yell at each other, each recognising immediately the other.
  • In Survival, the Master recognises the Seventh Doctor on sight.[103]
  • In Doctor Who (1996), the Eighth Doctor is unable to recognise the Master while he possesses a human body.[1]
  • In "Utopia",[70] the Tenth Doctor does not recognise the human form of the Master, although the Doctor did recognise him, and name him "Master", as soon as he recovered his Time Lord physiology and mind.
  • In "The Sound of Drums",[33] the Doctor states that Time Lords can "always" recognise each other, although, while on Earth, the Master used satellites with a telepathic network to mask his presence from the Doctor. The Doctor in this circumstance appears to only be referring to recognition of the individual as a Time Lord, not necessarily the specific identity. However, when he sees the Master on television, he recognises him.[33]
  • In "Time Crash",[104] the Fifth Doctor could not instinctively recognise that the Tenth Doctor was a Time Lord, much less one of his own later incarnations.
  • In "The Next Doctor",[105] the Tenth Doctor initially seems unable to detect that the human Jackson Lake, who identifies himself as the Doctor, is not actually his regenerated future self.
  • In The End of Time,[39] the Doctor immediately recognises an unidentified elderly female Time Lord on sight, and also refers to the lead Time Lord by the name Rassilon (an earlier incarnation of Rassilon had appeared in "The Five Doctors"). In the context of the story, however, he may have encountered both during the Time War, though he himself has regenerated since they last saw him. Rassilon and the Woman recognised the Doctor on sight as well, but the Doctor's presence, regardless of incarnation, was expected.
  • In "The Day of the Doctor",[43] the War Doctor cannot recognise his tenth and eleventh incarnations, initially assuming them to be future companions. Likewise, earlier on, when the Tenth and Eleventh Doctor's first meet, the Tenth Doctor does not recognise his successor at first, but after the Eleventh Doctor's reaction upon seeing him, he is quick to realize who the Eleventh Doctor is.
  • In "Dark Water",[98] the Twelfth Doctor is unable to recognise the Master until she reveals who she is.

In "Turn Left",[95] the Tenth Doctor is killed "too quickly for him to regenerate" in an alternate history where he is killed in his own rampage against the Racnoss without Donna to stop him and ultimately save his life. In "The Impossible Astronaut",[106] a future version of the Eleventh Doctor is shot, causing him to begin his regeneration cycle. He is shot again before the regeneration completes, causing him to die instantly. However, in "The Wedding of River Song",[107] it is revealed this was a shape shifting android the Doctor used to fake his death, making this questionable.

In cases of non-fatal injury, Time Lords who have recently regenerated can use left over cellular energy to heal and even regrow severed limbs, as seen in "The Christmas Invasion" where the Tenth Doctor regrows a hand.[47] Also seen in "Journey's End", is the apparent ability to siphon off regeneration energy in order to cancel the effect of changing appearance; which requires them to have a "bio-matching receptacle" (in this case the Doctor's severed hand), which is usually impractical.[38] However, this "non-regeneration" was revealed as "counting" towards the Doctor's twelve possible regenerations during the events of "The Time of the Doctor".[57][108]

In The End of Time, the Tenth Doctor was able to postpone his regeneration long enough so that he could travel in time and space to see his past companions for one last time before he regenerated.[39] The Fifth Doctor also showed a similar ability in his final televised story The Caves of Androzani. Toward the end of episode 3 he is seen, apparently, fighting off the effects of an impending regeneration so he can return to Androzani Minor to save his companion Peri.[109]

It is also worth noting that Time Lords appear to have the ability to stay conscious for moments after events that would outright kill other lifeforms instantly, giving them the opportunity to regenerate. In Logopolis,[91] the Fourth Doctor falls hundreds of feet to the ground, yet is still conscious and able to talk to his companions when they find him minutes later before he regenerates. In The Caves of Androzani,[110] the Fifth Doctor remains conscious throughout the entire course of his (eventually fatal) spectrox toxaemia, while his human companion Peri loses consciousness as the disease worsens. In "The Stolen Earth",[56] the Tenth Doctor is shot by a Dalek's energy weapon, which has almost always been shown to instantly kill any other lifeform, yet is still conscious and able to return, with some assistance, to the TARDIS in order to regenerate. However, he was skimmed by the energy shot, while all others were shot in the middle of the back or in the chest, closer to vital organs. The Eleventh Doctor is also shot squarely by a weakened Dalek in "The Big Bang" and severely injured, but he manages to execute his plan to restart the universe nonetheless.[89]

In Death of the Doctor (a 2010 The Sarah Jane Adventures serial),[111] the Eleventh Doctor responds to a question from Clyde Langer by saying he can regenerate "507" times. Early news reports, before the episode was broadcast, suggested he would say there is no limit to the number of regenerations.[112] Writer Russell T Davies explained in an interview with SFX that the line was not intended to be taken seriously and is instead a commentary. He insisted that the "thirteen lives" rule was too deeply entrenched in the viewer consciousness for his throwaway line to affect it.[113] It is revealed in "The Time of the Doctor" [57] that this was in fact false and that due to his various regenerations, the Eleventh Doctor was in fact his last incarnation. However, the Time Lords intervened through a crack in time to grant him a full new regeneration cycle.

Culture and society[edit]

The Time Lord homeworld, Gallifrey, is an Earth-like planet in the fictional constellation of Kasterborous. Its capital city is referred to as the Citadel, and contains the Capitol, the seat of Time Lord government. At the centre of the Capitol is the Panopticon, beneath which is the Eye of Harmony. Outside the Capitol lie wastelands where the "Outsiders", Time Lords who have dropped out of Time Lord society, live in less technologically advanced communities, shunning life in the cities.[citation needed] The Outsiders have often been equated[by whom?] with the "Shobogans", a group mentioned briefly in The Deadly Assassin[71] as being responsible for acts of vandalism around the Panopticon, but there is actually nothing on screen that explicitly connects the two.

It is implied (in The Invasion of Time and The Deadly Assassin) that the terms "Gallifreyan" and "Time Lord" may not be synonymous, and that Time Lords are simply that subset of Gallifreyans who have achieved the status of Time Lord via achievement in the Gallifreyan collegiate system; in the episode "The Sound of Drums" The Doctor talks of 'children of Gallifrey' which implies that children are Gallifreyan before they are Time Lords. Although this is still unclear as in "Journey's End" the Daleks call the Doctor "the last child of Gallifrey" and in The End of Time a Time Lord on the high council states that a prophecy referring to the Doctor and the Master "speaks of two children of Gallifrey". Romana and the Doctor have also referred to "Time Tots", or infant Time Lords,[114][115][note 2] and (in "Smith and Jones") the Doctor refers his compatriots and he playing "with Röntgen bricks in the nursery".[55] In "The Sound of Drums", the Master is seen as a child, apparently at the age of 8.[33] It is stated in the series 8 episode "Listen", that the Doctor as a child had a choice to either join the army, or the academy to become a Time Lord. The unnamed female caretaker remarks "He doesn't want to join the army, I keep telling you." To which the unnamed male caretaker replies, "Well, he's not going to the academy is he, that boy, he'll never make a Time Lord."

In general, the Time Lords are an aloof people, with a society full of pomp and ceremony. The Doctor has observed that his people "enjoy making speeches"[116] and have an "infinite capacity for pretension".[117] The Time Lord penchant for ceremony extends to their technology, with various artefacts given weighty names like the Hand of Omega, the Eye of Harmony or the Key of Rassilon.[citation needed]

The Sixth Doctor has also characterised the Time Lords as a stagnant and corrupt society, a state caused by ten million years of absolute power.[118] Sutekh the Osiran decries them as "ever a perfidious species," [28] while Brother Lassar, in the episode "School Reunion",[119] describes the Time Lords as "a pompous race" of "ancient, dusty senators... frightened of change and chaos" and "peaceful to the point of indolence". Their portrayal in the series is reminiscent of academics living in ivory towers, unconcerned with external affairs. The Doctor states that the Time Lords were sworn never to interfere, only to watch.[33] It has been suggested that, since perfecting the science of time travel, they have withdrawn, bound by the moral complexity of interfering in the natural flow of history (compare with the Prime Directive from Star Trek); in Earthshock,[120] the Cyberleader, when notified of the arrival of a TARDIS, is surprised at the presence of a Time Lord, stating "they are forbidden to interfere". In The Two Doctors,[62] it is suggested[by whom?] that Time Lords are responsible for maintaining a general balance of power between the races of the Universe.

While interference is apparently against Time Lord policy, there are occasions when they do intervene, albeit indirectly through their CIA or Celestial Intervention Agency. The CIA has occasionally sent the Doctor on missions that required plausible deniability, as in The Two Doctors,[62] and sometimes against his will, Colony in Space[121] and The Monster of Peladon.[122] He is also sent on a mission in The Mutants [123] which was intended to help preserve the existence of a unique race, which was being destroyed by the excesses of the Earth empire. The Doctor's mission in Genesis of the Daleks[124] even involves changing history to avert the creation of the Daleks, or at least temper their aggressiveness.

Children of Gallifrey are taken from their families at the age of 8 and admitted into the Academy.[33][125] Novices are then taken to an initiation ceremony before the Untempered Schism, a gap in the fabric of reality that looks into the time vortex. Of those that stare into it, some are inspired, some run away and others go mad. The Doctor suggests that the Master went mad, while admitting that he ran away.[33][126]

Each Time Lord belongs to one of a number of various colleges or chapters, such as the Patrexes, Arcalian, and the Prydonian chapters, which have ceremonial and possibly political significance. In The Deadly Assassin,[71] it is explained that each chapter has its own colours; the Prydonians wear scarlet and orange, the Arcalians wear green, and the Patrexeans wear heliotrope. However, in that same serial, Cardinal Borusa, described as "the leader of the Prydonian chapter", wears heliotrope. Other Prydonians wear orange headdresses with orange-brown (not scarlet) robes. Other chapters mentioned in spin-off novels[citation needed] include the Dromeian and Cerulean chapters. The Prydonian chapter has a reputation for being devious, and tends to produce renegades; the Doctor, the Master and the Rani are all Prydonians.[citation needed] The colleges of the Academy are led by the Cardinals. Ushers, who provide security and assistance at official Time Lord functions, may belong to any chapter, and wear all-gold uniforms. Also mentioned in the Deadly Assassin are 'plebeian classes'.[71]

The executive political leadership is split between the Lord President, who keeps the ceremonial relics of the Time Lords, and the Chancellor, who appears to be the administrative leader of the Cardinals and who acts as a check on the power of the Lord President. The President is an elected position; on Presidential Resignation Day, the outgoing President usually names his successor, who is then usually confirmed in a non-contested "election", but it is still constitutionally possible for another candidate to put themselves forward for the post, as the Doctor did in The Deadly Assassin.[71] In that story, the Presidency was described as a largely ceremonial role, but in The Invasion of Time[116] the orders of the office were to be obeyed without question. In the event the current Lord President is unable to name a successor, the council can appoint a President to take his place. In The Five Doctors,[93] the council appoints the Doctor as president after Borusa is imprisoned by Rassilon, and later deposed him after he neglected his duties.

The President and Chancellor also sit on the Time Lord High Council, akin to a legislative body, composed variously of Councillors and more senior Cardinals. Also on the High Council is the Castellan of the Chancellery Guard, in charge of the security of the Citadel, who the Doctor has referred to as the leader of a trumped-up palace guard. According to the constitution, if while in emergency session the other members of the High Council are in unanimous agreement, even the President's orders can be overruled.[93][127]

Technology[edit]

The Moment was claimed by the Time Lords to be the most powerful weapon in the Universe and capable of destroying entire galaxies. The Moment was locked in Gallifrey's Time Vaults, specifically in the Omega Arsenal. The Moment is so powerful that the weapon's operating system became sentient, leading the Time Lords to wonder "How do you use a weapon when it can stand in judgement of you?" and that "only one man would be mad enough to try it". In the 50th anniversary special "The Day of the Doctor", the War Doctor breaks into the Omega Arsenal, steals the Moment and is about to destroy both Time Lords and Daleks alike to stop the Time War before the Moment engineers a meeting with his succeeding regenerations to convince him otherwise.[43][128]

Another impressive example of Time Lord technology is the Eye of Harmony, a repurposed black hole singularity contained within the instrumentality below the Panopticon. This is the source of their power and the anchor of the Web of Time itself, created by Rassilon and the co-founders of Time Lord society in the distant past.[citation needed] The Time Lords were accomplished stellar engineers and could control the development of stars with devices like the Hand of Omega, which was shown to be capable of forcing a star to go supernova.[citation needed] The Eye of Harmony exists within the Doctor's TARDIS as a collapsing star suspended in a permanent state of decay, hence harnessing the potential energy of a collapse that would never occur.[129] Whether these are all aspects of the Eye of Harmony on Gallifrey or individual stars in their own right is not made clear on screen. [note 3]

Paradoxically, although the Time Lords are a scientifically and technologically advanced race, the civilisation is so old that key pieces of their technology have become shrouded in legend and myth.[citation needed] In the spin-off fiction,[citation needed] an edict and general aversion against exploring Gallifrey's past also contributes to this. Accordingly, until the Master rediscovers it, the Time Lords forgot that the location of the Eye of Harmony is beneath their capital.[citation needed] They also treated such ceremonial symbols as the Key and Sash of Rassilon as mere historical curiosities, being unaware of their true function.[citation needed]

In the revived series, there were instances in which evil alien species have stolen Time Lord technology for their own purposes but such is its complexity that they are unable to operate it, as illustrated in "Doomsday" when the Genesis Ark was stolen by the Daleks and even they could not open it. Furthermore, the Genesis Ark was just one Time Lord prison that held millions of Daleks, demonstrating "bigger on the inside" Time Lord technology.[131][132] The classic series also makes reference to the inability of other races to successfully use Time Lord technology, with The Two Doctors [62] stating that even if a race managed to copy and build their own TARDISes, they would be ripped apart by the molecular stresses of time travel as all TARDISes have a fail-deadly approach to unauthorised use unless primed with a Rassilon Imprimatur, creating a symbiotic link to a specific Time Lord.

The great defence system of Gallifrey is a quantum forcefield known as the Transduction Barrier, a perfect defence shield preventing all matter and energy, even TARDISes, from passing through without authorisation.[citation needed] The Time Lords are further protected by phasing the entire region around Gallifrey into a temporal domain known as Inner Time, effectively separating the homeworld from interaction with the rest of the Universe.[citation needed] During the final hours of The Time War, the High Council of Gallifrey refer to defenses called 'Sky Trenches' which appear to be at least somewhat effective against invading Daleks and/or their ships, as seen in "The Day of the Doctor".[43]

TARDISes are characterised not just by their ability to travel in time, but also their dimensionally transcendent nature. A TARDIS' interior spaces exist in a different dimension from its exterior, allowing it to appear to be bigger on the inside. The Doctor states that transdimensional engineering was a key Time Lord discovery in The Robots of Death.[130][133] In the Ninth [84] and Tenth Doctors' episodes,[47] the TARDIS has an organic look, and the Doctor states in "The Impossible Planet" [134] that TARDISes are grown, not made. It is seen in "The Name of the Doctor" [135] that as a TARDIS dies, its 'dimension dams' can break down causing a 'size leak' wherein the exterior dimensions of a TARDIS begin to expand to match its inner dimensions.

Fitting their generally defensive nature, Time Lord weapons technology is rarely seen, other than the staser hand weapons used by the Guard within the Capitol. Stasers (possibly a portmanteau of stunner and laser, as they are used to stun targets[citation needed]) can be lethal energy weapons, specifically designed to prevent the unwanted regeneration of rogue Time Lords; staser beams also shatter the crystalline structure of non-organic targets.[citation needed]

Standard TARDISes do not generally seem to use any on-board weaponry, although War or Battle TARDISes (armed with "time torpedoes" that freeze their target in time) have appeared in the spin-off media.[citation needed] In the novels,[citation needed] the Eighth Doctor's companion Compassion, a living TARDIS, has enough firepower to annihilate other TARDISes. In the serial Castrovalva,[73] the Master's TARDIS is equipped with an energy field that he uses to temporarily disable or stun several human security guards outside the vessel.

One exception to the Time Lords' defensive weaponry is the de-mat gun (or dematerialisation gun). The de-mat gun is a weapon of mass destruction that removes its target from space-time altogether, as seen in The Invasion of Time.[116] The de-mat gun was created in Rassilon's time and is a closely guarded secret; the knowledge to create one is kept in the Matrix and is available only to the President. To make sure this knowledge is not abused, the only way to arm a de-mat gun is by means of the Great Key of Rassilon, whose location is only known to the Chancellor. As a means of extreme sanction, the Time Lords have also been known to place whole planets into time-loops, isolating them from the universe in one repeating moment of time[citation needed] as well as hurling planets from one galaxy to another using a weapon referred only as a magnetron in The Trial of a Time Lord.[63]

In the Eighth Doctor Adventures novel The Ancestor Cell by Peter Anghelides and Stephen Cole,[136] the Time Lords are shown to house other weapons of mass destruction in a stable time eddy known as the Slaughterhouse. In the Doctor Who Annual 2006,[137] a section by Russell T Davies says that during the Time War, the Time Lords used Bowships (used against the Great Vampires in an ancient war), Black Hole Carriers and N-Forms (war machines first mentioned in the Virgin New Adventures novel Damaged Goods,[138] written by Davies).

In The End of Time,[39][139] Rassilon shown wearing a gauntlet with several powers, primarily the ability to disintegrate a target and the ability to reverse/revert changes made to the human race by the Master. When Rassilon threw the white point star into the hologram of the Earth, the diamond was able to arrive to the planet by following the Master's signal, traveling through the time-locked war to the post-war universe.

Gallifreyan paintings were unique in that they were in 3D, as they acted as snapshots of a single moment in time by use of stasis cubes. This meant that they could be used as rudimentary time travel, by freezing a person inside a painting and then letting them out at the required point in time. An example of this is Gallifrey Falls No More as seen in "The Day of the Doctor".[43]

History[edit]

The Dark Tower in the Death Zone on Gallifrey

Details of the Time Lords' history within the show are sketchy and are fraught with supposition and contradiction. The Time Lords became the masters of time travel when one of their number, the scientist Omega, created an energy source to power their experiments in time.[72] To this end, Omega used a stellar manipulation device, the Hand of Omega, to rework a nearby star into a new form to serve that source.[117] Unfortunately, the star flared, first into a supernova, and then collapsed into a black hole. Omega was thought killed in that explosion but unknown to everyone, had somehow survived in an anti-matter universe beyond the black hole's singularity.[citation needed] Rassilon, the ultimate founder of Time Lord society, then took a singularity (assumed by fans and the spin-off media[citation needed] to be the same one as Omega's) and placed it beneath the Time Lords' citadel on Gallifrey. This perfectly balanced Eye of Harmony then served as the power source for their civilisation as well as their time machines.[71]

At some point in their history the Time Lords interacted with the civilisation of the planet Minyos, giving them advanced technology (including the ability to "regenerate" to a limited degree, by rejuvenating their bodies when they grow too old). This met with disastrous results, (which is said by some to be the reason the Time Lords adopted a philosophy of "non-interference"). The Minyans destroyed themselves in a series of nuclear wars.[note 4][140]

In "Dalek" (2005), the Ninth Doctor explains that his people perished along with the Daleks in the "Last Great Time War", leaving the Doctor the last of his race.[32] In "The Satan Pit" (2006), the Beast identifies the Tenth Doctor as "[t]he killer of his own kind."[36] In "The Sound of Drums" (2007), the Master reveals he escaped the war by turning himself into a human following the Dalek Emperor taking control of the Cruciform.[33] In The End of Time (2009–10), the Time Lords, after attempting to break out the time lock of the Time War and become creatures of consciousness, are shown being sent back into the War on the last day through the Tenth Doctor's intervention. The Master also disappears along with them. Rassilon describes Time Lord history in this story as having lasted "a billion years" up until the end of the Time War.[141] In "The Day of the Doctor" (2013), thirteen incarnations of the Doctor are shown successfully attempting to freeze the Time Lords and their home world of Gallifrey in time, by transporting them to a "parallel pocket universe" using their TARDISes. Because the time streams are out of sync, the Doctor does not retain the memory of this until his eleventh incarnation. Indeed, earlier on in the episode, both the Tenth and the Eleventh Doctors mistakenly believe that the War Doctor killed all of the Time Lords on the last day of the Time War. While the plan is being outlined, the War Doctor notes that to the rest of the universe, it only appears as if the Time Lords and Daleks had mutually destroyed each other, when in fact, the Daleks had fired upon themselves in the crossfire after Gallifrey vanished, ending in the destruction of most of their own race, but not the Time Lords.[142] In "Death in Heaven" (2014), the Master, now regenerated into a female form called "Missy",[143][144][145] explains that when the Doctor saved Gallifrey, this caused the Doctor to save her as well. She bluffs the Twelfth Doctor into thinking that Gallifrey has returned to its original co-ordinates, but when the Doctor goes looking, he finds nothing there.[146]

Partial list of Time Lords appearing in Doctor Who[edit]

Time Lords from spin-off media[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A minimum of 300 years is confirmed by the Eleventh Doctor to have passed during one of the time skips on Trenzalore.[57] In the episode before "The Time of the Doctor", "The Day of the Doctor", the Eleventh Doctor describes himself as "twelve hundred or something",[43] while in "Deep Breath", which is set immediately after the end of the Battle of Trenzalore, the Twelfth Doctor says he's "over 2000 years old".[58]
  2. ^ a b The unfinished story Shada was originally intended for broadcast for the show's seventeenth season, and was released in 1992 on VHS with narration segments to fill in the gaps not shot due to industrial action halting shooting of the serial. It was followed by an animated webcast version from 2003 that stuck closely to Douglas Adams' original script and was remounted to feature Paul McGann's Eighth Doctor instead of Tom Baker's Fourth Doctor.
  3. ^ According to Doctor Who: How to Be a Time Lord: Official Guide, the Eye of Harmony within "each TARDIS" is described as a "section" of the Eye.[130]
  4. ^ This is said[by whom?] to have been the reason the Time Lords established a "non-interference" code.
  5. ^ In the new series, the production team informally refers to a musical cue associated with the Doctor and the Time Lords as "Flavia's Theme".
  6. ^ Missy is confirmed both as a "Time Lady" as well as an incarnation of the Master in the episode "Dark Water".[98]
  7. ^ Doctor Who: How to Be a Time Lord: Official Guide confirms the figure inside the tomb from The Five Doctors and the Lord President from The End of Time as being the same man.[160]
  8. ^ Mission to Magnus was originally intended to be part of the 1986 season of the Doctor Who TV series, which was ultimately never shot. It was later adapted into novelisation and audio form by the original scriptwriter.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Jacobs, Matthew (writer); Sax, Geoffrey (director) (14 May 1996). Doctor Who. Fox. 
  2. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 7.
  3. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (2 April 2005). "The End of the World". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 2. BBC. BBC One. Ninth Doctor: My planet's gone. It's dead. It burnt like the Earth. It's just rocks and dust, before its time. Rose: What happened? Ninth Doctor: There was a war, and we lost. Rose: A war with who? What about your people? Ninth Doctor: I'm a Time Lord. I'm the Last of the Time Lords. They're all gone. I'm the only survivor. I'm left travelling on my own 'cause there's no-one else. 
  4. ^ Shearman, Robert (writer); Ahearne, Joe (director) (30 April 2005). "Dalek". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 6. BBC. BBC One. Dalek: I demand orders. Ninth Doctor: They're never gonna come. Your race is dead. You all burnt, all of you. Ten million ships on fire. The entire Dalek race, wiped out in one second. Dalek: You lie. Ninth Doctor: I watched it happen. I made it happen. Dalek: You destroyed us? Ninth Doctor: I had no choice. Dalek: And what of the Time Lords? Ninth Doctor: Dead. They burnt with you. The end of the Last Great Time War. Everyone lost. 
  5. ^ a b Shearman, Robert (writer); Ahearne, Joe (director) (30 April 2005). "Dalek". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 6. BBC. BBC One. Rose: Is that the end of it? The Time War? Ninth Doctor: I'm the only one left. I win. How about that? Rose: The Dalek survived. Maybe some of your people did, too. Ninth Doctor: I'd know. In here. Feels like there's no-one. Rose: Well then. Good thing I'm not going anywhere. Ninth Doctor: Yeah. 
  6. ^ a b Cornell, Paul (writer); Ahearne, Joe (director) (14 May 2005). "Father's Day". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 8. BBC. BBC One. Ninth Doctor: I did it again. I picked another stupid ape. I shoulda known. It's not about showing you the universe, it never is. It's about the universe doing something for you. Rose: So it's OK when you go to other times and you save people's lives, but not when it's me saving my dad? Ninth Doctor: I know what I'm doing, you don't. Two sets of us being there made that a vulnerable point. Rose: But he's alive. Ninth Doctor: My entire planet died. My whole family. Do you think it never occurred to me to go back and save them? 
  7. ^ a b Whithouse, Toby (writer); Hawes, James (director) (29 April 2006). "School Reunion". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 3. BBC. BBC One. Mr Finch: And what of the Time Lords? I always thought of you as such a pompous race. Ancient, dusty senators, so frightened of change and chaos. And of course, they're all but extinct. Only you, the last. 
  8. ^ a b Jones, Matt (writer); Strong, James (director) (10 June 2006). "The Satan Pit". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 9. BBC. BBC One. Tenth Doctor: If you are the Beast, then answer me this. Which one, hmm? 'Cause the universe has been busy since you've been gone. There's more religions than there are planets in the sky. The Arkiphets, Quoldonity, Christianity, Pash Pash, New Judaism, San Klah, Church of the Tin Vagabond. Which devil are you? The Beast: All of them. Tenth Doctor: What, then, you're the truth behind the myth? The Beast: This one knows me as I know him. The killer of his own kind. 
  9. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Clark, Richard (director) (14 April 2007). "Gridlock". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 3. BBC. BBC One. Tenth Doctor: I lied to you, 'cause I liked it. I could pretend. Just for a bit, I could imagine they were still alive underneath the burnt orange sky. I'm not just a Time Lord. I'm the Last of the Time Lords. The Face of Boe was wrong. There's no-one else. Martha: What happened? Tenth Doctor: There was a war. The Time War. The Last Great Time War. My people fought a race called the Daleks for the sake of all creation, and they lost. They lost. Everyone lost. They're all gone now. My family, my friends, even that sky. 
  10. ^ a b c Davies, Russell T (writer); Teague, Colin (director) (23 June 2007). "The Sound of Drums". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 12. BBC. BBC One. The Master: Do you remember all those fairy tales about the Toclafane when we were kids back home? Where is it, Doctor? Tenth Doctor: Gone. The Master: How can Gallifrey be gone? Tenth Doctor: It burnt. The Master: And the Time Lords? Tenth Doctor: Dead. And the Daleks, more or less. What happened to you? The Master: The Time Lords only resurrected me because they knew I'd be a perfect warrior for a time war. I was there when the Dalek Emperor took control of the Cruciform. I saw it. I ran. I ran so far. Made myself human so they would never find me, because, I was so scared. Tenth Doctor: I know. The Master: All of them? But not you, which must mean... Tenth Doctor: I was the only one who could end it. And I tried. I did. I tried everything. The Master: What did it feel like, though? Two almighty civilisations, burning. Tenth Doctor: Stop it. The Master: Oh, tell me, how did that feel? You must have been like God. Tenth Doctor: I've been alone ever since. But not any more. Don't you see? All we've got is each other. 
  11. ^ a b Moran, James (writer); Teague, Colin (director) (12 April 2008). "The Fires of Pompeii". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 2. BBC. BBC One. Donna: But if it's aliens setting off the volcano, doesn't that make it all right for you to stop it? Tenth Doctor: It's still part of history. Donna: You saved me in 2008, you saved us all. Why is that different? Tenth Doctor: Some things are fixed, some things are in flux. Pompeii is fixed. Donna: How do you know which is which? Tenth Doctor: Because that's how I see the universe. Every waking second, I can see what is, what was, what could be, what must not. It's the burden of a Time Lord, Donna, and I'm the only one left. 
  12. ^ a b Moffat, Steven (writer); Gunn, Andrew (director) (10 April 2010). "The Beast Below". Doctor Who. Series 5. Episode 2. BBC. BBC One. Mandy: How do you not know about this? Are you Scottish too? Eleventh Doctor: Oh, I'm way worse than Scottish. I can't even see the movie. It won't play for me. Amy: It played for me. Eleventh Doctor: Well, the difference being the computer doesn't accept me as human. Amy: Why not? You look human. Eleventh Doctor: No, you look Time Lord. We came first. Amy: So there are other Time Lords, yeah? Eleventh Doctor: No. There were, but there aren't. Just me now. Long story. There was a bad day. Bad stuff happened. And you know what? I'd love to forget it all, every last bit of it. But I don't, not ever. 'Cause this is what I do, every time, every day, every second. This. 
  13. ^ a b Chibnall, Chris (writer); Way, Ashley (director) (22 May 2010). "The Hungry Earth". Doctor Who. Series 5. Episode 8. BBC. BBC One. Eleventh Doctor: Now, your people have a friend of mine, and I want her back. Why did you come to the surface? What do you want? Oh, I do hate a monologue. Give us a bit back. How many are you? Alaya: I'm the last of my species. Eleventh Doctor: Really? No, last of the species. The Klempari Defence. Ha. As an interrogation defence, it's a bit old hat, I'm afraid. Alaya: I'm the last of my species. Eleventh Doctor: No, you're really not, because I'm the last of my species, and I know how it sits in the heart. So don't insult me. 
  14. ^ a b Gaiman, Neil (writer); Clark, Richard (director) (14 May 2011). "The Doctor's Wife". Doctor Who. Series 6. Episode 4. BBC. BBC One. House: We are in your universe now, Doctor. Why should it matter to me in which room you die? I can kill you just as easily here as anywhere. Fear me. I've killed hundreds of Time Lords. Eleventh Doctor: Fear me. I've killed all of them. 
  15. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Hurran, Nick (director) (23 November 2013). "The Day of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. Eleventh Doctor: I've had many faces, many lives. I don't admit to all of them. There's one life I've tried very hard to forget. He was the Doctor who fought in the Time War, and that was the day he did it. The day I did it. The day he killed them all. The last day of the Time War. The war to end all wars between my people and the Daleks. And in that battle there was a man with more blood on his hands than any other. A man who would commit a crime that would silence the universe. And that man was me. 
  16. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Hurran, Nick (director) (23 November 2013). "The Day of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. War Doctor: Oh, the way you both look at me. What is that? I'm trying to think of a better word than 'dread'. Tenth Doctor: It must be really recent for you. War Doctor: Recent? Eleventh Doctor: The Time War. The last day. The day you killed them all. Tenth Doctor: The day we killed them all. Eleventh Doctor: Same thing. 
  17. ^ Richards, Justin (October 2014). "Gallifrey". The Essential Doctor Who (Tunbridge Wells: Panini UK Ltd) (#3: Alien Worlds): 30. ISBN 9781846532009. The present whereabouts, and condition, of Gallifrey is not known. But Clara Oswald [...] managed to communicate with the Time Lords through a crack in time itself in order to gain a fresh cycle of regenerations for the Doctor [...]. So it seems that, somehow, Gallifrey and the Time Lords have been preserved. 
  18. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Hurran, Nick (director) (23 November 2013). "The Day of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. Eleventh Doctor: We're going to freeze Gallifrey. The General: I'm sorry, what? Tenth Doctor: Using our TARDISes, we're gonna freeze Gallifrey in a single moment in time. War Doctor: You know, like those stasis cubes? Single moment in time, held in a parallel pocket universe. Eleventh Doctor: Except we're gonna to do it to a whole planet. Tenth Doctor: And all the people on it. 
  19. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Hurran, Nick (director) (23 November 2013). "The Day of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. Curator: You were curious about this painting, I think. I acquired it in remarkable circumstances. What do you make of the title? Eleventh Doctor: Well, which title? There's two. No More, or Gallifrey Falls. Curator: No, you see that's where everybody's wrong. It's all one title: Gallifrey Falls No More. Now, what would you think that means, eh? Eleventh Doctor: That Gallifrey didn't fall. It worked. It's still out there. Curator: I'm only a humble curator. I'm sure I wouldn't know. Eleventh Doctor: Then where is it? Curator: Where is it, indeed? Lost. Shh. Perhaps. Things do get lost, you know. Now, you must excuse me. Oh, you have a lot to do. 
  20. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Payne, Jamie (director) (25 December 2013). "The Time of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. Clara: Doctor, are you OK? Eleventh Doctor: It's not Gallifrey. Gallifrey's gone. Clara: Unless, unless you saved it. You thought you might have. Eleventh Doctor: Even if it survived, it's gone from this universe. That is not my home. 
  21. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Talalay, Rachel (director) (8 November 2014). "Death in Heaven". Doctor Who. Series 8. Episode 12. BBC. BBC One. Twelfth Doctor: Gallifrey is lost in another dimension. Missy: Yes and no. Twelfth Doctor: Meaning? Missy: Yes, it's in another dimension, no, it's not lost. Twelfth Doctor: You know where it is? Missy: Yep. You know the best part about knowing? Not telling you. 
  22. ^ "The War Doctor". BBC One - Doctor Who, The Day of the Doctor. Retrieved 22 May 2015. He took the Moment – a terrifyingly powerful sentient weapon - with the intention of ending the conflict, despite the carnage it would cause… [...] After [Clara's] intervention, the Doctors launched a plan which meant they would not have to use the Moment. Despite this redemption, the War Doctor thought he would not remember taking this new course of action, yet when he bid farewell to his future selves he knew in his hearts he had done the right thing… 
  23. ^ Spilsbury, Tom; Moffat, Steven (April 2015). "Second Time Around". Doctor Who Magazine (Tunbridge Wells: Panini UK Ltd) (#484): 14. Since the events of 2013's The Day of the Doctor and The Time of the Doctor, the Doctor has learned that he wasn't actually responsible for the death of all the Time Lords, and despite thinking that his 'Eleventh' incarnation would be his last life, he's now been granted a whole new set of regenerations. So why hasn't the Doctor become a little bit more at peace with himself, and — well — happy? 'You mean because he's disposed of the burden of the Time War?' Well, yes. And because of his brand new life cycle. 
  24. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Hurran, Nick (director) (23 November 2013). "The Day of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. War Doctor: I won't remember this, will I? Eleventh Doctor: The time streams are out of sync. You can't retain it, no. War Doctor: So I won't remember that I tried to save Gallifrey, rather than burn it. I have to live with that. But for now, for this moment, I am the Doctor again. 
  25. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Hurran, Nick (director) (23 November 2013). "The Day of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. Clara: So, what are we doing? What's the plan? War Doctor: The Dalek fleets are surrounding Gallifrey, firing on it constantly. Tenth Doctor: The sky trenches holding, but, what if the whole planet just disappeared? Clara: Tiny bit of an ask. Tenth Doctor: The Daleks would be firing on each other. They'd destroy themselves in their own crossfire. War Doctor: Gallifrey would be gone, the Daleks would be destroyed, and would look to the rest of the universe as if they'd annihilated each other. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h Hulke, Malcolm; Dicks, Terrance (writers); Maloney, David (director) (19 April – 21 June 1969). The War Games. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  27. ^ Holmes, Robert (writer); Bromly, Alan (director) (22 December 1973). "Part Two". The Time Warrior. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  28. ^ a b c Harris, Stephen (writer); Russell, Paddy (director) (25 October – 15 November 1975). Pyramids of Mars. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  29. ^ Clegg, Barbara (writer); Cumming, Fiona (director) (1–9 March 1983). Enlightenment. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  30. ^ Aaronovitch, Ben (November 1995). The Also People. Virgin New Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20456-5. 
  31. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (2 April 2005). "The End of the World". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 2. BBC. BBC One. 
  32. ^ a b c Shearman, Robert (writer); Ahearne, Joe (director) (30 April 2005). "Dalek". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 6. BBC. BBC One. 
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Davies, Russell T (writer); Teague, Colin (director) (23 June 2007). "The Sound of Drums". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 12. BBC. BBC One. 
  34. ^ Cornell, Paul (writer); Ahearne, Joe (director) (14 May 2005). "Father's Day". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 8. BBC. BBC One. 
  35. ^ MacRae, Tom (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (13 May 2006). "Rise of the Cybermen". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 5. BBC. BBC One. 
  36. ^ a b Jones, Matt (writer); Strong, James (director) (10 June 2006). "The Satan Pit". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 9. BBC. BBC One. 
  37. ^ a b Greenhorn, Stephen (writer); Troughton, Alice (director) (10 May 2008). "The Doctor's Daughter". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 6. BBC. BBC One. 
  38. ^ a b c d Davies, Russell T (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (5 July 2008). "Journey's End". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One. 
  39. ^ a b c d e f g h Davies, Russell T (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (1 January 2010). "Part Two". The End of Time. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  40. ^ a b c d Gaiman, Neil (writer); Clark, Richard (director) (14 May 2011). "The Doctor's Wife". Doctor Who. Series 6. Episode 4. BBC. BBC One. 
  41. ^ a b c Moffat, Steven (writer); Hoar, Peter (director) (4 June 2011). "A Good Man Goes to War". Doctor Who. Series 6. Episode 7. BBC. BBC One. 
  42. ^ a b Moffat, Steven (writer); Hayes, John (director) (14 November 2013). "The Night of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC Red Button. 
  43. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Moffat, Steven (writer); Hurran, Nick (director) (23 November 2013). "The Day of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  44. ^ a b c Donaghy 2014, p. 12.
  45. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Gunn, Andrew (director) (10 April 2010). "The Beast Below". Doctor Who. Series 5. Episode 2. BBC. BBC One. 
  46. ^ Houghton, Don (writer); Camfield, Douglas (director) (9 May – 20 June 1970). Inferno. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  47. ^ a b c d e f Davies, Russell T (writer); Hawes, James (director) (25 December 2005). "The Christmas Invasion". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  48. ^ Davies, Russell T (writer); Strong, James (director) (5 April 2008). "Partners in Crime". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One. 
  49. ^ a b Nation, Terry (writer); Grieve, Ken (director) (1–22 September 1979). Destiny of the Daleks. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  50. ^ Stewart, Robert Banks (writer); Camfield, Douglas (director) (31 January – 6 March 1976). The Seeds of Doom. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  51. ^ a b Temple, Keith (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (19 April 2008). "Planet of the Ood". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 3. BBC. BBC One. 
  52. ^ a b Holmes, Robert (writer); Spenton-Foster, George (director) (2–23 September 1978). The Ribos Operation. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  53. ^ Chibnall, Chris (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (19 May 2007). "42". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 7. BBC. BBC One. 
  54. ^ Davies, Russell T (writer); Boak, Keith (director) (23 April 2005). "World War Three". Doctor Who. Series 1. BBC. BBC One. 
  55. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Palmer, Charles (director) (31 March 2007). "Smith and Jones". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One. 
  56. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (28 June 2008). "The Stolen Earth". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 12. BBC. BBC One. 
  57. ^ a b c d e Moffat, Steven (writer); Payne, Jamie (director) (25 December 2013). "The Time of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  58. ^ a b Moffat, Steven (writer); Wheatley, Ben (director) (23 August 2014). "Deep Breath". Doctor Who. Series 8. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One. 
  59. ^ Nation, Terry; Spooner, Dennis (writers); Camfield, Douglas (director) (13 November 1965 – 29 January 1966). The Daleks' Master Plan. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  60. ^ Fisher, David (writer); Bickford, Lovett (director) (30 August – 20 September 1980). The Leisure Hive. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  61. ^ a b c Davies, Russell T (writer); Teague, Colin (director) (30 June 2007). "Last of the Time Lords". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One. 
  62. ^ a b c d e Holmes, Robert (writer); Moffatt, Peter (director) (16 February – 2 March 1985). The Two Doctors. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  63. ^ a b c d Holmes, Robert; Martin, Philip; Baker, Pip; Baker, Jane (writers); Mallett, Nicholas; Jones, Ron; Clough, Chris (directors) (4 October – 6 December 1986). The Trial of a Time Lord. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  64. ^ a b c Roberts, Gareth (writer); Palmer, Charles (director) (7 April 2007). "The Shakespeare Code". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 2. BBC. BBC One. 
  65. ^ a b Chibnall, Chris (writer); Mackinnon, Douglas (director) (22 September 2012). "The Power of Three". Doctor Who. Series 7. Episode 4. BBC. BBC One. 
  66. ^ Roberts, Gareth (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (17 May 2008). "The Unicorn and the Wasp". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 7. BBC. BBC One. 
  67. ^ Chibnall, Chris (writer); Way, Ashley (director) (29 May 2010). "Cold Blood". Doctor Who. Series 5. Episode 9. BBC. BBC One. 
  68. ^ Cornell, Paul (writer); Palmer, Charles (director) (26 May 2007). "Human Nature". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 8. BBC. BBC One. 
  69. ^ Cornell, Paul (writer); Palmer, Charles (director) (2 June 2007). "The Family of Blood". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 9. BBC. BBC One. 
  70. ^ a b c d e Davies, Russell T (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (16 June 2007). "Utopia". Doctor Who. Series 3. Episode 11. BBC. BBC One. 
  71. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Holmes, Robert (writer); Maloney, David (director) (30 October – 20 November 1976). The Deadly Assassin. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  72. ^ a b c d e f Baker, Bob; Martin, Dave (writers); Mayne, Lennie (director) (30 December 1972 – 20 January 1973). The Three Doctors. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  73. ^ a b c Bidmead, Christopher H. (writer); Cumming, Fiona (director) (4–12 January 1982). Castrovalva. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  74. ^ a b c Roberts, Gareth (writer); Morshead, Catherine (director) (12 June 2010). "The Lodger". Doctor Who. Series 5. Episode 11. BBC. BBC One. 
  75. ^ Roberts, Gareth (writer); Hughes, Steve (director) (24 September 2011). "Closing Time". Doctor Who. Series 6. Episode 12. BBC. BBC One. 
  76. ^ Whithouse, Toby (writer); Metzstein, Saul (director) (15 September 2012). "A Town Called Mercy". Doctor Who. Series 7. Episode 3. BBC. BBC One. 
  77. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (6 May 2006). "The Girl in the Fireplace". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 4. BBC. BBC One. 
  78. ^ Cornell, Paul (October 1992). Love and War. Virgin New Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20385-2. 
  79. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (25 December 2009). "Part One". The End of Time. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  80. ^ Graham, Matthew (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (24 June 2006). "Fear Her". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 11. BBC. BBC One. 
  81. ^ Sloman, Robert (writer); Bernard, Paul (director) (20 May – 24 June 1972). The Time Monster. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  82. ^ Hulke, Malcolm (writer); Russell, Paddy (director) (12 January – 16 February 1974). Invasion of the Dinosaurs. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  83. ^ Agnew, David (writer); Hayes, Michael (director) (29 September – 20 October 1979). City of Death. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  84. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Boak, Keith (director) (26 March 2005). "Rose". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One. 
  85. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Ahearne, Joe (director) (18 June 2005). "The Parting of the Ways". Doctor Who. Series 1. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One. 
  86. ^ Moran, James (writer); Teague, Colin (director) (12 April 2008). "The Fires of Pompeii". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 2. BBC. BBC One. 
  87. ^ Gallagher, Stephen (writer); Joyce, Paul (director) (3–24 January 1981). Warriors' Gate. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  88. ^ a b c d Donaghy 2014, p. 31.
  89. ^ a b Moffat, Steven (writer); Haynes, Toby (director) (26 June 2010). "The Big Bang". Doctor Who. Series 5. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One. 
  90. ^ Davies, Russell T (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (25 December 2006). "The Runaway Bride". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  91. ^ a b Bidmead, Christopher H. (writer); Grimwade, Peter (director) (21 March 1981). "Part Four". Logopolis. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  92. ^ a b Byrne, Johnny (writer); Black, John (director) (31 January – 21 February 1981). The Keeper of Traken. Doctor Who. BBC. 
  93. ^ a b c d e f g h Dicks, Terrance (writer); Moffatt, Peter (director) (23 November 1983). The Five Doctors. Doctor Who. PBS. 
  94. ^ a b Bland, Robin (writer); Barry, Christopher (director) (3–24 January 1976). The Brain of Morbius. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  95. ^ a b Davies, Russell T (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (21 June 2008). "Turn Left". Doctor Who. Series 4. Episode 11. BBC. BBC One. 
  96. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Senior, Richard (director) (27 August 2011). "Let's Kill Hitler". Doctor Who. Series 6. Episode 8. BBC. BBC One. 
  97. ^ a b Holmes, Robert (writer); Letts, Barry (producer) (2–23 January 1971). Terror of the Autons. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  98. ^ a b c Moffat, Steven (writer); Talalay, Rachel (director) (1 November 2014). "Dark Water". Doctor Who. Series 8. Episode 11. BBC. BBC One. 
  99. ^ a b Sloman, Robert (writer); Letts, Barry (director) (4 May – 8 June 1974). Planet of the Spiders. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  100. ^ a b Baker, Bob; Martin, Dave (writers); Hayes, Michael (director) (20 January – 24 February 1979). The Armageddon Factor. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  101. ^ a b Steven, Anthony (writer); Moffatt, Peter (director) (22–30 March 1984). The Twin Dilemma. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  102. ^ Cite error: The named reference The_Two_Doctors was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  103. ^ Munro, Rona (writer); Wareing, Alan (director) (22 November – 6 December 1989). Survival. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  104. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (17 November 2007). "Time Crash". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  105. ^ Davies, Russell T (writer); Goddard, Andy (director) (25 December 2008). "The Next Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  106. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Haynes, Toby (director) (23 April 2011). "The Impossible Astronaut". Doctor Who. Series 6. Episode 1. BBC. BBC One. 
  107. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Webb, Jeremy (director) (1 October 2011). "The Wedding of River Song". Doctor Who. Series 6. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One. 
  108. ^ Stubby the Rocket (November 25, 2013). "Answers on Regeneration: Steven Moffat Drops A Bomb About the Doctor Who Christmas Special". tor.com. 
  109. ^ Holmes, Robert (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (15 March 1984). "Part Three". The Caves of Androzani. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  110. ^ Holmes, Robert (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (8–16 March 1984). The Caves of Androzani. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  111. ^ Davies, Russell T (writer); Way, Ashley (director) (25–26 October 2010). Death of the Doctor. The Sarah Jane Adventures. CBBC. 
  112. ^ Emily Barr (13 October 2010). "Doctor Who is now immortal, reveals the BBC". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 October 2010. 
  113. ^ "INTERVIEW Russell T Davies talks about THAT Sarah Jane Adventures line". SFX. 2010-10-26. Retrieved 2013-09-17. 
  114. ^ a b Adams, Douglas (writer); Roberts, Pennant (director) (6 July 1992). Shada (home video). Doctor Who. BBC. 
  115. ^ a b Adams, Douglas (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (2003). Shada. Doctor Who. BBCi. 
  116. ^ a b c d e f g h Agnew, David (writer); Blake, Gerald (director) (4 February – 11 March 1978). The Invasion of Time. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  117. ^ a b Aaronovitch, Ben (writer); Morgan, Andrew (director) (5–26 October 1988). Remembrance of the Daleks. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  118. ^ Holmes, Robert; Baker, Pip; Baker, Jane (writers); Clough, Chris (director) (29 November – 6 December 1986). The Ultimate Foe. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  119. ^ Whithouse, Toby (writer); Hawes, James (director) (29 April 2006). "School Reunion". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 3. BBC. BBC One. 
  120. ^ Saward, Eric (writer); Grimwade, Peter (director) (8–16 March 1982). Earthshock. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  121. ^ Hulke, Malcolm (writer); Briant, Michael E. (director) (10 April – 15 May 1971). Colony in Space. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  122. ^ Hayles, Brian (writer); Mayne, Lennie (director) (23 March – 27 April 1974). The Monster of Peladon. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  123. ^ Baker, Bob; Martin, Dave (writers); Barry, Christopher (director) (8 April – 13 May 1972). The Mutants. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  124. ^ a b Nation, Terry (writer); Maloney, David (director) (8 March – 12 April 1975). Genesis of the Daleks. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  125. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 16.
  126. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 20.
  127. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 32.
  128. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 163.
  129. ^ Thompson, Steve (writer); King, Mat (director) (27 April 2013). "Journey to the Centre of the TARDIS". Doctor Who. Series 7. Episode 10. BBC. BBC One. 
  130. ^ a b Donaghy 2014, p. 37.
  131. ^ Davies, Russell T (writer); Harper, Graeme (director) (8 July 2006). "Doomsday". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One. 
  132. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 162.
  133. ^ Boucher, Chris (writer); Briant, Michael E. (director) (29 January – 19 February 1977). The Robots of Death. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  134. ^ Jones, Matt (writer); Strong, James (director) (3 June 2006). "The Impossible Planet". Doctor Who. Series 2. Episode 8. BBC. BBC One. 
  135. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Metzstein, Saul (director) (18 May 2013). "The Name of the Doctor". Doctor Who. Series 7. Episode 13. BBC. BBC One. 
  136. ^ Anghelides, Peter; Cole, Stephen (July 2000). The Ancestor Cell. Eighth Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-53809-0. 
  137. ^ Davies, Russell T; Hickman, Clayton (August 2005). Doctor Who Annual 2006. Panini Publishing. ISBN 978-1-904419-73-0. 
  138. ^ Davies, Russell T (October 1996). Damaged Goods. Virgin New Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20483-2. 
  139. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 159.
  140. ^ Baker, Bob; Martin, Dave (writers); Stewart, Norman (director) (7–28 January 1978). Underworld. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  141. ^ Davies, Russell T (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (1 January 2010). "Part Two". The End of Time. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  142. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Hurran, Nick (director) (23 November 2013). "The Day of the Doctor". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  143. ^ McGown, Alistair (March 2015). "Dark Water/Death in Heaven". The Essential Doctor Who (Tunbridge Wells: Panini UK Ltd) (#4: The Master): 112. ISBN 9781846532054. Missy then reveals her plan: to upload dying minds to the data slice, edit out the emotions and then download them to 'upgraded' Cyberman bodies. Then she reveals her true identity: she is the Master, now in a female body. 
  144. ^ McGown, Alistair (March 2015). "Dark Water/Death in Heaven". The Essential Doctor Who (Tunbridge Wells: Panini UK Ltd) (#4: The Master): 113. ISBN 9781846532054. The Master's new body is perhaps his most effective disguise of all, given that 'he' is now in the body of a woman. 
  145. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Talalay, Rachel (director) (8 November 2014). "Death in Heaven". Doctor Who. Series 8. Episode 12. BBC. BBC One. Osgood: Who is she? Twelfth Doctor: You'd never believe me if I told you. Osgood: Because I thought she might be the Master, regenerated into female form. Your childhood friend, responsible for a number of previous incursions. Twelfth Doctor: That was fairly quick. 
  146. ^ Moffat, Steven (writer); Talalay, Rachel (director) (8 November 2014). "Death in Heaven". Doctor Who. Series 8. Episode 12. BBC. BBC One. 
  147. ^ a b Coburn, Anthony (writer); Hussein, Waris (director) (23 November – 14 December 1963). An Unearthly Child. Doctor Who. BBC. 
  148. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 29.
  149. ^ a b c d e Byrne, Johnny (writer); Jones, Ron (director) (3–12 January 1983). Arc of Infinity. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  150. ^ Donaghy 2014, pp. 45; 81.
  151. ^ Nation, Terry (writer); Martin, Richard (director) (26 December 1964). "Flashpoint". The Dalek Invasion of Earth. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  152. ^ Donaghy 2014, pp. 26–27.
  153. ^ Spooner, Dennis (writer); Camfield, Douglas (director) (3–24 July 1965). The Time Meddler. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  154. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 23.
  155. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 30.
  156. ^ Baker, Pip; Baker, Jane (writers); Hellings, Sarah (director) (2–9 February 1985). The Mark of the Rani. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  157. ^ Baker, Pip; Baker, Jane (writers); Morgan, Andrew (director) (7–28 September 1987). Time and the Rani. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC1. 
  158. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 28.
  159. ^ a b c d e Davies, Russell T (writer); Lyn, Euros (director) (25 December 2009 – 1 January 2010). The End of Time. Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One. 
  160. ^ Donaghy 2014, pp. 23; 25.
  161. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 79.
  162. ^ Donaghy 2014, p. 24.
  163. ^ Howe, David J.; Stammers, Mark; Walker, Stephen James (1997). The Handbook: The Second Doctor. Doctor Who Books. p. 181. 
  164. ^ Martin, Philip (12 July 1990). Mission to Magnus. Doctor Who: The Missing Episodes. Target Books. ISBN 0-426-20347-X. 
  165. ^ Martin, Philip (writer); Bowerman, Lisa (director) (December 2009). Mission to Magnus. Doctor Who: The Lost Stories. Big Finish Productions. 
  166. ^ Cornell, Paul (July 1994). Goth Opera. Virgin Missing Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20418-2. 
  167. ^ Platt, Marc (February 1992). Cat's Cradle: Time's Crucible. Virgin New Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20365-8. 
  168. ^ Platt, Marc (20 March 1997). Lungbarrow. Virgin New Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20502-2. 
  169. ^ Penswick, Neil (March 1993). The Pit. Virgin New Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20378-X. 
  170. ^ Miles, Lawrence (November 1997). Alien Bodies. Eighth Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-40577-5. 
  171. ^ Bucher-Jones, Simon; Clapham, Mark (October 1999). The Taking of Planet 5. Eighth Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-55585-8. 
  172. ^ Blum, Jonathan; Orman, Kate (June 1998). Seeing I. Eighth Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-40586-4. 
  173. ^ a b Parkin, Lance (22 November 1998). The Infinity Doctors. Past Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-40591-0. 
  174. ^ a b c Parkin, Lance (June 2005). The Gallifrey Chronicles. Eighth Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-48624-4. 
  175. ^ Attwood, Tony (15 May 1986). Turlough and the Earthlink Dilemma. The Companions of Doctor Who. Target Books. 
  176. ^ a b c d Meek, Colin (writer); Freedman, Dan (director) (12 July 2001 – 3 May 2002). Death Comes to Time. Doctor Who. BBCi. 
  177. ^ a b Dicks, Terrance (May 2002). Warmonger. Past Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-53852-X. 
  178. ^ Dicks, Terrance (6 October 2005). World Game. Past Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-48636-8. 
  179. ^ a b Briggs, Nicholas (writer/director) (19 July 1999). The Sirens of Time. Doctor Who: Main Range. Big Finish Productions. 
  180. ^ a b Cole, Stephen (writer); Briggs, Nicholas (director) (June 2000). The Apocalypse Element. Doctor Who: Main Range. Big Finish Productions. 
  181. ^ Barnes, Alan (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (June 2002). Neverland. Doctor Who: Main Range. Big Finish Productions. 
  182. ^ Russell, Gary (writer/director) (August 2003). He Jests at Scars... Doctor Who Unbound. Big Finish Productions. 
  183. ^ Russell, Gary (October 1999). Divided Loyalties. Past Doctor Adventures. BBC Books. ISBN 0-563-55578-5. 
  184. ^ Fountain, Nev (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (August 2003). Omega. Doctor Who: Main Range. Big Finish Productions. 
  185. ^ McIntee, David A. (writer); Ainsworth, John (director) (June 2005). Unregenerate!. Doctor Who: Main Range. Big Finish Productions. 
  186. ^ Sutton, Paul (writer); Edwards, Barnaby (director) (May 2007). Urban Myths. Doctor Who: Main Range. Big Finish Productions. 
  187. ^ Cornell, Paul; Maddox, Mike (writers); Ainsworth, John (director) (January 2007). "Spring". Circular Time. Doctor Who: Main Range. Big Finish Productions. 
  188. ^ Platt, Marc (writer); Ainsworth, John (director). A Storm of Angels. Doctor Who Unbound. Big Finish Productions. 
  189. ^ Robson, Eddie (writer); Briggs, Nicholas (director) (11–18 February 2007). Human Resources. Doctor Who: Eighth Doctor Adventures. BBC. BBC7. 
  190. ^ Briggs, Nicholas (writer/director) (July 2008). Sisters of the Flame. Doctor Who: Eighth Doctor Adventures. Big Finish Productions. 
  191. ^ Briggs, Nicholas (writer/director) (August 2008). Vengeance of Morbius. Doctor Who: Eighth Doctor Adventures. Big Finish Productions. 
  192. ^ Smith, Jim (writer); Fairs, Nigel (director) (August 2008). The Adventure of the Diogenes Damsel. Bernice Summerfield. Big Finish Productions. 
  193. ^ Briggs, Nicholas (writer/director) (November 2012). Dark Eyes. Doctor Who: Dark Eyes. Big Finish Productions. 
  194. ^ Morris, Mark (writer); Bentley, Ken (director) (November 2008). "False Gods". Forty-five. Doctor Who: Main Range. Big Finish Productions. 
  195. ^ a b Robinson, Nigel (August 1993). Birthright. Virgin New Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20393-3. 
  196. ^ Cornell, Paul (May 1996). Happy Endings. Virgin New Adventures. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20470-0. 
  197. ^ Cole, Stephen (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (April 2004). Square One. Gallifrey. Big Finish Productions. 
  198. ^ Richards, Justin (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (April 2004). The Inquiry. Gallifrey. Big Finish Productions. 
  199. ^ Russell, Gary (writer/director) (April 2005). Lies. Gallifrey. Big Finish Productions. 
  200. ^ Sheargold, Stewart (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (August 2005). Imperiatrix. Gallifrey. Big Finish Productions. 
  201. ^ Cole, Stephen (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (May 2006). Fractures. Gallifrey. Big Finish Productions. 
  202. ^ a b Sutton, Paul (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (July 2006). Appropriation. Gallifrey. Big Finish Productions. 
  203. ^ Richards, Justin (writer); Russell, Gary (director) (July 2006). Mindbomb. Gallifrey. Big Finish Productions. 
  204. ^ Parkin, Lance & Pearson, Lars (2012). A History: An Unauthorised History of the Doctor Who Universe (3rd Edition), p. 718. Mad Norwegian Press, Des Moines. ISBN 978-193523411-1.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]