Time Person of the Year

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For other uses, see Person of the Year.

Person of the Year (called Man of the Year until 1999[1]) is an annual issue of the United States news magazine Time that features and profiles a person, a group, an idea, or an object that "for better or for worse...has done the most to influence the events of the year".[2]

Background

The tradition of selecting a "Man of the Year" began in 1927, with Time editors contemplating the news makers of the year. The idea was also an attempt to remedy the editorial embarrassment earlier that year of not having aviator Charles Lindbergh on its cover following his historic trans-Atlantic flight. By the end of the year, it was decided that a cover story featuring Lindbergh as the Man of the Year would serve both purposes.[3]

Selection

Despite the name, the title is not just granted to individuals. Pairs of people such as married couples and political opponents, classes of people, the computer ("Machine of the Year" in 1982), and "Endangered Earth" ("Planet of the Year" in 1988) have all been selected for the special year-end issue.

U.S. presidents

Since the list began, every serving President of the United States has been a Person of the Year at least once with the exceptions of Calvin Coolidge, in office at time of the first issue; Herbert Hoover, the next U.S. president; and Gerald Ford. Most were named Person of the Year either the year they were elected or while they were in office; the only one to be given the title before being elected is Dwight D. Eisenhower, in 1944 as Supreme Commander of the Allied Invasion Force, eight years before his election. He subsequently received the title again in 1959, while in office. Franklin D. Roosevelt is the only person to have received the title three times, first as president-elect (1932) and later as the incumbent president (1934 and 1941).

Women

In 1999, the title was changed to Person of the Year.[4] Women who have been selected for recognition after the renaming include "The Whistleblowers" (Cynthia Cooper, Coleen Rowley and Sherron Watkins in 2002), Melinda Gates (jointly with Bill Gates and Bono, in 2005), and Angela Merkel in 2015. Prior to 1999, four women were granted the title as individuals: three as "Woman of the Year"—Wallis Simpson (1936), Queen Elizabeth II (1952) and Corazon Aquino (1986)–and one as half of the "Man and Wife of the Year", Soong Mei-ling (1937).[5] "American Women" were recognized as a group in 1975. Other classes of people recognized comprise both men and women, such as "Hungarian Freedom Fighters" (1956), "U.S. Scientists" (1960), "The Inheritors" (1966), "The Middle Americans" (1969), "The American Soldier" (2003), "You" (2006), "The Protester" (2011) represented on the cover by a woman, and "Ebola fighters" (2014).

Special awards

In 1949, Winston Churchill was named "Man of the Half-Century", and the last issue of 1989 named Mikhail Gorbachev as "Man of the Decade". The December 31, 1999 issue of Time named Albert Einstein the "Person of the Century". Franklin D. Roosevelt and Mahatma Gandhi were chosen as runners-up.[6]

Controversial choices

Despite the magazine's frequent statements to the contrary, the designation is often regarded as an honor, and spoken of as an award or prize, simply based on many previous selections of admirable people.[7] However, Time magazine points out that controversial figures such as Adolf Hitler (1938), Joseph Stalin (1939 and 1942), Nikita Khrushchev (1957) and Ayatollah Khomeini (1979) have also been granted the title for their impacts.[8]

As a result of the public backlash it received from the United States for naming Khomeini as Man of the Year in 1979, Time has since shied away from using figures who are controversial in the United States for commercial reasons, fearing reductions in sales or advertising revenue.[9]

Time's Person of the Year 2001, immediately following the September 11, 2001 attacks, was New York City mayor Rudolph Giuliani. The stated rules of selection, the individual or group of individuals who have had the biggest effect on the year's news, made Osama bin Laden a more likely choice that year. The issue that declared Giuliani the Person of the Year included an article that mentioned Time's earlier decision to select the Ayatollah Khomeini and the 1999 rejection of Hitler as "Person of the Century". The article seemed to imply that Osama bin Laden was a stronger candidate than Giuliani, as Adolf Hitler was a stronger candidate than Albert Einstein. The selections were ultimately based on what the magazine describes as who they believed had a stronger influence on history and who represented either the year or the century the most. According to Time, Rudolph Giuliani was selected for symbolizing the American response to the September 11th attacks, and Albert Einstein selected for representing a century of scientific exploration and wonder.

Film-maker Michael Moore claims that director Mel Gibson cost him the opportunity to be Person of the Year alongside Gibson in 2004. Moore's controversial political documentary Fahrenheit 9/11 became the highest-grossing documentary of all time the same year Gibson's The Passion of the Christ became a box-office success and also caused significant controversy. Moore said in an interview "I got a call right after the '04 election from an editor from Time Magazine. He said,' Time Magazine has picked you and Mel Gibson to be Time's Person of the Year to put on the cover, Right and Left, Mel and Mike. The only thing you have to do is pose for a picture with each other. And do an interview together.' I said 'OK.' They call Mel up, he agrees. They set the date and time in LA. I'm to fly there. He's flying from Australia. Something happens when he gets home... Next thing, Mel calls up and says, 'I'm not doing it. I've thought it over and it is not the right thing to do.' So they put Bush on the cover."[10]

Another controversial choice was the 2006 selection of "You", representing most if not all people for advancing the information age by using the Internet (via e.g. blogs, MySpace YouTube, and Wikipedia).[11]

Online poll

Time magazine also holds an online poll for the readers to vote for who they believe to be the Person of the Year. While many mistakenly believe the winner of the poll to be the Person of the Year, the title, as mentioned above, is decided by the editors of Time. In the first online poll held in 1998, wrestler and activist Mick Foley won with over 50% of the votes.[12][13] Foley was removed from the poll, and the title was given to Bill Clinton and Ken Starr, which led to outrage from the fans of Foley who mistakenly believed the winner of the poll would be the winner of the title. In 2006, the poll winner by a wide margin was Hugo Chávez, with 35% of the votes. The president of Iran, Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, came in second. Time again ignored those results, not mentioning them in the announcement of the Person of the Year.[14] Time continues to annually run an online poll for the "People's Choice", but stresses the decision on who the magazine recognizes is made independently of this poll by the magazine's editors.[15]

Persons of the Year

Year Image Choice Lifetime Notes
1927 Charles Lindbergh and the Spirit of Saint Louis (Crisco restoration, with wings).jpg Charles Lindbergh 1902–1974 In 1927, Lindbergh became the first person to fly a plane solo non-stop across the Atlantic, from New York to Paris.
1928 Walter P. Chrysler at White House (cropped).png Walter Chrysler 1875–1940 In 1928, Chrysler oversaw a merger of his Chrysler Corporation with Dodge before beginning work on the Chrysler Building.
1929 Owen D. Young.jpg Owen D. Young 1874–1962 Young chaired a committee which authored 1929's Young Plan, a program for settlement of German reparations after World War I.
1930 Gandhi.jpg Mahatma Gandhi 1869–1948 Gandhi was the leader of the India's independence movement. In 1930, he led the Salt Satyagraha, a 240-mile march to protest the imposition of taxes on salt by the British Raj.
1931 Pierre Laval a Meurisse 1931.jpg Pierre Laval 1883–1945 Laval was first elected Prime Minister of France in 1931. Laval was popular in the American press at the time for opposing the Hoover Moratorium, a temporary freeze on World War I debt payments that was disliked in both France and the US.[16]
1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt TIME Man of the Year 1933 color photo.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt 1882–1945 Roosevelt won the 1932 US Presidential election by a landslide, defeating the incumbent, Herbert Hoover.
1933 Hugh S. Johnson.jpg Hugh S. Johnson 1882–1942 In 1933, Johnson was appointed director of the National Recovery Administration, tasked by US President Franklin D. Roosevelt to bring industry, labor and government together to create codes of "fair practices" and set prices.
1934 FDR in 1933.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt (2) 1882–1945 Roosevelt was President of the United States from 1933 to 1945.
1935 Selassie restored.jpg Haile Selassie I 1892–1975 Selassie was Emperor of Ethiopia in 1935, when Italian forces invaded Ethiopia, starting the Second Italo-Abyssinian War.
1936 Wallis Simpson -1936.JPG Wallis Simpson 1896–1986 In 1936, Simpson's relationship with King Edward VIII led the king to abdicate his thrones in order to marry her.
1937 Chiang Kai-shek(蔣中正).jpg Chiang Kai-shek 1887–1975 Chiang was Premier of the Republic of China at the outbreak of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937.
Soong May-ling wearing China Air Force pin.jpg Soong Mei-ling 1898–2003 Soong was wife of Chiang Kai-shek from 1927 until his death in 1975. Addressed as Madame Chiang Kai-Shek by the magazine, she was recognized together with her husband as "Man & Wife of the Year".[5]
1938 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-H1216-0500-002, Adolf Hitler (cropped).jpg Adolf Hitler 1889–1945 As German Chancellor, Hitler oversaw the unification of Germany with Austria and the Sudetenland in 1938, after the Anschluss and Munich Agreement respectively.
1939 CroppedStalin1943.jpg Joseph Stalin 1878–1953 In 1939, Stalin was General Secretary of the Communist Party and de facto leader of the Soviet Union. He oversaw the signing of a non-aggression pact with Nazi Germany before invading eastern Poland.
1940 Churchill portrait NYP 45063.jpg Winston Churchill 1874–1965 Churchill was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom during the 1940 Dunkirk evacuation and the Battle of Britain.
1941 Franklin Roosevelt signing declaration of war against Japan.jpg Franklin D. Roosevelt (3) 1882–1945 Roosevelt was President of the United States in 1941 during the attack on Pearl Harbor, declaration of war against Japan and resulting entry of the United States into World War II. The editors had already chosen Dumbo as their "Mammal of the Year" before the Pearl Harbor attack, but quickly changed it to Roosevelt afterward (and before it was published).[17]
1942 JStalin Secretary general CCCP 1942.jpg Joseph Stalin (2) 1878–1953 By 1942, Stalin was Premier of the Soviet Union, overseeing the Battle of Stalingrad (1942–1943).
1943 General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG George Marshall 1880–1959 As United States Army Chief of Staff in 1943, General Marshall was instrumental in organizing US actions in World War II.
1944 General Dwight D. Eisenhower.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower 1890–1969 General Eisenhower was Supreme Allied Commander in Europe during 1944's Operation Overlord.
1945 Harry S. Truman.jpg Harry S. Truman 1884–1972 Truman became President of the United States after the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1945, authorizing the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
1946 James F. Byrnes cph.3c32232.jpg James F. Byrnes 1879–1972 In 1946, Byrnes was United States Secretary of State during the Iran crisis of 1946, taking an increasingly hardline position in opposition to Stalin. His speech, "Restatement of Policy on Germany", set the tone of future US policy, repudiating the Morgenthau Plan economic policies and giving Germans hope for the future.
1947 General George C. Marshall, official military photo, 1946.JPEG George Marshall (2) 1880–1959 Appointed United States Secretary of State in 1947, Marshall was the architect of the Marshall Plan.
1948 Truman initiating Korean involvement.jpg Harry S. Truman (2) 1884–1972 Truman was elected in his own right as President of the United States in 1948, considered to be the greatest election upset in American history.[18][19][20]
1949 Sir Winston S Churchill.jpg Winston Churchill (2) 1874–1965 Proclaimed as the "Man of the half-century", Churchill had led Britain and the Allies to victory in WWII. In 1949, Churchill was Leader of the Opposition.
1950 U.S. Marines in the Korean War 002.jpg The American fighting-man Representing U.S. troops involved in the Korean War (1950–1953).
1951 Mossadeghmohammad.jpg Mohammad Mossadegh 1882–1967 In 1951, Mossadegh was elected as Prime Minister of Iran and expelled western oil companies, starting the Abadan Crisis
1952 Queen Elizabeth II - 1953-Dress.JPG Elizabeth II Born in 1926 In 1952, Elizabeth acceded to the throne of the United Kingdom[a] upon the death of her father, King George VI
1953 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F078072-0004, Konrad Adenauer.jpg Konrad Adenauer 1876–1967 In 1953, Adenauer was re-elected as Chancellor of Germany.
1954 JohnFosterDulles.jpeg John Foster Dulles 1888–1959 As United States Secretary of State in 1954, Dulles was architect of the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization.
1955 Mr. Harlow H. Curtice, General Manager. Buick Motor Division.jpg Harlow Curtice 1893–1962 Curtice was President of General Motors (GM) from 1953 to 1958. In 1955, GM sold five million vehicles and became the first corporation to earn US$1 billion in a single year.[21]
1956 Szétlőtt harckocsi a Móricz Zsigmond körtéren.jpg The Hungarian freedom fighter Representing Hungarian revolutionaries involved in the failed 1956 uprising.
1957 Bundesarchiv Bild 183-B0628-0015-035, Nikita S. Chruschtschow.jpg Nikita Khrushchev 1894–1971 In 1957, Khrushchev consolidated his leadership of the Soviet Union, surviving a plot to dismiss him by members of the Presidium, and leading the Soviet Union into the Space Race with the launch of Sputnik 1.
1958 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F010324-0002, Flughafen Köln-Bonn, Adenauer, de Gaulle-cropped.jpg Charles de Gaulle 1890–1970 De Gaulle was appointed Prime Minister of France in May 1958 and, following the collapse of the Fourth Republic and establishment of the Fifth Republic, was then elected President of France in December.
1959 Dwight D. Eisenhower, official photo portrait, May 29, 1959.jpg Dwight D. Eisenhower (2) 1890–1969 Eisenhower was President of the United States from 1953 to 1961.
1960 Conical flask teal.svg U.S. Scientists Represented by George Beadle, Charles Draper, John Enders, Donald A. Glaser, Joshua Lederberg, Willard Libby, Linus Pauling, Edward Purcell, Isidor Rabi, Emilio Segrè, William Shockley, Edward Teller, Charles Townes, James Van Allen and Robert Woodward.
1961 John F. Kennedy, White House color photo portrait.jpg John F. Kennedy 1917–1963 Kennedy was inaugurated as President of the United States in 1961, ordering the failed invasion of Cuba by U.S.-trained Cuban exiles.
1962 Pope John XXIII - 1959.jpg Pope John XXIII 1881–1963 John XXIII was head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1958 to 1963. In 1962, he volunteered as a mediator in the Cuban Missile Crisis, gaining praise from both sides.
1963 Martin Luther King Jr NYWTS.jpg Martin Luther King, Jr. 1929–1968 An African-American civil rights leader, King delivered his famous "I Have a Dream" speech in 1963.
1964 37 Lbj2 3x4.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson 1908–1973 Johnson was elected in his own right as President of the United States in 1964, before securing the passage of the Civil Rights Act, declaring a War on Poverty and escalating U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.
1965 Gen William C Westmoreland.jpg William Westmoreland 1914–2005 General Westmoreland was commander of U.S. forces in South Vietnam during the Vietnam War.
1966 US Birth Rates.svg The Inheritor Representing a generation of American men and women, aged 25 and under.
1967 37 Lbj2 3x4.jpg Lyndon B. Johnson (2) 1908–1973 Johnson was President of the United States from 1963 to 1969.
1968 Apollo 8 Crewmembers - GPN-2000-001125.jpg The Apollo 8 astronauts In 1968, the crew of Apollo 8 (William Anders, Frank Borman and Jim Lovell) became the first humans to travel beyond low Earth orbit, orbiting the Moon and paving the way for the first manned Moon landings in 1969.
1969 US map-Central.png The Middle Americans Also referred to as the silent majority.[22]
1970 Bundesarchiv B 145 Bild-F057884-0009, Willy Brandt.jpg Willy Brandt 1913–1992 As Chancellor of West Germany, Brandt was acknowledged for "seeking to bring about a fresh relationship between East and West" through his "bold approach to the Soviet Union and the East Bloc".[23]
1971 Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg Richard Nixon 1913–1994 Nixon was President of the United States from 1969 to 1974.
1972 Richard M. Nixon, ca. 1935 - 1982 - NARA - 530679.jpg Richard Nixon (2) 1913–1994 As President of the United States, Nixon visited China in 1972, the first U.S. President to do so. Nixon later secured the SALT I pact with the Soviet Union before being re-elected in one of the largest landslide election victories in American history
Henry Kissinger.jpg Henry Kissinger Born in 1923 Kissinger, as Nixon's National Security Advisor, travelled with the President to China in 1972.
1973 WatergateFromAir.JPG John Sirica 1904–1992 In 1973, as Chief Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia, Sirica ordered President Nixon to turn over Watergate-related recordings of White House conversations.
1974 King Faisal of Saudi Arabia on on arrival ceremony welcoming 05-27-1971 (cropped).jpg King Faisal 1906–1975 Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia, was acknowledged in the wake of the oil crisis of 1973–1974, caused by Saudi Arabia withdrawing its oil from world markets in protest at Western support for Israel during the 1973 Arab-Israeli War.
1975 MarilynMonroe - YankArmyWeekly.jpg American women Represented by Susan Brownmiller, Kathleen Byerly, Alison Cheek, Jill Conway, Betty Ford, Ella Grasso, Carla Hills, Barbara Jordan, Billie Jean King, Carol Sutton, Susie Sharp, and Addie Wyatt.
1976 JimmyCarterPortrait2.jpg Jimmy Carter Born in 1924 In 1976, Carter was elected President of the United States, defeating incumbent President Gerald Ford.
1977 Anwar Sadat cropped.jpg Anwar Sadat 1918–1981 Sadat, as President of Egypt, traveled to Israel in 1977—the first Arab leader to do so—to discuss normalization of Egypt-Israel relations.
1978 DengXiaoping.jpg Deng Xiaoping 1904–1997 Deng overthrew Hua Guofeng to assume de facto control over China in 1978, as Paramount Leader.
1979 عکسی از خمینی.JPG Ayatollah Khomeini 1902–1989 Khomeini led the 1979 Iranian Revolution, establishing himself as Supreme Leader.
1980 Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg Ronald Reagan 1911–2004 Reagan was elected President of the United States in 1980, defeating incumbent President Carter by a landslide.
1981 Lech walesa prezydent RP.gif Lech Wałęsa Born in 1943 Leader of the Polish Solidarity trade union and architect of the Gdańsk Agreement until his arrest and the imposition of martial law in December 1981.
1982 Sanco 8001.jpg The Computer Denoted "Machine of the Year" to herald the dawn of the Information Age.
1983 Official Portrait of President Reagan 1981.jpg Ronald Reagan (2) 1911–2004 In 1983, as President of the United States, Reagan ordered the invasion of Grenada and championed the Strategic Defense Initiative.
Yuri Andropov - Soviet Life, August 1983.jpg Yuri Andropov 1914–1984 Andropov, as Soviet leader, was a strong critic of the Strategic Defense Initiative. Andropov was hospitalized in August 1983 and died in 1984.
1984 Peter Ueberroth.jpg Peter Ueberroth Born in 1937 Ueberroth orchestrated the organization of the 1984 Summer Olympics, which involved a Soviet-led boycott.
1985 DengXiaoping.jpg Deng Xiaoping (2) 1904–1997 As Paramount Leader of China, Deng was acknowledged for "sweeping economic reforms that have challenged Marxist orthodoxies".[24]
1986 Corazon Aquino 1986.jpg Corazon C. Aquino 1933–2009 Aquino was a prominent figure in 1986's People Power Revolution, being elected President of the Philippines.
1987 RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg Mikhail Gorbachev Born in 1931 As leader of the Soviet Union, Gorbachev oversaw Perestroika political reforms in 1987.
1988 Earth Eastern Hemisphere.jpg The Endangered Earth Planet of the Year, involving an aspect of Mother Nature.
1989 RIAN archive 850809 General Secretary of the CPSU CC M. Gorbachev (crop).jpg Mikhail Gorbachev (2) Born in 1931 Acknowledged as "Man of the Decade". Gorbachev, as Soviet leader, oversaw 1989's first free Soviet elections before the fragmentation of the Eastern Bloc.
1990 George H. W. Bush, President of the United States, 1989 official portrait.jpg George H. W. Bush Born in 1924 As President of the United States, Bush oversaw U.S. involvement in the Gulf War (1990–1991).
1991 Ted Turner LF.JPG Ted Turner Born in 1938 Founder of CNN.
1992 Bill Clinton.jpg Bill Clinton Born in 1946 Clinton was elected President of the United States in 1992.
1993 Peace sign.svg The Peacemakers Represented by Yasser Arafat, F. W. de Klerk, Nelson Mandela and Yitzhak Rabin.
De Klerk, as State President of South Africa, oversaw Mandela's release from prison in 1990. The pair worked together to end the Apartheid system.
Arafat, as President of the Palestinian National Authority, and Rabin, as Prime Minister of Israel, signed the 1993 Oslo Accord, the first face-to-face agreement between Palestinian and Israeli authorities.
1994 JohannesPaul2-portrait.jpg Pope John Paul II 1920–2005 Head of the Roman Catholic Church from 1978 to 2005.
1995 NewtGingrich.jpg Newt Gingrich Born in 1943 Leader of the "Republican Revolution", a Republican party election landslide, which led to Gingrich being elected Speaker of the House.
1996 David Ho portrait.JPG David Ho Born in 1952 Ho, a scientist, pioneered much AIDS research.
1997 Andrew Grove.jpg Andrew Grove 1936–2016 In 1997, Grove was Chairman and CEO of Intel, recognized as a pioneer in the semiconductor industry.
1998 Bill Clinton.jpg Bill Clinton (2) Born in 1946 As President of the United States, Clinton was impeached in 1998 following the Lewinsky scandal. The Senate acquitted him of the charges.
Starr-large (1).jpg Ken Starr Born in 1946 Starr, a lawyer investigating various figures within the Clinton administration, published his Starr Report in 1998, opening the door for the impeachment of Bill Clinton.
1999 Jeff Bezos' iconic laugh.jpg Jeffrey P. Bezos Born in 1964 Bezos is founder and CEO of Amazon.com.
2000 George-W-Bush.jpeg George W. Bush Born in 1946 In 2000, Bush was elected President of the United States following an allegation of miscount in the Florida recount.
2001 Rudy Giuliani.jpg Rudolph Giuliani Born in 1944 Giuliani was Mayor of New York City at the time of the September 11 attacks in 2001.
2002 Whistle icon.svg The Whistleblowers Represented by Cynthia Cooper, Coleen Rowley and Sherron Watkins.
In 2001, Watkins uncovered accounting irregularities in the financial reports of Enron, testifying before Congressional committees the following year. In 2002, Cooper exposed a $3.8 billion fraud at WorldCom. At the time, this was the largest incident of accounting fraud in U.S. history. In 2002, Rowley, an FBI agent, gave testimony about the FBI's mishandling of information related to the September 11 attacks of 2001.
2003 2ID Recon Baghdad.jpg The American soldier (2) Representing U.S. forces around the world, especially in the Iraq War (2003–2011).
2004 George-W-Bush.jpeg George W. Bush (2) Born in 1946 In 2004, Bush was re-elected President of the United States, overseeing U.S. involvement in the Iraq War.
2005 Bill og Melinda Gates 2009-06-03 (bilde 01).JPG
Bono WEF 2008.jpg
The Good Samaritans Represented by Bono, Bill Gates and Melinda Gates.
Bono, philanthropist and member of the rock band U2, helped to organise the 2005 Live 8 concerts. Bill Gates, founder of Microsoft and richest person in the world, and his wife Melinda, founded the philanthropic Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
2006 Time youcover01.jpg You[11] Representing individual content creators on the World Wide Web.
2007 Vladimir Putin official portrait.jpg Vladimir Putin[25] Born in 1952 In 2007, Putin was serving as President of Russia.
2008 Official portrait of Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama[26] Born in 1961 In 2008, Obama was elected President of the United States, becoming the first African-American U.S. President in January 2009.
2009 Ben Bernanke official portrait.jpg Ben Bernanke[27] Born in 1953 Chairman of the Federal Reserve during the Financial crisis of 2007–08.
2010 Mark Zuckerberg at the 37th G8 Summit in Deauville 037.jpg Mark Zuckerberg[28] Born in 1984 Founder of social-networking website Facebook.
2011 Greek student protestor during 2009 G20 London summit protests.jpg The Protester[29] Representing many global protest movements — for example, the Arab Spring, the Indignants Movement, the Occupy Movement and the Tea Party movement — as well as protests in Chile, Greece, India and Russia among others.
2012 President Barack Obama.jpg Barack Obama (2)[30] Born in 1961 In 2012, Obama was re-elected President of the United States.
2013 Pope Francis Philadelphia 2015 (cropped).jpg Pope Francis[31] Born in 1936 Elected head of the Roman Catholic Church in 2013, following the resignation of Pope Benedict XVI.
2014 PPE Training (2).jpg Ebola fighters[32] "Ebola fighters" refers to health care workers who helped stop the spread of ebola virus disease during the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa, including not only doctors and nurses, but also ambulance attendants, burial parties and others.[33]

Represented on the covers by Dr. Jerry Brown, the medical director at the Eternal Love Winning Africa Hospital in Monrovia, Liberia,[34][35] Dr. Kent Brantly, a physician with Samaritan's Purse and the first American to be infected in the 2014 outbreak,[35][36] Ella Watson-Stryker, a health promoter for Doctors Without Borders who is originally from the United States,[35][37] Foday Gallah, an ambulance supervisor and Ebola survivor from Monrovia, Liberia,[35][38] and Salome Karmah, a trainee nurse and counselor from Liberia whose parents died of Ebola,[35][39] as well as others mentioned in the article itself, such as Dr. Pardis Sabeti from the Broad Institute.

2015 Angela Merkel Juli 2010 - 3zu4.jpg Angela Merkel Born in 1954 Chancellor of Germany since 2005, recognized for leadership in the Greek debt crisis and European migrant crisis.[40]
2016 Donald Trump August 19, 2015 (cropped).jpg Donald Trump Born in 1946 In 2016, Trump was elected President of the United States, the first time someone without a political or military background had won.[41]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Elizabeth also acceded to the thrones of Australia, Canada, Ceylon, New Zealand, Pakistan and South Africa

References

  1. ^ Eliza Gray. "Person of the Year – TIME". TIME.com. Archived from the original on July 13, 2015. Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  2. ^ Person of the Year: 75th Anniversary Celebration (Special Collector's ed.). New York: Time Books. 2002. OCLC 52817840. 
  3. ^ Time (2002), Person of the Year: 75th Anniversary Celebration, p. 1.
  4. ^ The first "Person" of the Year (rather than "Man / Woman " of the Year) was Jeff Bezos of Amazon.com.
  5. ^ a b Joan Levenstein. "Mme Chiang Kai-Shek: 1937". Time. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 
  6. ^ Golden, Frederic (January 3, 2000). "Person of the Century: Albert Einstein". Time. Retrieved 2008-02-13. 
  7. ^ Time (2002), Person of the Year: 75th Anniversary Celebration, pp. 2, 79.
  8. ^ "Person of the Year: A Photo History – Notorious Leaders: Controversial Choices". Time. 2006-12-16. Retrieved 2013-09-27. 
  9. ^ Time (2002), Person of the Year: 75th Anniversary Celebration, p. 79.
  10. ^ "Michael Moore Defends Cruise, Slags Gibson". Infectious Greed. 16 September 2006. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  11. ^ a b Lev Grossman (13 December 2006). "You — Yes, You — Are TIME's Person of the Year". Time. Retrieved 2012-12-20. 
  12. ^ "Mick Foley Cactus Jack Pro Wrestling Legend". Media Man International. 2012. 
  13. ^ Buechner, M (21 December 1998). "TIME Man of the Year Poll Roils Internet". time.com. TIME Digital. Retrieved 2015-04-15. 
  14. ^ "Chavez wins "Person of the Year" poll ... Time magazine ignores result". Hands Off Venezuela. 18 December 2006. Retrieved 2009-12-05. 
  15. ^ Stacey Leasca (19 December 2012). "Time's 'Person of the Year' is Barack Obama". Global Post. Retrieved 2013-11-29. 
  16. ^ Original Time article
  17. ^ "The Timely "Dumbo": Almost a Cover Boy". Walt Disney Family Museum. May 16, 2011. Retrieved 2013-03-04. 
  18. ^ American Experience. "General Article: Presidential Politics". pbs.org. 
  19. ^ Susan Rosegrant (April 18, 2012). University of Michigan, ed. "ISR and the Truman/Dewey upset". isr.umich.edu. 
  20. ^ Ben Cosgrove (2012-10-21). "BEHIND THE PICTURE: 'DEWEY DEFEATS TRUMAN'". TIME Magazine. 
  21. ^ "Harlow H. Curtice is dead at 69". The New York Times. 4 November 1962. Retrieved 2009-10-06.  (fee for article)
  22. ^ Larsen, Roy (January 5, 1970). "A Letter From The Publisher". Time. 
  23. ^ "Willy Brandt", Time Magazine, 4 January 1971, online archive. Retrieved 2007-07-11.
  24. ^ Jennings Parrott (December 30, 1985). "Time Picks China's Deng Xiaoping as Man of the Year". Los Angeles Times. 
  25. ^ "Person of the Year 2007". Time. 2007. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 
  26. ^ Von Drehle, David (2008-12-17). "Person of the Year 2008". Time. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  27. ^ Grunwald, Michael (16 December 2009). "Person of the Year 2009". Time. Retrieved 2009-12-16. 
  28. ^ Grossman, Lev (15 December 2010). "Person of the Year 2010". Time. Retrieved 2010-12-15. 
  29. ^ Grunwald, Michael (14 December 2011). "Person of the Year 2011". Time. Retrieved 2011-12-14. 
  30. ^ "Person of the Year 2012". Time. 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2012-12-23. 
  31. ^ "Pope Francis, The People's Pope". Time. 2013-12-11. Retrieved 2013-12-11. 
  32. ^ "The Choice". Time. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-10. 
  33. ^ Eliott C. McLaughlin, CNN (10 December 2014). "Ebola fighters are Time's 'Person of the Year'". CNN. Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  34. ^ The Sydney Morning Herald http://www.smh.com.au/content/dam/images/1/2/4/l/j/j/image.related.articleLeadNarrow.300x0.124l0d.png/1418243285880.jpg.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  35. ^ a b c d e "TIME Person of the Year 2014: Ebola Fighters". TIME.com. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 2015-07-25. 
  36. ^ Daily News. New York http://assets.nydailynews.com/polopoly_fs/1.2040224!/img/httpImage/image.jpg_gen/derivatives/article_970/article-time2-1210.jpg.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  37. ^ "Image: 1D274907403248-ella.blocks_desktop_large.jpg, (730 × 974 px)". media2.s-nbcnews.com. Retrieved 2015-09-23. 
  38. ^ "Image: 1D274907403249-foday.blocks_desktop_large.jpg, (730 × 974 px)". media2.s-nbcnews.com. Retrieved 2015-09-23. 
  39. ^ "Image: 1D274907403247-salome.blocks_desktop_large.jpg, (730 × 974 px)". media4.s-nbcnews.com. Retrieved 2015-09-23. 
  40. ^ Nancy Gibbs (9 December 2015). "The Choice: Why Angela Merkel is TIME's Person of the Year 2015". TIME. 
  41. ^ Gibbs, Nancy (7 December 2016). "The Choice". TIME. Retrieved 7 December 2016. 

External links