Spectrum Center (arena)
|Former names||Charlotte Bobcats Arena
Time Warner Cable Arena
|Address||333 East Trade Street|
|Location||Charlotte, North Carolina|
|Owner||City of Charlotte|
|Operator||Hornets Sports & Entertainment|
*End stage 180°: 13,376
*End stage 270°: 15,236
*End stage 360°: 18,249
*Center stage: 18,504
|Broke ground||July 29, 2003|
|Opened||October 21, 2005|
|Construction cost||$260 million
($319 million in 2017 dollars)
Odell Associates, Inc.
The Freelon Group, Inc.
|Project manager||PC Sports|
|General contractor||Hunt/R.J. Leeper|
|Charlotte Hornets (NBA) (2005–present)
Charlotte Checkers (ECHL) (2005–2010)
Charlotte Sting (WNBA) (2006)
Charlotte Checkers (AHL) (2010–2015)
Spectrum Center (formerly Time Warner Cable Arena) is an indoor arena located in center city Charlotte, North Carolina. It is owned by the city of Charlotte and operated by its main tenant, the NBA's Charlotte Hornets. Opening in October 2005, the arena seats 19,077 for NBA games but can be expanded to seat up to 20,200 for college basketball games.
The arena was originally intended to host the Charlotte Hornets in the early 2000s. The Charlotte Coliseum was outdated, despite being only 13 years old, and the team wanted a new arena closer to the city and with amenities found in arenas built after the Coliseum. In 2001, a non-binding public referendum for an arts package, which included money to build the new uptown arena, was placed on the ballot for voters; it was placed in order to demonstrate what was believed to be widespread public support for new arena construction. The arts package would have been funded with the issuance of bonds by the city. This resulted in opposition, with many feeling that the city should not fund a new arena at all due to the Coliseum's relatively young age. Then-mayor Pat McCrory vetoed a living wage ordinance just days before the referendum. As a result, Helping Empower Local People, a grass-roots organization supporting a living wage, launched a campaign to oppose the arena, arguing that it was immoral for the city to build a new arena when city workers didn't earn enough to make a living. The referendum failed with 43% for building the arena and 57% opposed.
City leaders then devised a way to build a new arena in a way that did not require voter support, but let it be known that they wouldn't consider building it unless then-Hornets' owner George Shinn sold the team. While even the NBA acknowledged that Shinn had alienated fans, NBA officials felt such a statement would anger other team owners. As it turned out, the NBA approved the Hornets' application to move to New Orleans. However, the league promised that the city would get a new team—which became the Bobcats—as part of the deal. The total cost of the arena to Charlotte and Mecklenburg County was not known, but estimated at around $260 million. The construction was approved by the city council, which did not opt to present another referendum to the public.
The arena opened as the Charlotte Bobcats Arena on October 21, 2005, costing $265 million to build. Architects hoped the building would bring the city together, as its location and large outdoor plaza, among other features, would suggest. The building's concourses and open design, plus artwork throughout also suggests the concept of community and socializing. One major feature of the arena was its original center-hung scoreboard, which was not only the largest scoreboard in any NBA arena when it debuted, but also featured a one-of-a-kind light-up 360 degree 3D mural of the Charlotte skyline. In early 2006, the arena became the subject of controversy when the Bobcats charged a $15,000 fee to Charlotte-Mecklenburg Schools for graduation ceremonies held at the building. The fee was eventually waived following media attention from a local newspaper. Many high schools in the area moved graduations to Bojangles' Coliseum.
On April 8, 2008, the Bobcats announced a naming rights deal with Time Warner Cable, the area's largest cable television provider, renaming the venue Time Warner Cable Arena. As part of the deal, TWC shuttered its poorly-performing regional sports network C-SET (which was established to serve as the Bobcats' rightsholder) and allowed the team to negotiate a new deal with Fox Sports South to ensure wider distribution of its games. Following Charter Communications' purchase of TWC, the arena was renamed Spectrum Center, in accordance with Charter's cable services brand, Spectrum.
Little to no renovations were made to the arena during much of its existence, mostly due to its young age. However, in September 2014, the Charlotte city council agreed to give the Hornets $34 million for arena renovations that would take place in the coming years in preparation for the 2017 NBA All-Star Game.
On January 24, 2015, the Hornets announced and unveiled images of a new scoreboard to be installed in summer 2016, costing $7 million. The board's screens measure out at 25' high by 42' wide and 18' high by 31' wide, approximately, making it almost twice the size of the original board and among the NBA's largest. The screens are able to handle 1080p resolution, something unique to the NBA. Two smaller "underbelly" screens would also be included. In addition, the scoreboard would be able to change colors and have a visible 'hive' motif built-in throughout its design. It was also announced that four retractable auxiliary scoreboards will be installed in the corners of the upper level and finally, 360° ribbon boards are scheduled to be installed as well. Construction was completed by the start of the 2016–17 NBA season. Also announced were plans for the renovation of the visitors locker room, suites, and other rooms. This marked the first major renovations to the Spectrum Center in its history.
Spectrum Center has been home to the Charlotte Hornets since opening and has hosted all Hornets home games since 2005. The arena hosted the NBA Playoffs in 2009, 2013, and 2016, respectively. As of 2017 it has not hosted the NBA Conference Finals or the NBA Finals.
As North Carolina is a hotbed for college basketball thanks to constant success between its major universities, it was expected that the arena would host many NCAA basketball games, and that expectation was correct. Notable NCAA basketball games the Spectrum Center has hosted to date include:
- NCAA Tournament: 2008, 2011, 2015
- ACC Men's Basketball Tournament: 2008, 2019 (future)
- Southern Conference men's basketball tournament: 2010
- Central Intercollegiate Athletic Association (CIAA) men's and women's basketball tournaments: 2006–present.
- The Charlotte 49ers basketball teams play a number of high-profile games at the arena.
In 2012, the Spectrum Center hosted the Democratic National Convention. It was scheduled to host the 2017 NBA All-Star Game, but was removed as the host on July 21, 2016 due to the league's opposition against North Carolina's Public Facilities Privacy & Security Act. The league has said consideration for Charlotte to host the 2019 game will remain open if the North Carolina State Legislature and Governor Roy Cooper make changes to the act that are satisfactory to the league.
Spectrum Center has had two other permanent tenants besides the Hornets, one for almost a decade.
The Charlotte Checkers of the ECHL vacated historic Bojangles' Coliseum to play in the new arena in fall 2005. When the ECHL Checkers gave way to an American Hockey League team with the same name, they remained at the arena. Although primarily built for basketball, the arena can accommodate an NHL-sized ice hockey rink. The seating capacity for hockey was 14,100 in an asymmetrical seating arrangement, with much of the upper level curtained off. This resulted in a lot of seats with poor sightlines; over 4,000 seats in the hockey configuration had obstructed views. Primarily because of those factors, on December 16, 2014, it was announced the Checkers would move back to Bojangles' Coliseum starting with the 2015–16 AHL season. Overall, both incarnations of the Checkers played 10 seasons at the arena.
The WNBA's Charlotte Sting moved with the then-Bobcats to the arena in 2005, becoming the building's third permanent tenant. However, they only played one season at their new home in 2006 before folding in early 2007. This was due to low attendance and a lack of on-court success.
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The arena is used for more than just sporting events, with musical acts, family productions and many other events, such as concerts, circuses and professional wrestling all performing there.
|List of wrestling events|
|WWE Raw||January 23, 2006|
|November 26, 2007|
|June 15, 2009|
|June 14, 2010|
|March 25, 2012|
|October 29, 2012|
|November 28, 2016||WWE SmackDown!, ECW on Sci Fi and NXT||June 19, 2007||(This event featured the last match of Chris Benoit, who died several days later)|
|July 15, 2008|
|December 26, 2008|
|April 5, 2011|
|November 29, 2011|
|November 5, 2013|
|WWE Vengeance||June 25, 2006|
- Monster Jam - (Annually - January)
- NASCAR Sprint Pit Crew Challenge - (2005–12)
- Larry the Cable Guy - January 14, 2006
- Ringling Bros. and Barnum & Bailey Circus - February 22 and 26, 2006
- One Tree Hill location shoot for the season six finale, "Remember Me as a Time of Day". Aired on May 18, 2009.
- Elevation Church TWC Easter - April 4, 2010
- American Idol Season 12 auditions - June 19, 2012
- Elevation Worship Wake Up The Wonder Live Album Recording - August 1, 2014
- Elevation Worship Here As In Heaven Live Album Recording - July 31, 2015
- PBR Built Ford Tough Series event- January 2007, late 2011
- Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- "Ellerbe Becket - Time Warner Cable Arena".
- "Charlotte Arena Quick Facts". Charlotte Bobcats. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- Muret, Don (November 14, 2005). "Carolina Character". Sports Business Daily. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- "World Class City, Third World Paycheck". Creative Loafing Charlotte – Archives.
- "Council willing to amend 'new owner' statement". ESPN.com. Associated Press. February 16, 2002.
- Cranston, Mike (April 7, 2008). "Time Warner gets naming rights for Bobcats Arena". WCNC-TV. Associated Press. Retrieved April 7, 2008.
- George, Jefferson; Bonnell, Rick (April 9, 2008). "Deals Widen Bobcats' TV Reach". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved April 16, 2008.
- Peralta, Katherine (August 17, 2016). "Charlotte Hornets' home arena changing name to Spectrum Center". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- Spanberg, Erik (September 8, 2014). "Council backs $34M for Charlotte Hornets' arena". Charlotte Business Journal. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- "Hornets Introduce New Scoreboard Design". Charlotte Hornets. February 24, 2016. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- Kiser, Bill (February 24, 2016). "Hornets unveil design for new $7 million scoreboard, rave about its unique features". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- Spanberg, Erik (February 1, 2011). "Charlotte to follow Denver as host city of Democratic National Convention". Denver Business Journal. Retrieved February 1, 2011.
- Ananth Pandian (June 22, 2015). "Report: Charlotte will host 2017 NBA All-Star Game". CBS Sports. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- Preston, Ken (April 8, 2010). "Carolina Hurricanes to Host 2011 NHL All-Star Game". Carolina Hurricanes. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
- Mahoney, Brian (July 21, 2016). "NBA moving All-Star Game out of Charlotte, cites LGBT law". National Basketball Association. Associated Press. Retrieved September 14, 2016.
- "NBA All-Star Game pulled from Charlotte over HB2 law". Sports Illustrated. 21 July 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Cranston, Mike (January 3, 2007). "WNBA Franchise Charlotte Sting Folds". The Washington Post. Retrieved September 13, 2016.
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