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Time in Ukraine

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Time in Europe:
Light Blue Western European Time / Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)
Blue Western European Time / Greenwich Mean Time (UTC)
Western European Summer Time / British Summer Time / Irish Standard Time (UTC+1)
Red Central European Time (UTC+1)
Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)
Yellow Eastern European Time / Kaliningrad Time (UTC+2)
Ochre Eastern European Time (UTC+2)
Eastern European Summer Time (UTC+3)
Green Moscow Time / Turkey Time (UTC+3)
Turquoise Armenia Time / Azerbaijan Time / Georgia Time / Samara Time (UTC+4)
 Pale colours: Standard time observed all year
 Dark colours: Summer time observed
This map shows the difference between legal time and local mean time in Europe during the winter. Most of Western Europe and western part of European Russia are significantly ahead of local solar time.
Color Legal time vs local mean time
1 h ± 30 m behind
0 h ± 30 m
1 h ± 30 m ahead
2 h ± 30 m ahead

Time in Ukraine is defined as UTC+02:00 and in summer as UTC+03:00. Part of Eastern European Time, it is locally referred to as Kyiv Time (Ukrainian: Київський час, romanizedKyivskyi chas). On 16 July, 2024, the Ukrainian parliament voted to cease observing daylight saving time. Ukraine will switch to winter time at 4:00 27 October, and will remain there indefinitely.[1]

Geographical description[edit]

The territory of Ukraine in Europe stretches 17°57' along a longitude or about 1.2 hours. Almost 95% of its territory is located in the Eastern European Time Zone with exceptions of its western and eastern extremities. Small portion of Zakarpattia Oblast is located in the Central European Time Zone, while Luhansk Oblast, most of Donetsk Oblast, and part of Kharkiv Oblast are geographically located in the Further-eastern European Time Zone. However, the whole country officially observes Eastern European Time.

History[edit]

Daylight saving time in Ukraine was introduced in the early 1980s.[2][3] On 20 September 2011, the Verkhovna Rada (Ukrainian parliament) canceled the return from Eastern European Summer Time to Eastern European Time.[2][4] On 18 October 2011, the Parliament abolished these plans.[3][5]On 16 July 2024, Ukraine canceled the switch from Eastern European Time to Eastern European Summer Time.[1] On 29 March 2014, after annexation by Russia, Crimea switched from Eastern European Time (UTC+02:00) to Moscow Time (UTC+04:00 then, subsequently changed to UTC+03:00).[citation needed] On 26 October 2014, the self-proclaimed proto-states of Donetsk People's Republic and Luhansk People's Republic also switched to Moscow Time.[6]

IANA time zone database[edit]

The IANA time zone database contains four zones for Ukraine in the file zone.tab:[7]

  • Europe/Kyiv – most locations
  • Europe/Uzhgorod – Ruthenia (because it used Central European Time in 1990/1991)
  • Europe/Zaporozhye – Zaporizhzhia and Luhansk Oblast
  • Europe/Simferopol – central Crimea

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Bohdanok, Olena (2024-07-16). "Рада ухвалила закон про відміну переведення часу в Україні з зимового на літній" [The Rada has passed a law regarding the cancelation of switching from winter to summer time in Ukraine]. Suspilne. Retrieved 2024-07-16.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  2. ^ a b "Ukraine cancels use of daylight saving time". Kyiv Post. 20 September 2011. Archived from the original on 21 September 2011.
  3. ^ a b "Ukraine to return to standard time on Oct. 30 (updated)". Kyiv Post. 18 October 2011. Archived from the original on 18 October 2011.
  4. ^ "Deputies cancelled the winter time". WorldTimeZone.com. 20 September 2011.
  5. ^ "Ukraine cancels plan to drop winter time change". Kyiv Post. 18 October 2011. Archived from the original on 18 October 2011.
  6. ^ "DPR and LPR switch over to Moscow time". ITAR-TASS. 26 October 2014. Archived from the original on 20 February 2015. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  7. ^ Europe (2022b edition) at the tz database. Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). Retrieved 11 August 2022.

External links[edit]