Timeline of Amazon Web Services

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This is a timeline of Amazon Web Services, which offers a suite of cloud computing services that make up an on-demand computing platform.

AWS Prelude[edit]

Year Month and date (if available) Event type Details
2000 Prelude Amazon.com, the parent company of the as yet nonexistent AWS, begins work on merchant.com, an e-commerce platform intended for use by other large retailers such as Target Corporation. In the process, Amazon's team realizes that they need to decouple their code better, with cleaner interfaces and access APIs. Around the same time, the company also realizes the need to build infrastructure-as-a-service internally, to improve the speed of development and not have it bottlenecked by infrastructure availability. All these changes help pave the way for AWS.[1][2]
2003 Prelude Benjamin Black and Chris Pinkham write a short paper describing a vision for Amazon infrastructure that, in Black's words, "was completely standardized, completely automated, and relied extensively on web services for things like storage."[3][4][5][6][7]
2004 Prelude Jeff Bezos approves the idea of experimenting with Amazon infrastructure. Pinkham leaves for South Africa to set up a satellite development office. While there, he works on a pilot along with help from Chris Brown and Willem van Biljon. Although the team works from South Africa, the servers are hosted in the United States.[5][6][8]
2004 November 9 Customer outreach The Amazon Web Services blog is launched, with a first blog post by Jeff Barr.[9][10] At the time, the name Amazon Web Services refers to a collection of APIs and tools to access the Amazon.com catalog, rather than the Infrastructure as a Service it would eventually become.[10][11][12][13]
2005 Prelude A private precursor to AWS launches, with a small number of customers.[6] At the same time, Amazon begins planning for a public launch of AWS. Based on internal discussions, they decide to launch storage, compute, and database offerings so that developers can use all of them together.[2]

Full timeline[edit]

Year Month and date (if available) Event type Details
2006 March 14 Product (storage) Amazon Web Services launches by releasing the Simple Storage Service (S3).[14][15]
2006 July 13 Product (data flow) Amazon Simple Queue Service (SQS) is released in production.[16] SQS had been around (but not available in production) since 2004.[10]
2006 August 25 Product (compute) Amazon launches Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2), which forms a central part of Amazon.com's cloud-computing platform, Amazon Web Services (AWS), by allowing users to rent virtual computers on which to run their own computer applications. The service initially includes machines (instances) available for 10 cents an hour, and is available only to existing AWS customers rather than the general public. The EC2 region is us-east-1, also known as compute-1, and is located in North Virginia.[17][18]
2007 August 22 Product (compute) Amazon EC2 is now available in unlimited public beta, so that anybody can sign up and start using it. It also launches new instance types.[19]
2007 November 6 Regional diversification Amazon launches S3 in Europe, reducing latency and bandwidth for European users and helping them comply with privacy requirements.[20]
2007 December 13 Product (database) Amazon launches Amazon SimpleDB, which allows businesses, researchers, data analysts, and developers to easily and cheaply process vast amounts of data. It uses a hosted Hadoop framework running on the web-scale infrastructure of EC2 and Amazon S3.[21][22]
2008 March 26 Product, regional diversification Amazon announces Elastic IPs, IP addresses that can be decoupled from physical EC2 machines, as well as availability zones, clusters of one or more data centers in a region such that different availability zones are isolated from each other in terms of power and water sources.[23][24]
2008 April 7 Competition Google launches Google App Engine, a platform as a service (PaaS) cloud computing platform for developing and hosting web applications in Google-managed data centers.[25] This is part of the Google Cloud.
2008 August 20 Product (storage) Amazon announces the launch of Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS), which provides raw block-level storage that can be attached to Amazon EC2 instances.[26]
2008 October 23 Product (service) Amazon EC2 exits beta and begins offering a service level agreement.[27]
2008 November 18 Product (Internet delivery) AWS launches Amazon CloudFront, a content delivery network (CDN).[28]
2008 December 10 Regional diversification Amazon launches EC2 in Europe (specifically, the region eu-west-1 in Ireland), making it easier for European customers to run their instances locally and benefit from higher bandwidth and lower latency. This comes a year after the setting up of S3 in Europe.[29][30]
2009 April Product (compute) Amazon launches Amazon Elastic MapReduce (EMR), which allows businesses, researchers, data analysts, and developers to easily and cheaply process vast amounts of data. It uses a hosted Hadoop framework running on the web-scale infrastructure of EC2 and Amazon S3.
2009 May 18 Product (compute) Amazon introduces Elastic Load Balancing (ELB) (which makes it easy for users to distribute web traffic across Amazon EC2 instances), Auto Scaling (which allows users to scale policies driven by metrics collected by Amazon CloudWatch), and Amazon CloudWatch (for tracking per-instance performance metrics including CPU load).[31]
2009 May 21 Product (data migration) AWS announces an Import/Export service, whereby people can send their storage device to AWS and AWS will upload the data to S3. This is a predecessor of the Snowball service that they would launch in October 2015.[32]
2009 Aug 25 Product (networking) AWS launches Virtual Private Cloud (VPC), allowing customers launch EC2 instances into their own logically isolated networks, with the ability to define subnets, routing and access control lists.[33]
2009 October 22 Product (database) Amazon launches Amazon Relational Database Service (RDS), a web service running "in the cloud" designed to simplify the setup, operation, and scaling of a relational database for use in applications. It starts out by supporting MySQL databases.[34][35]
2009 December 3 Regional diversification AWS launches in a second region in the United States called us-west-1, located in Northern California.[36]
2009 December 13 Product (compute) AWS announces EC2 Spot Instances, allowing users to bid for one or more EC2 instances at the price they are willing to pay.[37]
2010 February Competition Microsoft launches Microsoft Azure, its foray into cloud computing.[38]
2010 April 7 Product (Internet delivery) AWS launches Simple Notification Service, a tool to allow developers to push messages generated from an application to other systems and people (by methods such as email or webhooks).[39]
2010 April 29 Regional diversification AWS launches a region, called ap-southeast-1, in Singapore. This is its first region in the Asia-Pacific, and is intended to meet the demand for lower latency and better bandwidth for the growing customer base in the Asia-Pacific region.[40]
2010 May 15 Product (management) Amazon launches AWS CloudFormation, its tool to help customers define collections of AWS resources (called stacks) with AWS taking care of using the definitions to provision and configure the required resources. CloudFormation is an early example of a declarative Infrastructure as Code tool.[41]
2010 November Product Amazon announces that Amazon.com has migrated its retail web services to AWS.[42]
2010 December 5 Product (Internet delivery) AWS launches Amazon Route 53, a scalable and highly available Domain Name System that can be accessed via programmatic APIs.[43][44]
2011 January 19 Product (management) AWS launches AWS Elastic Beanstalk, an orchestration service for deploying infrastructure which orchestrates AWS services including EC2, S3, SNS, CloudWatch, autoscaling, and Elastic Load Balancers.[45][46]
2011 January 25 Product (Internet delivery) AWS announces the launch of Amazon Simple Email Service (SES), a service for large-scale email delivery.[47][48] A week later, MailChimp announces its own Simple Transaction Service (STS) for bulk email delivery using SES.[49]
2011 March 2 Regional diversification AWS launches a new region, named ap-northeast-1 in Tokyo, Japan, its second in the Asia-Pacific region. The region is launched to meet the needs of AWS' current and potential Japanese customer base for low latency and better bandwidth.[50]
2011 June 21 Competition DigitalOcean launches.[51] By November 2015, it becomes the second largest hosting company in the world in terms of web-facing computers.[52][53]
2011 July 19 Ecosystem Netflix announces its suite of tools ("Simian Army") including Chaos Monkey, that randomly terminates EC2 instances within an autoscaling group during working hours so that the company is forced to design its systems with fault tolerance and rapid recovery.[54]
2011 November 9 Regional diversification AWS launches a new region called us-west-2 and located in Oregon, its third region in the United States for general public use.[55][56]
2011 September 1 Ecosystem Cloudyn, which provides cloud monitoring and cost optimization for cloud infrastructure (like that of Amazon AWS), launches.[citation needed]
2011 December 14 Regional diversification AWS launches a new region, called sa-east-1, in Sao Paulo, Brazil. This is its first region in South America.[57]
2012 January 18 Product (database) Amazon launches Amazon DynamoDB, a fully managed proprietary NoSQL database service that is offered by Amazon.com as part of the Amazon Web Services portfolio.[58]
2012 April 29 Ecosystem AWS Marketplace is "an online store where customers can find, buy, and quickly deploy software that runs on AWS."[59][60]
2012 June 11 Product (security) Amazon launches AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) for EC2 [61]
2012 July 30 Ecosystem Netflix open sources Chaos Monkey, its tool for simulating outages by randomly terminating EC2 instances, to help other companies build fault tolerant systems in the AWS cloud.[62][63][64]
2012 July 30 Product (storage) Provisioned IOPS (PIOPs) are a new EBS volume type designed to deliver predictable, higher performance for I/O intensive workloads[65][66]
2012 August 21 Product (storage) Amazon launches Amazon Glacier, an online file storage web service that provides storage for data archiving and backup.[67]
2012 November Product (storage) AWS announces Amazon Redshift, a cloud-based data warehouse service.[68]
2012 November 12 Regional diversification AWS launches a region, ap-southeast-2, in Sydney, Australia. This is its third region in the Asia-Pacific and its eighth public region (excluding AWS GovCloud).[69]
2013 March 26 Product AWS CloudHSM[70]
2013 May 13 Recognition AWS is awarded an Agency Authority to Operate (ATO) from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under the Federal Risk and Authorization Management Program (FedRAMP).[71]
2013 June 4 Competition IBM acquires SoftLayer, which marks IBM's entry into cloud computing.[72]
2013 October 10 Customer outreach AWS announces AWS Activate, a global program for startups. Participating startups receive promotional credits that can be spent within AWS, as well as training, support, and access to a forum.[73]
2013 November 4 Product (compute) Amazon announces G2 instances, a new Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instance type designed for applications that require 3D graphics capabilities.[74]
2013 November 13 Product AWS CloudTrail[75] web service that records API calls made on your account and delivers log files to your Amazon S3 bucket
2013 December 17 Product (data flow) Amazon releases Amazon Kinesis, a service for real-time processing of streaming data.[76][77]
2013 December 18 Regional diversification AWS launches in China, with a limited preview of its Beijing region.[78][79] However, due to Internet censorship in China, its China data center is not part of the global AWS network. Rather, it is a standalone region with the same APIs and services as available in other AWS regions, but a user must create a separate AWS account for AWS China and cannot use the AWS Global account. The service operator is Beijing Sinnet Technology Co.[80]
2014 August Security Certification AWS first to achieve MTCS Level 3 Certification.[81]
2014 October 23 Regional diversification AWS launches its second region in Europe, specifically, eu-central-1 in Frankfurt, Germany.[82]
2014 November 12 Product (database) AWS announces Amazon Aurora, a MySQL-compatible database offering enhanced high availability and performance.[83][84] The feature becomes available to all AWS customers on July 27, 2015.[85][86]
2014 November 12 Product (security) AWS Key Management Service[87]
2014 November 13 Product (compute) AWS launches a preview of EC2 Container Service (ECS), facilitating the use of container infrastructure on AWS. Third-party integration such as those with Docker are available at the time of release.[88][89][90][91]
2014 November 13 Product (compute) AWS launches AWS Lambda, its Functions as a Service (FaaS) tool. With Lambda, AWS customers can define and upload functions with specific triggers and execution code. AWS takes care of executing the function on the trigger occurring, and the AWS customer does not have to provision or manage the compute resources.[92][93] Lambda is an early harbinger of the concept of "serverless architecture", referring to the idea of providing services without having dedicated servers to provide those services.[94][95][96]
2014 December 17 Product Introduction of Resource Groups and Tag Editor in AWS Management Console[97]
2015 February 12 Product Introduction of permission and privileged policies managed by Amazon in AWS Identity & Access Management (IAM)[98]
2015 April 9 Product AWS announces a new machine learning platform at the AWS Summit in San Francisco, specifically suited to machine learning without requiring specific expertise.[99]
2015 April 28 Acquisitions AWS acquires ClusterK, a startup that allows users to run apps on Amazon's cloud for 1/10th of the regular price.[100]
2015 May 19 Evaluation Gartner releases an updated version of its Magic Quadrant, evaluating Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offerings. Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure are the only two services in the top right quadrant ("Leaders") with AWS higher up. A number of services are in the bottom right and bottom left quadrants.[101][102][103]
2015 July 9 Product AWS CodePipeline continuous delivery service[104]
2015 July 9 Product AWS launches AWS API Gateway Service [105]
2015 October 1 Product AWS launches AWS Elasticsearch Service [106]
2015 October 7 Product AWS Inspector preview will be available soon.[107]
2015 October 7 Product (data migration) AWS launches Snowball, a physical appliance with 50 TB of storage and a Kindle on the side. Customers can get a Snowball for 10 days for $200, during which they can fill it with data and then ship it back to Amazon. The Snowball costs $15 for every additional day kept.[108][109] This is the second generation of their data import/export hardware after a previous release in 2009.[109]
2015 October 8 Product (Internet of Things) AWS announces its managed cloud platform for the Internet of Things.[110][111] The platform becomes generally available on December 18, 2015.[112]
2015 December 21 Product AWS announces an Amazon Elastic Container Registry (ECR), a fully managed Docker container registry [113]
2016 January 6 Regional diversification AWS launches a new region, called ap-northeast-2, in Seoul, the capital city of South Korea. The region is the fourth in the Asia-Pacific.[114]
2016 March Partnerships, Competition Dropbox announces that it now stores over 90% of its user data on its own infrastructure stack as it continues to transition from Amazon S3.[115][116][117]
2016 May 18 Product (Computing) AWS announces Automatic Auto Scaling for Amazon EC2 Container Service (ECS) services[118]
2016 June 21 Product (Computing) AWS announces AWS Certificate Manager (ACM) to provisioning and managing SSL/TLS certificates.[119]
2016 June 27 Regional diversification AWS launches its first region in India, located in Mumbai, and called ap-south-1.[120][121][122][123]
2016 June 28 Product (storage) AWS launches Elastic File System (EFS) in production in three AWS regions (us-east-1, us-west-2, and eu-west-1). EFS allows customers to create POSIX-compliant file systems that can be attached to multiple EC2 instances. The file system grows and shrinks as needed and performance scales with storage size.[124][125][126] The service was originally announced on April 9, 2015.[127][128]
2016 July 14 Acquisitions AWS acquires Cloud9, a San Francisco-based startup that has built an integrated development environment (IDE) for web and mobile developers to collaborate.
2016 August 4 Evaluation Gartner publishes an update to its Magic Quadrant for Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) offerings. The top right quadrant (for leaders) has only two players: Amazon Web Services and Microsoft Azure, with AWS significantly higher. The only other player on the right half is Google Cloud Platform (a change from last year, when there were many others in the right half as well), and all other players are in the bottom left.[129][130]
2016 October 13 Partnerships VMWare, a company that provides cloud and virtualization services, announces a partnership with AWS, under which all of VMware's infrastructure will soon be available on AWS.[131][132][133]
2016 October 17 Regional diversification AWS launches its fourth public region in the United States, called us-east-2, in Ohio, with three availability zones. AWS also announces that it will treat this region and the North Virginia region as one region when considering transfer pricing (for instance, EC2 to EC2 transfer will be charged at the inter-availability zone price, and S3 to EC2 transfer will be free), allowing its customers to have more regional redundancy and to migrate data off of the North Virginia data center.[134][135][136]
2016 November 30 Product (data migration) AWS announces the AWS Snowmobile, a secure data truck that can store up to 100 PB of data and supports data transfer at a rate of 1 Tb/second across multiple 40 Gb/second connections (so the truck can be filled in 10 days).[137][138][139][140]
2016 November 30 Product (Internet of Things, data migration) AWS announces Snowball Edge, an augmentation of its previous device Snowball. Snowball Edge is a piece of hardware with 100 TB of storage and an attached Kindle, as well as the capability to run AWS Lambda functions with the compute capability of the m4.4xlarge EC2 instance. Customers can request a Snowball Edge at $300 for ten days with an additional charge of $30 per day; after shipping it back the data can be uploaded to S3 as with the original Snowball.[140][141][142]
2016 November 30 Product AWS announces Amazon Lightsail, intended to compete against existing virtual private server offerings such as those by Linode and DigitalOcean. Lightsail packages together a compute server, storage, and transfer into fixed-price plans, like VPS providers do.[143][144][145] Lightsail is a little more expensive than but otherwise comparable to similarly priced plans offered at the time by Linode and DigitalOcean. Linode is cheaper in terms of RAM and both Linode and DigitalOcean are cheaper in terms of network overage costs, but Lightsail costs less if the server is being spun up for only a few hours.[146]
2016 November 30 Product Amazon Polly text-to-speech product [147]
2016 November 30 Product (AI) Amazon Rekognition pre-trained computer vision API[147]
2016 November 30 Product (AI) Amazon Lex chatbot builder[147]
2016 December 1 Product Amazon Pinpoint[148] tool designed to let developers send targeted push notifications.
2016 December 1 Product Amazon Step Functions[149] tool design to coordinate the components of distributed applications and microservices using visual workflows.
2016 December 8 Regional diversification AWS launches its first region in Canada, called ca-central-1 for Canada (Central).[150][151]
2016 December 13 Regional diversification AWS launches its London region (eu-west-2). This is its third region in Europe and first in the United Kingdom, the other two regions being in Frankfurt (Germany) and Ireland.[152][153][154] Plans for the region had been announced in November 2015.[155]
2016 December 22 Product (Compute) AWS EC2 Systems Manager management service to automate configuration and magament of EC2 and On-Premises Systems.[156]
2017 February 23 Product (compute) AWS launches i3 instances, a new generation of instances with large SSDs intended to be used for high-throughput datastores. The instances are more than 50% cheaper than the corresponding previous generation i2 instances, and have larger memory.[157][158][159]
2017 August 14 Product (database) Amazon Glue - a fully managed extract, transform, and load (ETL) service [160]
2017 August 30 Product (database) Amazon Aurora with PostgreSQL Compatibility [161][162]
2017 October 24 Product (database) Amazon Aurora Fast Database Cloning feature[163]
2017 November 8 Product Amazon MQ fully managed service for open source message brokers[164]
2017 November 9 Product AWS Privatelink[165]
2017 November 29 Product Amazon Systems Manager user interface to view operational data and automate operational task.[166]
2017 November 29 Product AWS Fargate service for deploying and managing containers without having to manage any of the underlying infrastructure[167]
2017 November 29 Product (AI) Amazon SageMaker managed machine learning service[168][169]
2017 November 29 Product (AI) Amazon Translate provides natural language translation.[170][171]
2017 November 29 Product (AI) Amazon Transcribe is an automatic speech recognition software.[171][172]
2017 December 14 Product AWS CloudWatch agent for Linux and Windows which allows collection of disk and memory metrics as well as logs.[173]
2017 December 18 Regional diversification AWS launches its Paris region (eu-west-3). Paris joins Ireland, Frankfurt, and London as the fourth AWS Region in Europe.[174]
2017 December 18 Product AWS OpsWorks for Chef Automate and AWS OpsWorks for Puppet Enterprise become available in nine regions.[175]
2018 April 4 Product (security) AWS Secrets Manager which makes it easy to store and retrieve your secrets via API or the AWS Command Line Interface (CLI) and rotate your credentials with built-in or custom AWS Lambda functions [176][177]
2018 June 5 Product (compute) AWS Elastic Kubernetes Service (EKS) available in the US East (N. Virginia) and US West (Oregon) Regions.[178]
2018 September 11–12 Acquisitions Amazon acquires the aws.com domain from Earth Networks, formerly known as Automated Weather Source.[179]
2018 November Product AWS Ground Station is released.[180]
2018 November 26 Product AWS Global Accelerator, a network service used to route data over Amazon's private network[181]
2018 November 28 Product (compute) AWS launches hibernation for EC2 instances.[182]
2018 November 28 Product (AI) Amazon Textract is a "service that automatically extracts text and data from scanned documents."[183][184]
2018 November 28 Product AWS Lake Formation simplifies the process of setting up and maintaining a data lake.[185][186]
2018 November 28 Product (AI) Amazon Personalize enables developers to create their own recommendation engines.[187][188]
2018 November 28 Product (AI) Amazon Forecast allows customers to use their historical data produce forecasts for topics such as inventory levels and product demand.[189][190]
2018 November 29 Product (AI) Amazon DeepLens is a wireless video camera. DeepLens is designed such that customers can deploy their own deep learning models for computer vision onto the camera.[191][192]
2018 November 29 Product (compute) Amazon MSK: Amazon Managed Streaming for Kafka in Public Preview [193]
2019 January 16 Product (compute) Amazon Backup service for Amazon EBS volumes, RDS databases, DynamoDB tables, EFS file systems and AWS Storage Gateway volumes limited to a given AWS region.[194][195]
2019 March Product AWS App Mesh,[196] a service mesh that provides application level networking[197]
2019 July 29 Regional diversification Amazon launches me-south-1 in Bahrain[198]
2019 September 10 Product Amazon Quantum Ledger Database[199]
2019 December 3 Product (compute) AWS Outposts allows AWS services to run in non-AWS datacenters.[200][201]
2019 December 3 Product AWS Wavelength[202]
2020 April 22 Product Amazon AppFlow, a fully managed integration service to securely transfer data between third-party SaaS offerings and AWS services.[203]
2020 April 22 Regional diversification Amazon launches af-south-1 in Cape Town[204]
2020 April 27 Regional diversification Amazon launches eu-south-1 in Milan[205]
2020 May 11 Product Amazon Kendra, an intelligent enterprise search service powered by machine learning[206][207]
2020 June 24 Product Amazon Honeycode, a no-code platform for web and mobile application development[208]
2020 July 9 Product AWS Copilot[209]
2020 September 30 Product (database) Amazon Timestream, a time series database[210]
2021 March 1 Regional diversification AWS expands Osaka Local Region (ap-northeast-3) to a standard AWS region with 3 Availability Zones[211]
2021 August 19 Product Amazon MemoryDB, an in-memory database service with API compatible with that of Redis.[212]


Year Month and date (if available) Event type Details
2007 June 1 Partnerships Dropbox is founded.[213] Dropbox, a storage and backup service aimed at ordinary consumers and businesses, would grow into one of the biggest users of Amazon S3.
2008 August Partnerships Netflix announces it will start moving all its data to the Amazon Web Services cloud. It finally shifts all its data to the cloud by January 2016.[214]
2009 June 15 Partnerships Zynga announces that it will move its data to AWS.[215]
2009 November Partnerships reddit announces that it has finished decommissioning its physical servers and moves its data to AWS.[216]
2010 March Partnerships Pinterest launches the first prototype of its product.[217] Pinterest would grow into one of AWS's most famous customers and a case study in how a startup can grow extremely quickly by relying on the cloud.[218]
2011 June Partnerships Zynga CEO Allan Leinwand announces that Zynga will shift its data from AWS to its own zCloud. It moves from 20% to 80% of its data being stored on the zCloud from the beginning to the end of 2011.[219]
2011 August 16 Partnerships AWS launches AWS GovCloud, a US region designed to meet the regulatory requirements of the United States government, and intended for use by United States government agencies.[220][221]
2014 January Partnerships Moz announces its decision to move off AWS, citing expenses.[222]
2014 August 25 Partnerships Amazon.com acquires Twitch Interactive for US$970 million.[223][224] The ability to store Twitch data on AWS is specifically cited as one of the major reasons why Twitch decided to go under Amazon.
2015 May 8 Partnerships Zynga announces that it will move all its data back to AWS, after diversifying away from AWS in 2011.[225]
2016 February Partnerships, Competition Spotify announces it will move its data to Google Cloud.[226]
2016 May 25 Partnerships Salesforce.com, a cloud computing company that makes money primarily through its customer relationship management product suite, selects Amazon Web Services as its preferred public cloud infrastructure provider. However, Salesforce.com does not plan to move entirely to Amazon, but rather use Amazon only to meet infrastructure expansion needs in new geographical areas and for specific use cases.[227][228][229] On December 2, 2016, the partnership is extended and it is announced that Salesforce will use AWS infrastructure in Canada.[230][231]
2017 April Partnerships DXC Technology announces it will increase integration with AWS for its enterprise clients.[232]
2020 May Partnerships Kyvos BI acceleration platform announces availability on AWS.[233]

Amazon Web Services outages[edit]

Year Month and date (if available) Event type Details
2011 April 21 Outage At 12:47 AM PDT on April 21, an invalid traffic shift prior to network upgrade caused EBS instances to lose connectivity to one another with an availability zone of US-East-1 region. Once the errors were localized to just one availability zone, the EBS recovery These connectivity errors impacted EBS volume and EC2 instances in multiple availability zones and caused issues for customers until full recovery at 3:00 PM PDT on April 24.[234][235]
2011 August 7 Outage Power lost in Ireland, EU West region, causing disruption and outage "service disruption began at 10:41 AM PDT on August 7th"[236] (also mentioned but distinct from the outage mentioned above; it happened around the same time as the US outtage). Due to followup issues, full restoration of e g EBS and RDS took in the order of days.[237]
2011 August 8 Outage EC2 went down around 10:25 p.m. Eastern in Amazon's U.S. East Region. The cloud outage lasted roughly 30 minutes, but took down the Web sites and services of many major Amazon cloud customers, including Netflix, Reddit and Foursquare. The issue happened in the networks that connect the Availability Zones to the Internet and was primarily caused by a software bug in the router.[238]
2012 June 29 Service disruption A major disruption occurs to the EC2, EBS, and RDS services in a single availability zone (due to a large scale electrical storm which swept through the Northern Virginia area).[239]
2012 October 22 Outage A major outage occurs (due to latent memory leak bug in an operational data collection agent), affecting many sites such as Reddit, Foursquare, Pinterest, and others.[240]
2012 December 24 Outage AWS suffers an outage, causing websites such as Netflix instant video to be unavailable for customers in the Northeastern United States.[241][242]
2013 September 13 Outage AWS US-East-1 region experienced network connectivity issues affecting instances in a single Availability Zone. We also experienced increased error rates and latencies for the EBS APIs and increased error rates for EBS-backed instance launches.[243]
2014 November 26 Service disruption Amazon CloudFront DNS server went down for two hours, starting at 7:15 p.m. EST. The DNS server was back up just after 9 p.m. Some websites and cloud services were knocked offline as the content delivery network failed to fulfill DNS requests during the outage. Nothing major, but worthy of this list because it involved the world's biggest and longest-running cloud.[244]
2015 September 20 Outage The Amazon DynamoDB service experiences an outage in an availability zone in the us-east-1 (North Virginia) region, due to a power outage and inadequate failover procedures. The outage, which occurs on a Sunday morning, lasts for about five hours (with some residual impact till Monday) and affects a number of related Amazon services include Simple Queue Service, EC2 autoscaling, Amazon CloudWatch, and the online AWS console.[245] A number of customers are negatively affected, including Netflix, but Netflix is able to recover quickly because of its strong disaster recovery procedures.[246]
2016 June 5 Outage AWS Sydney experiences an outage for several hours as a result of severe thunderstorms in the region causing a power outage to the data centers.[247][248][249]
2017 February 28 Outage Amazon experiences an outage of S3 in us-east-1.[250] There are also related outages for other services in us-east-1 including CloudFormation, autoscaling, Elastic MapReduce, Simple Email Service, and Simple Workflow Service. A number of websites and services using S3, such as Medium, Slack, Imgur and Trello, are affected. AWS's own status dashboard initially fails to reflect the change properly due to a dependency on S3.[251][252][253] On March 2, AWS reveals that the outage was caused by an incorrect parameter passed in by an authorized employee while running an established playbook, that ended up deleting more instances than the employee intended.[254]
2018 March 2 Service degradation Starting 6:25 AM PST, Direct Connect experienced connectivity issues related to a power outage issue in their US-East-1 Region. This caused customers to have service interruptions in reaching their EC2 instances. Issue was resolved fully by 10:26 AM PST.[255]
2018 May 31 Outage Beginning at 2:52 PM PDT a small percentage of EC2 servers lost power in a single Availability Zone in the US-EAST-1 Region. This resulted in some impaired EC2 instances and degraded performance for some EBS volumes in the affected Availability Zone. Power was restored at 3:22 PM PDT.[256]
2019 August 23 Outage A number of EC2 servers in the Tokyo region shut down due to overheating at 12:36pm local time, due to a failure in the datacenter control and cooling system.[257]
2019 August 31 Outage and data loss The US-EAST-1 data center suffered a power failure at 4:33am local time, and the backup generators failed at 6am. According to AWS, this affected 7.5 percent of the EC2 instances in one of the ten data centers in one of the six Availability Zones in US-EAST-1. However, after restoring power, a number of EBS volumes, which store the filesystems of the EC2 cloud servers, were permanently unrecoverable. This caused downtime for companies such as Reddit.[258][259][260]
2019 October 22–23 Service degradation from DDoS AWS sustained a distributed denial of service attack which caused intermittent DNS resolution errors (for their Route 53 DNS service) from 10:30am PST to 6:30pm PST.[261]
2020 November 25 Outage Beginning at 9:52 AM PST the Kinesis Data Streams API became impaired in the US-EAST-1 Region. This prevented customers from reading or writing data.[262]
2021 December 7 Outage Beginning at 10:45 AM PST "an impairment of several network devices" in the US-EAST-1 Region caused widespread errors in all AWS services. The root cause has been mitigated by 4:35 PM PST, but service recovery was still underway causing localized ongoing impairment.[263]
2021 December 15 Outage Region us-west-1 was unavailable for about 30 minutes.[264]
2021 December 22 Outage and potential data loss Power loss in us-east-1 for about 1 hour, followed by extended recovery procedures.[264] AWS attributed the failure to a single availability zone, USE1-AZ4.[265]

See also[edit]


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  2. ^ a b Furrier, John (January 29, 2015). "Exclusive: The Story of AWS and Andy Jassy's Trillion Dollar Baby. As the late Stuart Scott would say "AWS has created so much value it's ridiculous"". Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  3. ^ Black, Benjamin. "EC2 Origins". Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  4. ^ Higginbotham, Stacey (June 18, 2010). "The Origins of Amazon's Cloud Computing". GigaOm. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  5. ^ a b Butler, Brandon (March 2, 2015). "The myth about how Amazon's Web service started just won't die. How AWS got started and what its co-founder is doing now that he says could be bigger than cloud". Network World. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
  6. ^ a b c Clark, Jack (June 7, 2012). "How Amazon exposed its guts: The History of AWS's EC2. One of Amazon Web Service's key components, EC2, was developed by a small team in a satellite development office in South Africa. We trace the history of the EC2 cloud, and talk to the person who came up with the idea". ZDNet. Retrieved December 4, 2016.
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