Timeline of Asian nations

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This table is under construction.

This timeline lists all Asian sovereign nations, both current and defunct, of the second and third millennia. Vassal states, unrecognized states or states with limited recognition throughout history are generally not included unless they evolved at some point into a sovereign state. Territorial changes that don't consume whole nations or produce new ones are not considered.

Current Sovereign States / Decades before 1000 1010 1020 1030 1040 1050 1060 1070 1080 1090 1100 1110 1120 1130 1140 1150 1160 1170 1180 1190 1200 1210 1220 1230 1240 1250 1260 1270 1280 1290 1300 1310 1320 1330 1340 1350 1360 1370 1380 1390 1400 1410 1420 1430 1440 1450 1460 1470 1480 1490 1500 1510 1520 1530 1540 1550 1560 1570 1580 1590 1600 1610 1620 1630 1640 1650 1660 1670 1680 1690 1700 1710 1720 1730 1740 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Decades / Current Sovereign States
Flag of the Philippines.svg
Philippines
900
Kingdom of Tondo
1500
Kingdom of Tondo
Flag of Spain.svg 1589
Spanish East Indies (Spanish Empire)
Flag of Spain.svg 1600
Spanish East Indies (Spanish Empire)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1762
British Manila (British Empire)
Flag of Spain.svg 1768
Spanish East Indies (Spanish Empire)
Flag of Spain.svg 1800
Spanish East Indies (Spanish Empire)
Philippines Flag Original.svg 1899
First Philippine Republic
Flag of the United States.svg 1901
U.S Military Government Philippines (United States)
Flag of the United States.svg 1917
U.S Military Government Philippines (United States)
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1935
Commonwealth of the Philippines (United States)
Flag of Japan.svg 1942
Second Philippine Republic (Japanese Empire)
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1945
Commonwealth of the Philippines (United States)
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1946
Third Republic of the Philippines
Flag of the Philippines (light blue).svg 1965
Fourth Republic of the Philippines
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg 1986
Fifth Republic of the Philippines
Flag of the Philippines (navy blue).svg
Philippines
1500?
Kingdom of Maynila (Sultanate of Brunei)
Flag of Spain.svg 1571
Spanish East Indies (Spanish Empire)
Tagalog people 1000?
Kingdom of Namayan
950
Kingdom of Butuan
Cebuano people, Moro people Flag of Maguindanao.svg1500?
Sultanate of Maguindanao
Tausūg people Late 19th Century Flag of Sulu.svg1457?
Sultanate of Sulu
Flag of Brunei.svg
Brunei
600?
Po-ni (Srivijayan Empire)
1250?
Po-ni
Old Flag of Brunei.svg 1375
Sultanate of Brunei
Old Flag of Brunei.svg 1842
Sultanate of Brunei
Old Flag of Brunei.svg 1882
Sultanate of Brunei
Old Flag of Brunei.svg 1888
Protectorate of Brunei (British Empire)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1942
Brunei (Japanese Empire)
Flag of Brunei from 1906 to 1959.svg 1945
Protectorate of Brunei (British Empire)
Flag of Brunei.svg 1984
Nation of Brunei, the Abode of Peace
Flag of Brunei.svg
Brunei
Flag of Malaysia.svg
Malaysia
Flag of North Borneo.svg 1882
North Borneo (British Empire)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1942
North Borneo (Japanese Empire)
Flag of North Borneo.svg 1945
North Borneo (British Empire)
Flag of North Borneo (1948-1963).svg 1946
Crown Colony of North Borneo (British Empire)
Flag of Malaysia.svg 1963
Malaysia
Flag of Malaysia.svg 1965
Malaysia
Flag of Malaysia.svg
Malaysia
Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak (1870).svg 1842
Kingdom of Sarawak (British Empire)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1942
Sarawak (Japanese Empire)
Flag of the Kingdom of Sarawak (1870).svg 1945
Kingdom of Sarawak (British Empire)
Flag of the Crown Colony of Sarawak (1946).svg 1946
Crown Colony of Sarawak (British Empire)
Flag of the Federated Malay States (1895 - 1946).svg 1946
Malayan Union (British Empire)
Flag of Malaya.svg 1948
Federation of Malaya (British Empire)
630
Kedah Kingdom
1136
Kedah Sultanate
1909
Unfederated Malay States (British Empire)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1942
Malaya (Japanese Empire)
1945
U.M.S. (British Empire)
600?
Srivijayan Empire
1025
Chola Empire
1050?
Nakhon Si Thammarat Kingdom
1280?
Sukhothai Kingdom
Surya Majapahit.png 1377
Majapahit Empire
1402
Malacca Sultanate
Flag of Portugal (1640).svg 1511
Portuguese Malacca (Portuguese Empire)
Flag of Portugal (1640).svg 1528
Portuguese Malacca (Portuguese Empire)
Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg 1641
Dutch Malacca (Dutch Empire)
Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg 1824
East India Company (British Empire)
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1874-1925).svg 1826
Straits Settlements (British Empire)
Flag of the Federated Malay States (1895 - 1946).svg 1895
Federated Malay States (British Empire)
Flag of the Federated Malay States (1895 - 1946).svg 1945
F.M.S. (British Empire)
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1874-1925).svg 1895
Straits Settlements (British Empire)
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1874-1925).svg 1945
S.S. (British Empire)
1025
Srivijayan Empire
1528
Johor Sultanate
1819
Johor Sultanate
1909
Unfederated Malay States (British Empire)
1945
U.M.S. (British Empire)
Flag of Singapore.svg
Singapore
Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svg 1819
Singapore (British Empire)
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1874-1925).svg 1826
Straits Settlements (British Empire)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1942
Singapore (Japanese Empire)
Flag of the British Straits Settlements (1874-1925).svg 1945
S.S. (British Empire)
1946
Crown Colony of Singapore (British Empire)
Flag of Singapore.svg 1965
Republic of Singapore
Flag of Singapore.svg
Singapore
Flag of Indonesia.svg
Indonesia
600?
Srivijayan Empire
1257?
Pasai Kingdom
Flag of the Aceh Sultanate.png 1496
Aceh Sultanate
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1903
Dutch East Indies (Dutch Empire)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1942
East Indies (Japanese Empire)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1945
Indonesia (Dutch Empire)
Flag of Indonesia.svg 1949
Republic of Indonesia
Flag of Indonesia.svg
Indonesia
1257
Sultanate of Ternate
1535
Sultanate of Ternate (Portuguese Empire)
1575
Sultanate of Ternate
1606
Sultanate of Ternate (Spanish Empire)
1663
Sultanate of Ternate
1683
Sultanate of Ternate (Dutch Empire)
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1800
Dutch East Indies (Dutch Empire)
1257
Srivijayan Empire
Surya Majapahit.png 1293
Majapahit Empire
1527
Sultanate of Demak
1568
Kingdom of Pajang
1586
Mataram Sultanate
1755
Surakarta Sultanate
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1825
Dutch East Indies (Dutch Empire)
752
Medang Kingdom
1045
Kediri Kingdom
1222
Singhasari Kingdom
1755
Yogyakarta Sultanate
669?
Sunda Kingdom
1527
Sultanate of Banten
Flag of the Netherlands.svg 1813
Dutch East Indies (Dutch Empire)
Flag of East Timor.svg
East Timor
3000BC?
Pre-colonial Timor
Surya Majapahit.png 1377?
Majapahit Empire
Flag of Portugal (1667).svg 1515
Timor (Portuguese Empire)
Flag of Portugal (1667).svg 1702
Portuguese Timor (Portuguese Empire)
Flag of Indonesia.svg 1975
East Timor (Indonesia)
Flag of East Timor.svg 2002
Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
Flag of East Timor.svg
East Timor
Flag of Vietnam.svg
Vietnam
938
Annam
1406
Jiaozhi (China Empire)
1427
Annam
1802
Nguyễn Dynasty
1832
Nguyễn Dynasty
1862
Nguyễn Dynasty
1874
Nguyễn Dynasty
1884
Tonkin (French Empire)
Flag of France.svg1887
French Indochina (French Empire)
Flag of France.svg1917
French Indochina (French Empire)
Flag of Japan.svg 1941
French Indochina (Japanese Empire)
Flag of North Vietnam (1945-1955).svg 1945
North Vietnam (French Empire)
Flag of Vietnam.svg 1954
North Vietnam
Flag of Vietnam.svg 1976
Vietnam
Flag of Vietnam.svg
Vietnam
Flag of Central Vietnam (1885-1890).svg 1874
Annam (French Empire)
192
Champa
1692
Champa
1862
Cochinchina colony (French Empire)
1945
Cochinchina colony (French Empire)
1949
State of Vietnam (French Union)
1954
South Vietnam
Flag of Cambodia.svg
Cambodia
802
Khmer Empire
1431
Kingdom of Cambodia (Ayutthaya)
1570
Kingdom of Cambodia
1593
Kingdom of Cambodia (Ayutthaya)
1622
Kingdom of Cambodia
1658
Kingdom of Cambodia (Dai Viet)
1797
Kingdom of Cambodia
1834
Kingdom of Cambodia (Nguyễn Dynasty)
1847
Kingdom of Cambodia
Flag of Cambodia.svg1863
French protectorate of Cambodia (French Empire)
Flag of Thailand.svg 1945
Cambodia (Kingdom of Thailand)
Flag of Cambodia.svg 1946
French protectorate of Cambodia (French Empire)
Flag of Cambodia.svg 1953/54
Kingdom Of Cambodia
Flag of the Khmer Republic.svg 1970
Khmer Republic
Flag of Democratic Kampuchea.svg 1975
Democratic Kampuchea
Flag of the People's Republic of Kampuchea.svg 1979
People's Republic of Kampuchea
Flag of the State of Cambodia.svg 1989
State of Cambodia
Flag of Cambodia.svg 1993
Cambodia
Flag of Cambodia.svg
Cambodia
Flag of Laos.svg
Laos
802
Khmer Empire
1238
Sukhothai Kingdom
1354
Lan Xang
1574
Burma (Toungoo Dynasty)
1596
Lan Xang
1707
Kingdom of Champasak
Flag of French Laos.svg1893
French Laos (French Empire)
Flag of French Laos.svg 1945
French Laos (French Empire)
Flag of French Laos.svg 1949
Laos (French Union)
Flag of Laos (1952-1975).svg 1953/54
Kingdom of Laos
Flag of Laos.svg 1975
Laos
Flag of Laos.svg
Laos
1238
Khmer Empire
1707
Kingdom of Luang Phrabang
1765
Burma (Konbaung Dynasty)
1778
Kingdom of Luang Phrabang
1707
Kingdom of Vientiane
1778
Kingdom of Vientiane
1828
Kingdom of Siam
Flag of Thailand.svg
Thailand
802?
Lavo Kingdom (Khmer Empire)
1238
Sukhothai Kingdom
1378
Sukhothai Kingdom (Ayutthaya Kingdom)
1468
Sukhothai & Ayutthaya Kingdom (personal union)
1564
Burma (Toungoo Dynasty)
Flag of Thailand (Ayutthaya period).svg 1584
Ayutthaya Kingdom
Flag of Thailand (Ayutthaya period).svg 1767
Thonburi Kingdom
Flag of Thailand (1782).svg 1782
Kingdom of Siam
Flag of Thailand (1817).svg 1828
Kingdom of Siam
Flag of Thailand 1855.svg 1855
Kingdom of Siam
Flag of Thailand.svg 1917
Kingdom of Siam
Flag of Thailand.svg 1939
Kingdom of Thailand
Flag of Thailand.svg
Thailand
1238
Lavo Kingdom
1350
Ayutthaya Kingdom
1388
Ayutthaya Kingdom
1351
Lavo Kingdom
638
Ngoenyang
1292
Kingdom of Lanna
1338
Kingdom of Lanna
1558
Burma (Toungoo Dynasty)
1602
Ayutthaya Kingdom
1614
Burma (Toungoo Dynasty and Konbaung Dynasty)
Flag of Thailand (Ayutthaya period).svg 1774
Kingdom of Siam (Thonburi Kingdom)
661
Hariphunchai
661
Kingdom of Payao
Flag of Myanmar.svg
Myanmar
?
Cis-Salween Shan States
1057
Pagan Empire
1287
Shan States
1555
Toungoo Dynasty
1740
Toungoo Dynasty
Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg 1752
Konbaung Dynasty
Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg 1757
Konbaung Dynasty
Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg 1784
Konbaung Dynasty
Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg 1826
Konbaung Dynasty
Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg 1852
Konbaung Dynasty
Flag of British Burma (1937).svg 1885
British Burma (British Empire)
Flag of the State of Burma (1943-45).svg 1942
State of Burma (Japanese Empire)
Flag of British Burma (1937).svg 1945
British Burma (British Empire)
Flag of Burma (1948-1974).svg1948
Union of Myanmar
Flag of Myanmar (1974-2010).svg1974
Union of Myanmar
Flag of Myanmar.svg2010
Republic of Union of Myanmar
Flag of Myanmar.svg
Myanmar
849
Pagan Dynasty
1287
Pagan
1298
Myinsaing Kingdom
1313
Pinya Kingdom
1364
Ava Kingdom
1510
Ava Kingdom
1315
Sagaing Kingdom
1510
Toungoo Dynasty
1539
Toungoo Dynasty
800?
Thaton Kingdom
1287
Hanthawaddy Kingdom
1740
Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom
1852
British Lower Burma (British Empire)
900?
Arakan
1287
Launggyet
1430
Mrauk-U Kingdom
1826
British Arakan (British Empire)
Flag of Maldives.svg
Maldives
Dhivehi people, Giraavaru people, Sinhalese people 1153
Sultanate of Maldives
1558
Maldives (Portuguese Empire)
1573
Sultanate of Maldives
1796
Sultanate of Maldives (British Empire)
Flag of Maldives.svg 1965
Republic of Maldives
Flag of Maldives.svg
Maldives
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
Sri Lanka
Flag of Dutthagamani.png 337BC
Anuradhapura Kingdom
1017
Chola Empire
1037
Chola Empire
1056
Kingdom of Polonnaruwa
1215
Kingdom of Aryacakravarti
1220
Kingdom of Aryacakravarti
Flag of Portugal (1640).svg 1619
Portuguese Ceylon (Portuguese Empire)
Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg 1656
Dutch Ceylon (Dutch Empire)
British Ceylon flag.png 1815
British Ceylon (British Empire)
Flag of Ceylon (1951-1972).svg 1948
Dominion of Ceylon (British Empire)
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg 1972
Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg
Sri Lanka
1037
Kingdom of Ruhuna
1220
Kingdom of Dambadeniya
1341
Kingdom of Gampola
1347
Kingdom of Raigama
1412
Kingdom of Kotte
1469
Kingdom of Kotte
Flag of Portugal (1640).svg 1505
Portuguese Ceylon (Portuguese Empire)
Flag of Portugal (1640).svg 1594
Portuguese Ceylon (Portuguese Empire)
1505
Kingdom of Kotte
1521
Kingdom of Kotte
1565
Kingdom of Sitawaka
1521
Kingdom of Sitawaka
King of Kandy.svg 1469
Kingdom of Kandy
Flag of Bhutan.svg
Bhutan
2000BC
Bhutan
1616
Kingdom of Bhutan
Flag of Bhutan (1949-1956).svg 1949
Kingdom of Bhutan
Flag of Bhutan (1956-1969).svg 1956
Kingdom of Bhutan
Flag of Bhutan.svg 1969
Kingdom of Bhutan
Flag of Bhutan.svg
Bhutan
Flag of Nepal.svg
Nepal
800BC
Nepal
1201
Kingdom of Kathmandu
Flag of Nepal (19th century-1962).svg 1768
Kingdom of Nepal
Flag of Nepal.svg 1962
Kingdom of Nepal
Flag of Nepal.svg 2008
Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal
Flag of Nepal.svg
Nepal
1201
Kingdom of Patan
1201
Kingdom of Bhaktapur
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
Bangladesh
750
Pala Empire
1070
Sena Empire
1206
Delhi Sultanate
1342
Sultanate of Bengal
1564
Mughal Empire
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1804
Company rule in India (British Empire)
British Raj Red Ensign.svg 1858
British Raj (British Empire)
Flag of Pakistan.svg 1947
Dominion of Pakistan
Flag of Pakistan.svg 1955
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Flag of Bangladesh.svg 1971
People's Republic of Bangladesh
Flag of Bangladesh.svg
Bangladesh
Flag of India.svg
India
750
Pala Empire
1174
Kamata Kingdom
1342
Sultanate of Bengal
1564
Mughal Empire
Flag of India.svg 1947
Union of India
Flag of India.svg 1950
Republic of India
Flag of India.svg 1961
Republic of India
Flag of India.svg
India
1342
Kamata Kingdom
1562
Kamata Kingdom
1581
Kamata Kingdom
1586
Koch Bihar
1664
Mughal Empire
300
Kingdom of Kamarupa
1187
Kingdom of Kamarupa
1228
Kachari Kingdom
1581
Koch Hajo
1614
Mughal Empire
1228
Ahom kingdom
1673
Ahom kingdom
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1826
Company rule in India (British Empire)
1187
Chutiya Kingdom
973
Western Chalukya Empire
1189
Yadava Dynasty
1347
Bahmani Sultanate
1382
Bahmani Sultanate
1482
Bahmani Sultanate
Flag of Portugal (1578).svg 1510
Portuguese State of India (Portuguese Empire)
1482
Bidar Sultanate
1619
Bihapur Sultanate
1686
Mughal Empire
Asafia flag of Hyderabad State.png 1724
State of Hyderabad (British Empire)
Flag of India.svg 1948
Union of India
Flag of India.svg 1950
Republic of India
1482
Bahmani Sultanate
1490
Bahmani Sultanate
1527
Bihapur Sultanate
1686
Mughal Empire
1490
Ahmadnagar Sultanate
1574
Ahmadnagar Sultanate
1636
Mughal Empire
1490
Berar Sultanate
900
Kalachuri Empire
1382
Khandesh Sultanate
1601
Mughal Empire
624
Eastern Chalukya dynasty
1189
Kakatiya dynasty
1353
Kakatiya dynasty
1364
Kingdom of Golkonda
1541
Kingdom of Golkonda
1565
Kingdom of Golkonda
1686
Mughal Empire
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1804
Company rule in India (British Empire)
British Raj Red Ensign.svg 1858
British Raj (British Empire)
Flag of India.svg 1947
Union of India
1353
Reddy dynasty
1448
Gajapati Kingdom
1079
Eastern Ganga Dynasty
1434
Gajapati Kingdom
1541
Vijayanagara Empire
300BC
Chola Empire
1289
Pandyan Dynasty
1336
Vijayanagara Empire
1399
Vijayanagara Empire
600BC
Pandyan Dynasty
1026
Hoysala Empire
1399
Kingdom of Mysore
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1799
Company rule in India (British Empire)
942
Chaulukyas
1244
Gujarat
1573
Mughal Empire
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 1674
Maratha Empire
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1820
Company rule in India (British Empire)
800
Paramara dynasty
1382
Delhi Sultanate
1392
Malwa Sultanate
1562
Mughal Empire
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 1705
Maratha Empire
1070
Sena Empire
1230
Delhi Sultanate
1526
Mughal Empire
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 1689
Maratha Empire
900
Chandela Dynasty
1206
Delhi Sultanate
650
Gurjara Pratihara Empire
1036
Gahadvala Dynasty
1170
Ghurid Sultanate
1206
Delhi Sultanate
1488
Delhi Sultanate
1036
Tomara dynasty
1488?
Rajput States
1568
Mughal Empire
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svg 1707
Maratha Empire
600BC
Kashmir
1588
Mughal Empire
Flag of Herat until 1842.svg 1747
Durrani Empire
Nishan Sahib.svg 1819
Sikh Empire
Jammu-Kashmir-flag-1936-1953.gif 1846
Kashmir and Jammu (British Empire)
Flag of Pakistan.svg
Pakistan
Flag of Pakistan.svg 1947
Dominion of Pakistan
Flag of Pakistan.svg 1955
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Flag of Pakistan.svg 1971
Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Flag of Pakistan.svg
Pakistan
200
Shahis
1005
Ghaznavid Empire
1187
Ghurid Sultanate
1206
Delhi Sultanate
1526
Mughal Empire
Flag of Herat until 1842.svg 1747
Durrani Empire
Nishan Sahib.svg 1799
Sikh Empire
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1849
Company rule in India (British Empire)
British Raj Red Ensign.svg 1858
British Raj (British Empire)
Flag of Herat until 1842.svg 1799
Durrani Empire
Flag of the British East India Company (1801).svg 1826
Company rule in India (British Empire)
Flag of Afghanistan.svg
Afghanistan
963
Ghaznavid Empire
1148
Ghurid Sultanate
1205
Khwarezmian Empire
1219
Mongol Empire
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1225
Chagatai Khanate (Mongol Empire)
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1256
Chagatai Khanate (Mongol Empire)
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1261
Chagatai Khanate
Timurid.svg 1370
Timurid Empire
1526
Mughal Empire
Flag of Herat until 1842.svg 1747
Durrani Empire
Flag of Afghanistan (1919–1921).svg 1823
Emirate of Afghanistan
Flag of Afghanistan (1931–1973).svg 1926
Kingdom of Afghanistan
Flag of Afghanistan (1974–1978).svg 1973
Republic of Afghanistan
Flag of Afghanistan (1980-1987).svg 1978
Democratic Republic of Afghanistan
Flag of Afghanistan (1992-2001).svg 1992
Islamic State of Afghanistan
Flag of Afghanistan.svg 2001
Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
Flag of Afghanistan.svg
Afghanistan
1526
Khanate of Bukhara
1256
Ilkhanate (Mongol Empire)
1261
Ilkhanate
Safavid Flag.svg 1526
Safavid Iran
1704
Hotaki dynasty
Nadir Shah Flag.svg 1738
Afsharid Iran
Flag of Tajikistan.svg
Tajikistan
999
Kara-Khanid Khanate
1130
Kara-Khitan Khanate
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1223
Chagatai Khanate (Mongol Empire)
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1261
Chagatai Khanate
Timurid.svg 1370
Timurid Empire
1506
Shaybanid Dynasty
Nadir Shah Flag.svg 1736
Afsharid Iran
Zand Dynasty flag.svg 1750
Zand Iran
1756
Khanate of Bukhara
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg 1785
Emirate of Bukhara
Flag of Russia.svg 1868
Russian Empire
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1920
Soviet Union
Flag of Tajikistan.svg 1991
Republic of Tajikistan
Flag of Tajikistan.svg
Tajikistan
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg
Kyrgyzstan
999
Kara-Khanid Khanate
1130
Kara-Khitan Khanate
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1223
Chagatai Khanate (Mongol Empire)
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1261
Chagatai Khanate
1500
Khanate of Bukhara
1709
Khanate of Kokand
Flag of Russia.svg 1876
Russian Empire
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg 1991
Kyrgyz Republic
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg
Kyrgyzstan
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
Kazakhstan
999
Kara-Khanid Khanate
1130
Kara-Khitan Khanate
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1223
Chagatai Khanate (Mongol Empire)
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1261
Chagatai Khanate
Kazakh Khanate.svg 1456
Kazakh Khanate
Flag of Russia.svg 1847
Russian Empire
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg 1991
Republic of Kazakhstan
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg
Kazakhstan
Coat of arms of Cumania.svg 1000
Cuman Khanate
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg 1220
Golden Horde (Mongol Empire)
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg 1261
Golden Horde
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg
Uzbekistan
963
Ghaznavid Empire
1040
Seljuq Empire
1157
Khwarezmian Empire
1223
Mongol Empire
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1227
Chagatai Khanate (Mongol Empire)
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1261
Chagatai Khanate
Timurid.svg 1380
Timurid Empire
1500
Khanate of Bukhara
Flag of the Emirate of Bukhara.svg 1785
Emirate of Bukhara
Flag of Russia.svg 1873
Russian Empire
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg 1991
Republic of Uzbekistan
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg
Uzbekistan
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg
Turkmenistan
1157
Khwarezmian Empire
1227
Mongol Empire
1256
Ilkhanate (Mongol Empire)
1261
Ilkhanate
Timurid.svg 1370
Timurid Empire
1405
Shaybanid Dynasty
Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg 1511
Khanate of Khiva
Nadir Shah Flag.svg 1740
Afsharid Iran
Bandera de Khiva 1917-1920.svg 1746
Khanate of Khiva
Flag of Russia.svg 1873
Russian Empire
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg 1991
Turkmenistan
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg
Turkmenistan
Flag of Iran.svg
Iran
934
Buyid Empire
1037
Great Seljuq Empire
1194
Khwarezmian Empire
1237
Mongol Empire
1256
Ilkhanate (Mongol Empire)
1261
Ilkhanate
Timurid.svg 1381
Timurid Empire
Safavid Flag.svg 1501
Safavid Iran
Safavid Flag.svg 1524
Safavid Iran
Nadir Shah Flag.svg 1736
Afsharid Iran
Zand Dynasty flag.svg 1750
Zand Iran
State Flag of Iran (1924).svg 1794
Qajar Iran
State Flag of Iran (1924).svg 1826
Qajar Iran
State flag of Iran 1964-1980.svg 1925
Pahlavi Iran
Flag of Iran.svg 1979
Islamic Republic of Iran
Flag of Iran.svg
Iran
Flag of Iraq.svg
Iraq
Black flag.svg 750
Abbasid Caliphate
1037
Seljuq Empire
Black flag.svg 1194
Abbasid Caliphate
1258
Mongol Empire
Mameluke Flag.svg 1261
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
 Aq qoyunlu 1468
Aq Qoyunlu
Safavid Flag.svg 1501
Safavid Iran
Ottoman flag.svg 1533
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Iraq (1921–1959).svg 1920
British Mandate of Mesopotamia (British Empire)
Flag of Iraq (1921–1959).svg 1932
Kingdom of Iraq
Flag of the Arab Federation.svg 1958
Arab Federation
Flag of Iraq (1959-1963).svg 1958
Republic of Iraq
Flag of Iraq (1991-2004).svg 1963
Republic of Iraq
Flag of Iraq.svg 2003
Republic of Iraq
Flag of Iraq.svg
Iraq
Flag of Kuwait.svg
Kuwait
Flag of Kuwait (1915-1956).svg 1920
Sheikhdom of Kuwait (British Empire)
Flag of Kuwait.svg 1961
Kuwait
Flag of Kuwait.svg
Kuwait
Flag of Oman.svg
Oman
967
Buyid Empire
1053
Seljuq Empire
1154
Nabhani dynasty
Flag of Portugal (1578).svg 1515
Portuguese Empire
Ottoman flag.svg 1550
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Portugal (1578).svg 1552
Portuguese Empire
Ottoman flag.svg 1581
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Portugal (1578).svg 1588
Portuguese Empire
1650
Yarubid Imamate
1744
Al Said Imamate
1820
Al Said Imamate
Oman flag2.gif 1856
Muscat and Oman
Oman flag2.gif 1891
Muscat and Oman (British Empire)
Flag of Muscat.svg 1951
Sultanate of Oman & Mascat (British Empire)
Flag of Oman.svg 1971
Sultanate of Oman
Flag of Oman.svg
Oman
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
United Arab Emirates
Flag of the Trucial States.svg 1820
Trucial States (British Empire)
Flag of the Trucial States.svg 1968
Federation Arab Emirates (British Empire)
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg 1971
United Arab Emirates
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg
United Arab Emirates
Flag of Bahrain.svg
Bahrain
Black flag.svg 750
Abbasid Caliphate
1253
Usfurids Dynasty
1330
Jarwanid dynasty (Ormus Kingdom)
1418 ?
Jabrids dynasty
Flag of Portugal (1578).svg 1521
Portuguese Empire
Safavid Flag.svg 1602
Safavid Iran
1717
Yarubid Imamate
1744
Al Said Immamate
Zand Dynasty flag.svg 1753
Zand Iran
Flag of Bahrain (before 1820).png1783
Bahrain
Flag of Bahrain (1820-1932).png1820
Bahrain
Flag of Bahrain (1820-1932).png 1861
Bahrain (British Empire)
Flag of Bahrain (1932-1972).svg 1932
Bahrain (British Empire)
Flag of Bahrain (1972-2002).svg 1971
Bahrain
Flag of Bahrain.svg 2002
Bahrain
Flag of Bahrain.svg
Bahrain
Flag of Qatar.svg
Qatar
Black flag.svg 750
Abbasid Caliphate
1258
Usfurids Dynasty
Flag of Portugal (1578).svg 1521
Portuguese Empire
Ottoman flag.svg 1538
Ottoman Empire
Safavid Flag.svg 1680
Safavid Iran
Flag of Bahrain (before 1820).png1783
Bahrain
Ottoman flag.svg 1818
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Bahrain (1820-1932).png1830
Bahrain
Flag of Bahrain (1820-1932).png 1861
Qatar (British Empire)
Ottoman flag.svg 1872
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Bahrain (1820-1932).png 1916
Qatar (British Empire)
Flag of Qatar (1936-1949).svg 1936
Qatar (British Empire)
Flag of Qatar (1949).svg 1949
Qatar (British Empire)
Flag of Qatar.svg 1971
Qatar
Flag of Qatar.svg
Qatar
Flag of Yemen.svg
Yemen
Fatimid flag.svg 967
Fatimid Caliphate
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg 1173
Ayyubid Sultanate
Rasulids Aden Yemen 1335.jpg 1229
Rasulid dynasty
Mameluke Flag.svg 1515
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
Ottoman flag.svg 1517
Ottoman Empire
1886
Aden Protectorate (British Empire)
Flag of the Federation of South Arabia.svg 1962
Federation of South Arabia (British Empire)
Mameluke Flag.svg 1967
People's Democratic Republic of Yemen
Flag of Yemen.svg 1990
Republic of Yemen
Flag of Yemen.svg
Yemen
1962
Protectorate of South Arabia (British Empire)
Ottoman flag.svg 1886
Ottoman Empire
Flag of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen.svg 1918
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen
Flag of North Yemen.svg 1962
Yemen Arab Republic
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg
Saudi Arabia
Fatimid flag.svg 967
Fatimid Caliphate
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg 1094
Ayyubid Sultanate
Mameluke Flag.svg 1254
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
Ottoman flag.svg 1517
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Hejaz 1920.svg 1916
Kingdom of Hejaz
Flag of Nejd (1926).svgFlag of Hejaz 1926.svg 1926
Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz
Flag of Saudi Arabia (1932-1934).svg 1932
Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg
Saudi Arabia
Flag of Jordan.svg
Jordan
Black flag.svg 750
Abbasid Caliphate
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg 1171
Ayyubid Sultanate
Mameluke Flag.svg 1260
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
Ottoman flag.svg 1517
Ottoman Empire
Palestine-Mandate-Ensign-1927-1948.svg 1918
British Mandate for Palestine (British Empire)
Flag of Jordan.svg 1948
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Flag of the Arab Federation.svg 1958
Arab Federation
Flag of Jordan.svg 1958
Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan
Flag of Jordan.svg
Jordan
Flag of Israel.svg
Israel
Fatimid flag.svg 909
Fatimid Caliphate
Flag of Kingdom of Jerusalem.svg 1099
Kingdom of Jerusalem
Flag of Israel.svg 1948
State of Israel
Flag of Israel.svg
Israel
Flag of Lebanon.svg
Lebanon
Black flag.svg 750
Abbasid Caliphate
Flag of Kingdom of Jerusalem.svg 1124
Kingdom of Jerusalem
Ottoman flag.svg 1918
Ottoman Empire
Flag of the French Mandate of Syria (1920).svg 1920
French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon (France)
Lebanese French flag.svg 1936
State of Greater Lebanon (France)
Flag of Lebanon.svg 1943
Republic of Lebanon
Flag of Lebanon.svg
Lebanon
Flag of Syria.svg
Syria
Black flag.svg 750
Abbasid Caliphate
1080
Seljuq Empire
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg 1194
Ayyubid Sultanate
Mameluke Flag.svg 1260
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
Ottoman flag.svg 1512
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Syria (1932-1958; 1961-1963).svg 1936
Syrian Arab Republic
Flag of the United Arab Republic.svg 1958
United Arab Republic
Flag of Syria (1932-1958; 1961-1963).svg 1961
Syrian Arab Republic
Flag of Syria.svg
Syria
Fatimid flag.svg 909
Fatimid Caliphate
Armoiries Bohémond VI d'Antioche.svg 1098
Principality of Antioch
Mameluke Flag.svg 1268
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
Flag of Turkey.svg
Turkey
1098
County of Edessa
1149
Seljuq Empire
1194
Zengid dynasty
Ottoman flag.svg 1517
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Turkey.svg 1923
Republic of Turkey
Flag of Turkey.svg
Turkey
Labarum.svg 330
Byzantine Empire
Rubenid Flag.svg 1198
Armenian Kingdom of Cilicia
Mameluke Flag.svg 1375
Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
Labarum.svg 330
Byzantine Empire
1077
Seljuq Empire
1194
Sultanate of Rûm
Ottoman flag.svg 1299
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman flag.svg 1453
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman flag.svg 1461
Ottoman Empire
Labarum.svg 330
Byzantine Empire
1204
Empire of Nicaea
Flag of PalaeologusEmperor.svg 1261
Roman Empire
1204
Empire of Trebizond
Flag of Cyprus.svg
Cyprus
Labarum.svg 965
Byzantine Empire
Armoiries Chypre.svg 1192
Kingdom of Cyprus
Flag of Most Serene Republic of Venice.svg 1489
Republic of Venice
Ottoman flag.svg 1570
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Cyprus (1922-1960).svg 1878
Cyprus (British Empire)
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg 1914
United Kingdom
Flag of Cyprus (1922-1960).svg 1925
Cyprus (British Empire)
Flag of Cyprus.svg 1960
Republic of Cyprus
Flag of Cyprus.svg
Cyprus
Flag of Armenia.svg
Armenia
886
Armenia
Labarum.svg 1045
Byzantine Empire
1064
Seljuq Empire
1259
Ilkhanate (Mongol Empire)
1261
Ilkhanate
1335
Jalayirid Sultanate
 Qara Qoyunlu 1432
Qara Qoyunlu
 Aq Koyunlu 1468
Aq Koyunlu
Safavid Flag.svg 1501
Safavid Iran
Ottoman flag.svg 1524
Ottoman Empire
Ottoman flag.svg 1813
Ottoman Empire
Flag of Russia.svg 1826
Russian Empire
Flag of the Transcaucasian Federation.svg 1918
Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic
Flag of the First Republic of Armenia.svg 1918
Democratic Republic of Armenia
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1920
Soviet Union
Flag of Armenia.svg 1991
Republic of Armenia
Flag of Armenia.svg
Armenia
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
Azerbaijan
667
Azerbaijan
1030
Ghaznavid Empire
1055
Seljuq Empire
1231
Mongol Empire
1256
Ilkhanate (Mongol Empire)
1261
Ilkhanate
Flag of Russia.svg 1813
Russian Empire
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg 1918
Azerbaijan Democratic Republic
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg 1991
Republic of Azerbaijan
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg
Azerbaijan
Flag of Georgia.svg
Georgia
810
Kingdom of Georgia
1008
Kingdom of Georgia
1071
Seljuq Empire
1099
Kingdom of Georgia
1220
Mongol Empire
1243
Kingdom of Georgia
1460
Kingdom of Kartli
1555
Kingdom of Kartli (Safavid)
Flag of Russia.svg 1801
Russian Empire
Flag of Georgia (1918-1921).svg 1918
Democratic Republic of Georgia
Flag of Georgia.svg 1991
Georgia
Flag of Georgia.svg
Georgia
780
Kingdom of Abkhazia
1460
Kingdom of Imereti
1555
Kingdom of Imereti (Ottoman Empire)
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
650
Kingdom of Alania
1238
Mongol Empire
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg 1240
Golden Horde (Mongol Empire)
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg 1261
Golden Horde
Golden Horde flag 1339.svg 1283
Golden Horde
1520
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Flag of Russia.svg 1547
Tsardom of Russia
Flag of Russia.svg 1721
Russian Empire
Flag of Russia.svg 1917
Russian Republic
Flag of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.svg 1917
Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1922
Soviet Union
Flag of Russia.svg 1991
Russian Federation
Flag of Russia.svg
Russia
Coat of arms of Cumania.svg 1000
Cuman Khanate
Yarthewise.png 880
Kievan Rus'
1024
Principality of Chernigov
1097
Principality of Murom-Ryazan
1237
Mongol Empire
Yarthewise.png 1024
Kievan Rus'
1093
Principality of Vladimir-Suzdal
1283
Grand Duchy of Moscow (Golden Horde)
1478
Grand Duchy of Moscow (Golden Horde)
1480
Grand Duchy of Moscow
Yarthewise.png 1093
Kievan Rus'
1136
Novgorod Republic
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
660BC
Japan
Tokugawa family crest.svg1603
Japan (Tokugawa family)
Flag of the Japanese Emperor.svg1868
Empire of Japan
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg1870
Empire of Japan
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg1945
Occupation of Japan
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg1952
Japan
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg1972
Japan
Flag of Japan.svg1999
Japan
Flag of Japan.svg
Japan
Ryukyuan people 1314
Kingdom of Hokuzan
Flag of Ryukyu.svg1429
Ryūkyū Kingdom
Flag of Ryukyu.svg1609
Ryūkyū Kingdom Japan (Tokugawa family)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg1879
Empire of Japan
Flag of the United States.svg1952
United States Civil Administration of the Ryukyu Islands United States
1314
Kingdom of Chūzan
1314
Kingdom of Nanzan
Flag of North Korea.svg
North Korea
935
Kingdom of Goguryo
1231
Mongol Empire
1279
Mongol Empire (Yuan Dynasty)
1350
Kingdom of Goryeo
Flag of the King of Joseon (fringeless).svg 1392
Kingdom of Great Joseon
Flag of Korea (1882-1910).svg1897
Korean Empire
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1910
Korea (Japan Empire)
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg 1945/1946
Provisional People's Committee for North Korea (Soviet Union)
Flag of North Korea.svg1948
Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Flag of North Korea.svg
North Korea
Flag of South Korea.svg
South Korea
Flag of the United States (1912-1959).svg 1945
United States Army Military Government in Korea (United States)
Flag of South Korea.svg1948
Republic of Korea
Flag of South Korea.svg
South Korea
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Republic Of China
Chinese people, Taiwanese aborigines 1540
Kingdom of Middag
1732
China Empire (Qing Dynasty)
1756
China Empire (Qing Dynasty)
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg1862
China Empire (Qing Dynasty)
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg 1890
China Empire (Qing Dynasty)
Flag of Japan (1870-1999).svg 1895
Taiwan (Japan Empire)
Flag of the Republic of China.svg 1945
Republic of China
Flag of the Republic of China.svg 1949
Republic of China (Taiwan)
Flag of the Republic of China.svg
Republic Of China
Chinese people, Taiwanese aborigines Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg1624
Dutch Formosa
Flag of the Dutch East India Company.svg1642
Dutch Formosa
1662
Kingdom of Tungning Qing Dynasty
1683
China Empire (Qing Dynasty)
Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg1626
Spanish Formosa
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
People's Republic of China
840
Kara-Khanid Khanate
1212
Mongol Empire
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1227
Chagatai Khanate (Mongol Empire)
Flag of Chagatai khanate.jpg 1261
Chagatai Khanate
1399
Four Oirats
1636?
Zunghar Khanate
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg 1895
China Empire (Qing Dynasty)
Flag of the Republic of China (1912-1928).svg 1911/1912
Republic of China
Flag of the Republic of China.svg 1928
Republic of China
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg 1949
People's Republic of China
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
People's Republic of China
960
China Empire (Song Dynasty) (Unified 221 BC under Qin Dynasty)
1038
China Empire (Song Dynasty)
1279
Yuan (Mongol Empire)
1368
China Empire (Ming Dynasty)
1644
China Empire (Qing Dynasty)
1038
Tangut Empire (Western Xia)
1227
Mongol Empire
937
Kingdom of Dali
1253
Mongol Empire
841
Tibet
1247
Tibet (Mongol Empire)
916
Khitan Empire (Liao Dynasty)
1115
Jin dynasty
1125
Jurchen Empire (Jin dynasty)
1234
Mongol Empire
Flag of Mongolia.svg
Mongolia
916
Khitan Empire (Liao Dynasty)
1125
Khamag Mongol
1206
Mongol Empire
1368
Northern Yuan (Mongol Empire)
1635
Qing Dynasty
Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg1911
Bogd Khaanate of Mongolia
Flag of Mongolia (1911-1921).svg1919
Bogd Khaanate of Mongolia (Republic of China)
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1921-1924).svg1921
Mongolia
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1924-1930).svg1924
Mongolian People's Republic
Flag of the People's Republic of Mongolia (1940-1992).svg1940
Mongolian People's Republic
Flag of Mongolia.svg1992
Mongolia
Flag of Mongolia.svg
Mongolia
Current Sovereign States / Decades before
1000 1010 1020 1030 1040 1050 1060 1070 1080 1090 1100 1110 1120 1130 1140 1150 1160 1170 1180 1190 1200 1210 1220 1230 1240 1250 1260 1270 1280 1290 1300 1310 1320 1330 1340 1350 1360 1370 1380 1390 1400 1410 1420 1430 1440 1450 1460 1470 1480 1490 1500 1510 1520 1530 1540 1550 1560 1570 1580 1590 1600 1610 1620 1630 1640 1650 1660 1670 1680 1690 1700 1710 1720 1730 1740 1750 1760 1770 1780 1790 1800 1810 1820 1830 1840 1850 1860 1870 1880 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Decades / Current Sovereign States
Empires are highlighted by color:
Flag of Japan.svg Japanese Empire, Japan
Flag of England.svg Flag of The Commonwealth.svg Flag of the Commonwealth (1658-1660).svg Flag of Great Britain (1707-1800).svg Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Kingdom of England, Commonwealth of England, The Protectorate, Kingdom of Great Britain, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom
Escudo Corona de Castilla.png Flag of Cross of Burgundy.svg Flag of Spain.svg Habsburg Spain, Spanish Empire, Spain
Flag of France (XIV-XVI).svg Pavillon royal de France.svg Flag of France.svg Kingdom of France, French Empire, France
Prinsenvlag.svg Flag of the Batavian Republic.gif Flag of the Netherlands.svg Dutch Republic, Dutch Empire, Batavian Republic, Kingdom of Holland, United Kingdom of the Netherlands, Netherlands
Flag of Ayyubid Dynasty.svg Mameluke Flag.svg Ayyubid Sultanate, Mamluk Sultanate (Cairo)
Labarum.svg Flag of PalaeologusEmperor.svg Byzantine Empire
Ottoman flag.svg Flag of Turkey.svg Ottoman Empire, Turkey
Mongol Empire
Flag of Russia.svg Flag of the Soviet Union.svg Flag of Russia.svg Grand Duchy of Moscow, Tsardom of Russia, Russian Empire, Soviet Union, Russia
Flag of Portugal (1578).svg Flag of Portugal (1830).svg Flag of Portugal.svg Kingdom of Portugal, Portuguese Empire, Portugal
Mughal Empire
Flag of Korea (1882-1910).svg Korean Empire
Timurid.svg Safavid Flag.svg Nadir Shah Flag.svg Zand Dynasty flag.svg State Flag of Iran (1924).svg State flag of Iran 1964-1980.svg Flag of Iran.svg Great Seljuq Empire, Khwarezmian Empire, Timurid Empire, Safavid dynasty, Afsharid dynasty, Zand dynasty, Qajar dynasty, Pahlavi dynasty, Iran
Flag of the Alaungpaya Dynasty of Myanmar.svg Pagan Empire, Toungoo Dynasty, Konbaung Dynasty
Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1862-1889).svg Flag of the Qing Dynasty (1889-1912).svg Flag of the Republic of China.svg Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg China Empire, Republic of China, People's Republic of China